Coordinates: 22°54′55″N 112°02′40″E / 22.9152°N 112.0445°E / 22.9152; 112.0445

Yunfu (simplified Chinese: 云浮; traditional Chinese: 雲浮; pinyin: Yúnfú), formerly romanized as Wanfow, and historically known as Dong'an (simplified Chinese: 东安; traditional Chinese: 東安; pinyin: Dōng'ān), which was formerly romanized as Tong On, from 1578-1913, is a prefecture-level city in western Guangdong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Zhaoqing to the north, Foshan to the east, Jiangmen to the southeast, Yangjiang to the south, Maoming to the southwest, and the autonomous region of Guangxi to the west. The city spans an area of 7,786.64 square kilometres (3,006.44 sq mi), and has a population of 2,383,400 according to a 2021 publication by the city government.[1]

Yunfu
云浮市
Yunfu in 2013. Bridge over Nanshan river.
Yunfu in 2013. Bridge over Nanshan river.
Location of Yunfu in Guangdong
Location of Yunfu in Guangdong
Yunfu is located in China
Yunfu
Yunfu
Location in China
Coordinates (Yunfu administrative service center (云浮市人民政府行政服务中心)): 22°56′02″N 112°02′35″E / 22.934°N 112.043°E / 22.934; 112.043
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level divisions5
Township divisions112
Incorporated as Linyun County111 CE
Yunfu County formedMay 1914
Promoted to prefecture-level cityApril 5, 1994
City seatYuncheng District
Government
Area
 • Total7,813.4 km2 (3,016.8 sq mi)
Elevation
133 m (436 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Total2,367,154
 • Density300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard
Area code(s)766
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-53
License Plate粤W
Major NationalitiesHan
WebsiteOfficial website
Yunfu
YF name.png
"Yunfu", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese云浮
Traditional Chinese雲浮
Hanyu PinyinYúnfú
Cantonese YaleWàhnfàuh
PostalWanfow
Literal meaningCloud Drift

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Yunfu belonged to the Baiyue prior to the advent of the Qin dynasty, when much of Yunfu came under the jurisdiction of Guilin Commandery, while some of the area belonged to Nanhai Commandery.[2] During portions of the Han dynasty, the area belonged to the kingdom of Nanyue.[2] Following the fall of the Nanyue in 111 CE, the area of present-day Xinxing County was incorporated into the Western Han dynasty as Linyun County (Chinese: 临允县).[2]

Jin dynastyEdit

Under the Jin dynasty, in 280 CE, the area of present-day Yunan County was organized as Duluo County (Chinese: 都罗县).[2] In 349 CE, the area of present-day Yunan County was reorganized as Jinhua County (Chinese: 晋化县).[2] Two years later, the area of present-day Xinxing County was reorganized as Xinning Commandery [zh], which governed three counties: Xinxing County (Chinese: 新兴县), Nanxing County (Chinese: 南兴县), and Dandie County (Chinese: 单牒县).[2] During the final years of the Jin dynasty, from 416 CE to 420 CE, Longxiang County (Chinese: 龙乡县) and Furuan County (Chinese: 夫阮县) were established in present-day Luoding.[2]

Northern and Southern dynastiesEdit

During the Northern and Southern dynasties period, the area of present-day Yunfu was governed by the Southern Song dynasty from 420 CE to 479 CE, then by the Southern Qi dynasty from 479 CE to 502 CE, and finally by the Liang dynasty from 502 CE to 557 CE.[2] From 557 CE to 589 CE, the area was ruled by the Chen dynasty.[2]

Later dynastiesEdit

The area was incorporated into the Tang dynasty in 618 CE.,[2] Following the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, the area was conquered by the Song dynasty (not to be confused with the aforementioned Song dynasty which ruled portions of Southern China during the 5th century CE).[2]

Republic of ChinaEdit

Shortly after the creation of the Republic of China in 1912, republican officials reorganized the area multiple times.[2] In January 1914, Xining County was renamed to Yunan County (which it is still called today), and in May 1914 Dong'an County was renamed to Yunfu County.[2]

People's Republic of ChinaEdit

Yunfu was promoted to a prefecture-level city on April 5, 1994.[2]

In September 2014, Yun'an was promoted from a county to a district.[2]

GeographyEdit

67.39% of Yunfu's area is forested.[1] The Xi River runs through Yunfu.[1]

ClimateEdit

Yunfu is considered sub-tropical and enjoys fine weather year-round, characterized by mild air temperatures, plentiful rainfall and sunshine, with an annual average temperature of 22 °C, annual average rainfall of 1,580mm and annual average sunshine hours of 1,418. The time-space distribution of rainfall is uneven in a year. It is overcast and dry in spring, hot and rainy in the summer, cool in autumn, and dry and sunny in winter.

Climate data for Yunfu (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.7
(83.7)
32.6
(90.7)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95.0)
36.1
(97.0)
37.5
(99.5)
38.3
(100.9)
39.1
(102.4)
38.1
(100.6)
35.3
(95.5)
33.3
(91.9)
29.6
(85.3)
39.1
(102.4)
Average high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.9
(66.0)
21.8
(71.2)
26.2
(79.2)
30.1
(86.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
31.5
(88.7)
28.9
(84.0)
24.6
(76.3)
20.4
(68.7)
26.6
(79.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
14.7
(58.5)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
27.4
(81.3)
28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
26.4
(79.5)
23.4
(74.1)
18.8
(65.8)
14.5
(58.1)
21.7
(71.0)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
11.7
(53.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.2
(66.6)
22.2
(72.0)
24.2
(75.6)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
23.0
(73.4)
19.6
(67.3)
14.7
(58.5)
10.5
(50.9)
18.3
(64.9)
Record low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
2.1
(35.8)
2.9
(37.2)
8.6
(47.5)
13.3
(55.9)
17.8
(64.0)
20.9
(69.6)
21.9
(71.4)
15.1
(59.2)
9.3
(48.7)
3.8
(38.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49.1
(1.93)
64.3
(2.53)
82.4
(3.24)
165.5
(6.52)
224.1
(8.82)
227.9
(8.97)
208.5
(8.21)
236.9
(9.33)
180.9
(7.12)
72.3
(2.85)
38.6
(1.52)
29.7
(1.17)
1,580.2
(62.21)
Average relative humidity (%) 78 82 84 85 83 83 81 82 80 76 73 73 80
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

AdministrationEdit

The prefecture-level city of Yunfu administers 5 county-level divisions, including 2 district, 1 county-level city and 2 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Yuncheng District 云城区 Yúnchéng Qū 314,188 762 412
Yun'an District 云安区 Yún'ān Qū 269,736 1,231 219
Xinxing County 新兴县 Xīnxīng Xiàn 428,410 1,520 282
Yunan County 郁南县 Yùnán Xiàn 388,727 1,966 198
Luoding 罗定市 Luódìng Shì 959,067 2,300 417

DemographicsEdit

According to the city government, 420,000 overseas Chinese hail from Yunfu.[1]

EthnicityEdit

Yunfu is home to 39 ethnic minorities, which comprise a total population of 14,038.[3] The largest ethnic minorities in Yunfu are the Zhuang, Yao, Dong, and the Miao.[3] While many of Yunfu's ethnic minorities recently moved to the city due to marriage and work, there are large concentrations of indigenous minorities in two villages in Yunfu: Hejiang Village (Chinese: 合江村) in Jiayi [zh], Luoding, and Dalin Village (Chinese: 大林村) in Baozhu [zh], Yunan County.[3]

LanguageEdit

Several languages are commonly spoken in Yunfu, including the Yunfu Dialect (Chinese: 云浮白话) of Cantonese, Hakka, Min-nan, and the Taigu Dialect (Chinese: 㑷古话).[3] The Yunfu Dialect is the most commonly spoken in Yunfu, followed by Hakka.[3] The city's Min-nan speakers are concentrated in certain areas, including the towns of Liantan [zh] and Dongba [zh] in Yunan County, Zhaitang Village (Chinese: 寨塘村) in the town of Fulin [zh], Yun'an District, and the towns of Taiping [zh], Luoping [zh], Chuanbu [zh], and Liangtang [zh] in Luoding.[3] Speakers of the Taigu Dialect are largely concentrated in the township-level divisions of Weidi [zh], Sulong Subdistrict [zh], Taiping, Luoping, Huashi [zh], Luojing [zh], Fenjie [zh], Pingtang [zh], and Shuangdong Subdistrict [zh] in Luoding.[3]

EconomyEdit

Natural resourcesEdit

Yunfu has a total land area of 7,786.64 square kilometres (3,006.44 sq mi),[1] including 1,868,200 mu cultivated land, 1,353,700 mu paddy field.[citation needed] In the total area, the mountainous area takes up 60.5%, the hilly area takes up 30.7%, making Yunfu a typical mountainous city.[citation needed] The city's total population is 2,600,900 people, of which the nonagricultural population is 887,000 people and the agricultural population 1,713,900 people, the per capita cultivated area is 0.718 mu.[citation needed]

More than 670 types of plants used in traditional Chinese medicine are found in Yunfu.[1]

Yunfu's city government states that there are over 50 types of mineral resources in Yunfu, including gold, silver, copper, iron, marble, granite, limestone, and pyrite.[1] Other proven minerals in Yunfu include tin, lead, zinc and manganese, sillimanite, dolomite, barite, talc, kaolin, limestone, clay, rammell, potassium feldspar, and mineral water.[citation needed] The area's particularly large deposits of pyrite makes it China's largest sulfide producing region.[1] Yunfu serves as a regional center of stone mining and stone carving.[1] By the end of 2002, there were totally 254 certified mines throughout the city.[citation needed]

TourismEdit

 
A view from Tianlu Mountain in Xinxing County

Major tourist attractions in the city include the Sixth Patriarch's Hometown Tourist Resort (Chinese: 六祖故里旅游度假区), Jinshuitai Hot Springs Scenic Area (Chinese: 金水台温泉景区), Tianlu Mountain Tourist Resort (Chinese: 天露山旅游度假区), and Panlong Cave Scenic Area (Chinese: 蟠龙洞景区).[1]

EducationEdit

Yunfu is home to three tertiary education institutions, enrolling 13,000 students.[1] The city has 121 secondary schools, including 15 vocational schools, enrolling 164,100 students.[1] Yunfu also has 174 primary schools with 258,600 students.[1]

CultureEdit

The city has 6 art galleries and cultural centers, 6 public libraries, and 5 museums.[1]

HealthcareEdit

Yunfu has 89 medical institutions, with 10,364 beds.[1]

TransportationEdit

With 324 National Highway running through the whole prefecture, cement-paved roads are accessible to each single township and village.[citation needed] Guangzhou-Wuzhou Expressway linking Guangdong and Guangxi is also connected to Yunfu which will further be united with Yulin and Wuzhou in Guangxi as well as the expressway network in southwest China.[citation needed] Sanshui-Maoming Railway also passes the whole municipality, which will be eventually linked to Luoyang-Zhanjiang Railway in 2008.[citation needed]

The Xi River has 100 kilometers of waterway, enabling direct cargo freight to Hong Kong.[citation needed] The Yunfu New Port (Chinese: 云浮新港), along the Xi River, serves as Guangdong's largest inland port.[1]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p 云浮概况 [Yunfu Overview]. yunfu.gov.cn (in Chinese). Yunfu Municipal People's Government. 2021-06-04. Archived from the original on 2021-07-17. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o 云浮市建置沿革 [Yunfu Organizational History]. yunfu.gov.cn (in Chinese). Yunfu Municipal People's Government. 2020-12-25. Archived from the original on 2021-07-17. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g 人口语言民族 [Population, language, and ethnicity]. yunfu.gov.cn (in Chinese). Yunfu Municipal People's Government. 2021-06-04. Archived from the original on 2021-07-17. Retrieved 2021-07-17.
  4. ^ a b c d e f 云浮名人 [Notable people of Yunfu]. yunfu.gov.cn (in Chinese). Yunfu Municipal People's Government. Archived from the original on 2021-07-17. Retrieved 2021-07-17.

External linksEdit