West Ham station
West Ham is a London Underground, Docklands Light Railway (DLR) and National Rail intermodal interchange station in the West Ham area of London, United Kingdom. On the Underground network it is on the District and Hammersmith & City lines between Plaistow and Bromley-by-Bow and the Jubilee line between Stratford and Canning Town. On the DLR it is on the Stratford International branch between Abbey Road and Star Lane. On the main line West Ham is 4 miles 7 chains (6.6 km) from the London terminus at Fenchurch Street and is situated between Limehouse and Barking, with services currently operated by c2c.
|Local authority||London Borough of Newham|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||8|
|Fare zone||2 and 3|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|DLR annual boardings and alightings|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Original company||London, Tilbury and Southend Railway|
|Post-grouping||London, Midland and Scottish Railway|
|1902||District line started|
|1936||Hammersmith & City started|
|1979||North London service started|
|1999||c2c and Jubilee line started|
|2006||North London service withdrawn|
|London transport portal|
The station was opened in 1901 by the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway on the route from Fenchurch Street to Barking that was opened in 1858. It was known as West Ham (Manor Road) from 1924 to 1969. The station was rebuilt and significantly expanded in 1999 with the addition of four platforms, a new ticket hall and connecting passages. North London Line services were withdrawn in 2006 to make way for the DLR Stratford International branch, which opened in 2011.
East to west alignmentEdit
The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway direct line from Bow to Barking was constructed east to west through the middle of the Parish of West Ham in 1858. Before this, trains took a longer route via Stratford and Forest Gate to the north. The new line opened with stations initially at Bromley, Plaistow and East Ham. In November 1897 Arnold Hills, the owner of the Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company, whose football team Thames Ironworks F.C. (which reformed in 1900 as West Ham United) played at the Memorial Grounds, secured an agreement with the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway to build a station at the intersection of Manor Road and Memorial Avenue. The company board approved this in February 1898 and Mowlem's was given the contract to build a four platform station, which allowed for the proposed quadrupling of the line with the completion of the Whitechapel and Bow Railway. The station was completed in May 1900, but did not open until 1 February 1901. The station was initially known as West Ham.
The North London Railway had run a daily service to Plaistow via the Bow-Bromley curve since 18 May 1869 and when West Ham opened it used the northern platforms. In 1905 they switched to the southern platforms, with the opening of a new bay platform at Plaistow on the southern side. The Whitechapel and Bow Railway allowed through services of the Metropolitan District Railway to operate through West Ham to Upminster from 1902. The Metropolitan District converted to electric trains in 1905 and services were cut back to East Ham. The London, Tilbury and Southend Railway trains from Fenchurch Street used the southern platforms when the Metropolitan District services began but stopping was reduced to a few a week in 1908 and to nil in 1913. Ownership of the station passed to the Midland Railway in 1912 and the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1923. The station was renamed West Ham (Manor Road) on 11 February 1924. When the North London Railway service to Plaistow ceased on 1 January 1916 the southern platforms were unused in normal service.
The Metropolitan District Railway was incorporated into London Transport in 1933, and became known as the District line. Hammersmith & City line services started, as part of the Metropolitan line, in 1936. The southern platforms were removed after war damage in 1940 which had completely closed the station from 7 September 1940 until 11 August 1941. After nationalisation of the railways in 1948 management of the station passed to British Railways. In 1969 ownership was transferred to the London Underground and the station was renamed back to West Ham on 1 January. On 15 March 1976 nine people were injured here by an explosion caused on a train by a member of the Provisional IRA. Julius Stephen, the driver of the train, was shot dead at the scene when he attempted to pursue the fleeing bomber. In 1999 platforms were re-established on the line from Fenchurch Street, now operated by c2c.
North to south alignmentEdit
The Eastern Counties and Thames Junction Railway was constructed north to south through West Ham, linking Stratford with Canning Town in 1846. Platforms were constructed on the line at West Ham in 1979 when the North London Line service, at the time known as the Crosstown Linkline, began between Camden Road and North Woolwich. In 1999 two further platforms were opened on the same alignment as part of the Jubilee line extension. At the same time the station buildings, ticket office and connecting passages were rebuilt, designed by van Heyningen and Haward Architects. The ticket hall is linked by a bridge to four rail lines and a main road as well as the Jubilee line platform and upper level concourse. Jubilee line services began on 14 May 1999. North London Line services at the station ceased on 9 December 2006, when the line from Stratford to North Woolwich was closed, to allow for the line to be converted for Docklands Light Railway operation. The platforms reopened on 31 August 2011.
The station consists of four sets of island platforms, two on an elevated east-west alignment and another perpendicular pair at street level, giving a total of eight platform faces. Platforms 1 and 2 are the northern upper pair, where all District and Hammersmith & City line services call. Platforms 3 and 4 are the eastern lower pair and are used by Docklands Light Railway trains. Platforms 5 and 6 are the western lower pair, where all Jubilee line services stop. Platforms 7 and 8 are the southern upper pair and are used by c2c trains. The main station building and connecting passageways are finished in a mixture of red brick, concrete and glass. To reach the Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee line platforms from the rest of the station a mezzanine level is accessed by escalators, lifts and stairs. There is a double-ended centre siding east of West Ham to compensate for lost reversing capacity caused by the rebuilding of Whitechapel station as part of Crossrail work. This was commissioned on 17 January 2011.
Modifications for 2012 OlympicsEdit
The station was temporarily modified to allow it to cope with an increase in passenger numbers during the 2012 Summer Olympics. The station was extended to give direct pedestrian access to The Greenway foot and cycle path nearby from the District & Hammersmith & City lines, which connects directly to the London Olympic Park in Stratford. This involved the construction of temporary stairs and a walkway from the eastern end of the District line platforms, over the eastbound track and running back parallel to the platform ending at Manor Road. Construction began in January 2011, and the footbridge was removed in mid-October 2012. The foundations of the temporary footbridge have been left for possible use in future expansion of the station.
The station is named after the former parish and borough of West Ham within which it was located to the west of the centre. The neighbourhood of West Ham is located some distance to the north-east. The station is located at the corner of Durban Road and Manor Road, in the London Borough of Newham. The area around the station is residential to the southeast and predominantly commercial or former industrial land to the north and west. The station site is served by London Bus route 276. Since West Ham United Football Club moved to the Boleyn Ground in 1904, the station is no longer located near their home ground. East London Rugby Football Club is situated nearby on Holland Road, which is also home to Kings Cross Steelers RFC and Phantoms RFC.
The station is in London fare zone 2 and zone 3. The typical off-peak service from the station is twelve District line trains per hour to Upminster and twelve to Earl's Court, of which six continue to Ealing Broadway and six continue to Richmond. On the Hammersmith & City line there are six trains an hour to Hammersmith and six to Plaistow, of which three continue to Barking. On the Jubilee line there are sixteen trains an hour to Stratford and sixteen towards Stanmore. On the DLR there are six trains an hour to Stratford International, and six to Woolwich Arsenal There are eight c2c services an hour to Fenchurch Street, four to Shoeburyness, two to Grays via Rainham and two to Southend Central via Ockendon.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Hammersmith & City line||
|Preceding station||DLR||Following station|
towards Stratford International
|Docklands Light Railway|
London, Tilbury & Southend Line
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
Hammersmith branch (1936–1990)
North London Line
|Bromley-by-Bow||British Rail Eastern Region
London, Tilbury and Southend Railway
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. March 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2019.
- "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
- Transport for London (12 February 2013). "Freedom of Information DLR usage 1213". Transport for London. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Up-to-date DLR entry/exit statistics for each station" (XLSX). What Do They Know. Transport for London. 18 March 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "Passenger Numbers - Docklands Light Railway Limited" (XLSX (after downloading zip)). What Do They Know. Transport for London. 8 June 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
- 2.434 million of this increase was due to methodological changes. Without these changes, the figure would have been 6.344 million.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Docklands Light Railway extension marks one year to go to the London 2012 Paralympic Games". Retrieved 5 February 2013.
- The London & Tilbury Railway vol 1 page 41 by Peter Kay ISBN 1-899890-10-6
- The London, Tilbury & Southend Railway vol 2 page 113 by Peter Kay ISBN 1-899890-19-X
- "Onthis Day". BBC News. 15 March 1976. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Horne, M: The Jubilee Line, page 79. Capital Transport Publishing, 2000.
- "1976: Tube driver shot dead". BBC On This Day. 2008. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
- "TheRailwayCentre.Com". TheRailwayCentre.Com. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Underground News March 2011 page 173 ISSN 0306-8617
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 May 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Phantoms RFC". Phantoms RFC. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- "DLR frequencies". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "276 bus route".
- "London Bus Route 173".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Ham station.|