2018 Winter Paralympics
The 2018 Winter Paralympics (Hangul: 평창 동계 패럴림픽; Hanja: 平昌 冬季 패럴림픽; RR: Pyeongchang Donggye Paereollimpik), the 12th Paralympic Winter Games, and also more generally known as the PyeongChang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games, were an international multi-sport event for athletes with disabilities governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that was held in Pyeongchang County, Gangwon Province, South Korea, from 9 to 18 March 2018. They were the second Paralympics to be held in South Korea, following the 1988 Summer Paralympics in Seoul.
|Host city||Pyeongchang, South Korea|
(Korean: 하나된 열정.)
|Events||80 in 6 sports|
|Stadium||Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium|
569 athletes representing 49 National Paralympic Committees participated in these Games, including newcomers Georgia, North Korea and Tajikistan. Following its debut as disciplines under the Alpine programme in Sochi, snowboarding was expanded into a separate sport with additional competitions.
For the second time,the United States topped the medal table with 36 total medals and 13 gold medals. Host nation South Korea placed 16th with 3 total medals and won its first gold and first bronze at in Winter Paralympics.
As part of a formal agreement between the International Paralympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee first established in 2001, the winner of the bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics was also to host the 2018 Winter Paralympics.
|2018 Winter Olympics bidding results|
Competitions in the 2018 Winter Paralympics are being held in six Winter Paralympic sports, with 80 medal events in total. Snowboarding has been expanded into a separate discipline for 2018, with 10 medal events (in 2014, two medal events in snowboarding were held within the alpine skiing programme).
In the following calendar for the 2018 Winter Paralympics, each blue box represents an event competition. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport are held. The number in each yellow box represents the number of finals that are contested on that day.
|●||Opening ceremony||Event competitions||Event finals||●||Closing ceremony|
|Para ice hockey||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||1||1|
Participating National Paralympic CommitteesEdit
|Participating National Paralympic Committees|
- Russia is currently suspended by the International Paralympic Committee due to the state-sponsored doping program scandal. However, the IPC has allowed Russian athletes to qualify as neutral participants. They will field around 30–35 athletes in 5 sports, participating as Neutral Paralympic Athletes (NPA), who will march under the Paralympic flag at the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and the Paralympic anthem will be played in any ceremony.
- Four more nations competed in Pyeongchang than at the previous winter games. Georgia, North Korea and Tajikistan all made their Winter Paralympics debut, while Hungary fielded a team after not competing in 2014. Tajikistan is the only country who had sent an athlete to these Games but not the 2018 Winter Olympics.
Pyeongchang Mountain clusterEdit
- Alpensia Resort – biathlon, cross-country skiing
- Main Olympic Village – athletes village
- Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium – awards and opening and closing ceremonies
Gangneung coastal clusterEdit
|1||United States (USA)||13||15||8||36|
|2||Neutral Paralympic Athletes (NPA)||8||10||6||24|
|13||Great Britain (GBR)||1||4||2||7|
|New Zealand (NZL)||1||0||2||3|
|South Korea (KOR)*||1||0||2||3|
|Totals (26 nations)||80||80||81||241|
In 2017, the European Broadcasting Union renewed its rights to the Paralympics in 25 European countries through 2020  In the United States, NBC Sports announced plans to air nearly twice as much coverage on linear television as it did in Sochi, with 94 hours airing primarily on NBCSN and the U.S. version of Olympic Channel, along with online streaming content. In Canada, the CBC announced that it would broadcast over 600 hours of coverage in English and French across its platforms, including CBC Television, Ici Radio-Canada Télé, and sublicence partners Sportsnet One and AMI-tv. Channel 4 returned as the Games' rightsholder in the United Kingdom, planning over 100 hours of television coverage on Channel 4 and 4seven.
Ticket prices for the 2018 Winter Paralympics were announced on 8 June 2017 and tickets went on sale on 21 August 2017.
The emblem for the 2018 Winter Paralympics was unveiled on 29 October 2013 at the National Museum of Korea. It incorporates stylized renditions of the hangul letter ㅊ ch (as also used in the Olympic emblem), which symbolizes part of the name Pyeongchang and resembles ice crystals. The Paralympic emblem features two of these letters joined together, symbolizing equality and a "grand" festival welcoming international athletes and spectators.
To attract interest from residents and foreign tourists, the Korea Tourism Organization organized Snow Festival, a "Hallyu festival", to serve as cultural programming for the Paralympics. Actors Jang Keun-suk and Lee Dong-wook purchased 2,018 and 1,000 tickets for themselves and fans to attend meetups at para ice hockey games, while a K-pop concert featuring B1A4 and BtoB was also organized.
Concerns and controversiesEdit
North Korean relationsEdit
Prior to the 2018 Winter Olympics, North Korea agreed to have its athletes march together with those of the South Korean team during the opening ceremonies, and field a unified women's hockey team. However, during a meeting in Pyeongchang between the leaders of their National Paralympic Committees, the two countries were unable to organize a similar arrangement for the Paralympics. The South Korean Paralympic Committee stated that North Korean officials had requested that the Liancourt Rocks (which are the subject of an ongoing sovereignty dispute between South Korea and Japan) be included on the Korean Unification Flag during the Paralympics. South Korea declined this request, as they considered it contradictory to IPC recommendations against political gestures.
IPC president Andrew Parsons expressed disappointment over the decision, but noted that the country "respects and values the IPC's vision and mission" and had "committed to working further with the IPC to improve the lives of people with an impairment in North Korea", while also acknowledging that the IOC had "made great progress in opening up dialogue between the two nations" prior to the Olympics, and that their meeting "underlines the tremendous ability of sport to bring countries together in positive dialogue."
- "Paralympics 2012: London to host 'first truly global Games'". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- Longman, Jeré; Sang-hun, Choe (6 July 2011). "2018 Winter Games to Be Held in Pyeongchang, South Korea". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- Hersh, Philip (6 July 2011). "Pyeongchang wins 2018 Winter Olympics". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017.
- Horwitz, Josh (25 January 2018). "South Korea's $100 million Winter Olympics stadium will be used exactly four times". Quartz. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "CoSport – Paralympic Event Tickets". www.cosport.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Australia's Seven Network to show PyeongChang 2018". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Brasil terá três atletas na Paralimpíada de Inverno de PyeongChang 2018". Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "平昌冬残奥会中国体育代表团在京成立". 中国中央电视台. 3 March 2018.
- Paralympic Games (19 January 2018). "@Paralympic Twitter account". Twitter. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018: Daniel Wagner's Winter Games dream". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018: Bochet to carry French flag". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Germany reveal kit for PyeongChang 2018". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "British alpine skiers and snowboarders named for PyeongChang 2018". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "North Korea invited to participate in first-ever Winter Paralympic Games at Pyeongchang 2018". 9 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018: Arly Velasquez ready to surprise". Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Hjelmberg, Henrik. "Svenska truppen till Paralympics uttagen". Sveriges Paralympiska Kommitté. Archived from the original on 26 February 2018. Retrieved 25 February 2018.
- "With one year until 2018 Winter Games, Russia's status murky". 9 February 2017.
- "IPC allow Russian athletes to compete as neutrals at Pyeongchang 2018 but maintain suspension". Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Following the Feb. 9-25 Olympic Games, the 12th Winter Paralympic Games opened March 9 in PyeongChang, some 180 kilometers east of Seoul, along with the sub-host cities of Gangneung and Jeongseon". Yonhap News. 18 March 2018. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- PyeongChang 2018 Alpensia Resort and water park complete and full for summer season Archived 12 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Jeongseon Alpine Centre to host Para alpine skiing and snowboard in 2018". www.paralympic.org. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Medal Standings". Pyeongchang 2018 Paralympics. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "International Paralympic Committee and Olympic Channel join forces to cover Pyeongchang 2018". Inside the Games. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "EBU - EBU brings the best of Paralympic sport to over 25 countries across Europe". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "How to Watch—And What to Expect From—the Winter Paralympics 2018 on NBC". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
- "Why do Americans ignore the Paralympics?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "CBC/Radio-Canada offer 600-plus hours of Paralympic coverage". CBC Sports. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Channel 4 to broadcast 100 hours of Paralympics from Pyeongchang 2018". Inside the Games. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018 ticket prices announced". www.paralympic.org. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "PyeongChang 2018 Paralympic Winter Games Ticket Prices Announced". Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "평창패럴림픽 티켓 판매율 0.2%…관심 절실" [PyeongChang Paralympics Ticket Selling Rate 0.2% ... An urgent concern]. Yonhapnews. 27 October 2017.
- "Pyeongchang 2018 unveil ticket design and open offline sales in bid to encourage buyers". 9 February 2018. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic ticket sales rise to 61 per cent". Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "Pyeonchang 2018 unveils official Paralympic emblem". 29 October 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2018.
- "PyeongChang 2018 Launches Official Emblem". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- "Tiger and bear mascots unveiled for Pyeongchang 2018 Winter Olympics and Paralympics". 2 June 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "Stars invite fans to join them at Paralympics". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Jang Keun-suk and Lee Dong-wook in 'Christmas in March' for Paralympics". Korea Herald. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Actor Lee Dong-wook named honorary ambassador for PyeongChang Olympics". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- Herald, The Korea (4 March 2018). "[PyeongChang 2018] S. Korea to hold hallyu festival to boost Paralympics". Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "Festival celebrating Korean culture launched to help promote Winter Paralympic Games". Inside the Games. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
- "'Flag dispute' halts joint Korean march". BBC News. 8 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- "North, South Korea to march separately in Paralympics opening ceremony". CBC Sports. Retrieved 8 March 2018.