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The 2002 Asian Games (Korean: 2002년 아시안 게임, romanized2002-nyeon Asian Geim), also known as the XIV Asiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Busan, South Korea from September 29 to October 14, 2002 with the football event commenced 2 days before the opening ceremony.

XIV Asian Games
14th asiad.svg
Host cityBusan, South Korea
MottoNew Vision, New Asia[1]
(Korean: 새로운 비전, 새로운 아시아)
(saeloun bijeon, saeloun asia)
Nations participating44
Athletes participating7,711
Events419 in 38 sports[2]
Opening ceremonySeptember 29
Closing ceremonyOctober 14
Officially opened byKim Dae-jung
President of South Korea
Officially closed bySamih Moudallal
Vice President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's OathMoon Dae-sung, Ryu Ji-hye
Torch lighterHa Hyung-joo, Kye Sun-hui
Main venueBusan Asiad Main Stadium
Website2002 Asian Games
Bangkok 1998 Doha 2006  >

Busan is the second city in South Korea, after Seoul in 1986 to host the Games. This was the second time South Korea hosted the event. A total of 419 events in 38 sports were contested by 7,711 athletes from 44 countries.[3][4] The Games were also co-hosted by its four neighbouring cities: Ulsan, Changwon, Masan and Yangsan.[5] It was opened by President of South Korea, Kim Dae-jung, at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by China, followed by host South Korea and Japan. South Korea set a new record with 95 gold medals. 22 world records, 43 Asian records were broken during the Games.[6][7][8] In addition, Japanese Swimming Kosuke Kitajima was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games.

Contents

Host city selectionEdit

Busan was selected over Kaohsiung at the 14th Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) general assembly in Seoul, South Korea on 23 May 1995.[9][10] After the major upset, Chinese Taipei expressed its' disappointment and staged a protest, claimed that the selection of Busan was due to pressure from China, which the OCA officials denied.[11]

Development and preparationsEdit

CostsEdit

A total of US$2.9 billion was spent for the games.[12]

Branding and designEdit

 
Official mascot

The emblem of the Games is a motif of East sea blue waves in the shape of Taegeuk, symbolising Busan and Korea. It expresses the image of development and unity of the Asian people and the two dynamic powers that are closely intertwined. The wave's shape in the emblem indicates the character B, the first character of Busan.[13][14]

The mascot of the 2002 Asian Games is a Sea gull, the city bird of Busan named "Duria", whose name is a combination of the two words 'Durative' and 'Asia', which means "You and Me Together" or Everlasting Asia in the Korean language, which expresses the ideal of the Games: to promote harmony, friendship and prosperity among Asian countries. Its' thick black ink and free line expression, symbolize Korean traditional culture, while its' white colour shade representing the image of a powerful spirit and the great hopes for Asia in the 21st century.[15]

The medal of the games featured the Korean traditional octagonal building, Palgagjeong top view design with the old Olympic Council of Asia logo on the obverse and Busan Asia Games Flame, logo, and Oryukdo scenery on the reverse. The design represents solidarity of membership and eternity of OCA, Busan as host of the games and youth, unity, and friendship of the athletes.[16]

Marketing and promotionEdit

In conjunction with the Games, eight songs were released as the official music for the Games:[17]

  • "The Dream of Asia" – Lee Moon-se
  • "Frontier!-Voices from the East" – Yang Bang-ean & Furee
  • "We are..." – Baby box
  • "Theme from Duria" – Hong Jong-myung, Shin Hyo-bum
  • "The Fanfare" – Busan city Orchestra
  • "Welcome to Busan Korea" – Kim Hyo-soo
  • "Let's Go!!" – Gang Hyun-soo
  • "Love to All of Us" – CAN

Torch relayEdit

The relay itself started at 11 a.m on 5 September 2002 when two flames were simultaneously lit at Hallasan in South Korea and Paektu Mountain, the Korean peninsula’s highest mountain, in North Korea. 42 flames in other participating nations were also lit at the same time.[18] The two Korean flames were unified into one at Imjingak Pavilion near the truce village of Panmunjeom on 7 September 2002 and was dubbed the Unification flame. After that, a nationwide torch relay totaled a distance of 4,294 kilometres in 23 days was held. The relay passed through 904 districts in 16 cities within the country. The Unification flame joined with the flames of 42 other participating nations during the opening ceremony on 29 September 2002 and became the Asian Games flame.[19][20] The torch design was based on a Korean traditional music instrument called Taepyeongso.[21]

Venues and infrastructuresEdit

VenuesEdit

42 competition venues were used in the Games with twelve of them are newly built,[22][23] including the Asiad Sports Complex which was completed on 31 July 2000.[24] Other venues included an athletes' village and a main press centre.[25]

Busan
Asiad Sports Complex
  • Busan Asiad Stadium - Athletics, Football (Final), Opening and closing ceremonies
  • Sajik Swimming Pool - Aquatics (Swimming, Synchronized Swimming, Diving)
  • Sajik Gymnasium - Basketball, Gymnastics
  • Sajik Baseball Stadium - Baseball
Gangseo Sports Park
  • Gangseo Archery Field - Archery
  • Gangseo Gymnasium - Badminton, Fencing
  • Gangseo Hockey Stadium - Hockey
Geumjeong Sports Park
  • Geumjeong Gymnasium - Basketball
  • Geumjeong Velodrome - Cycling (Track)
  • Geumjeong Tennis Stadium - Tennis
Gudeok Sports Complex
  • Gudeok Main Stadium - Football
  • Gudeok Baseball Stadium - Soft tennis
  • Gudeok Gymnasium - Judo, Taekwondo
Others
  • Nakdong River Rowing and Canoeing Courses - Canoeing, Rowing
  • Gijang Gymnasium - Volleyball (Indoor)
  • Haeundae Beach - Volleyball (Beach)
  • Dongju College Gymnasium - Cue sports
  • Gijang Road Cycling Race Course - Cycling (Road)
  • Gijang Mountain Bike Race Stadium - Cycling (Mountain, Down hill)
  • Busan Citizens' Hall - Bodybuilding
  • Homeplus Asiad Bowling Alley - Bowling
  • Busan Equestrian Grounds - Equestrian, Modern pentathlon (Riding)
  • Asiad Country Club - Golf
  • Tongmyong University of Information Technology Stadium - Kabaddi
  • Samnak Riverside Athletic Park - Modern pentathlon (Running)
  • Busan Yachting Center - Sailing
  • Pukyong National University Gymnasium - Weightlifting
  • Dongseo University Minseok Sports Center - Wushu, Sepak takraw
South Gyeongsang
Changwon Sports Park
  • Changwon Swimming Pool - Aquatics (Water polo), Modern pentathlon (Swimming)
  • Changwon Main Stadium - Football
  • Changwon Gymnasium - Handball
Masan Sports Complex
  • Masan Gymnasium - Boxing
  • Masan Sports Complex Main Stadium - Football
Others
  • Yangsan College Gymnasium - Karate, Wrestling, Squash
  • Yangsan Public Stadium - Football
  • Changwon Evergreen hall - Modern pentathlon (Fencing)
  • Changwon International Shooting Range - Shooting, Modern pentathlon (Shooting)
Ulsan
  • Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium - Football
  • Ulsan public stadium - Rugby
  • Ulsan Dongcheon Gymnasium - Table tennis

Athletes' VillageEdit

The athletes' village in Property Development Area, Banyeodong, Haeundae District, Busan had 2,290 apartments in 20 buildings which can accommodate 14,000 people.[26][27]

The gamesEdit

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening ceremony with the theme “A Beautiful meeting,” was held on 29 September 2002 at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium. Participating nations marched into the stadium in Korean alphabetical order began with Nepal. North Korea and South Korea jointly entered the stadium under one flag for the first time in Asian Games history and the second time after the 2000 Summer Olympics.[28][29] South Korean president Kim Dae-Jung declared the Games open, Two Korean athletes - Mun Dae-Sung (taekwondo) and Ryu Ji -Hye (table tennis) took the oath on behalf of all the participating athletes while South Korea's retired judoist Ha Hyung-joo and North Korean female judoist Kye Sun-hui lit the games' cauldron. A 40 minute 6 part show about the union between King Kim Suro and Hur Hwangok Busan of Gaya was also presented, featuring soprano Sumi Jo.

Participating National Olympic CommitteesEdit

All 44 members of Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) with 7,711 athletes took part in the Games. East Timor participated for the first time since its independence and Afghanistan returned to the action since Taliban had come to power.[30] Below is a list of all the participating NOCs; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.[31][32]

Participating National Olympic Committees

SportsEdit

A total of 419 events in 38 sports was contested in the Games for 16 days of competition. Football and basketball was kickoff two and one day respectively prior to the opening ceremony.[33] Bodybuilding was the debutant sport in Games.[34]

CalendarEdit

 ●  Opening ceremony     Event competitions  ●  Event finals  ●  Closing ceremony
September / October 2002 27th
Fri
28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
Gold
medals
  Archery 1 1 2 4
  Artistic swimming 1 1 2
  Athletics 5 10 7 9 5 8 1 45
  Badminton 1 1 2 3 7
  Baseball 1 1
  Basketball 2 2
  Bodybuilding 4 4 8
  Bowling 2 2 2 2 2 10
  Boxing 12 12
  Canoeing 5 8 13
  Cue sports 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 10
  Cycling – Mountain bike 2 1 1 4
  Cycling – Road 2 1 1 4
  Cycling – Track 2 3 3 4 12
  Diving 2 2 1 1 1 1 8
  Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
  Fencing 2 2 2 2 2 2 12
  Field hockey 1 1 2
  Football 1 1 2
  Golf 4 4
  Gymnastics – Artistic 1 1 2 5 5 14
  Gymnastics – Rhythmic 1 1 2
  Handball 1 1 2
  Judo 4 4 4 4 16
  Kabaddi 1 1
  Karate 7 4 11
  Modern pentathlon 2 2 1 1 6
  Rowing 6 7 13
  Rugby union 1 1 2
  Sailing 15 15
  Sepaktakraw 2 2 2 6
  Shooting 8 6 6 6 6 6 4 42
  Soft tennis 2 5 7
  Softball 1 1
  Squash 2 2
  Swimming 5 5 6 6 5 5 32
  Table tennis 1 1 1 2 2 7
  Taekwondo 4 4 4 4 16
  Tennis 1 1 3 2 7
  Volleyball – Beach 2 2
  Volleyball – Indoor 1 1 2
  Water polo 1 1
  Weightlifting 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 15
  Wrestling 5 4 5 4 18
  Wushu 2 9 11
Total gold medals 2 14 19 31 41 35 27 23 32 33 35 27 19 32 42 7 419
Ceremonies
September / October 2002 27th
Fri
28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
Gold
medals


Closing ceremonyEdit

The closing ceremony with the theme “Returning Home.” was held on 14 October 2002 at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium. Japanese Swimming Kosuke Kitajima was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games. Samih Moudallal, vice president of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), on behalf of OCA President Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al Sabah declared the games’ closing. The Asian Games hosting right was handed over to Qatar, host of the next edition. A cultural performance of Qatar was also presented.[35][36][37]

Medal tableEdit

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, South Korea, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (South Korea)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  China (CHN)1508474308
2  South Korea (KOR)*968084260
3  Japan (JPN)447372189
4  Kazakhstan (KAZ)20263076
5  Uzbekistan (UZB)15122451
6  Thailand (THA)14191043
7  India (IND)11121336
8  Chinese Taipei (TPE)10172552
9  North Korea (PRK)9111333
10  Iran (IRI)8141436
11–39Remaining5073143266
Totals (39 nations)4274215021350

Concerns and controversiesEdit

Doping issuesEdit

On October 7, 2002, the Olympic Council of Asia announced that the bodybuilding bronze medalist in the +90 kg weight category Youssef El-Zein of Lebanon was relieved of his medal for not submitting to a drugs test. After El-Zein was disqualified, the bronze medal in the +90 kg category went to Choi Jae-Duck of South Korea (who had finished fourth).[38]

Six days later, Japanese news agency Kyodo News reported that Indian middle distance runner Sunita Rani had tested positive for a banned substance, which was later confirmed by Lee Choon-Sup, Deputy Secretary General of the Busan Asian Games Organizing Committee; an unofficial report stated that the substance was the anabolic steroid nandrolone. Sunita had won two medals in athletics: a gold in the 1,500 m (setting an Asian Games record) and a bronze in the 5,000 m, (in which Sunita jointly bettered the Games record set by Indonesian Suprianti Sutono in Bangkok during the 1998 Asian Games with six other athletes).[39][40] The Indian Chef de Mission at the Games backed Sunita—who denied using any banned drug—and asked for a "B" sample test from Bangkok, but tests were run only at the Asian Games’ Doping Control Center (AGDCC) in Seoul (the laboratory accredited by the IOC). On October 16, the AGDCC confirmed the steroid nandrolone in Sunita's urine sample; as a consequence, the OCA stripped her of both medals and dismissed her Asian Games record for the 1,500 m.[41][42]

The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) requested the intervention of the International Association of Athletics Federations and the IOC; the samples were jointly reexamined by the World Anti-Doping Agency and the IOC Sub-Commission on Doping and Biochemistry of Sport. In January 2003, the OCA announced that the IOC Medical Director had cleared Sunita of the doping charge and that appropriate action would be taken against the AGDCC.[43] Both of Sunita's medals were reinstated on February 4, 2003, in a ceremony attended by the Secretary General of OCA Randhir Singh and the president of the IOA Suresh Kalmadi.[44]

Three Malaysian sepak takraw players were sent home for failing drug tests after testing positive for morphine.[45]

Missing athletesEdit

A total of 16 athletes including 12 Nepalese, three Sri Lankans and one Mongolian were reported to be missing, which police and sports officials suspected to have find illegal jobs in South Korea.[46]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Busan's hour of reckoning has arrived". The Hindu. 28 September 2002.
  3. ^ "14th AG Busan 2002". OCA. Archived from the original on 2011-12-08. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  4. ^ "Asian Games open in South Korea". United Press International. 29 September 2002.
  5. ^ "Neighboring Host Cities". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2003-06-05. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  6. ^ "See you in Doha!". 15 October 2002. Archived from the original on 24 April 2003.
  7. ^ "World records toppled en masse at Asian games". 15 October 2002. Archived from the original on 28 February 2003.
  8. ^ "New records". BAGOC. Archived from the original on 23 February 2003.
  9. ^ "3 Children born on the day Busan was selected as the site for the 2002 Asian Games will appear in a play to be performed during the Opening Ceremony". BAGOC. Archived from the original on 26 September 2002.
  10. ^ "'Busan 2002 Asian Games held'". News Library (in Korean). 24 May 1995. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  11. ^ "City of Pusan to stage 2002 Asian Olympic Games". Youtube. Associated Press. 21 July 2015.
  12. ^ "The high price of the Asian Games". Today Online. 6 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Emblem, Busan 2002". OCA. Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  14. ^ "General Information". Archived from the original on 2003-02-02.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  15. ^ "Mascot, Busan 2002". OCA. Archived from the original on 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  16. ^ "Medals". BAGOC. Archived from the original on 16 February 2003.
  17. ^ "AG Official Music". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2003-07-04. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  18. ^ "Asian Games torch lit in Delhi". Rediff. 5 September 2002.
  19. ^ "Flame of peace lights up Busan". 28 September 2002. Archived from the original on 28 March 2003.
  20. ^ "Together at last!". 30 September 2002. Archived from the original on 16 July 2003.
  21. ^ "The design for the Sacred Fire". BAGOC. 9 October 2001. Archived from the original on 5 July 2003.
  22. ^ "Venues readiness". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2003-07-05. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  23. ^ "2002 Asian Games venues". Pusan Web.
  24. ^ "Busan Asiad Main Stadium Completed". BAGOC. 9 August 2001. Archived from the original on 8 May 2003.
  25. ^ "Main Press Centre". Archived from the original on 2003-07-17. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  26. ^ "Athlete's village". Archived from the original on 2003-07-17. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
  27. ^ "AV officially opens on Sept. 23". Archived from the original on 28 February 2003.
  28. ^ "Asian Games begin in Busan". Times of India. 29 September 2002.
  29. ^ "Games open with 'Beautiful meeting'". Rediff. 29 September 2002.
  30. ^ "History of the Asian Games". The Times of India. 2010-11-11. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  31. ^ "Each National & Regional". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2003-02-16. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  32. ^ "Participating Countries and Regions". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2002-12-29.
  33. ^ "Competition Schedules". busanasiangames.org. Archived from the original on 2003-06-21. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  34. ^ "South Korea catches Japan in medals race". CNNSI.com. 2002-10-05. Retrieved 2010-11-20.
  35. ^ "Ceremony". Archived from the original on 15 May 2003.
  36. ^ "October 14 2002 Curtain falls on Asian Games in Busan". Gulf News. 13 October 2017.
  37. ^ "South Koreans bid touching farewell". Rediff. 14 October 2002.
  38. ^ "Lebanese bodybuilder stripped of bronze". The Daily Times. Lahore. Agence France-Presse. October 8, 2002. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved July 4, 2011.
  39. ^ Mohan, K. P. (October 14, 2002). "Sunita Rani tests positive". The Hindu. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  40. ^ "Asian Games records". asianathletics.org. Asian Athletics Association. November 27, 2010. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  41. ^ Halarnkar, Samar (October 17, 2002). "Sunita stripped of her medals while her officials run for cover". The Indian Express. New Delhi. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  42. ^ "Sunita Rani stripped of medals". The Hindu. October 17, 2002. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  43. ^ "OCA to return Sunita Rani's medals". Rediff.com. January 7, 2003. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  44. ^ Unnikrishnan, M. S. (February 4, 2003). "Sunita Rani gets back her Asiad medals". The Tribune. New Delhi. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  45. ^ "Malaysian athletes pilloried at home". Rediff. 3 October 2002.
  46. ^ "Jobs better than medals for some Asiad athletes". Rediff. 9 October 2002.

External linksEdit