Wellington, Shropshire

Wellington is a constituent market town of Telford and a civil parish in the borough of Telford and Wrekin, Shropshire, England. It is situated 2.5 miles (4.0 km) northwest of Telford town centre and 12 miles (19 km) east of Shrewsbury. The summit of The Wrekin lies 3 miles southwest of the town. The population of the town was 25,554 in 2011. It also has good bus services making it one of the most accessible towns in Shropshire.

Street view of the pedestrianised centre of Wellington
Wellington arms.png
Parish coat of arms
Wellington is located in Shropshire
Location within Shropshire
OS grid referenceSJ651115
Civil parish
  • Wellington
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTELFORD
Postcode districtTF1
Dialling code01952
PoliceWest Mercia
AmbulanceWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
52°42′00″N 2°30′57″W / 52.7001°N 2.5157°W / 52.7001; -2.5157


All Saints' Church in the centre of Wellington. Built in 1789.

A church has stood for almost 1,000 years and a priest is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The original churchyard still remains. A new church, dedicated to All Saints, designed by George Steuart, was built in 1789.[1]

Wellington's first market charter was granted to Giles of Erdington, lord of the manor, in 1244 and a market still exists today.[citation needed] The market had an open-sided market hall by 1680, and possibly much earlier, but it was dismantled in about 1805.[citation needed] In 1841 a market company was formed to purchase the market rights from Lord Forester in 1856.[2] In 1848 the company built a town hall with the butter market below, creating a permanent covered space for traders.

The first Shropshire Olympian Games, organised by celebrated Olympic revivalist Dr William Penny Brookes, were held in Wellington in May 1861.[3] In August 1868 the town hosted the third National Olympian Games, organised by the National Olympian Association co-founded by Brookes, when their intended venue at Manchester had become unavailable.[4]

To the northeast of the town is the site of Apley Castle, originally a fourteenth-century fortified manor house, the remains of which were converted into a stable block with the building of a grand Georgian house, which was itself demolished in 1955.[5] The surviving stable block has been converted into apartments and retains some medieval features.[6]

The creation of TelfordEdit

Dawley New Town was designated by the government in 1963, and was expanded to encompass Wellington in 1968 under the new name of Telford, named for the great engineer and first county surveyor of Shropshire, Thomas Telford. The creation of Telford has divided opinion in Wellington ever since, with some celebrating the jobs and investment it brought to the area and others bemoaning the negative impact on Wellington's own economy – as well as its status and sense of identity.[7] The development of Telford Town Centre and local retail parks since the 1970s had an adverse effect on Wellington's retail centre. The local football team's name was changed from Wellington Town to Telford United in 1969.

For many years, local politics left Wellington in conflict with Wrekin District (now Telford and Wrekin Council), with claims and counterclaims of neglect. In the 21st century, however, the borough council has invested heavily in the town. Chief amongst these investments has been the redeveloped Wellington Civic and Leisure Centre near the centre of the town, which has brought together the library, town council, swimming pool and gym, along with a modern register office. 200 borough council officers are also located at the new complex.

Wellington shown within Telford in Purple.

[citation needed]

Shopping and local businessesEdit

The area's largest employers are located in nearby areas of Telford, with Wellington itself housing hundreds of small businesses in its shops, offices and small manufacturing units. A range of nationwide chains have branches in Wellington.


The Wrekin, one of Shropshire's most famous landmarks, is the most northern part of the Shropshire Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Located just 2.5 miles from the centre of Wellington, it attracts tens of thousands of walkers and cyclists to the town every year.[8]

Located in the town's Victorian market hall, Wellington Market operates four days a week and houses over 100 stalls. A Farmers' Market takes place on the fourth Saturday of the month, bringing together several Shropshire food producers and retailers in the market's historic home of Market Square.

A short walk from the centre of the town is Sunnycroft, a Victorian villa and mini-estate now owned and run by the National Trust.

The New Buck's Head football stadium, home to A.F.C. Telford United, is in Wellington. Other sporting clubs include the Wellington Cricket Club, currently in the Birmingham League Premier Division, and Wrekin Golf Club.

Wellington is home to the Belfrey Theatre, an amateur venue run by the Wellington Theatre Company which offers an annual season of plays and other shows.


The area's music and theatre groups host performances throughout the year, and there are craft markets at both Belmont Hall and Christ Church.

In March, the town marks Charter Day, when the 1244 charter is delivered by a messenger on horseback. A jury then convenes in the Market Square to appoint the town crier, ale taster and market clerk for the year ahead.

During the summer, around 40 events take place in and around the town, including the historically inspired Midsummer Fayre, the town carnival and Lions Day at Bowring Park, and the Wellington Walking Festival. Sounds in The Square brings live music to the heart of the town across weekends in July and August, and various concerts and fetes complete the programme.

The Wellington Arts Festival runs every October, and offers a variety of events including plays, music, exhibitions, literature and poetry.

There is now a cinema in Market Square, Wellington, called The Wellington Orbit, which is operated by a team of volunteers. On their website it claims to be "Telford's only independent cinema."[9]

Education and health servicesEdit

Wellington is the main education centre for the borough. Telford College and the independent school Wrekin College are located around the outskirts of the town, along with several primary and secondary schools.

The Princess Royal Hospital – one of Shropshire's two main hospitals – is located just outside the town at Apley, as is the Severn Hospice. Within the town itself, Wellington Health Centre is the main GP practice.

Transport historyEdit

Wellington has road links, centrally located railway and bus stations, and a position on routes 45 and 81 of the National Cycle Network.

Railway linksEdit

Wellington railway station was built in 1849 and has three platforms, served by Avanti West Coast (which replaced Virgin Trains West Coast), Transport for Wales, and West Midlands Trains providing northbound trains towards Shrewsbury and Wales, and southbound trains to the West Midlands and London Euston. One of the platforms is a bay platform, which sees little use at present. Additionally, from 2008 to 2011 the town had a through train service to London Marylebone operated by Wrexham & Shropshire, the first for almost 40 years.

In 1867, a branch line was opened to connect the town with Market Drayton. The Wellington and Market Drayton Railway operated for just under one hundred years before closure under the Beeching Axe in 1963. The line remained open for goods only services until 1967, when this service was also withdrawn. The track was lifted in 1970.[10][11]

There were also railway links to Much Wenlock (closed 1962) and Stafford, which closed in the late 1960s.

A goods only link to a rail head at Donnington, on part of the former Wellington to Stafford line, has been re-opened. There has been some campaigning to re-open the whole of the line from Shrewsbury to Stafford through Wellington, Leegomery, Hadley, Trench, Donnington, and Newport.[12]

Bus linksEdit

Wellington bus station prior to its redesign in 2022.

After World War I, BMMO expanded it's depots out from Birmingham to other towns and cities in the Midlands, including Shrewsbury, which would later lead to them opening a depot on Charlton Street on 21 July 1932 after closing the Shrewsbury depot in the same month. BMMO was later renamed to Midland Red Omnibus Company in March 1974 and was split up in September 1981 to become Midland Red (North) Limited, with whom the depot was taken control of.

Midland Red North was later acquired by the Cowie Group on 1 August 1996, who would rename and become Arriva on 6 November 1997, making Midland Red North become what is now the current operator that serves Wellington and Telford, Arriva Midlands.

After 80 years of the Charlton Street depot being in operation, it would be closed by Arriva in April 2012 and demolished in summer of 2015. The fleet and staff from the Charlton Street depot were moved to a new premises on Stafford Park prior to its demolition.

The current services operated by Arriva in Wellington are:

In late 2022, the Telford and Wrekin Council introduced the Travel Telford services operated by Chaserider and Select Bus Services. These services are:

Community projectsEdit

A number of community organisations are active in the town, including Wellington's 'Walkers are Welcome' Group which organises regular walks around the area in addition to the annual Walking Festival, and Wellington H2A promoting arts and heritage in the town through a range of events. Local history and heritage are promoted by Wellington History Group and Wellington Civic Society. A twinning group exists to maintain links with Wellington's twin town of Chatenay-Malabry in France.[13]

Amongst current community projects are the Peace Garden,[14] started by local nonagenarian George Evans (died 2020), and the ambitious project to return a cinema to the town for the first time since the closure of the Clifton almost three decades ago. In June 2019, the Wellington Orbit was officially opened, bringing a cafe, bar and cinema to the centre of the town.[15]

Twin townsEdit

Wellington is twinned with:[16]

Notable peopleEdit

The town's literary claims to fame include it being the birthplace of 19th-century evangelical religious writer Hesba Stretton (1832–1911), and the first job of poet Philip Larkin (1922-1985) was as librarian of Wellington Library from 1943 to 1946. Larkin described Wellington as a "hole full of toad's turds" and stated that his job as town librarian was to "hand out tripey novels to morons".[17] A walkway at the side of Wellington Library was named Larkin Way in honour of Philip Larkin, but this pathway was lost during re-development work on the library. Larkin Way, in a slightly modified form, still exists. The address of Wellington Civic and Leisure Centre is Larkin Way, Tan Bank, Wellington, Telford, TF1 1LX.[18]

The Rev Patrick Brontë lived in the town for a year while serving a curacy before moving to Yorkshire and meeting his future wife there, Maria Branwell. The abolitionist Dr William Withering was born in the town in 1741; he also investigated digitalis, used in the treatment of heart disease. Several members of the pop group T'Pau, including vocalist Carol Decker and keyboardist Michael Chetwood, grew up in Wellington – the latter returning to run a music shop in the town.

Other notable people born, educated or prominent in Wellington include:


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "All Saints, Wellington". All Saints, Wellington. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Wellington: Economic History", in A History of the County of Shropshire: Volume 11: Telford (1985), pp. 222–232. Shropshire market. Date accessed: 20 May 2008.
  3. ^ Beale, Catherine (2011). Born out of Wenlock, William Penny Brookes and the British origins of the modern Olympics. D.B. Publications, Derby. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-85983-967-6.
  4. ^ Born out of Wenlock, William Penny Brookes and the British origins of the modern Olympics, p.73.
  5. ^ Emery, Anthony (2000). Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: East Anglia, Central England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 607–8. ISBN 978-0-521-58131-8.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Apley Castle (72267)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  7. ^ "Telford". British History Online. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Plan to protect and enhance Wrekin forest". 8 July 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2019 – via www.shropshirestar.com.
  9. ^ "Home - Wellington Orbit".
  10. ^ Yate, Bob (2005). By Great Western to Crewe. Usk: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-639-6.
  11. ^ Lester, C.R. (1983). The Stoke to Market Drayton Line. Usk: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-293-5.
  12. ^ "Petition calls for reopening of Shrewsbury to Stafford railway line". www.shropshirestar.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  13. ^ Wellington Shropshire twinning association retrieved 21 January 2019
  14. ^ "Civic centre peace garden plans". BBC News. 28 February 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  15. ^ "'Lights, camera, action' as Wellington's new cinema to show its first film". 28 June 2019. Retrieved 2 November 2019 – via www.shropshirestar.com.
  16. ^ Wellington Shropshire twinning association retrieved 21 January 2019
  17. ^ "Letter: What did Philip Larkin ever do for Wellington?". Shropshire Star. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  18. ^ "Wellington Civic & Leisure Centre | Live Well Telford".
  19. ^ Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1890). "Gauntlett, Henry (1762-1833)" . Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 21. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  20. ^ "Cranage, David Herbert Somerset (CRNG885DH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.

External linksEdit