Mytishchi (Russian: Мыти́щи, IPA: [mɨˈtʲiɕːɪ]) is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies 19 km northeast of Russia's capital Moscow on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway. The city was an important waypoint for traders on the Yauza River, the Yaroslavl Highway passes through the city. Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in 1804, the first water supply pipeline to supply the growing population of Moscow. The city has a population of approximately 262,702 people as of 2022.[2]

Voloshinoy Street in Mytishchi
Voloshinoy Street in Mytishchi
Flag of Mytishchi
Coat of arms of Mytishchi
Location of Mytishchi
Mytishchi is located in Russia
Location of Mytishchi
Mytishchi is located in Moscow Oblast
Mytishchi (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 55°55′N 37°46′E / 55.917°N 37.767°E / 55.917; 37.767
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtMytishchinsky District[1]
Known since1460
Town status since1925
 • BodyCouncil of Deputies
 • HeadYulia Kupetskaya
150 m (490 ft)
 • Total173,160
 • Estimate 
211,606 (+22.2%)
 • Rank105th in 2010
 • Capital ofMytishchinsky District,[1] Town of Mytishchi[1]
 • Municipal districtMytishchinsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementMytishchi Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofMytishchinsky Municipal District,[4] Mytishchi Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
141000–141002, 141004–141011, 141013–141018, 141020, 141021, 141023–141029, 141037–141043, 141045–141050, 141053, 141056–141059, 141101–141132, 141941–141945, 994003–994005
Dialing code(s)+7 495
OKTMO ID46746000001
Town DayOne of the Sundays in September

Geography edit

The city is located 19 km northeast of Russia's capital Moscow on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway.

Climate edit

Mytishchi has a humid continental climate, which is the same as Moscow but usually a few degrees colder due to significantly lesser impact of urban heat island. The city features long, cold winters (with temperatures as low as −25 °C (−13 °F) to −30 °C (−22 °F) occurring every winter and a record low of −43 °C (−45 °F)), and short, warm-hot summers (with a record high of 38 °C (100 °F) and temperatures reaching 30 °C (86 °F) every summer). For example, the January daily mean is −10 °C (14 °F), with the average maximum of −7 °C (19 °F) and average minimum of −13 °C (9 °F). July's daily mean temperature, on the other hand, is 19 °C (66 °F), with its average maximum being 24 °C (75 °F) and its average minimum being 14 °C (57 °F).

Climate data for Mytishchi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) −7
Daily mean °C (°F) −10
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −13
Source: Climate and ecology of Mytishchi[7]

History edit

The first settlement of ancient hunters and fishermen in this location dates back to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e., in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichi and Krivichs) began settling here. In and around Mytishchinsky District about a dozen of such settlements from the 11th–13th centuries have been discovered.

The modern settlement has been known as the village Mystiche since 1460, and Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи)[8] since the 19th century. The name comes from the so-called mytnaya (or "myta") duty that was levied on merchants hauling ships (by wheels, rollers or skids) between the Yauza and Klyazma Rivers, collected at the place now known as Yauza mytishche. The word "Mytische" is a portmanteau of myt (мыта) and a place where there was a residential building with a kiln and a hearth.

In 1804, the Mytishchi-Moscow aqueduct was built by order of Catherine the Great. It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water.

The first enterprises were organized in Mytischi in the middle of the 19th Century. Mytischi station, on the Moscow-Yaroslavl railway, opened in 1861, SI Mamontov's car building plant opened in 1896, and Viskova, Russia's first artificial silk company, began work in 1908. Mytischi and its district became a popular summer retreat for Russian holidaymakers from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, .

Mytischi gained city status on August 17, 1925.

In 1932, the territory of the city was significantly expanded, according to the decree of the Presidium of the Moscow Regional Executive Committee No. 8 (minutes No. 56) of October 4, 1932 and the decree of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of November 20, 1932 that approved it. The settlement merged with the villages of Bolshie Mytishchi, Rupasovo, Sharapovo, Zarechnaya Sloboda, Leonidovka, Perlovka, Taininsky settlements, Druzhba and Taininka.[9]

Population edit

Population of Mytishchi
Year Population
1852 389
1859 435
1897 1000
1899 1026
1917 7000
1926 17000
1931 23100
1939 60118
1959 98606
1962 107000
1964 111000
1967 112000
1970 118653
1973 125000
1975 134000
1976 134000
1979 140656
1982 148000
1985 151000
1986 150000
1987 152000
1989 154068
1990 154000
1991 154000
1992 154000
1993 153000
1994 152000
1995 153000
1996 153000
1997 153000
1998 155000
1999 155700
2000 155700
2001 157000
2002 159900
2003 159900
2004 161400
2005 161500
2006 161800
2007 162700
2008 163400
2009 164299
2010 173160
2011 173300
2012 174971
2013 178672
2014 183224
2015 187119
2016 201130
2017 205397
2018 211606
2019 222739
2020 235504
2021 245643
2022 262702

According to Wikidata, the population of Mytishchi was 211,606 (1 January 2018),[3] 201,130 (2016),[10] 205,397 (2017)[11]. Mytishchi is the fourth largest city in Moscow Oblast after Balashikha (211,606 (2018)  ), Podolsk (302,831 (2018)  ), Khimki (257,006 (2023)  ) in terms of population.

Administrative and municipal status edit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mytishchi serves as the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated within Mytishchinsky District as the Town of Mytishchi.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mytishchi is incorporated within Mytishchinsky Municipal District as Mytishchi Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy edit

Shopping mall "June"

The city is the oblast's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education. The Mytishchi Machine-Building Plant and Metrovagonmash (a manufacturer of train cars) are two large employers.

Architecture edit

Monument to the first Russian water supply system

Cultural heritage sites edit

The city has a number of cultural heritage sites

  • Settlement "Mytishchi-1" (a monument of archeology of the XV-XVIII centuries) - Yaroslavl highway, 60–88, 61–91.
  • The complex of buildings of the Mytishchi car-building plant (part of the Metrovagonmash plant (MMZ)) (late 19th - early 20th century).
  • Two dachas in the dacha village of Perlovka : a wooden dacha of the Ageev merchants (architectural monument, 1900s) - Pionerskaya st., 10.
  • The Mytishchi pumping station (part of Catherine the Great's Mytishchi water pipeline) in the Losiny Ostrov National Park.
  • Church of the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God (architectural monument, 1713) - Yaroslavskoe shosse, 93.
  • Church of the Annunciation in Taininsky (architectural monument, 1675–1677).
  • Church of the Don Icon of the Mother of God in Perlovka.

In 2005, the Church of the Nativity of Christ was built in the city center. On the central square, there are 4 lanterns of the late 1950s, presumably the project of M. A. Minkus. Identical lights were installed at the lobby of the Kropotkinskaya metro station (Prechistenka St.) and at the Nikulin Moscow Circus on Tsvetnoy Boulevard.

Monuments edit

  • Monuments to Vladimir Lenin
  • Monument "Bayonet" in honor of the victory in the Great Patriotic War
  • Memorial of the Great Patriotic War
  • Monument to the partisan V. D. Voloshina
  • Monument to the pilots of the Mytishchi flying club (an exact copy of the U-2 [Po-2] aircraft). Artist-architect Valery Androsov
  • Monument to the Hero of the Soviet Union pilot N. M. Raspopova
  • Monument to cosmonaut G. M. Strekalov
  • Monument to A. V. Suvorov
  • SU-76M
  • ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" (a monument to the designer N. A. Astrov, 1906–1992)
  • Monument to V. M. Kolontsov (1888-1920), the commander of the Red Guard detachment, who died during the Civil War in battles with the White Guards, the central street of old Mytishchi, Kolontsova Street, is named after him
  • Monument to D. M. Kedrin
  • Monument to the Mytishchi water pipeline
  • Monument to the ancient portage that existed on the site of the modern city (wooden sculpture "Ladya" near the Central Park of Culture and Culture of Mytishchi)
  • Monument to the employees of the Mytishchi police, participants of the Great Patriotic War
  • Monument to military signalmen
  • Monument to the citizens of Mytishchi who died in the line of military and official duty and in local conflicts
  • Sculpture "A cat without a tail" from the sister city of Gabrovo
  • Monument to Olya Lukoya at the puppet theater "Ognivo"
  • Monument to the Family, love and fidelity
  • Monument to Nicholas II
  • Monument to the subway car
  • Monument to the samovar
  • Monument to General Pyotr Deinekin at the Federal Military Memorial Cemetery. Opened in August 2018

Twin towns – sister cities edit

Mytishchi is twinned with:[12]

Former twin towns:

In March 2022, Panevėžys and Płock suspended their partnerships with Mytishchi as a response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[13][14]

Culture edit

Mass Media edit

There are three local TV channels: "Our Mytishchi" - the channel that belongs to the town, "The first Mytishchinsky", and "TV Mytishchi" (on the TV channel of Moscow region 360°) - district television.

Theatres edit

There is Ognivo puppet theatre, FEST drama and comedy theatre, and youth theater Domoy (Homewards).

Notable people edit

People born in Mytishchi:

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #198/2004-OZ
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  7. ^ "Climate and ecology of Mytishchi".
  8. ^ "LUNA - Workspace". Retrieved May 11, 2022.
  9. ^ Spravochnik po administrativno-territorialʹnomu delenii︠u︡ Moskovskoĭ oblasti 1929-2004 gg. G. E. Kiri︠u︡shin, Г. Е. Кирюшин, T︠S︡entralʹnyĭ gosudarstvennyĭ arkhiv Moskovskoĭ oblasti, Центральный государственный архив Московской области. Moskva: Kuchkovo Pole. 2011. p. 365. ISBN 978-5-9950-0105-8. OCLC 733323500.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  11. ^ Error: Unable to display the reference properly. See the documentation for details.
  12. ^ "Города-побратимы Мытищ: расстояние дружбе не помеха". (in Russian). IN Mytishchi. July 3, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  13. ^ "Płock zawiesza partnerską współpracę z rosyjskimi i białoruskimi miastami" (in Polish). Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  14. ^ "Panevėžys nutraukė bendradarbiavimą su Rusijos ir Baltarusijos miestais partneriais" (in Lithuanian). Retrieved March 3, 2022.

Sources edit

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №198/2004-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №73/2015-ОЗ от 5 мая 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований" и Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Пушкинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №13, 26 января 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #198/2004-oZ of December 29, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #73/2015-OZ of May 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It" and the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Pushkinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links edit