This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in
January 1 – M. H. Gill, printer to Dublin University, purchases the publishing and bookselling business of James McGlashan, renaming it McGlashan & Gill, the predecessor of Gill & Macmillan.  March –
Charles Dickens buys Gads Hill Place in Kent (England) from the fellow novelist Eliza Lynn.
March 1 – Lewis Carroll chooses his pseudonym; on May 1 he takes up photography as a hobby.
March 5 – The second Royal Opera House in Covent Garden, London, is destroyed by fire (as the first was in 1808).
July 19– 26 – Wilkie Collins' "Anne Rodway", a short story in diary form in which the eponymous poor needlewoman investigates the murder of a friend assisted by her fiancé, is published in ; it is the first English story in which a woman features as the main detective character. Household Words 
September 29 – English actor Henry Irving makes his stage début at Sunderland as Gaston, Duke of Orleans, in Bulwer Lytton's play Richelieu. October – Marian Evans (who has not yet adopted the pseudonym
George Eliot) anonymously publishes a critical article "Silly Novels by Lady Novelists" in the . Westminster Review 
October 1–December 15 – Gustave Flaubert's is serialized in Madame Bovary . Revue de Paris 
November 6 – The first of George Eliot's and her first work of fiction, "The Sad Fortunes of the Reverend Amos Barton", is submitted to Scenes of Clerical Life by Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine G. H. Lewes for anonymous publication. 
November 18 – English-born actress Laura Keene opens her own theatre in New York City.
November 20 – Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville meet when Hawthorne is United States consul in Liverpool. 
Mikhail Katkov revives the title ( The Russian Messenger Russian: Ру́сский ве́стник Russkiy vestnik, Pre-reform Russian: Русскій Вѣстникъ Russkiy Vestnik) for an influential literary magazine published in Moscow. In its first year he publishes Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin's Provincial Sketches (beginning in August, signed "N. Schedrin") and the text of Alexander Ostrovsky's play ("Hangover at a Stranger's Feast"; premiered in Moscow on V chuzhom miru pohmelye January 9).
Arthur Schopenhauer adds a chapter on "The Metaphysics of Sexual Love" to the third edition of his The World as Will and Representation. Poet
Juris Alunāns' Songs becomes the first significant published literary work in Latvian. English bookseller W. H. Smith first publishes the
Baconian theory of Shakespeare authorship.
Richard Francis Burton serves in the British Army in the Crimean War, becomes engaged to Isabel Arundel and sets off on an expedition to the African Great Lakes.
Alphonse Daudet begins his teaching career. Henry Wallis exhibits his romantic painting of in London with the young poet and novelist The Death of Chatterton George Meredith posing as his 18th-century predecessor Thomas Chatterton. New books Edit
Children and young people Edit
January 9 – Lizette Woodworth Reese, American poet (died 1935)
January 13 – Henrietta Stannard, English novelist (writing as John Strange Winter, died 1911)
February 14 – Frank Harris, Irish-born American journalist and memoirist (died 1931)
April 5 – Booker T. Washington, African-American educator, author and orator (died 1915)
May 15 – L. Frank Baum, American children's writer, novelist and poet (died 1919)
June 28 – Constantin Dobrescu-Argeș, Romanian journalist, playwright, and peasant activist (died 1903)
June 29 – Maria Cederschiöld, Swedish journalist and suffragette (died 1935)
July 25 – Charles Major, American novelist and lawyer (died 1913)
July 26 – George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist and critic (died 1950)
August 8 – Thomas Anstey Guthrie (F. Anstey), English comic novelist and journalist (died 1934)
August 27 (August 15 O.S.) – Ivan Franko, Ukrainian writer, translator and political activist (died 1916)
September 28 – Kate Douglas Wiggin, American children's writer and educator (died 1923)
October 17 – Jane Barlow, Irish novelist and poet (died 1917)
November 17 – Evelyn Everett-Green, English novelist and children's writer (died 1932)
December 21 – Tomas O'Crohan, Irish Gaelic writer and fisherman (died 1937) Unknown date – Anne Elliot, English novelist (died 1941)
James Baillie Fraser, Scottish travel writer (born 1783)
February 17 – Heinrich Heine, German poet (born 1797)
April 26 – Pyotr Chaadaev, Russian philosopher (born 1794)
June 11 – Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, German philologist (born 1780)
June 26 – Max Stirner, German philosopher (born 1806)
June 27 – Joseph Meyer, German publisher and encyclopedist (born 1796)
July 11 – Josef Kajetán Tyl, Czech dramatist and author of national anthem (born 1808)
July 21 – Emil Aarestrup, Danish poet (born 1800)
July 29 – Karel Havlíček Borovský, Czech poet, critic and publisher (tuberculosis, born 1821)
August 24 – William Buckland, English theologian and antiquary (born 1784)
August 30 – Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English humorist (typhoid, born 1811)
October 13 – Robert Christie, Canadian historian and journalist (born 1787) November 10 – Johann Kaspar Zeuss, German historian and philologist (born 1806) References Edit
^ a b
Suarez, Michael F.; Woudhuysen, H. R., eds. (2013). The Book: A Global History. Oxford University Press. ISBN . 978-0-19-967941-6
Gasson, Andrew. "Wilkie Collins Information" . Retrieved . 2015-11-10
Bodenheimer, Rosemarie (2001). "A Woman of Many Names". In Levine, George (ed.). . Cambridge University Press. p. 29. The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot
Sutherland, John; Fender, Stephen (2011). Love, Sex, Death & Words: Surprising Tales from a Year in Literature. London: Icon. p. 441. ISBN . 978-184831-247-0
^ First published November 15 but dated 1857.
King Alfred surveying Oxford University at the present time: A prize poem, recited in the Theatre, Oxford, June 4th, 1856 (Newdigate prize poem; T & G Shrimpton, 1856)