Market Drayton is a market town and electoral ward in north Shropshire, England, close to the Cheshire and Staffordshire borders. It is on the River Tern, and was formerly known as "Drayton in Hales" (c. 1868) and earlier simply as "Drayton" (c. 1695).
Tudor House Hotel, at the corner of Cheshire Street and Shropshire Street.
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Drayton is recorded in the Domesday Book as a manor in the hundred of Hodnet. It was held by William Pantulf, Lord of Wem, from Roger de Montgomery, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury. Drayton is listed as having a population of 5 households in 1086, putting it in the smallest 20% of settlements recorded. Domesday also lists Tyrley, which was the site of a castle later ( ).
The great fire of Drayton destroyed almost 70% of the town in 1651. It was started at a bakery, and quickly spread through the timber buildings. The buttercross in the centre of the town still has a bell at the top for people to ring if there was ever another fire.
Sites of interestEdit
Ancient local sites include Audley's Cross, Blore Heath and several Neolithic standing stones. "The Devil's Ring and Finger" is a notable site 3 miles (5 km) from the town at Mucklestone. These are across the county boundary in neighbouring Staffordshire.
The Old Grammar School, in St. Mary's Hall, directly to the east of the church, was founded in 1555 by Rowland Hill, the first Protestant Mayor of London. Former pupils include Robert Clive, and a school desk with the initials "RC" may still be seen in the town.
Other notable landmarks in the area include: Pell Wall Hall, Adderley Hall, Buntingsdale Hall, Salisbury Hill, Tyrley Locks on the Shropshire Union Canal and the Thomas Telford designed aqueduct. Fordhall Farm has 140 acres (0.57 km2) of community-owned[clarification needed] organic farmland located off the A53 between the Müller and Tern Hill roundabouts. The farm trail is open to the public during farm shop opening hours, and on the path is the site of Fordhall Castle, an ancient motte and bailey structure which overlooks the River Tern valley.
To the south-east near the A529 an 18th-century farmhouse stands on the site of Tyrley Castle, which was probably built soon after 1066 and later rebuilt in stone in the 13th century.
In 1965, sausage maker Palethorpe's built a new factory employing 400 people in the town. Purchased by Northern Foods in 1990, the company was merged with Bowyers of Trowbridge, Wiltshire and Pork Farms of Nottingham to form Pork Farms Bowyers. The sausage brand was sold in 2001 to Kerry Group, but the factory remains open to this day as the town's largest employer. It produces various meat based and chilled food products, under both the Pork Farms brand and for third parties, including Asda.
Recent developments in the local service industry include the retailers Argos, Wilko and B & M which have all brought new employment to the town. It is widely considered[by whom?] to be the "Home of Gingerbread".
Supplied by a pure water source running under the town, two breweries operated in the town during the early 20th century. In 2000, Steve Nuttall started a microbrewery, Joule's Brewery Ltd, a revival of a previous Joule's Brewery at Stone, Staffordshire which had been discontinued in 1974. The new company bought the 16th century Red Lion, a pub that formerly belonged to the earlier company, where the brewery was built, completed in 2010. It produces three core ales on the site as well as a number of seasonal beers.
Market Drayton has four schools:
- Longlands Primary School
- Market Drayton Infant School
- Market Drayton Junior School
- Grove School and sixth form college
Grove School is a large secondary school of about 1,100 pupils, all of whom live within 12 miles (19 km) of the town.
Arts and CultureEdit
The town has a very active arts and culture scene organised through Drayton Festival Centre. This centre was established in 1984 and is run by volunteers. Over 30 years it has expanded considerably and now includes a cinema and theatre, an art gallery and a range of meeting rooms. It hosts a very wide range of events and has been the recipient of many awards.
The Drayton Arts Festival is held every year in October.
Market Drayton Town F.C. play on Greenfields Sports Ground in Market Drayton, which has capacity for 1,000 spectators.
Market Drayton Rugby club play at Greenfields Sports ground, on Greenfields Lane, and are in the Midlands Division- Midlands 4 West (North).
Market Drayton Tennis Club is also based at Greenfields and has three all weather floodlit courts; the club plays in a number of Shropshire leagues.
Arriva Midlands operates a local bus service to Shrewsbury, Newcastle-under-Lyme and Hanley (as services 64 and 164). Beginning on 7 September 2012 Bennett's Travel Cranberry Ltd run an evening service 164 to Hanley on Fridays and Saturdays with a day service to Newcastle-under-Lyme on Sunday. Arriva used to provide services 341/342 to Wellington from Monday to Saturday, but this was stopped in August 2016, due to the council withdrawing funds.
Shropshire Council also run a number of bus services under the 'ShropshireLink' brand in addition to the 301 and 302 Market Drayton Town Services.
Market Drayton had a railway station which opened in 1863 and closed during the Beeching cuts in 1963. The railway station was located on the Nantwich to Wellington line of the Great Western Railway network and was also the terminus of the Newcastle-under-Lyme line of the North Staffordshire Railway network.
There is also the RC Church of St. Thomas and St. Stephen, which dates from 1886.
There is also a Methodist church, an Orthodox church and a church which meets in the community centre. There is also Christ Church, an Anglican parish church, in Little Drayton, to the west of the town.
Thomas Povey, the colonial civil servant and friend of Samuel Pepys, was a Londoner, but a branch of his family lived at Woodseaves, near Market Drayton; the most prominent member of this branch of the family was Sir John Povey, (1621–1679) Lord Chief Justice of Ireland 1673-79.
Nearby at Styche Hall  is the birthplace of Robert Clive, first Lord Clive, "Clive of India", (1725–1774). The Georgian house, designed by Sir William Chambers, the architect of Somerset House, replaced the half-timbered house where Clive was born. It was built for his father and paid for by Clive from the income from his Indian career.
The town was the birthplace of pioneering photographer Samuel Bourne (1834–1912). He is known for his prolific seven years' work in India 1863–70; there he founded a major studio, Bourne & Shepherd, trekked into and photographed many of the remotest parts of India and, with his printer Charles Shepherd, became the most notable photographer of the Raj.
The 1930s British fascist leader Oswald Mosley (1896 – 1980) was allegedly born nearby at Betton Hall, the home of his mother's parents, although officially established to have been born in London. When his parents separated, Oswald and his brother went with their mother to live in Smithfield Road.
Mosley was deeply ashamed of the family's reduced circumstances and he did everything to hide the years in Drayton. Their middle class status contrasted with the huge estate of his paternal grandparents in Staffordshire. Years later, following the death of their mother, he obtained her diaries from his brother and burned them.
- John Lewis (1855–1926), football referee and a founder of Blackburn Rovers F.C., was born at Market Drayton
- Reginald Heber Macaulay (born in Hodnet 1858 – 1937) was an amateur English footballer who won the FA Cup with Old Etonians in 1882 and made one appearance for England in 1881 playing as a forward.
- Harold Emerton Edge (born Market Drayton 1892 – 1944) an English cricketer, a right-handed batsman who bowled medium pace
- Ken Summers (darts player) (born 1963) now retired, lives in the town
- David Gilford (born 1965) is an English professional golfer. He lives in the town
- Andy Cooke (born 1974), former professional footballer  played for Burnley, Stoke City and Shrewsbury Town also hails from, and ended his footballing career with, Market Drayton
- Benjamin Jack Garratt (born 1994 in Market Drayton) English professional footballer, played for Crewe Alexandra F.C. 125 times
Other notable residentsEdit
- Elizabeth Wriothesley, Countess of Southampton (1572 – 1655) was one of the chief ladies-in-waiting to Elizabeth I of England in the later years of her reign
- William Felton (1715–1769) an English composer 
- Mary Cholmondeley (born in Hodnet 1859 – 1925) was an English novelist. Her best-selling novel, (published in 1899) Red Pottage, satirised religious hypocrisy and the narrowness of country life. It was adapted into a silent film in 1918.
- Stephen Morrey (1880 – 1921) was an English-born merchant, farmer and political figure in Saskatchewan. Morrey owned a hardware business in Market Drayton.
Market Drayton is twinned with:
- "Town population 2011". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
- Powell-Smith, Anna. "Drayton - Domesday Book".
- Powell-Smith, Anna. "Tyrley - Domesday Book".
- "Cheers as brewery marks its success, Business with roots in medieval past now one of county's biggest". Shropshire Star. 29 July 2016. p. 16.Report by James Pugh.
- "Drayton Festival Centre". Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "DraytonArtsFest". Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
- "Petition calls for return of bus service between Telford and Market Drayton". www.shropshirestar.com. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017.
- European Severe Weather Database
- "Church of Saint Mary". Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Saint Thomas and Saint Stephen". Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
- "Christ Church, Little Drayton". Christ Church, Little Drayton. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
- Website of Historic England Archived 2 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine retrieved Jan 2017
- Photographs of India. circa 1862 - circa 1872 - Samuel Bourne Biography Cambridge University Library.
- Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 39. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 469.Article by Maurice Skidelsky. Birth home stated to be 47 Hill Street, Mayfair.
- General Register Office Index of Births in England and Wales for October, November and December 1896 (Registration district: St George, Hanover Square, Middlesex), p. 399
- SoccerBase Database Archived 25 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine retrieved December 2017
- SoccerBase Database Archived 25 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine retrieved December 2017
- Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 18, Felton, William (1713-1769) Archived 25 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine retrieved December 2017
- Arlon Twinning on Council site Archived 3 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Market Drayton.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Market Drayton.|
- Market Drayton Council
- Archaeological assessment of Market Drayton, Shropshire Hal Dalwood
- Market Drayton Youth Club Information
- Formative Years Of Market Drayton Youth Club
- Memories of Market Drayton