The year 1944 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.
- August 7 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator, best known as the Harvard Mark I.
History of scienceEdit
- February 8 – Howard Dalton (died 2008), English microbiologist.
- February 15 – Sigurd Hofmann, German physicist.
- March 7 – Michael Rosbash, American geneticist and chronobiologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- June 1 – Colin Blakemore, English neuroscientist.
- June 5 – Whitfield Diffie, American cryptographer.
- June 6 – Phillip Allen Sharp, American geneticist and molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
- June 22 – Gérard Mourou, French electrical engineer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics.
- July 13 – Ernő Rubik, Hungarian inventor and architect.
- August 24 – Gregory Jarvis (died 1986), American astronaut.
- October 11 – William T. Greenough (died 2013), American neuroscientist.
- October 16 – Elizabeth Loftus, American psychologist.
- October 21 – Jean-Pierre Sauvage, French coordination chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- December 28 – Kary Mullis (died 2019), American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
- January 19 – Emily Winifred Dickson (born 1866), British gynaecologist.
- January 20 – James McKeen Cattell (born 1860), American psychologist.
- February 8 – Bernard Sachs (born 1858), American neurologist.
- March – John R.F. Jeffreys (born 1918), British mathematician and cryptanalysist.
- March 2 – Ida Maclean (born 1877), English biochemist.
- March 5 – Ernst Cohen (born 1869), Dutch Jewish chemist (in Auschwitz concentration camp).
- March 29 – Grace Chisholm Young (born 1868), English mathematician.
- August 23 – Margarete Zuelzer (born 1877), German Jewish microbiologist (in Westerbork transit camp).
- June 18 – Harry Fielding Reid (born 1859), American geophysicist.
- November 2 – Thomas Midgley, Jr. (born 1889), American chemist and inventor.
- November 22 – Sir Arthur Eddington (born 1882), English astrophysicist.
- ^ Avery, Oswald T.; MacLeod, Colin M.; McCarty, Maclyn (1944-02-01). "Studies on the Chemical Nature of the Substance Inducing Transformation of Pneumococcal Types: Induction of TransFormation by a Desoxyribonucleic Acid Fraction Isolated from Pneumococcus Type III". Journal of Experimental Medicine. Rockefeller University Press. 79 (2): 137–158. doi:10.1084/jem.79.2.137. PMC 2135445. PMID 19871359. Retrieved 2011-11-30. (Received for publication 1 November 1943.)
- ^ Fruton, Joseph S. (1999). Proteins, Enzymes, Genes: the interplay of chemistry and biology. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press. pp. 438–440. ISBN 0-300-07608-8.
- ^ Yoon, Carol Kaesuk (2003-11-14). "Donald R. Griffin, 88, Dies; Argued Animals Can Think". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-16.
- ^ Guggisberg, Charles Albert Walter (1961). Simba: the life of the lion. Cape Town: Howard Timmins.
- ^ "Crystal Statistics. I. A Two-Dimensional Model with an Order-Disorder Transition". Physical Review. 65: 117–149. Bibcode:1944PhRv...65..117O. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.65.117.
- ^ Asperger, H. (1991) . "'Autistic psychopathy' in childhood". In Frith, Uta (ed.). Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–92. ISBN 0-521-38448-6.
- ^ Heinz, W. C. (1988). Inventor: the Dave Sheridan Story. Albany, NY: Albany Medical Center.
- ^ Peoples, James; Bailey, Garrick (2014). Humanity: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. Cengage. p. 410. ISBN 9781285733371.
- ^ Larsson, Anders (2002-04-23). "Ett fenomen som gäckar vetenskapen" (in Swedish). Uppsala University. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
- ^ Neufeld, Michael J. (1995). The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. New York: The Free Press. pp. 158, 160–162, 190.