1885 in Canada

Events from the year 1885 in Canada.

Years in Canada: 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888
Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century
Decades: 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s
Years: 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888



Federal governmentEdit

Provincial governmentsEdit

Lieutenant governorsEdit


Territorial governmentsEdit

Lieutenant governorsEdit


Full date unknownEdit

  • Banff Hot Springs Reserve is established. It will be renamed Rocky Mountains Park in 1887 – the first national park in Canada – and then Banff National Park in 1930.
  • Canada outlaws the potlatch ceremony among Northwest Coast tribes. The law, often ignored, is repealed in 1951.


Gordon Daniel Conant

January to JuneEdit

July to DecemberEdit


Historical documentsEdit

Account of battle at Duck Lake[1]

Account of battle at Cut Knife Hill[2]

Two settler women travel with Chief Big Bear's Cree band after Frog Lake Massacre[3]

Accounts of battle at Batoche[4]

Opposition Leader Edward Blake's speeches on fighting in Northwest [5]

Convicted of treason, Chief Big Bear pleads for relief of his people[6]

Louis Riel's statement at his trial[7]

Report of psychiatric physician who visited Louis Riel in prison[8]

Newspaper report of Louis Riel's execution[9]

Air clears when women vote in Ontario municipal election[10]

Montrealers' resistance to vaccination during smallpox outbreak turns to rioting [11]

Illustration: vaccinating passengers against smallpox on train to U.S.A.[12]

Photo: Sitting Bull, while on visit to Montreal with Buffalo Bill's Wild West show[13]


  1. ^ Transcription of Wm. Laurie article Saskatchewan Herald (April 23, 1885). Accessed 8 October 2019 (See also photo “'Sewing Up the Dead': Preparation of North-West Field Force Casualties for Burial" (April 25, 1885))
  2. ^ Transcription of article Saskatchewan Herald (May 11, 1885). Accessed 8 October 2019
  3. ^ Theresa Gowanlock and Theresa Fulford, Two Months in the Camp of Big Bear(...) (1885). Accessed 8 October 2019
  4. ^ Lewis Redman Ord, Reminiscences of a Bungle (1887), pgs. 29-32 and Moses Bremner's Statement (1886) and Canada; Department of Militia and Defence, Report upon the Suppression of the Rebellion in the North-West Territories[...] (1886), pgs. 27-33. Accessed 8 October 2019
  5. ^ [House of Commons,] "Speech of Hon. E. Blake, M.P., on the Disturbance in the North-West; Ottawa, May 20th, 1885." and House of Commons Debates; Third Session, Fifth Parliament - 48 Vic., "Speech of Hon. E. Blake, M.P., on the Dissturbance in the North-West; Ottawa, July 6th, 1885." Accessed 17 October 2019
  6. ^ William Bleasdell Cameron, Blood Red the Sun (1950), pgs. 196-9. Accessed 8 October 2019
  7. ^ The Queen vs. Louis Riel[...] (1886), pgs. 147-54. Accessed 9 October 2019
  8. ^ Daniel Clark, A Psycho-Medical History of Louis Riel (1887), pgs. 10-13. Accessed 9 October 2019
  9. ^ "Riel Executed; He Dies Without A Speech; A Sane And Beautiful Death" Regina Leader (November 19, 1885), pg. 4. Accessed 9 October 2019
  10. ^ Letitia Youmans, Campaign Echoes: The Autobiography of Letitia Youmans; Second Edition (1893), pgs. 206-9. Accessed 8 October 2019
  11. ^ Mde Morel de la Durantaye, A Brief History of the Small Pox Epidemic in Montreal(...) (1886). Accessed 8 October 2019
  12. ^ James Marvin, "Canada - the recent smallpox epidemic in Montreal - vaccinating American-bound passengers on a train[....]" Accessed 25 December 2020 https://digital.library.mcgill.ca/oslerprints/search-results.php?s=Vaccination (click on "The recent smallpox epidemic" thumbnail)
  13. ^ William Notman & Son, "Sitting Bull" (1885), McCord Museum. Accessed 18 May 2022