2022 in public domain

The following is a list of works that entered the public domain on 1 January 2022. When copyright expires in a creative work, it enters the public domain. Since copyright terms vary from country to country, the copyright status of a work may not be the same in all countries.

Countries with life + 70 yearsEdit

With the exception of Belarus (Life + 50 years) and Spain (which has a copyright term of Life + 80 years for creators that died before 1987), a work enters the public domain in Europe 70 years after its creator's death, if it was published during their lifetime. For previously unpublished material, those who publish it first retain the publication rights for 25 years. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator’s that entered the public domain on 1 January 2022.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Louis Adamic   United States 23 March 1898 4 September 1951 Writer Dynamite: The Story of Class Violence in America
Bartlett Adamson   Australia 22 December 1884 4 November 1951 Journalist, writer, and political activist
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala   India 17 June 1903 17 January 1951 Film director, playwright, writer Joymoti
Choudhry Rahmat Ali   Pakistan 16 November 1897 3 February 1951 Jurist Pakistan Declaration
Muhammad Ali   India 1874 13 October 1951 Writer
Egbert Van Alstyne   United States 4 March 1878 9 July 1951 Composer "In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree"
Aram Andonian   Armenia 1875 23 December 1951 Writer The Memoirs of Naim Bey
Leopold Andrian   Austria 9 May 1875 19 November 1951 Writer
Henry W. Armstrong   United States 22 July 1879 28 February 1951 Composer "Sweet Adeline"
Numa Ayrinhac   Argentina 5 September 1881 23 March 1951 Painter
Resurrección María de Azkue   Spain 5 August 1864 9 November 1951 Writer
Mohammad-Taqi Bahar   Iran 10 December 1886 22 April 1951 Poet
R. H. Barlow   United States 18 May 1918 2 January 1951 Writer, anthropologist
Sarah Jane Baines   Australia 30 November 1866 20 February 1951 Feminist, suffragette, social reformer
Jacques de Baroncelli   France 25 June 1881 12 January 1951 Film director
Gaspar Agüero Barreras   Cuba 15 February 1873 18 May 1951 Pianist, composer
Pramathesh Barua   India 24 October 1903 29 November 1951 Film director, actor, writer
Daisy Bates   Australia 16 October 1859 18 April 1951 Journalist, welfare worker
Celadet Alî Bedirxan   Turkey 26 April 1893 1951 Writer, linguist
Frank Weston Benson   United States 24 March 1862 15 November 1951 Painter List of works by Frank Weston Benson
Jørgen Bentzon   Denmark 14 February 1897 9 July 1951 Composer
Konstantin Biebl   Czech Republic 26 February 1898 12 November 1951 Poet
Leo Birinski   Germany 8 June 1884 23 October 1951 Playwright, screenwriter, film director
Dorothea Foster Black   Australia 23 December 1891 13 September 1951 Painter and printmaker
Algernon Blackwood   United Kingdom 14 March 1869 10 December 1951 Journalist, writer Incredible Adventures, "The Willows", "The Wendigo" and The Doll and One Other
Thomas Blamey   Australia 24 January 1884 27 May 1951 Soldier
Francisco Boix   Spain 31 August 1920 7 July 1951 Photographer Photographs of Mauthausen concentration camp
Ivanoe Bonomi   Italy 18 October 1873 20 April 1951 Politician
Stephen Bonsal   United States 29 March 1865 8 June 1951 Journalist, writer
Tadeusz Borowski   Poland 12 November 1922 3 July 1951 Writer, journalist
Herman Charles Bosman   South Africa 5 February 1905 14 October 1951 Writer
Alfred-Alphonse Bottiau   France 6 February 1889 25 February 1951 Sculptor
James Bridie   Scotland 3 January 1888 29 January 1951 Playwright, screenwriter, physician
Hermann Broch   Austria 1 November 1886 30 May 1951 Writer The Sleepwalkers, The Death of Virgil
Gelett Burgess   United States 30 January 1866 18 September 1951 Writer "Purple Cow"
Abraham Cahan   United States 7 July 1860 31 August 1951 Writer The Rise of David Levinsky
Amy Carmichael   Ireland 16 December 1867 18 January 1951 Writer
John Alden Carpenter   United States 28 February 1876 26 April 1951 Composer
Ethel Carrick   Australia 7 February 1872 17 June 1951 Artist
Émile Chartier   France 3 March 1868 2 June 1951 Writer
Alphonse de Châteaubriant   France 25 March 1877 2 May 1951 Writer Monsieur des Lourdines, La Brière
Edfwin Cheel   Australia 14 February 1872 19 September 1951 Botanist, collector
Peter Cheyney   United Kingdom 22 February 1896 26 June 1951 Writer Lemmy Caution, Slim Callaghan
Ben Chifley   Australia 22 September 1885 13 June 1951 Politician
Cho Ki-chon   North Korea 6 November 1913 31 July 1951 Poet
Gendün Chöphel   Tibet 1903 1951 Writer, poet
Al Christie   Canada 23 October 1881 14 April 1951 Film director
Halfdan Cleve   Norway 5 October 1879 6 April 1951 Composer
Christabel Cockerell   United Kingdom 1864 18 March 1951 Painter
Charles Pearce Coleman   Australia 22 December 1885 8 March 1951 Actor
Edith Coleman   Australia 29 July 1874 3 June 1951 Naturalist
Cara David   Australia 26 April 1856 25 December 1951 Educator, feminist, social reformer
Wilfrid de Glehn   United Kingdom 1870 11 May 1951 Painter
Nirupama Devi   India 7 May 1883 7 January 1951 Writer
Enrique Santos Discépolo   Argentina 27 March 1901 23 December 1951 Composer, director
Hans Andrias Djurhuus   Faroe Islands 20 October 1883 6 May 1951 Poet, writer
Lloyd C. Douglas   United States 27 August 1877 13 February 1951 Writer, pastor Magnificent Obsession, The Robe
Georgios Drossinis   Greece 9 December 1859 3 January 1951 Writer
Frank DuMond   United States 20 August 1865 6 February 1951 Illustrator, painter
József Egry   Hungary 1883 1951 Painter
Mário Eloy   Portugal 15 March 1900 5 September 1951 Painter
Anastasia Eristavi-Khoshtaria   Georgia 3 February 1868 1 May 1951 Writer
John Erskine   United States 5 October 1879 2 June 1951 Writer, composer The Moral Obligation to Be Intelligent
'Abd al-'Aziz Fahmi [it]   Egypt 23 December 1870 1951 Poet
Georgy Fedotov   Russia 1 October 1886 1 September 1951 Writer
Fei Mu   China 10 October 1906 31 January 1951 Film director Spring in a Small Town
Jerzy Fitelberg   United States 20 May 1903 25 April 1951 Composer
Kristo Floqi   Albania 24 May 1876 1 July 1951 Playwright, politician
John Flynn   Australia 25 November 1880 5 May 1951 Minister, aviator
Josef Bohuslav Foerster   Czech Republic 30 December 1859 29 May 1951 Composer List of compositions by Josef Bohuslav Foerster
Robert J. Flaherty   United States 16 February 1884 23 July 1951 Filmmaker Nanook of the North
Pietro Frosini   Italy 9 August 1885 2 September 1951 Musician, composer
Gao Jianfu   China 1879 1951 Painter
André Gide   France 22 November 1869 19 February 1951 Writer Bibliography of André Gide
Bert Grant   United States 12 July 1878 9 May 1951 Composer
María Grever   Mexico 14 September 1885 15 December 1951 Composer "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes"
René Guenon   France 15 November 1886 7 January 1951 Philosopher and Sufi Scholar The Reign of Quantity and the Signs of the Times
Jacinto Guerrero   Spain 16 August 1895 15 September 1951 Composer
James Norman Hall   United States 22 April 1887 5 July 1951 Writer Mutiny on the Bounty
Ebbe Hamerik   Denmark 5 September 1898 12 August 1951 Composer
Tamiki Hara   Japan 15 November 1905 13 March 1951 Writer Summer Flower
Fumiko Hayashi   Japan 31 December 1903 28 June 1951 Writer Bangiku
Józef Hecht   Poland 14 December 1891 19 June 1951 Printmaker, painter
Sadegh Hedayat   Iran 17 February 1903 9 April 1951 Writer, poet The Blind Owl, The Stray Dog
Thomas N. Heffron   United States 13 June 1872 24 May 1951 Film director
Geoffrey Forrest Hughes   Australia 12 July 1885 13 September 1951 Aviator
Herman Hupfeld   United States 1 February 1894 8 June 1951 Songwriter "As Time Goes By"
Jenő Illés   Hungary 28 January 1879 17 October 1951 Film director
Ernest Ludvig Ipsen   United States 5 September 1869 2 November 1951 Painter
George Jeske   United States 22 February 1891 28 October 1951 Film director
Tor Jonsson   Norway 14 May 1916 14 January 1951 Poet
Gustave-Henri Jossot   France 16 April 1866 7 April 1951 Illustrator, painter
Robert Kahn   Germany 21 July 1865 29 May 1951 Composer
Alfrēds Kalniņš   Latvia 23 August 1879 23 December 1951 Composer
Karl Maria Kaufmann [de]   Germany 2 March 1872 6 February 1951 Archeologist
Kim Dong-in   Korea 2 October 1900 5 January 1951 Writer
Kim Myeong-sun   Korea 20 January 1896 22 June 1951 Writer
Kitawaki Noboru   Japan 4 June 1901 18 December 1951 Painter
Tyra Kleen   Sweden 29 June 1874 17 September 1951 Writer
Georg af Klercker   Sweden 15 December 1877 13 November 1951 Film director South of the Highway
Alexander Krein   Soviet Union 20 October 1883 25 April 1951 Composer
Kwee Tek Hoay   Indonesia 31 July 1886 4 July 1951 Writer List of works by Kwee Tek Hoay
Constant Lambert   United Kingdom 23 August 1905 21 August 1951 Composer List of compositions by Constant Lambert
Louis Lavelle   France 15 July 1883 1 September 1951 Philosopher
Ernestina Lecuona   Cuba 16 January 1882 3 September 1951 Pianist, composer
Henri-René Lenormand   France 3 May 1882 16 February 1951 Playwright
Sinclair Lewis   United States 7 February 1885 10 January 1951 Writer Main Street, Babbitt, Arrowsmith
J. C. Leyendecker   United States 23 March 1874 25 July 1951 Illustrator The Arrow Collar Man
Heinz von Lichberg   Germany 1890 14 March 1951 Writer "Lolita"
Benito Lynch   Argentina 25 July 1885 23 December 1951 Writer The Caranchos of Florida, The Englishman of the Bones, The Romance of a Gaucho
Ana Aurora do Amaral Lisboa (pt)   Brazil 24 September 1860 22 March 1951 Poet
Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim   Finland 4 June 1867 27 January 1951 Politician, memoirist
Homero Manzi   Argentina 1 November 1907 3 May 1951 Writer
Edwin L. Marin   United States 21 February 1899 2 May 1951 Film director
Konstantin Märska   Estonia 28 May 1896 30 August 1951 Film director
Nellie McClung   Canada 20 October 1873 1 September 1951 Writer
Nikolai Medtner   Russia 5 January 1880 13 November 1951 Composer List of compositions by Nikolai Medtner
Oscar Micheaux   United States 2 January 1884 25 March 1951 Writer, director
Hasrat Mohani   India 14 October 1875 13 May 1951 Independence activist, poet
Giuseppe Mulè   Italy 28 June 1885 10 September 1951 Composer
Takashi Nagai   Japan 3 February 1908 1 May 1951 Writer The Bells of Nagasaki
Nam Cao   Vietnam 1915 1951 Writer
Ștefan Neaga   Moldova 7 December 1900 30 May 1951 Composer Anthem of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Ndoc Nikaj   Albania 15 June 1864 16 January 1951 Writer
Ivor Novello   United Kingdom 15 January 1893 6 March 1951 Composer "Keep the Home Fires Burning"
Selim Palmgren   Finland 16 February 1878 13 December 1951 Composer, pianist
Pyotr Pavlenko   Soviet Union 11 July 1899 16 June 1951 Writer
Scott Pembroke   United States 13 September 1889 21 February 1951 Film director
Brian Penton   Australia 21 August 1904 24 August 1951 Journalist, novelist Landtakers
Felix Petyrek   Austria 14 May 1892 1 December 1951 Composer
Andrei Platonov   Soviet Union 28 August 1899 5 January 1951 Writer The Foundation Pit
Ľudmila Podjavorinská   Slovakia 26 April 1872 2 March 1951 Writer, poet
Clara Katharina Pollaczek   Austria 15 January 1875 22 July 1951 Writer
Voydan Popgeorgiev – Chernodrinski   Bulgaria 15 January 1875 8 January 1951 Playwright, writer Macedonian Blood Wedding
George Henry Powell   United Kingdom 27 April 1880 3 December 1951 Songwriter "Pack Up Your Troubles in Your Old Kit-Bag"
Paula von Preradović   Austria 12 October 1887 25 May 1951 Writer National anthem of Austria
James Peter Quinn   Australia 4 December 1869 18 February 1951 Painter
Assen Razcvetnikov   Bulgaria 2 November 1897 30 July 1951 Writer
Godofredo Rangel   Brazil 21 November 1884 4 August 1951 Writer, translator
Gholamreza Rashid-Yasemi   Iran 1895 1951 Poet
Cattamanchi Ramalinga Reddy   India 10 December 1880 24 February 1951 Educator, writer
Henri Rivière   France 11 March 1864 24 August 1951 Painter
Sigmund Romberg   United States 29 July 1887 9 November 1951 Composer
Phil Rosen   United States 8 May 1888 22 October 1951 Film director
Georges Hanna Sabbagh   France 1877 1951 Painter
Pedro Salinas   Spain 27 November 1891 4 December 1951 Poet
Harry Schmidt   Germany 21 June 1894 7 September 1951 Mathematician
Artur Schnabel   Austria 17 April 1882 15 August 1951 Classical pianist, composer Artur Schnabel's recordings of Beethoven's piano sonatas
Arnold Schoenberg   Austria
  United States
13 September 1874 13 July 1951 Composer, music theorist List of compositions by Arnold Schoenberg
Percival Serle   Australia 18 July 1871 16 December 1951 Writer
Robert Seton-Watson   United Kingdom 20 August 1879 25 July 1951 Historian
Levon Shant   Armenia 6 April 1869 29 November 1951 Playwright
Angelos Sikelianos   Greece 28 March 1884 19 June 1951 Poet, playwright
S. Sylvan Simon   United States 9 March 1910 17 May 1951 Film director
Houcine Slaoui   Morocco 1921 1951 Musician
John Sloan   United States 2 August 1871 7 September 1951 Painter
Pamela Colman Smith   United Kingdom 16 February 1878 18 September 1951 Illustrator Rider–Waite tarot deck
Henry De Vere Stacpoole   Ireland 9 April 1863 12 April 1951 Writer The Blue Lagoon
Paul L. Stein   Austria 4 February 1892 2 May 1951 Film director
Arthur Szyk   Poland 16 June 1894 13 September 1951 Illustrator
Abanindranath Tagore   India 7 August 1871 5 December 1951 Painter, writer
Maila Talvio   Finland 17 October 1871 6 January 1951 Writer
Mary Tannahill   United States 11 January 1863 21 June 1951 Painter
Nikoghayos Tigranian   Armenia 31 August 1856 17 February 1951 Composer
Timrava   Slovakia 2 October 1867 27 November 1951 Writer
Marcel Tournier   France 5 January 1879 8 May 1951 Composer
Walter Trier   Germany 25 June 1890 8 July 1951 Illustrator Illustration of Emil and the Detectives and Lilliput covers
Manuel Ugarte   Argentina 1875 1951 Writer
Jan Valtin   Germany 4 May 1907 14 January 1951 Writer, covert agent
Maxence Van der Meersch   France 4 May 1907 14 January 1951 Writer
Vsevolod Vishnevsky   Soviet Union 21 December 1900 28 February 1951 Playwright
Henrik Visnapuu   Estonia 2 January 1890 3 April 1951 Poet
Will Vodery   United States 8 October 1885 18 November 1951 Composer
Volodymyr Vynnychenko   Ukraine 28 July 1880 6 March 1951 Writer, playwright
Richard Wallace   United States 26 August 1894 3 November 1951 Film director
Jean-Jacques Waltz   France 23 February 1873 10 June 1951 Illustrator
Nik Welter   Luxembourg 2 January 1871 13 July 1951 Writer
Ludwig Wittgenstein   Austria
  United Kingdom
26 April 1889 29 April 1951 Philosopher Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, Philosophical Investigations
Wols   Germany 27 May 1913 1 September 1951 Painter, photographer
Gregorios Xenopoulos   Greece 9 December 1867 14 January 1951 Writer
Miyamoto Yuriko   Japan 13 February 1899 21 January 1951 Writer
Corrado Zoli   Italy 3 January 1877 8 December 1951 Writer
Hermynia Zur Mühlen   Austria 12 December 1883 20 March 1951 Writer, translator

Countries with life + 60 yearsEdit

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Mazo de la Roche   Canada 15 January 1879 12 July 1961 Writer Jalna
Dashiell Hammett   United States 6 April 1896 4 February 1961 Writer The Continental Op, Sam Spade, Nick and Nora Charles
Hazel Heald   United States 6 April 1896 4 February 1961 Writer
Ernest Hemingway   United States 21 July 1899 2 July 1961 Writer Ernest Hemingway bibliography
Clark Ashton Smith   United States 6 April 1896 4 February 1961 Writer Clark Ashton Smith bibliography

Countries with life + 50 yearsEdit

In most countries of Africa and Asia, as well as Belarus, Bolivia, Canada, New Zealand, Egypt and Uruguay, a work enters the public domain 50 years after its creator's death.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Kate Aitken   Canada 6 April 1891 11 December 1971 Broadcaster Books
Ya'qoub Al-Oudat   Jordan 1909 23 September 1971 Poet, Biographer Biography of Mustafa Wahbi et-Tull
John W. Campbell   United States 8 June 1910 11 July 1971 Author and editor Who Goes There?
Brock Chisholm   Canada 18 May 1896 4 February 1971 Psychiatrist Works
August Derleth   United States 24 February 1909 4 July 1971 Author and anthologist August Derleth bibliography
Abd El-Razzak El-Sanhuri   Egypt 11 August 1895 21 July 1971 Legal scholar Al-Waseet fil Qanun
Gerardo Gombau [es]   Spain 3 August 1886 13 December 1971 Composer
Helmy Halim   Egypt 6 March 1916 18 November 1971 Director Our Beautiful Days
Abdul Jabbar Jomard   Iraq December 1909 30 November 1971 Historian, Poet
Reginald Alec Martin   United Kingdom January 1908 27 June 1971 Children's writer Kemlo
Janka Maŭr   Belarus 11 May 1883 3 August 1971 Children’s writer, translator
Ghulam Rasool Mehr   Pakistan 13 April 1895 16 November 1971 Muslim scholar Books
Jim Morrison   United States 8 December 1943 3 July 1971 Musician The Doors discography
Ogden Nash   United States 19 August 1902 19 May 1971 Poet Bibliography of Ogden Nash
Andre Ryder   Greece
  Egypt
10 August 1908 5 March 1971 Musician
Tawfīq Sāyigh [ar]   Palestine 1923 1971 Poet
Stevie Smith   United Kingdom 20 September 1902 7 March 1971 Poet, Novelist Works
Igor Stravinsky   Russia 17 June 1882 6 April 1971 Composer List of compositions by Igor Stravinsky
Frank Underhill   Canada 26 November 1889 16 September 1971 Historian Upper Canadian Politics in the 1850s
Philip Wylie   United States 12 May 1902 25 October 1971 Author Gladiator

AustraliaEdit

In 2004 copyright in Australia changed from a "plus 50" law to a "plus 70" law, in line with America and the European Union. But the change was not made retroactive (unlike the 1995 change in the European Union which brought some British authors back into copyright, especially those who died from 1925 to 1944). Hence the work of an author who died before 1955 is normally in the public domain in Australia; but the copyright of authors was extended to 70 years after death for those who died in 1955 or later, and no more Australian authors will come out of copyright until 1 January 2026 (those who died in 1955).[1]

Countries with life + 80 yearsEdit

Spain, Colombia and Equatorial Guinea has a copyright term of life + 80 years. For Spain this is for creators who died before 1987. The list is sorted alphabetically and includes a notable work of the creator's that entered the public domain on 1 January 2022.

Names Country Birth Death Occupation Notable work
Prudenci Bertrana   Spain 19 January 1867 21 November 1941 Writer Entre la terra i els núvols
Henry Justice Ford   United Kingdom 1860 1941 Artist and illustrator Lang's Fairy Books
James Joyce   Ireland 2 February 1882 13 January 1941 Writer Ulysses, Dubliners and Finnegans Wake
José Fernández del Villar [es]   Spain 26 December 1888 2 April 1941 Playwright Plays
Hugh Walpole   United Kingdom 13 March 1884 1 June 1941 Author Rogue Herries, The Cathedral and The Dark Forest
Virginia Woolf   United Kingdom 25 January 1882 28 March 1941 Author Mrs Dalloway, Orlando and The Waves

United StatesEdit

All sheet music published in 1926 entered the public domain.[2] Under the Music Modernization Act, tens of thousands of sound recordings that were published before 1923 entered the public domain on 1 January 2022.[3][4] The Library of Congress says that this will result in "Increased public and online access to previously unavailable recordings and expanded opportunities to explore the earliest days of our sound recording heritage."[3] Sound recordings that were first published after December 31, 1922 have not yet entered the public domain.[5]

Under the Copyright Term Extension Act, books published in 1926, films released in 1926, like Don Juan (one of the early sound films), The Son of the Sheik (Rudolph Valentino's final film), and other works published in 1926, entered the public domain in 2022.[6]

Notable books entering the public domain in the United States include The Sun Also Rises, The Murder of Roger Ackroyd, Winnie-the-Pooh, Seven Pillars of Wisdom, and Bambi, a Life in the Woods.[7]

Unpublished works whose authors died in 1951 entered the public domain.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How long does copyright last? | National Library of Australia". www.nla.gov.au. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Public Domain Popular Song List 1926". Public Domain Information Project. Retrieved 1 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b Jenkins, Amanda (5 February 2019). "Copyright Breakdown: The Music Modernization Act | Now See Hear!". blogs.loc.gov. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  4. ^ Fishman, Stephen (2020). The Public Domain: How to Find & Use Copyright-Free Writings, Music, Art & More. Nolo. p. 332. ISBN 978-1-4133-2757-1.
  5. ^ Hirtle, Peter B. (3 January 2020). "Copyright Term and the Public Domain in the United States". Cornell University Library Copyright Information Center. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  6. ^ "Copyright and the Public Domain". Public Domain Information Project. Archived from the original on 1 August 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. ^ Jenkins, Jennifer (14 September 2021). "Public Domain Day 2022". Center for the Study of the Public Domain. Duke University. Archived from the original on 2 January 2022. Retrieved 3 January 2022.

External linksEdit