The 260s decade ran from January 1, 260, to December 31, 269.

Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

Events

260

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
PersiaEdit
ChinaEdit
  • Emperor Cao Mao of Former Wei state attempts to lead a coup against the powerful regent Sima Zhao, but he himself is killed before it comes to a confrontation.
  • June 2 – Cao Mao is killed in an coup d'état against Sima Zhao. The 14-year-old Cao Huan becomes ruler of Former Wei, but the Sima clan controls the state.

By topicEdit

Art and ScienceEdit
  • Earliest known date of chess (approximate date).
ReligionEdit

261

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit
  • Michu of Silla ascends the Korean throne of Silla, becoming the first ruler of the Long Kim line.

262

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit

263

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

Art and ScienceEdit

264

By placeEdit

AsiaEdit

265

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
  • Emperor Gallienus tries twice to crush the usurper Postumus, but on the first occasion Aureolus, commander of the elite cavalry, carelessly lets him escape. The second time, Gallienus sustains an arrow wound and has to break off his siege of a Gallic town where Postumus has holed up. He makes no other serious attempt to overcome his rival, instead devoting his attention to the political and military problems in the Danube and eastern parts of the Roman Empire.
  • Postumus makes no move to march on Rome and claim his territory south of Gaul.
  • Gallienus gives the order to fortify Milan and Verona.
  • Gallienus repels the invasion of the Goths in the Balkans.
  • A general of Gallienus' army, Victorinus, defects to Postumus.
ChinaEdit
  • Sima Zhao, who had been the regent and de facto primary authority of the state of Cao Wei for little over 10 years by this point, passes away, leaving his authority to his eldest son, Sima Yan, who will go on to disestablish the state of Cao Wei in 266, founding the Jin dynasty.

266

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
  • King Odaenathus of Palmyra invades Persia to conquer the capital, Ctesiphon, and twice comes as far as the walls of the Persian capital, but fails to take it.[1][2][3] After his victories in the East, he pronounces himself with the title "king of kings".
  • A powerful tropical volcanic eruption around this year brings a below-average flood of the Nile next year.[4]
IrelandEdit
AsiaEdit
  • February 4Sima Yan, regent of the Chinese state of Cao Wei, forces the last Cao Wei emperor Cao Huan to abdicate in his favour. The Cao Wei state's existence comes to an end. Sima Yan establishes the Jin Dynasty, and becomes its first emperor on 8 February, and is historically known as "Wu of Jin". He establishes his capital at Luoyang, and gives his male relatives independent military commands throughout his empire.

267

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
Near EastEdit

268

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit

By TopicEdit

ReligionEdit

269

By placeEdit

Roman EmpireEdit
Near EastEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

260

261

  • Lu Ji (or Shiheng), Chinese general and politiican (d. 303)[8]

265

266

267

  • Pei Wei (or Yimin), Chinese philosopher and politician (d. 300)

269

DeathsEdit

260

261

262

263

264

265

266

  • Wang Chen (or Chudao), Chinese general and politician
  • Wang Fan, Chinese astronomer and mathematician (b. 228)

267

268

269

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Who's Who in the Roman World By John Hazel
  2. ^ Babylonia Judaica in the Talmudic Period By A'haron Oppenheimer, Benjamin H. Isaac, Michael Lecker
  3. ^ The New Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ Climate change in antiquity: Mass emigration due to water scarcity. sciencedaily.com January 25, 2021
  5. ^ Dodgeon & Lieu 2002, p.72
  6. ^ a b "Saint Dionysius | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  7. ^ Wise, Leonard F.; Hansen, Mark Hillary; Egan, E. W. (2005). Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen. Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. p. 142. ISBN 978-1-4027-2592-0.
  8. ^ "Lu Ji's (261–303) Essay on Literature dated 1544 and 1547". www.metmuseum.org. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  9. ^ Ermatinger, James W. (2018). The Roman Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 245. ISBN 978-1-4408-3809-5.