Minsk Region

Minsk Region or Minsk Oblast or Minsk Voblasts (Belarusian: Мі́нская во́бласць, Minskaja vobłasć [ˈmʲinskaja ˈvobɫasʲtsʲ]; Russian: Минская о́бласть, Minskaja oblastj) is one of the regions of Belarus. Its administrative center is Minsk, although it is a separate administrative territorial entity of Belarus. As of 2011, the region's population is 1,411,500.[1]

Minsk Region

Мінская вобласць (Belarusian)
Минская область (Russian)

Minsk Oblast, Minsk Voblasts
Railway Station, Barysaw
Railway Station, Barysaw
Location of Minsk Region
Administrative centerMinsk
Largest citiesBarysaw - 150,400
Salihorsk - 101,400
Maladzyechna - 98,514
Raions22
Cities - 22
Urban localities - 20
City raions8
Government
 • ChairmanAnatoly Isachenko [be]
Area
 • Total39,912.35 km2 (15,410.24 sq mi)
Highest elevation
345 m (1,132 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,411,500[1]
 • Density35/km2 (90/sq mi)
Area code(s)+375 17
ISO 3166 codeBY-MI
HDI (2018)0.834[2]
very high · 1st
Websitewww.minsk-region.gov.by

GeographyEdit

Minsk Region covers a total of 39,900 km²,[1] about 19.44% of the national total area. Lake Narach, the largest lake in the country, is located in the northern part of the region. There are four other large lakes in this region: Svir (8th largest), Myadel (11th largest), Selyava (14th largest) and Myastro (15th largest).[3] It is the only region of Belarus whose border is not part of the international border of Belarus.

HistoryEdit

Beginning the 10th century, the territory of the current Minsk Region was part of Kievan Rus', the Principality of Polotsk, and later it was included in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. With the unification of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland, the territory became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1793, as a result of the second partition of Polish territory, the area was annexed by Russia as the Minsk Region. During the collapse of the Russian Empire due to the Civil War, the western part was annexed to Poland in 1921, while the east became Soviet Belarus.

The Minsk region was established on 15 January, 1938, based on the amendment of the Constitutional Law of the USSR. As of 20 February, 1938, the area included 20 districts. Following the Soviet invasion of Poland on September 17, 1939, the former Eastern lands of the Second Polish Republic were annexed in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact partitioning Poland and added to the Minsk Region.

On 20 September 1944, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, the Gressky, Kopyl, Krasnoslobodski, Luban, Slutsky, Starobin, Starodorozhski districts and the city of Sluck were removed from the Minsk region and transferred to the newly formed Bobruisk Region.

On 8 January, 1954, by the decree of the USSR Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the Nesvizhski and Stolbtsovsky districts from the abolished Baranovichi Region, as well as the Glusk, Gressky, Kopyl, Krasnoslobodski, Luban, Slutsky, Starobin, Starodorozhski districts and the city of Sluck from the abolished Bobruisk Region, were added to the Minsk Region.

In 1960, following the abolition of Molodechno Region, its southern part became the northern part of the Minsk Region.

TourismEdit

The number of travel agencies in Minsk Region grew from twelve in 2000 to seventy in 2010.[4][5] The most popular tourist destinations of the region are Zaslavskoye Lake, the Zhdanovichi area which has health resorts, Nesvizh Palace and its surroundings, as well as the alpine ski resorts of Logoysk and Silichi.

Administrative subdivisionsEdit

The Minsk Region comprises 22 districts (raions), 307 selsovets, 22 cities, 8 city municipalities, and 20 urban-type settlements.

Districts of Minsk RegionEdit

Cities and townsEdit

Population of cities and towns in Minsk Region

English Belarusian Russian Pop.
Barysaw Барысаў Борисов 180,100
Salihorsk Салігорск Солигорск 102,335
Maladzyechna Маладзечна Молодечно 98,514
Slutsk Слуцк Слуцк 62,300
Zhodzina Жодзiна Жодино 61,800
Vileyka Вілейка Вилейка 30,000
Dzyarzhynsk Дзяржынск Дзержинск 24,600
Maryina Horka Мар'іна Горка Марьина Горка 23,400
Stowbtsy Стоўбцы Столбцы 6,900
Nyasvizh Нясвіж Несвиж 14,300
Smalyavichy Смалявічы Смолевичи 14,200
Zaslawye Заслаўе Заславль 13,500
Fanipal Фаніпаль Фаниполь 13,200
Berazino Беразіно Березино 13,100
Lyuban Любань Любань 11,800
Staryya Darohi Старыя Дарогі Старые Дороги 11,700
Valozhyn Валожын Воложин 11,400
Lahoysk Лагойск Логойск 11,000
Kapyl Капыль Копыль 10,700
Kletsk Клецк Клецк 10,600
Chervyen’ Чэрвень Червень 10,500
Uzda Узда Узда 10,000
Krupki Крупкі Крупки 8,300
Myadzyel Мядзел Мядель 7,100

DemographicsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Territory and population density of Belarus by region as of January 1, 2011. Main Geographic Characteristics of the Republic of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. the Scientific and Production State Republican Unitary Enterprise “National Cadastre Agency” of the State Property Committee of the Republic of Belarus. 2011. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University. 2011. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  4. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organizations engaged in tourist activities in 2010 in Belarus". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  5. ^ Ministry of Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Belarus. (2011). "Number of organisations engaged in tourist activities in Belarus by region". Land of Ancestors. National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Minsk Region at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 53°40′N 27°45′E / 53.667°N 27.750°E / 53.667; 27.750