1868 in science

The year 1868 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

List of years in science (table)

BiologyEdit

ChemistryEdit

MedicineEdit

PaleontologyEdit

TechnologyEdit

AwardsEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Great French Wine Blight". Wine Tidings. 96. July–August 1986. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-01. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Published in Transactions 26(3) (1870): 497.
  3. ^ "Roland Trimen, 1840-1916". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 91 (641): xviii–xxvii. 1920. doi:10.1098/rspb.1920.0020. JSTOR 80995.
  4. ^ Ley, Willy (1959). Exotic Zoology. New York: Viking Press. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ Martin, Megan (2005). "Smith, Maria Ann (1799–1870)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 2012-01-27. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Kochhar, R. K. (1991). "French astronomers in India during the 17th –19th centuries". Journal of the British Astronomical Association. 101 (2): 95–100. Bibcode:1991JBAA..101...95K.
  7. ^ Hampel, Clifford A. (1968). The Encyclopedia of the Chemical Elements. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. pp. 256–268. ISBN 0-442-15598-0.
  8. ^ Coe, Brian (1978). Colour Photography: the first hundred years 1840-1940. London: Ash & Grant. ISBN 0-904069-24-9.
  9. ^ Enerson, Ole Daniel. "Jean-Martin Charcot". Whonamedit?. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-11. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ Charcot, J.-M. (1868). "Histologie de la sclerose en plaques". Gazette des Hopitaux. Paris. 41: 554–55.
  11. ^ Killian, Gustvan (1911). "The history of bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy" (PDF). The Laryngoscope. 21 (9): 891–7. doi:10.1288/00005537-191109000-00001.
  12. ^ Modlin, Irvin M.; Kidd, Mark; Lye, Kevin D. (2004). "From the Lumen to the Laparoscope". Archives of Surgery. 139 (10): 1110–26. doi:10.1001/archsurg.139.10.1110. PMID 15492154. Retrieved 2011-10-17. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Elewaut, A.; Cremer, M. (2002). "The History of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy — The European Perspective". In Classen, Meinhard; Tytgat, Guido N.J.; Lightdale, Charles J. (eds.). Gastroenterological endoscopy. Stuttgart: Thieme. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-58890-013-5. Retrieved 2010-09-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ Vilardell, F. (2006). "Rigid gastroscopes". Digestive endoscopy in the second millennium: from the Lichtleiter to echoendoscopy. Stuttgart: Thieme. pp. 32–5. ISBN 978-3-13-139671-6. Retrieved 2010-09-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ No 79985.
  16. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 23 July 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)