Trump International Hotel and Tower (New York City)
The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a high-rise building located at 1 Central Park West on Columbus Circle between Broadway and Central Park West in Manhattan, New York City. The building is 583 feet (177.6 m) tall. The building features 168 hotel units and 156 residential condominiums and is managed by the Trump Organization which also owns some property in the building.
|Trump International Hotel and Tower|
|Former names||Gulf & Western Building|
|Address||15 Columbus Circle|
New York City, New York
|Roof||583 feet (177.6 m)|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Thomas E. Stanley|
The building was originally the Gulf and Western Building, designed by Thomas E. Stanley and built in 1969 or 1970. The tower was designed for office use, and was built in isolation, away from other high-rise buildings. Because of this, the building would slightly sway during strong winds, a minor inconvenience that did not exist for buildings built close to each other.
In 1994, businessman and real estate developer Donald Trump became involved with the building, announcing plans to convert it into a hotel that would include condominium units. Because of zoning laws, only approximately 200 units could be used as condominiums, while the lower portion of the tower – up to the 17th floor – would be used for hotel rooms.
Paramount Communications (previously Gulf and Western) was the tenant of the office building at the time, with its lease set to expire in April 1995, at which point Trump could begin renovations on the building. Trump planned to have trusses and columns installed throughout the building to make the tower rigid and stable, in order to remove the impact of strong winds. The reconstruction process was expected to take two years, at a cost of $230 million. Renovations began in June 1995. In April 1996, Trump said that he would move into the building's penthouse. Trump also said the address of the building, located near Central Park, would be changed from 7 Columbus Circle to 1 Central Park West; Trump International was advertised as having "the most important new address in the world."
Between 1995 and 1997, the building was stripped to its skeleton. The building's new appearance was designed by Philip Johnson and Costas Kondylis. Although the building stands at 44 stories, Trump had referred to it as being 52 stories. Trump explained that newer apartment buildings commonly had lower ceilings compared to office buildings, and stated that the 583-foot building was approximately as tall as a 60-floor building; the New York Times wrote, "Seen this way, measuring the converted tower at 52 floors was an act of altitudinal restraint." A 30-foot-wide silver globe of the Earth was installed in front of the building during its conversion. The globe was to include the words "Trump International" in lettering that would measure three feet high, although city officials objected to the idea.
In June 2019, several condo owners demanded that the property be renamed One Central Park West because the Trump name was diminishing the value of the building.
Ownership and managementEdit
The 168 hotel units on the lower 17 floors are owned by the G.E. Pension Trust and by Galbreath & Company; the 156 condos on floors 18 to 44 are private residences. The Trump Organization owns one of the condiminiums, the parking garage, the restaurant space, the room-service kitchens, and the bathrooms in the lobby. Building and hotel are managed by the Trump Organization. The building's board of directors is composed of six residential owners, two hotel owners, and the president of the Trump Organization.
- "Trump International Hotel & Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
- Trump International Hotel & Tower at Emporis
- Horsley, Carter. "Trump International, 1 Central Park West". Cityrealty. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
- Protess, Ben; Eder, Steve (August 25, 2019). "Trump's Signature New York Hotel and the Art of the Compromise". The New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot (2000). AIA Guide to New York City (4th ed.). New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-8129-3107-5., p.316
- Rothstein, Mervyn (January 31, 1993). "COMMERCIAL PROPERTY: The Gulf ands Western Building; Twisting in the Wind On Columbus Circle". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
- Dunlap, David W. (July 17, 1994). "For a Troubled Building, a New Twist". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Muschamp, Herbert (June 21, 1995). "Trump Tries to Convert 50s Style Into 90s Gold; Makeover Starts on Columbus Circle Hotel". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Pogrebin, Robin (April 25, 1996). "52-Story Comeback Is So Very Trump; Columbus Circle Tower Proclaims That Modesty Is An Overrated Virtue". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Muschamp, Herbert (November 19, 1995). "Going for the Gold on Columbus Circle". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Yee, Vivian (November 1, 2016). "Donald Trump's Math Takes His Towers to Greater Heights". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- Dunlap, David W. (October 25, 2016). "Trump Wanted His Name Across The Earth. New York City Said No". The New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2017.
- "'Tower Heist' filming in NY". New York Post. November 4, 2011.
- Santora, Marc (January 19, 2017). "Inauguration Protests Held at a Trump Tower and Elsewhere". The New York Times. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
- "Border declaration protesters arrested at NYC Trump hotel". Associated Press. February 16, 2019. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
- Media related to Trump International Hotel and Tower (New York City) at Wikimedia Commons
- Trump International Hotel and Tower New York Official Site
- Trump International Hotel and Tower: 1 Central Park West Detailed building information, building ratings and area maps