1770 in science

The year 1770 in science and technology involved some significant events.

List of years in science (table)


  • July 1 – Lexell's Comet passes closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.015 AU. It is observed by Charles Messier between June 14 and October 3.[1]




  • March 26 – First voyage of James Cook: English explorer Captain James Cook and his crew aboard HMS Endeavour complete the circumnavigation of New Zealand.
  • April 18 (April 19 by Cook's log)[2] – Captain Cook and his crew become the first recorded Europeans to encounter the eastern coastline of the Australian continent.
  • April 28 (April 29 by Cook's log) – Captain Cook drops anchor in a wide bay about 16 km (10 mi) south of the present city of Sydney, Australia. Because the young botanist on board the ship, Joseph Banks, discovers 30,000 specimens of plant life in the area, 1,600 of them unknown to European science, Cook names the place Botany Bay on May 7.
  • August 22 (August 23 by Cook's log) – Captain Cook determines that New Holland (Australia) is not contiguous with New Guinea.









  1. ^ "D/1770 L1 (Lexell)". Gary W. Kronk's Cometography. Retrieved 2012-07-02.
  2. ^ Hinks, Arthur R. (1935). "Nautical time and civil date". The Geographical Journal. 86: 153–157. doi:10.2307/1786590.
  3. ^ Hibbert, Christopher (1988). "Radcliffe Infirmary". The Encyclopædia of Oxford. London: Macmillan. pp. 352–3. ISBN 0-333-39917-X.
  4. ^ Harling, Nick. "James Hargreaves c1720-1778". Cotton Town. Archived from the original on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  5. ^ Hewison, Christian H. (1983). Locomotive Boiler Explosions. David and Charles. p. 18. ISBN 0-7153-8305-1.
  6. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 21 July 2020.