Zhodzina (officially transliterated as Žodzina, also spelled Zhodino, Belarusian: Жо́дзіна, pronounced [ˈʐodzʲina], Russian: Жо́дино, pronounced [ˈʐodʲɪnə], Polish: Żodzino, is a city in Belarus, located in the Minsk Region, 50 km north-east of Minsk. The city covers an area of 19 km² and has a population of 61,800 (2010).
Zhodzina / Zhodino
Жодзіна / Жодино
A truck mounted outside of the BelAZ factory
|• Mayor||Dimitri Zablotsky|
|• Total||21.97 km2 (8.48 sq mi)|
|Elevation||250 m (820 ft)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+375 1775|
The settlement is first mentioned in 1688, belonging to the Radziwiłł family. It has had city status since 1963.
On 13 August 2020, Zhodzina was the site of the first large-scale worker strike in Belarus, at the BelAZ automobile plant, in protest of the contested results of the 2020 Belarusian presidential elections.
The city, the most populated in the Smalyavichy District, is situated 50 km (31 mi) north-east of Minsk and 15 km (9 mi) south-west of Barysaw. Zhodzina is divided by the Plisa river, and it has a small lake in its southern suburb.
There are nine schools, two high schools, one professional lyceum and Zhodzina Polytechnical College in the city. Currently, there are no higher educational institutions in the city.
The BelAZ (The Belarusian Automobile Plant) is the largest employer in the city; it employs about 11,000 workers, one-sixth of the local population. Every third mining truck in the world is produced by BelAZ. The largest truck weighs 360 tonnes and can carry 450 tonnes of load. Another important factory is the clothing manufacturer SVITANAK, which produces children's and adults' clothes. Its products are exported to European countries.
Zhodzina is served by the M1 highway, part of the European route E30, an international highway that links Berlin and Warsaw to Moscow. It has two railway stations (Zhodzina and the stop of Zhodzina Yuzhny) on the international line Minsk-Moscow; and its main station is served by some international trains as the Sibirjak Berlin-Novosibirsk. Minsk International Airport is 40 km (25 mi) from Zhodzina.
Twin towns - sister citiesEdit
Zhodzina is twinned with:
- Dalanzadgad, Mongolia
- Hîncești, Moldova
- Horishni Plavni, Ukraine
- Kajaran, Armenia
- Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine
- Mytishchi, Russia
- Neryungrinsky District, Russia
- Olmaliq, Uzbekistan
- Oryol, Russia
- Panagyurishte, Bulgaria
- Plastovsky District, Russia
- Považská Bystrica, Slovakia
- Rustavi, Georgia
- Ukmergė, Lithuania
- Verkhnyaya Pyshma, Russia
- Zheleznogorsk, Russia
Notes and referencesEdit
- Fedotova, Viktoriya (2020-08-13). "Мэр города Жодино пообещал белорусам выйти на акцию протеста". VM.ru. Vechernyaya Moskva. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
Мэр города Дмитрий Заблоцкий
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 3, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Instruction on transliteration of Belarusian geographical names with letters of Latin script
- "2010 Belarus population statistics" (in Russian). Archived from the original (RAR) on October 30, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
- Reevell, Patrick (2020-08-13). "Workers at major Belarus plants strike amid growing protests over election". ABCnews.go.com. ABC News. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
Hundreds of workers at the large Belarus Auto Factory (BelAZ) in the town of Zhodino were filmed walking out of the plant, chanting ‘Long live Belarus.’
- partly under construction
- Zhodzina South
- "Map of Minsk suburban railways on www.parovoz.com" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2012-03-08.
- "Города-партнеры". zhodino.minsk-region.by (in Russian). Zhodzina. Retrieved 2020-01-14.
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