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Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1876.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879

Contents

DinosaursEdit

AnapsidsEdit

Newly named anapsidsEdit

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Anthodon

Sir Richard Owen

A pareiasaur.

Pareiasaurus

Sir Richard Owen

A pareiasaur

PlesiosaursEdit

Newly named plesiosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Notes

Plesiosaurus longirostris

Valid

Blake

Now referred to Hauffiosaurus.[2]

Plesiosaurus propinquus

Junior synonym

Blake

A junior synonym of Rhomaleosaurus zetlandicus.[3]

Uronautes

Valid

Cope

PterosaursEdit

New taxaEdit

Name Status Authors Location Notes Images

Nyctosaurus

Valid

Marsh

A Pterosaur with an antenna-like crest .

Pteranodon

Valid

Marsh

An Crested Pterosaur, Erroneously known as "Pterodactyl"

SynapsidsEdit

Non-mammalianEdit

Name Status Authors Age Location Notes Images

Cistecephalus

Valid

Owen

255 Millions of years ago. Box-Headed animal

Endothiodon

Valid

Owen

257 Millions of years ago.

Gorgonops

Valid

Owen

257 Millions of years ago. A Gorgonopsian.

Scaloposaurus

Valid

Owen

251 Millions of years ago.

Tapinocephalus

Valid

Owen

261 Millions of years ago. A Dome-headed Dinocephalian.

Theriognathus

Valid

Owen

255 Millions of years ago.

Titanosuchus

Valid

Owen

261 Millions of years ago. Titanic crocodile.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.
  2. ^ Roger B. J. Benson, Hilary F. Ketchum, Leslie F. Noè and Marcela Gómez-Pérez (2011). "New information on Hauffiosaurus (Reptilia, Plesiosauria) based on a new species from the Alum Shale Member (Lower Toarcian: Lower Jurassic) of Yorkshire, UK". Palaeontology 54 (3): 547–571. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01044.x.
  3. ^ P. Vincent and A. S. Smith. 2009. A redescription of Plesiosaurus propinquus Tate & Blake, 1876 (Reptilia, Plesiosauria), from the Lower Jurassic (Toarcian) of Yorkshire, England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 57(3-4):133-142