1977 had sequels such as Super Speed Race and Datsun 280 ZZZAP as well as several new titles such as Space Wars. The year's highest-grossing arcade games were F-1 and Speed Race DX in Japan, and Sea Wolf and Sprint 2 in the United States. The year's best-selling home system was Nintendo's Color TV-Game, which was only sold in Japan.
Highest-grossing arcade gamesEdit
In Japan, the following titles were the highest-grossing arcade games of 1977, according to the second annual Game Machine chart. Both arcade video games and electro-mechanical games (EM games) are listed on the same arcade chart. Namco's EM racing game F-1 was the highest-grossing overall arcade game for the second year in a row, followed by Taito's racing video game Speed Race DX (its predecessor Speed Race was distributed as Wheels by Midway Manufacturing in North America).
|Arcade electro-mechanical games (EM games)||Arcade video games|
|1||F-1||12||6||5||53||1||Speed Race DX||8||5||8||42|
|2||Mogura Taiji (Whac-A-Mole)||5||1||3||20||2||Breakout||3||6||4||25|
|5||F-1 Mach||0||5||0||10||5||Road Champion||1||1||1||6|
|7||Laser Clay||2||0||0||6||7||Sprint 2||1||0||1||4|
|8||Block Cut[b]||0||2||0||4||Super High-Way||0||2||0||4|
|9||Dead Line||1||0||0||3||9||Gran Trak 10||1||0||0||3|
|Crane[c]||0||0||2||2||Super Speed Race||1||0||0||3|
In the United States, Play Meter magazine began publishing annual lists of top-grossing arcade games in 1977. The following titles were the top ten highest-earning arcade video games of the year on the annual Play Meter and RePlay charts. Lifetime arcade cabinet sales are also given in a separate column.
|Rank||Play Meter||RePlay||Lifetime cabinet sales|
|5||Gun Fight (Western Gun)||Starship 1|
|6||Night Driver||Double Play|
|7||Death Race||Night Driver|
|9||Datsun 280 ZZZAP||Robot Bowl|
|10||Blockade||Datsun 280 ZZZAP|
Best-selling home systemsEdit
|2||Atari Video Computer System (Atari VCS)||Atari, Inc.||Console||Second||250,000|||
|3||Personal computer (PC)||Various||Computer||—||150,000|||
|6||Commodore PET||Commodore International||Computer||8-bit||4,000|||
|7||Apple II||Apple Inc.||Computer||8-bit||600|||
- Agnes Kim opens the first Electronics Boutique, a kiosk at the King of Prussia mall in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania selling transistor radios and calculators.
- Atari opens the first Chuck E. Cheese's Pizza Time Theater (later Chuck E. Cheese's), a combination video arcade/pizzeria conceived by Atari co-founder Nolan Bushnell. In June, Bushnell purchases the rights to Pizza Time Theater back from Atari for $500,000 USD.
- Nakamura Manufacturing Ltd. formally changes its name to Namco (which it has employed as a brand name since 1971), and establishes Namco Enterprises Asia Ltd. in Hong Kong, its first subsidiary based outside Japan.
Video game consolesEdit
- In September, Atari releases the Atari Video Computer System (later known as the VCS or Atari 2600) video game console alongside nine launch titles in the USA.
- Coleco releases a number of new models of the Telstar series: the Telstar Alpha, the Telstar Colormatic, the Telstar Regent, the Telstar Ranger, the Telstar Galaxy, and the Telstar Combat. Most of these systems feature only minor variations on the original Telstar model, such as new controller types (for example, the Ranger featured a light gun, while the Galaxy included joysticks).
- Groupe SEB releases the Telescore 750 dedicated home video game console.
- Nintendo releases the Color TV Game 6 dedicated home video game console, featuring six variations of Light Tennis (a Pong clone). Nintendo's partner, Mitsubishi, produces most of the system's hardware components.
- Philico releases the Telejogo dedicated home video game console, featuring three pre-installed games.
- Bally releases the Bally Home Library Computer (Astrocade) home video game console through mail order retailer JS&A National Sales Group. Delays in production of the system, however, mean that none of the units will actually ship until the following year.
- June 10 – Apple Computer releases the Apple II.
- August 3 – Tandy releases the TRS-80 Model I.
- October – Commodore releases the Commodore PET.
- Intelligent Systems releases the Compucolor II.
- Tim Anderson, Marc Blank, Bruce Daniels, and Dave Lebling, the future founders of Infocom, develop the first version of Zork on a PDP-10 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science.
- フリッパー, Furippā
- ブロック・カット, Burokku Katto
- クレーン, Kurēn
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Sea Wolf, which was another creation of Dave Nutting, did solid business, selling more than 10,000 machines. (A later color version sold an additional 4000 units.)
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