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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1868.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1865
1866
1867
1868
1869
1870
1871

Contents

ArthropodaEdit

Newly named insectsEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aphaenogaster berendti[2]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A myrmicine ant.
Moved to Stenamma berendti in 1915

Aphaenogaster sommerfeldti[2]

Sp nov

valid

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A myrmicine ant.

Camponotus constrictus[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil formicine ant.,
moved to Formica constrictus in 1915
Synonym of Cataglyphoides constrictus

Camponotus mengei[2]

Sp nov

valid

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil formicine ant.

Enneamerus[2]

Gen et 2 sp nov

valid

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

A myrmecine ant. 2 species

Formica flori[2]

Sp nov

valid

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil formicine ant

Hypoclinea balticus[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, moved to Dolichoderus balticus in 1893

Hypoclinea constricta[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, jr synonym of Yantaromyrmex constricta

Hypoclinea cornuta[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, moved to Dolichoderus cornutus in 1893

Hypoclinea geinitzi[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant,
jr synonym of Yantaromyrmex geinitzi

Hypoclinea goepperti[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant,
moved to Bothriomyrmex goepperti in 1893,
jr synonym of Ctenobethylus goepperti

Hypoclinea longipennis[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, moved to Dolichoderus longipennis in 1893

Hypoclinea sculpturata[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, moved to Dolichoderus sculpturata in 1893

Hypoclinea tertiaria[2]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Dolichoderine ant, moved to Dolichoderus tertiaria in 1893

Myrmica duisburgi[2]

sp nov

jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil Agroecomyrmecine ant, moved to Agroecomyrmex duisburgi in 1910

Pheidologeton antiquus[2]

sp nov

jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic amber

  Europe

Fossil myrmicine ant,
moved to Aeromyrma antiqua in 1891
Synonym of Carebara antiqua

Ponera succinea[2]

Sp nov

jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

Baltic Amber

  Europe

A ponerine ant, moved to Pachycondyla succinea in 1995

Prenolepis pygmaea[3]

Sp nov

Jr synonym

Mayr

Middle Eocene

European amber

  Europe

Fossil formicine ant, jr synonym of Nylanderia pygmaea

Stigmomyrmex[2]

Gen et sp nov

valid

Mayr

Middle Eocene

European amber

  Europe

A myrmicin ant.
Type species S. venustus

ArchosauromorphsEdit

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Aublysodon

Gen et sp nov

Nomen dubium

Leidy

Late Cretaceous

Judith River Formation

Possible subjective synonym of Albertosaurus or Deinodon.

 
Aublysodon may be a synonym of Albertosaurus.

Diplotomodon

Gen nov

Nomen dubium

Leidy

Late Cretaceous

Navesink Formation or Hornerstown Formation

  USA (  New Jersey)

Possible subjective synonym of Dryptosaurus.

PlesiosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Elasmosaurus

Valid

Cope

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalianEdit

Name Status Authors Discovery year Age Unit Location Notes Images

Pristerodon

Valid

Huxley

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Wheeler, W. M. (1915). "The ants of the Baltic amber". Schriften der Physikalisch-Okonomischen Gesellschaft zu Konigsberg. 55 (4): 56–59.
  3. ^ LaPolla, J.S.; Dlussky, G.M. (2010). "Review of fossil Prenolepis genus-group species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 112 (2): 258–273.