1866 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1866.
- Ludwig Anzengruber returns to Vienna after working as a travelling actor.
- Charles Baudelaire's collection Les Épaves is published in Belgium, containing poems from Les Fleurs du mal (Paris, 1857) that were suppressed for outraging public morality.
- Luigi Capuana becomes a theatre critic for the Italian newspaper The Nation.
- Fyodor Dostoyevsky's novel Crime and Punishment (Преступлéние и наказáние, Prestupleniye i nakazaniye) is serialized through the year in the monthly literary magazine Russkiy Vestnik (Русскій Вѣстникъ, "The Russian Messenger"). His novella The Gambler (Игрок, Igrok) is dictated to his future wife to meet a publisher deadline of November 1.
- Josip Jurčič has Deseti brat ("The Tenth Brother") published, as the first full-length novel in the Slovene language.
- Nandshankar Mehta publishes Karana Ghelo ("The Idiot King Karana"), the first Gujarati language novel.
- Hesba Stretton's children's story Jessica's First Prayer is serialized in Sunday at Home (U.K.) As a book, it sells one and half million copies.
- Algernon Charles Swinburne's first collection Poems and Ballads causes a sensation on publication in London, especially the ones written in homage to Sappho and the sadomasochistic "Dolores (Notre-Dame des Sept Douleurs)". Under threat of prosecution, his original publisher, Moxon and Co., transfers publication rights to the more liberal John Camden Hotten.
- Anthony Trollope's novel Nina Balatka: The Story of a Maiden of Prague is initially published anonymously (serialization in Blackwood's Magazine July 1866 – January 1867). Trollope is interested in discovering whether his books sell on their own merits or as a consequence of the author's name and reputation.
- The Stockholm Reading Parlor (Stockholms läsesalong) is co-founded by Sophie Adlersparre in Sweden; it becomes a free library for women to improve their access to education.
- The first detective fiction by women authors is published: the dime novel The Dead Letter, an American Romance by "Seeley Regester" (Metta Victoria Fuller Victor) in New York City as the first full-length American work of crime fiction, having begun to appear serially in the January Beadle's Monthly; Mary Fortune's story "The Dead Witness, or the Bush waterhole" is published in the Australian Journal on January 20.
- The former English chess master Howard Staunton publishes a facsimile of the Shakespeare First Folio by photolithography.
- London publisher Samuel Orchart Beeton is obliged by the financial panic of May/June to sell his titles and name to Ward Lock & Co.
- The American magazine for children Children's Hour publishes its first issue.
- Charles Dickens publishes "Mugby Junction" as a Christmas supplement to his magazine All the Year Round (London), containing short stories by himself (including "The Signal-Man") and by Charles Collins, Amelia B. Edwards, Andrew Halliday and Hesba Stretton.
- Louisa May Alcott (as A. M. Barnard) – "Behind a Mask, or A Woman's Power" (novella published in The Flag of Our Union)
- R. D. Blackmore – Cradock Nowell
- Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay – Kapalkundala
- Wilkie Collins – Armadale (serialization completed and in book form)
- John Esten Cooke – Surry of Eagle's-Nest
- Alphonse Daudet – Letters From My Windmill (Lettres de mon moulin)
- Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Crime and Punishment
- Alexandre Dumas, fils – L'Affaire Clemenceau
- George Eliot – Felix Holt, the Radical
- Augusta Jane Evans – St. Elmo
- John William De Forest – Miss Ravenel's Conversion from Secession to Loyalty
- Émile Gaboriau – L'Affaire Lerouge
- Elizabeth Gaskell (posthumously) – Wives and Daughters (serialization completed and in book form)
- Victor Hugo – Toilers of the Sea (Les Travailleurs de la mer)
- George MacDonald – Annals of a Quiet Neighbourhood
- Mrs Oliphant – Miss Marjoribanks
- Ouida – Chandos
- Charles Reade – Griffith Gaunt
- Emmanuel Rhoides – Ἡ Πάπισσα Ἰωάννα (I Papissa Ioanna, Pope Joan)
- Felicia Skene (anonymously) – Hidden Depths
- Anthony Trollope – Nina Balatka
- José Milla y Vidaurre – La Hija del Adelantado
- Anna Harriett Drury – The Three Half-Crowns : a story for boys
- James Greenwood – The True History of a Little Ragamuffin
- Hesba Stretton – Jessica's First Prayer
- Dion Boucicault – Rip van Winkle or The Sleep of Twenty Years
- Alexandre Dumas, fils – Heloise Paranquet
- Henrik Ibsen – Brand
- Dobri Voynikov – Princess Rayna
- Charles Baudelaire – Les Épaves
- Algernon Charles Swinburne – Poems and Ballads
- Paul Verlaine – Poèmes saturniens, including "Chanson d'automne"
- William Wells Brown – The Negro in the American Rebellion
- Edward Bruce Hamley – The Operations of War Explained and Illustrated
- Friedrich Albert Lange – History of Materialism and Critique of its Present Importance (Geschichte des Materialismus und Kritik seiner Bedeutung in der Gegenwart, published October 1865 but dated 1866)
- John Robert Seeley (anonymously) – Ecce Homo: A Survey in the Life and Work of Jesus Christ
- Charles Haddon Spurgeon – The Wordless Book
- Benjamin Thorpe assisted by Elise Otté (translator) – Edda Sæmundar Hinns Frôða: the Edda of Sæmund the Learned, from the old Norse or Icelandic
- January 2 (December 21, 1865 OS) – Gheorghe Bogdan-Duică (Gheorghe Bogdan), Romanian literary critic (died 1934)
- January 29 – Romain Rolland, French dramatist, novelist and Nobel Prize-winner (died 1944)
- February 9 – George Ade, American columnist and playwright (died 1944)
- February 24 – Arthur Pearson, English writer and newspaper publisher (died 1921)
- March 2 – John Gray, English poet (died 1934)
- March 16 – E. K. Chambers, English literary scholar (died 1954)
- May 2 – Paul Kretschmer, German linguist (died 1956)
- July 28 – Beatrix Potter, English children's writer and illustrator (died 1943)
- August 12 – Jacinto Benavente, Spanish dramatist and Nobel Prize-winner (died 1954)
- August 16 – Dora Sigerson, Irish poet (died 1918)
- September 7 – Tristan Bernard, French writer (died 1947)
- August 31 – Elizabeth von Arnim, née Mary Annette Beauchamp, Australian-born novelist (died 1941)
- September 21 – H. G. Wells, English novelist and social commentator (died 1946)
- October 28 – Ramón del Valle-Inclán, Spanish dramatist and novelist (died 1936)
- November 4 – Jane Findlater, Scottish novelist (died 1946)
- November 21 – Dusé Mohamed Ali, Egyptian-born political activist, journalist and dramatist (died 1945)
- Unknown date – Edith Escombe, English fiction writer and essayist (died 1950)
- January 23 – Thomas Love Peacock, English satirical novelist (born 1785)
- February 2 – François-Xavier Garneau, French Canadian historian and civil servant (born 1809)
- March 6 – William Whewell, English polymath and cleric (born 1794)
- March 29 – John Keble, English poet and cleric (born 1792)
- May 5 – John Critchley Prince, English poet (born 1808)
- June 16 – Joseph Méry, French satirist and librettist (born 1797)
- August 1 – Luigi Carlo Farini, Italian historian (born 1812)
- August 12 – Philip Stanhope Worsley, English poet and translator (born 1835)
- September 10 – Charles Maclaren, Scottish founding editor of The Scotsman (born 1782)
- September 14 – Léon Gozlan, French novelist and dramatist (born 1803)
- September 19 – Christian Hermann Weisse, German philosopher (born 1801)
- September 26 – Carl Jonas Love Almqvist, Swedish-born novelist (born 1793)
- October – Evan Bevan, Welsh writer of satirical verse (born 1803)
- December 20 – Ann Taylor, English poet and critic (born 1782)
- Suarez, Michael F.; Woudhuysen, H. R., eds. (2013). The Book: A Global History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-967941-6.
- "Dostoevsky, Crime and Punishment – Study Notes". University of Minnesota. Retrieved 16 October 2014.
- Jones, Malcolm (1991). Introduction to Notes from the Underground and The Gambler. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-953638-2.
- Reviewed by Navalram Pandya in Gujarat Mitra (1867).
- Susina, Jan (2008). The Place of Lewis Carroll in Children's Literature. New York: Routledge. p. 108. ISBN 0-415-93629-2.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). . Dictionary of National Biography. 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Prins, Yopie (1999). Victorian Sappho. Princeton University Press. p. 153. ISBN 0-691-05919-5.
- Kendrick, Walter M. (1996). The Secret Museum: Pornography in Modern Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 168. ISBN 0-520-20729-7.
- Leijonhufvud, Sigrid. "K Sophie Adlersparre (f. Leijonhuvud)". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Orso, Miranda (2002). "Victor, Metta Victoria Fuller". Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- Sussex, Lucy; Gibson, Elizabeth. "Mary Fortune". Victorian Secrets. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1866". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 287–288. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Biography - Victoria and Albert Museum". www.vam.ac.uk. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 26 March 2019.