1865 in paleontology

Paleontology or palaeontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1865.

List of years in paleontology (table)
In science
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868

Newly named archosauromorphsEdit

Newly named basal archosauromorphsEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Ankistrodon

Nomen dubium

Thomas Henry Huxley

Early Triassic

Panchet Formation

  India

A proterosuchid.

Newly named dinosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Coelosaurus

Preoccupied.

Joseph Leidy

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Navesink Formation

An ornithomimid. Preoccupied by Owen 1854.

Megadactylus

Preoccupied

Hitchcock

Early Jurassic

Portland Formation

Preoccupied by Fitzinger, 1843. Later renamed Amphisaurus.

Polacanthus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen vide Anonymous.

Early Cretaceous (Barremian)

Wessex Formation

A polacanthine ankylosaur.

Tomodon

Preoccupied.

Joseph Leidy

Late Cretaceous (early Maastrichtian)

Navesink Formation

Preoccupied by Duméril 1853 Later renamed Diplotomodon.

PlesiosaursEdit

Newly named plesiosaursEdit

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Piratosaurus

Nomen dubium

Leidy

Late Cretaceous (Santonian)

A dubious plesiosaur.

Plesiosaurus homalospondylus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Early Jurassic (Toarcian)

Alum shale

  UK

A Microcleididae plesiosaur. Type species of Microcleidus Watson, 1909.

Plesiosaurus rostratus

Valid

Sir Richard Owen

Early Jurassic (Hettangian-Sinemurian)

Charmouth Mudstone

  UK

A rhomaleosaurid plesiosaur. Type species of Archaeonectrus Novozhilov, 1964.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716.