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145th Street station (IRT Lenox Avenue Line)

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145th Street is a station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 145th Street and Lenox Avenue in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, it is served by the 3 train at all times. Since there is only one more station on the Lenox Avenue Line, three blocks north, entry is provided only to the southbound platform, although northbound customers are allowed to exit from this station. It is on the National Register of Historic Places. This station was closed from July to November 2018 for extensive renovations.

 145 Street
 "3" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
IRT Lenox Ave Line - West 145th Street Station.jpg
Downtown platform
Station statistics
AddressWest 145th Street & Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10030
BoroughManhattan
LocaleHarlem
Coordinates40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936Coordinates: 40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936
DivisionA (IRT)
LineIRT Lenox Avenue Line
Services      3 all times (all times)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M7, M102, Bx19
Bus transport Short Line Bus: 208
StructureUnderground
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedNovember 23, 1904; 114 years ago (1904-11-23)
ClosedJuly 23, 2018; 11 months ago (2018-07-23) (reconstruction)
RebuiltNovember 28, 2018; 7 months ago (2018-11-28)
Station code437[1]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2017)1,093,045[3]Increase 0.6%
Rank342 out of 425
Station succession
Next northHarlem–148th Street: 3 all times
Next south135th Street: 3 all times

145th Street Subway Station (IRT)
145 Street Lenox vc.jpg
Platform level before 2018 renovations
MPSNew York City Subway System MPS
NRHP reference #05000231[4]
Added to NRHPMarch 30, 2005

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Lenox Avenue Line opened south of 145th Street just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system.[5] This station served as the northern terminal of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line until May 13, 1968, when the line was extended north to Harlem-148th Street through the pre-existing Lenox Yard. At that time, this station was planned to be closed. However, such plans were shelved due to protests from the local community over the long walk (up to seven blocks) to either the new station or 135th Street one stop south, and due to possible congestion issues at 135th Street.[6]

From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008. During late nights, riders could take shuttle buses, the M7 or the M102.[7][8]

The station has been on the National Register of Historic Places since March 30, 2005.[9]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station underwent a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative and was entirely closed for several months. Updates included cellular service, Wi-Fi, USB charging stations, interactive service advisories and maps.[10][11] In January 2018, the NYCT and Bus Committee recommended that Citnalta-Forte receive the $125 million contract for the renovations of 167th and 174th–175th Streets on the IND Concourse Line and 145th Street on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line.[12] However, the MTA Board temporarily deferred the vote for these packages after city representatives refused to vote to award the contracts.[13][14] The contract was put back for a vote in February, where it was ultimately approved.[15] The subway station was closed for renovations from July 23 to November 28, 2018.[16][17]

Station layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
   
   
   
 
     
     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
A 3 train speeds by the platforms of 145th Street station, before the 2018 renovations
G Street Level Exit/Entrance (southbound only)
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only
Northbound   toward Harlem–148th Street (Terminus)
Southbound   toward New Lots Avenue (42nd Street late nights) (135th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only

There are two tracks with two short side platforms that accommodate six and a half cars.[18][19] Only the first five cars of a train open here because the R62s used on the 3 service are configured in five-car sets and each must have their doors opened at the same time (selective door operation is used).[6] Before trains on the 3 service were lengthened from 9 cars to 10 cars in 2001, only four cars opened their doors at the station.[20]

The fare control is at platform level, and there is no crossover or crossunder between the platforms. The station agent's booth is located on the southbound platform.[21] The station has mosaic name tablets, some old "145" terra cotta cartouches, and a mosaic replica of a cartouche.[22][23][24] At the northern ends of the platforms, there is a dense layout of columns that are painted green.[25] The remainder of the platforms have circular columns. The southbound platform is wider toward the middle of the platform near the turnstiles.[26]

Like the other stations on the original IRT subway, it was initially built for trains shorter in length than the standard eight to ten cars used by the subway. In the 1950s and 1960s, all of the other IRT stations were either lengthened to 10 cars or closed. The 145th Street station was also lengthened by two cars. This is evidenced by the dense layout of the support columns at the north end of each platform, as well as the lack of columns separating the two tracks, since the site formerly accommodated a track crossover. There were plans for 145th Street to be closed in the 1960s, so it was unnecessary to further lengthen the platforms. However, the station remained open, leaving 145th Street as the only original IRT station that still cannot accommodate ten-car trains.

Approximately 200 feet (61 m) north of the station is a diamond crossover for the approach to the northern terminal of the 3 train at Harlem–148th Street. Approximately 300 feet (91 m) south of the station is the 142nd Street Junction with the IRT White Plains Road Line.[27] A track crossover formerly existed immediately south of the station, and another switch existed immediately north of the original platforms, within the space occupied by the current platform extension.

The 2018 artwork at this station is Parade, a ceramic and glass artwork by Derek Fordjour. The artwork consists of images depicting the African-American parade tradition of Harlem.[28]

ExitsEdit

Street staircases from platform level go up to all four corners of 145th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard. There is no entrance from the street to the northbound platform, as both eastern street staircases contain a high exit-only turnstile and emergency gate, and the northbound platform has no countdown clock as a result.[29][30][a] Like the other original IRT stations, this station had kiosk entrances, which were removed for reducing sight lines for motorists.[31]

  • One stair, NW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)[29]
  • One stair, SW corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (southbound only)[29]
  • One stair, NE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)[29]
  • One stair, SE corner of Lenox Avenue and West 145th Street (exit only)[29]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As of 2019, this is the only station in the system where one platform is exit-only due to the configuration of the turnstiles. 238th Street on the 1 train was previously the other station containing entrances to the southbound platform only until January 2019.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  5. ^ "EAST SIDE SUBWAY OPEN.; Train from 145th Street to Broadway in 9 Minutes and 40 Seconds". The New York Times. November 23, 1904. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
  6. ^ a b Edwards, Dick (December 2, 1967). "145th-Lenox Subway Stop To Continue". New York Amsterdam News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  7. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. July 24, 2008. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  8. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A close up of the sign saying late nights no 3 service at 145 Street and to use the shuttle bus (that appears on Manhattan bus maps) or M7 or 102 to 135 Street for 2 service". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  9. ^ National Register of Historic Places
  10. ^ "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  11. ^ "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
  12. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority (January 22, 2018). "NYCT/Bus Committee Meeting" (PDF). p. 135. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  13. ^ Barone, Vincent (January 24, 2018). "Controversial cosmetic subway improvement plan falters". am New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  14. ^ Siff, Andrew (January 24, 2018). "MTA Shelves Plan to Modernize Subway Stations Amid Criticism". NBC New York. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  15. ^ "Foes Hit Gov's Station Fix Plan". NY Daily News. February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
  16. ^ "Subway Stations in Harlem and the Bronx to Receive Structural Repairs and Improvements This Summer". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 3, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  17. ^ "Planned Service Changes for: Wednesday, November 28, 2018". November 28, 2018. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  18. ^ R62 3 trains at 145th Street - Lenox
  19. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  20. ^ "April 1997 New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.nyc.ny.us. New York City Transit Authority. April 1997. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 4, 1997. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  21. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "The entrance area outside of fare control at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  22. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A mosaic name tablet at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  23. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A flat mosaic replica of a terra cotta cartouche at 145 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  24. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A close up of a terra cotta cartouche at 145 Street it is identical with other then the numbers in it to similar cartouches at all the other Lenox Avenue stations except 110 Street". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  25. ^ Weinberg, Brian (May 17, 2004). "Showing Image 30454". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  26. ^ Chatreau, Bernard (September 23, 2011). "Showing Image 144186". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  27. ^ "Tracks of the New York City Subway". Tracks of the New York City Subway. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
  28. ^ "145th Street Derek Fordjour Parade, 2018". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 29, 2018.
  29. ^ a b c d e "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Harlem/Hamilton Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2016.
  30. ^ Cox, Jeremiah (June 24, 2008). "A no entry exit from the uptown platform at 145 Street viewed from Lenox Avenue". subwaynut.com. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  31. ^ Pirmann, David. "Former IRT Kiosk". www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved November 28, 2018.

External linksEdit