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59th Street–Columbus Circle is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and the IND Eighth Avenue Line. It is the eighth-busiest station complex in the system.[4] It is located at Columbus Circle in Manhattan, where 59th Street, Broadway and Eighth Avenue intersect, and serves Central Park, the Upper West Side, Hell's Kitchen, and Midtown Manhattan. The station is served by the:

  • 1, A, and D trains at all times
  • C train at all times except late nights
  • B train during weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
  • 2 train during late nights
 59 Street–Columbus Circle
 "1" train"A" train"B" train"C" train"D" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station complex
BwyWalk0505 StationColumbusCircle.jpg
Station entrance north of Columbus Circle
Station statistics
AddressIntersection of West 59th Street, Eighth Avenue & Broadway
New York, NY 10023
LocaleColumbus Circle, Midtown Manhattan
Coordinates40°46′05″N 73°58′55″W / 40.767997°N 73.981934°W / 40.767997; -73.981934Coordinates: 40°46′05″N 73°58′55″W / 40.767997°N 73.981934°W / 40.767997; -73.981934
DivisionA (IRT), B (IND)
LineIND Eighth Avenue Line
IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1 all times (all times)
      2 late nights (late nights)​
      A all times (all times)
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      D all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M5, M7, M10, M12, M20, M104
Bus transport MTA Bus: BxM2
Other information
OpenedJuly 1, 1948; 71 years ago (1948-07-01)[1]
Station code614[2]
AccessibleThis station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[3]
Passengers (2018)22,991,014 (station complex)[4]Increase 0.3%
Rank8 out of 424

Station layoutEdit

G Street level Exits/entrances
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Shops, to exits
  Elevators on NE corner of Columbus Circle and Central Park W and on SW corner of 8th Avenue and Columbus Circle
Side platform, doors will open on the right  
Northbound local   toward Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street (  toward Wakefield–241st Street late nights) (66th Street–Lincoln Center)
Northbound express     do not stop here
Southbound express     do not stop here →
Southbound local   toward South Ferry (  toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College late nights) (50th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right  
B2 IND Mezzanine Transfers between lines and platforms
B3 Northbound local   toward Bedford Park Boulevard rush hours, 145th Street other times (72nd Street)
  toward 168th Street (  toward Inwood–207th Street late nights) (72nd Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains  
Northbound express   toward Inwood–207th Street (125th Street)
  toward Norwood–205th Street (125th Street)
Island platform, not in service, used as passageway between IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms
Southbound express   toward Far Rockaway or Lefferts Boulevard (all except nights), or Rockaway Park (PM rush hours) (42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
  toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Seventh Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left for local trains, right for express trains  
Southbound local   toward Brighton Beach (Seventh Avenue)
  toward Euclid Avenue (  toward Far Rockaway late nights) (50th Street)

Entrances and exitsEdit

Newly rehabilitated retail space

This station complex has many entrances/exits from the streets. The one at the north end of Columbus Circle leads to the Trump International Hotel and Tower. It has a double wide staircase going down to an intermediate level before another double-wide staircase goes down to fare control, where a now unused token booth and turnstile bank lead to the IND mezzanine as well as the north end of the northbound IRT platform. There is also one elevator from the back of the staircase that goes down to fare control.[5]

Two staircases from the northwest corner of Broadway and West 60th Street go down to an unstaffed fare control area, where three full height turnstiles and a short staircase provide direct access to the north end of the southbound IRT platform. Another staircase at the southern island of the aforementioned intersection go down to a bank of turnstiles leading to the center of the same platform.[5]

The Time Warner Center at the northwest corner of West 58th Street and Eighth Avenue has a set of elevators, escalators, and staircases going down to fare control, where a token booth and turnstile bank provide entrance/exit to the station. A single staircase goes down to each IND platform at their extreme south end while a passageway leads to the southbound IRT platform. The mezzanine also has a staircase going up to the northeast corner of West 58th Street and Eighth Avenue. There is a passageway leading to another staircase that goes up to the northwest corner of West 57th Street and Eighth Avenue. This staircase is built within the Hearst Tower.[5] A complex of restaurants and shops called "Turnstyle" opened in this passageway in April 2016.[6]

The south end of the northbound IRT platform has a same-level unstaffed fare control area containing full height turnstiles and two staircases going up to the south corners of West 59th Street and Broadway.[5]

In October 1992, at a public hearing, New York City Transit proposed closing street staircase S6 to the northwest corner 61st Street and Central Park West and reopening street staircase S2 at 60th Street and Central Park West, located to the east of the circular stair, in order to expand the Transit Police District Command to accommodate more officers and increase the efficiency of the operation. The circular staircase was expected to be reconstructed to provide more direct access The 61st Street exit was operated part-time, closing at nights, consisted of a high exit turnstile and was used by 2400 daily passengers. It was located in a remote unmonitored portion of the station, making safety an added consideration for its closure. Four staircases to the two platforms that led to the passageway leading to the exit were removed.[7][8]

IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platformsEdit

 59 Street–Columbus Circle
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Uptown platform
Station statistics
DivisionA (IRT)
Line      IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services      1   (all times)
      2   (late nights)
Platforms2 side platforms
Other information
OpenedOctober 27, 1904; 115 years ago (1904-10-27)[9]
Station code315[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Station succession
Next north66th Street–Lincoln Center: 1  2  
Next south50th Street: 1  2  

Next   north66th Street–Lincoln Center: 1  2  
Next   southTimes Square–42nd Street: 1  2  

59th Street – Columbus Circle (IRT)
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #04001015[10]
Added to NRHPSeptember 17, 2004
Track layout

59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line has four tracks and two side platforms.[11]


Operation of the first subway began on October 27, 1904, with the opening of the original 28 stations of the New York City Subway from City Hall to 145th Street on the West Side Branch including the 59th Street station.[12]:162–191[13]

Despite being a major transfer point to the IND Eighth Avenue Line, the station was constructed as a local stop prior to the IND's construction in 1932. During the 1950s, the New York City Transit Authority considered converting the station to an express stop by rerouting the local tracks to the outside of the platforms.[14] This would have coincided with 72nd Street becoming a local stop by fencing off or walling up the express side of the island platforms there. The conversion of the station to an express station was planned to serve the under construction New York Coliseum.[14]

When the station opened, there was an underpass between the downtown and uptown platforms. In 1991, it was closed and the staircase entrances covered over. Today, passengers use the IND mezzanine and platforms to transfer between directions. Both platforms have two fare controls which are on the same level, one of which connects to the mezzanine leading to the IND platforms.

Image galleryEdit

IND Eighth Avenue Line platformsEdit

 59 Street–Columbus Circle
  New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Station statistics
DivisionB (IND)
Line      IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services      A   (all times)
      B   (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      C   (all except late nights)
      D   (all times)
Platforms3 island platforms (2 in passenger service)
cross-platform interchange
Other information
OpenedSeptember 10, 1932; 87 years ago (1932-09-10)[15]
Station code161[2]
Accessible  ADA-accessible
Wireless service [3]
Station succession
Next north125th Street (express): A  D  
72nd Street (local): A  B  C  
Next southSeventh Avenue (6th): B  D  
50th Street (8th local): A  C  
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal (8th express): A  

Next   north125th Street: A  B  C  D  
Next   south50th Street (via 8th local): A  C   (southbound only)
47th–50th Streets–Rockefeller Center (via 6th): B  D  
42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal (via 8th express): A  
Track layout

59th Street–Columbus Circle on the IND Eighth Avenue Line, which opened on September 10, 1932, is a large express station. There are four tracks and three island platforms with the outer two in revenue service.

South of the station, trains can either continue on Eighth Avenue or diverge east to the Seventh Avenue station via the IND Sixth Avenue Line. North of the station are crossovers in both directions, and the northbound tracks cross over the southbound tracks to form a two-level configuration to 103rd Street. The next express station to the north, 125th Street, is 3.35 miles (5.391 km) away with seven local stations in between. This is the longest distance between two express stops in the system.

At the middle of each open platform, there are two staircases and one elevator that connect with the northbound platform of IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. There is also one staircase from each platform at the north end leading to the same area. A single staircase at the extreme south end connects to the southbound IRT platform. There are two newsstands, one each at the center of both platforms.

This station formerly had a 1992 artwork called Hello Columbus, made by various New York City artists and public school students. Sol LeWitt created tile work on the stairway from the platforms to the uptown 1 train entitled "Whirls and Twirls", installed in 2009.[7] Currently, large white "59"s are placed over the blue stripes–similar to the "42"s at 42nd Street–Port Authority.


Passageway between the two IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms via the center IND platform.
The unused center platform during renovation

When the IND Eighth Avenue Line was being built, the station was originally planned to be located at 57th Street, with entrances extending up to 61st Street. This station, along with the IRT station, was designed as a major transit hub under Columbus Circle.[16] The station opened on September 8, 1932, along of majority of the Eighth Avenue Line from Chambers Street north to 207th Street.[15]

The center platform was originally built along with the other platforms, but was first used in passenger service in 1959. It served the purpose of a Spanish solution, allowing passengers to exit both sides of subway cars as the express trains would open the doors on both sides. Newer subway cars' door controls made it more difficult to open doors on both sides of the train simultaneously; thus this solution became impractical and the platform was closed on November 8, 1973. In 2007–2010, it was converted to a crossunder between the IRT side platforms. Large metal fences have been erected to keep people away from the edges.

Nearby points of interestEdit


  1. ^ "Transfer Points Under Higher Fare". The New York Times. June 30, 1948. p. 19.
  2. ^ a b c "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Midtown West" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
  6. ^ Kral, Georgia (April 19, 2016). "Inside TurnStyle, the food and retail hub under Columbus Circle". am New York. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  7. ^ a b "Review of the A and C Lines" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 11, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
  8. ^ * NYC Transit Committee Agenda September 1994. New York City Transit. September 16, 1994. pp. D.70.
  9. ^ "Our Subway Open: 150,000 Try It". The New York Times. October 28, 1904 – via
  10. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  11. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ Walker, James Blaine (1918). Fifty Years of Rapid Transit — 1864 to 1917. New York, N.Y.: Law Printing. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  13. ^ "Subway Opening To-day With Simple Ceremony – Exercises at One O'Clock – Public to be Admitted at Seven – John Hay May Be Present – Expected to Represent the Federal Government – President Roosevelt Sends Letter of Regret" (PDF). The New York Times. October 27, 1904. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
  14. ^ a b Authority, New York City Transit (1953). Report.
  15. ^ a b "List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line". The New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 6.
  16. ^ "PLAN HUGE CENTRE OF SUBWAY TRAFFIC; Transit Lines Will Build Dual Station at Columbus Circle Four Blocks in Length. 16 ENTRANCES PROPOSED Growth of Section From 1905 to 1926 Is Indicated by Rise of 7,167,592 Fares". The New York Times. April 24, 1927. Retrieved October 6, 2018.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit



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