Izaak Walton Killam (July 23, 1885 – August 5, 1955) was a Canadian financier.

Izaak Walton Killam
Born(1885-07-23)July 23, 1885
DiedAugust 5, 1955(1955-08-05) (aged 70)
Grand-Cascapedia, Quebec, Canada
SpouseDorothy Ruth Brooks Johnston (m. 1922)

Early life edit

Born in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, he was the son of William Dudman Killam and Arabella Hunter (Belle) Cann.[1]

Business ventures edit

As a young banker with the Union Bank of Halifax, Killam became close friends with John F. Stairs and Max Aitken (Lord Beaverbrook) who put Killam in charge of his Royal Securities. In 1919, Killam bought out Aitken and took full control of the company. His business dealings primarily involved the financing of large pulp and paper and hydro-electric projects throughout Canada and Latin America. One of his larger projects in his native province was the creation of the Mersey Paper Company Ltd. and its related electrical generating stations and shipping fleet.

In 1922, he married Dorothy Ruth Brooks Johnston. Notwithstanding his prodigious financial accomplishments, Killam was a very reserved man who eschewed publicity and was virtually unknown outside a small circle of close acquaintances. In 1927, he acquired The Mail and Empire newspaper and after reorganization it was later sold to the owners of The Globe, who merged it to create The Globe and Mail in 1936.[2]

Killam died in 1955 at his Quebec fishing lodge. By then he was considered to be the richest man in Canada.[citation needed]

Philanthropy edit

Having no children, Killam and his wife devoted the greater part of their wealth to higher education in Canada. The Killam Trusts, established in the will of Mrs. Killam, are held by five Canadian universities: the University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, University of Calgary, Dalhousie University and McGill University. The current market value of the Killam endowment is approximately CAD$400 million and it is used to fund scientific research and artistic ventures across Canada.

Dalhousie University in Halifax benefited the most, having received a $30 million bequest from Dorothy Killam's estate in 1965 ($214 million in 2011 when adjusted for inflation), representing 32% of her fortune. The 230,000 sq ft (21,000 m2) Killam Memorial Library constructed between 1966 and 1971 at a cost of $7.3 million ($52 million in 2011) was designed by architect Leslie R. Fairn and remains an enduring legacy to this day.

Money from the Killam estate also went to establish Izaak Walton Killam Hospital for Children in Halifax and the Montreal Neurological Institute in Montreal.

When Killam died the government honoured his request to use his inheritance taxes and a large donation, coupled with those of Sir James H. Dunn, to establish the Canada Council for the Arts.

References edit

  1. ^ Nowell, Iris (October 22, 1996). Women who Give Away Millions: Portraits of Canadian Philanthropists. Dundurn. p. 185. ISBN 9780888821874. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  2. ^ "Biography – RIORDON, CHARLES ALFRED (Riordan) – Volume XVI (1931-1940) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved April 16, 2024.

Further reading edit

  • Canada's Mystery Man of High Finance, Douglas How, Hantsport: Lancelot Press, 1986.
  • A Very Private Person: The Story of Izaak Walton Killam - and his wife Dorothy, Douglas How: Dalhousie Graphics, 1976

External links edit