46th New Zealand Parliament
|46th Parliament of New Zealand|
|Term||20 December 1999 – 11 June 2002|
|Election||1999 New Zealand general election|
|Government||Fifth Labour Government|
|House of Representatives|
|Speaker of the House||Jonathan Hunt|
|Leader of the House||Michael Cullen|
|Prime Minister||Helen Clark|
|Leader of the Opposition||Bill English|
––Jenny Shipley until 8 October 2001
|Monarch||HM Elizabeth II|
|Governor-General||HE The Hon. Dame Silvia Cartwright from 4 April 2001|
––HE Rt. Hon Sir Michael Hardie Boys until 21 March 2001
The 46th Parliament marked a change of government, with a coalition of the Labour Party and the Alliance taking office. Helen Clark replaced Jenny Shipley as Prime Minister. The National Party, which had formed a minority government for the last part of the 45th Parliament, became the largest opposition party, eventually emerging under a new leader, Bill English. Other parties in Parliament were ACT, the Greens, New Zealand First, and United. Several parties represented at the end of the previous Parliament, such as Mauri Pacific, were wiped out, failing to retain any of their seats.
The 46th Parliament consisted of one hundred and twenty representatives. Sixty-seven of these representatives were chosen by geographical electorates, including six Māori electorates. The remainder were elected by means of party-list proportional representation under the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system.
Electoral boundaries for the 46th ParliamentEdit
Overview of seatsEdit
The table below shows the number of MPs in each party following the 1999 election and at dissolution:
|At 1999 election||At dissolution|
|Working Government majority||12||12|
Initial composition of the 46th ParliamentEdit
The table below shows the results of the 1999 general election:
|NZ First||Legalise Cannabis||Mauri Pacific||Future NZ||Te Tawharau||Independent|
Changes during termEdit
There were no by-elections held during the term of the 46th Parliament.
- Don McKinnon, a National Party list MP, left Parliament in March 2000 to become Secretary-General of the Commonwealth. He was replaced by Arthur Anae, the next candidate on the National Party list.
- Simon Upton, a National Party list MP, left Parliament in January 2001. He was replaced by Alec Neill, the next candidate on the National Party list.