1775 in science

The year 1775 in science and technology involved some significant events.

List of years in science (table)






Natural historyEdit

  • February 21 – La Specola, Florence's Museum of Zoology and Natural History, opens to the public.
  • Johan Christian Fabricius publishes his Systema entomologiæ.
  • Peter Forsskål's Descriptiones Animalium: Avium, amphiborum, insectorum, vermium quæ in itinere orientali (containing early observations on bird migration) and Flora Ægyptiaco-Arabica sive descriptiones plantarum quas per Ægyptum Inferiorem et Arabiam felicem detexit are published posthumously, edited by Carsten Niebuhr.[3]






  1. ^ Kitchener, A.C.; Breitenmoser-Würsten, C.; Eizirik, E.; Gentry, A.; Werdelin, L.; Wilting, A. & Yamaguchi, N. (2017). "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News (Special Issue 11).
  2. ^ Priestley, Joseph (1775). "An Account of Further Discoveries in Air". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 65: 384–94. doi:10.1098/rstl.1775.0039. JSTOR 106209.
  3. ^ "The University of Copenhagen – A Danish centre of learning since 1479". Københavns Universitet. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
  4. ^ Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture. 6 (2): 165–87. doi:10.2307/3101072. JSTOR 3101072.
  5. ^ "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25.
  6. ^ Spratt, H. Philip (1958). The Birth of the Steamboat. London. p. 35.
  7. ^ "The Development of the Flushing Toilet – Detailed Chronology 1596 onwards". Stoke-on-Trent: Twyfords Bathrooms. Archived from the original on 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
  8. ^ Transactions of the Society Instituted at London for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce, vol. 1 (3rd ed.), Society of Arts, 1806, pp. 220–232, retrieved 2013-01-22
  9. ^ No. 1113. Betts, Jonathan (2004). "Arnold, John (1735/6–1799)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/677. Retrieved 2012-03-09. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  10. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 July 2020.