The Son of the Sheik is a 1926 American silent adventure/drama film directed by George Fitzmaurice and starring Rudolph Valentino and Vilma Bánky. The film is based on the 1925 romance novel The Sons of the Sheik by Edith Maude Hull, and is a sequel to the 1921 hit film The Sheik, which also stars Rudolph Valentino. The Son of the Sheik is Valentino's final film and went into general release nearly two weeks after his death from peritonitis at the age of 31.
|The Son of the Sheik|
|Directed by||George Fitzmaurice|
|Written by||Frances Marion (adaptation)|
Fred de Gresac (adaptation)
George Marion Jr. (titles)
Paul Gerard Smith (uncredited)
|Based on||The Sons of the Sheik|
by Edith Hull
|Produced by||George Fitzmaurice|
John W. Considine Jr. (uncredited)
|Music by||Artur Guttmann (1937)|
Jack Ward (1969)
Alloy Orchestra (2014)
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|Box office||over $2 million|
In 2003, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". On January 1, 2022, the film went into the public domain after years of being in copyright due to the Copyright Term Extension Act.
In his final film performance before dying in 1926, Rudolph Valentino tackles two roles, as a father and his son. Ahmed (Rudolph Valentino), the son of an Arab sheik and a kidnapped English gentlewoman (Agnes Ayres), loves local dancing girl Yasmin (Vilma Banky). When he slips out of his father's heavily guarded compound to woo her, he is kidnapped and held for ransom by a group of bandits led by Yasmin's father (George Fawcett) and Ghabah (Montagu Love), the Moor to whom she is betrothed.
At the time of the film's release, Rudolph Valentino was attempting to make a comeback in films. He rose to international stardom after the release of The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse and The Sheik in 1921, both of which were box-office hits and solidified his image as "the Great Lover". By 1924, however, Valentino's popularity had begun to wane after he appeared in two box office failures, Monsieur Beaucaire and A Sainted Devil, both of which featured him in roles that were a departure from his "Great Lover" image. He also squabbled over money with Famous Players-Lasky, the studio he was signed to, which eventually led to him walking out on his contract. Famous Players-Lasky eventually released Valentino from his contract and he signed with United Artists in 1925. In an effort to capitalize on the success that Valentino had achieved with The Sheik, United Artists' president Joseph M. Schenck bought the rights to Edith Maude Hull's novel Son of the Sheik and cast Valentino in the dual role of father and son.
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Valentino then embarked on a nationwide tour to promote the film as it rolled out around the first run theatres in the country's cities. On August 15, he collapsed in his New York City hotel room and was rushed to the hospital. Doctors discovered he had a perforated ulcer which required emergency surgery. After the surgery, Valentino developed peritonitis and died on August 23, 1926.
The Son of the Sheik was put into general release nationwide on September 5, 1926, nearly two weeks after Valentino's death. The film grossed $1,000,000 within the first year of its release. Eventually it more than doubled that.
Some critics have heralded Valentino's performance in the film as one of the best of his career.
- Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists: The Company Built by the Stars. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-23004-3. p56
- MacCaffrey, Donald W.; Jacobs, Christopher P., eds. (1999). Guide To the Silent Years Of American Cinema. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 247. ISBN 0-313-30345-2.
- The Son of the Sheik at silentera.com database
- "Complete National Film Registry Listing". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
- "Librarian of Congress Adds 25 Films to National Film Registry". Library of Congress. Retrieved May 11, 2020.
- "Public Domain Day 2022". Duke University School of Law. January 1, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
- DiMare, Philip C. (2011). Movies in American History: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Vol. 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 830. ISBN 978-1-598-84296-8.
- Sandburg, Carl (2000). Bernstein, Arnie (ed.). "The Movies Are": Carl Sandburg's Film Reviews and Essays, 1920-1928. Ebert, Roger. Lake Claremont Press. p. 309. ISBN 1-893-12105-4.
- Block, Alex Ben; Wilson, Lucy Autrey (2010). George Lucas's Blockbusting: A Decade-by-Decade Survey of Timeless Movies Including Untold Secrets of Their Financial and Cultural Success. HarperCollins. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-061-96345-2.
- Leider, Emily W. (2004). Dark Lover: The Life and Death of Rudolph Valentino. Macmillan. p. 369. ISBN 0-571-21114-3.
- Leider 2004 p.370
- "'Padlocked,' $32,000, Met's Best'; 'Ben-Hur,' 20 Weeks in L.A." Variety. August 11, 1926. p. 4. Retrieved May 28, 2018.
- Eagan, Daniel (2010). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-826-42977-3.
- Balio, Tino (2009). United Artists, Volume 1, 1919–1950: The Company Built by the Stars. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-299-23003-6.
- Sherrow, Victoria, ed. (2006). Encyclopedia Of Hair: A Cultural History. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 383. ISBN 0-313-33145-6.
- "2002 Image Entertainment DVD edition". silentera.com. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Son of the Sheik (1926 film).|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- The Son of the Sheik essay by Donna Hill at National Film Registry
- The Son of the Sheik at IMDb
- Son of the Sheik at SilentEra
- The Son of the Sheik at AllMovie
- The Son of the Sheik essay by Daniel Eagan in America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry, A&C Black, 2010 ISBN 0826429777, pages 115-117