Wallace and Gromit
Wallace and Gromit is a British clay animation comedy series created by Nick Park of Aardman Animations. The series consists of four short films and a feature-length film. The series centres on Wallace, a good-natured, eccentric, cheese-loving inventor, along with his companion Gromit, a silent yet loyal and intelligent anthropomorphic dog. Wallace was originally voiced by veteran actor Peter Sallis, but as of 2011, this role has been passed on to Ben Whitehead. Gromit remains silent, communicating only through means of facial expressions and body language.
|Wallace and Gromit|
|Theme music composer||Julian Nott|
|Opening theme||"A Grand Day Out"|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of episodes||
National Film and Television School (A Grand Day Out)
|Original release||4 November 1989 – present|
Because of their widespread popularity, the characters have been described as positive international icons of both modern British culture and British people in general. BBC News called them "some of the best-known and best-loved stars to come out of the UK". Icons has said they have done "more to improve the image of the English world-wide than any officially appointed ambassadors". The films have received critical acclaim, with three of the short films, A Grand Day Out (1989), The Wrong Trousers (1993) and A Close Shave (1995), having 100% positive ratings on the aggregation site Rotten Tomatoes; the feature film, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005), gained a 95% rating. The feature film is also the second highest-grossing stop motion animated film ever, only behind Chicken Run, another Nick Park creation.
Wallace and Gromit spearhead the fundraising for two children's charities, Wallace & Gromit's Children's Foundation, which supports children's hospices and hospitals in the United Kingdom, and Wallace and Gromit's Grand Appeal, the Bristol Children's Hospital Charity.
The first short film, A Grand Day Out, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 1990, but lost to Creature Comforts, another animated creation of Nick Park. The short films The Wrong Trousers and A Close Shave followed. The full-length feature The Curse of the Were-Rabbit was released in 2005. The latter three each earned Academy Awards.
In January 2007, a five-film deal with DreamWorks and Aardman fell through after only three films, due to creative differences, as well as the box office failure of Flushed Away. Park said later that DreamWorks executives wanted to Americanise the very British Wallace and Gromit after test screenings, which would have tarnished some of the duo's nostalgic charm. A Matter of Loaf and Death was Nick Park's first production since the end of the DreamWorks deal. It was the most watched television programme in the UK in 2008. A Matter of Loaf and Death won the 2008 BAFTA Award for Best Short Animation and was nominated for an Academy Award in 2010. In 2013, Peter Lord stated that there were no plans at the moment for a new short film, and Nick Park announced in the following year that the declining health of Wallace's voice actor, Peter Sallis, had the possibility of preventing any future films despite the availability of Ben Whitehead. On 4 May 2017, Peter Lord stated that more projects with the characters are likely while speaking at an animation event in Stuttgart, Germany. He said, "When Nick [Park]'s not drawing cavemen, he's drawing Wallace & Gromit ... I absolutely assume he will do another, but not a feature. I think he found it was too much. I think he liked the half-hour format."
The original voice of Wallace, Peter Sallis, died on 2 June 2017 at the age of 96.
Wallace lives at 62 West Wallaby Street, Wigan, along with his dog Gromit. His surname is never given. He usually wears a white shirt, brown wool trousers, a green knitted pullover, and a red tie. He is fond of cheese, especially Wensleydale, and crackers.
Nick Park, his creator, said: "He's a very self-contained figure. A very homely sort who doesn't mind the odd adventure." He is loosely based on Nick Park's father, whom Park described in a radio interview as "an incurable tinkerer". He described one of his father's constructions, a combination beach hut and trailer, as having curtains in the windows, bookshelves on the walls, and full-sized furniture bolted to the floor. The way he dresses and his passion for cheese is based on an eccentric school teacher.
Wallace has been voiced by Peter Sallis (until 2010), and Ben Whitehead (in 2009 and since 2011) in Wallace & Gromit's Grand Adventures and Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels commercials and apps.
Wallace is an inveterate inventor, creating elaborate contraptions that often do not work as intended. Their appearance is similar to the illustrations of W. Heath Robinson and Rube Goldberg, and Nick Park has said of Wallace that all his inventions are designed around the principle of using a "sledgehammer to crack a nut." Some of Wallace's contraptions are based on real-life inventions. For example, his method of waking up in the morning utilises a bed that tips over to wake up its owner, an invention that was exhibited at The Great Exhibition of 1851 by Theophilus Carter.
Wallace's official job varies; in A Close Shave he is a window washer. In The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, Wallace runs a humane pest control service, keeping the captured creatures (nearly all of which are rabbits) in the basement of his house. In the most recent short, A Matter of Loaf and Death, he is a baker. While he has shown himself to be skilled to some degree in the businesses he creates, an unexpected flaw in the inventions he uses to assist him in his latest venture or simple bad luck often ends up being his downfall.
In the first photo shown on The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, it was revealed that Wallace once had a full head of hair and a very thick moustache with muttonchops. On the photo that shows Gromit's graduation at Dogwarts, he had lost his beard, but still had a little hair, in the form of side burns just above his ears. In The Wrong Trousers, he still uses a hair-dryer. In A Matter of Loaf and Death, when Wallace is talking to Gromit, a picture is seen behind Gromit of Wallace with a brown beard and brown hair.
Wallace has had three love interests. The first was Wendolene Ramsbottom, which ended quickly when Wendolene told Wallace that she had a calcium allergy. The second was Lady Tottington in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, whom Wallace fondly calls "Totty". In A Matter of Loaf and Death, Wallace becomes engaged to Piella Bakewell, but this ended when she turned out to be a murderess who hated bakers, and was eaten by crocodiles upon trying to escape justice. In Musical Marvels, after the montage of his three love interests, he refers to them as "the ones that got away".
Gromit is a beagle who is Wallace's pet dog and best friend. Gromit is very intelligent, having graduated from "Dogwarts University" ("Dogwarts" being a pun on "Hogwarts," the wizard school from the Harry Potter books) with a double first in Engineering for Dogs. He likes knitting, playing chess, reading the newspaper, tea and cooking. His prized possessions include his alarm clock, dog bone, brush, and a framed photo of himself with Wallace. He is very handy with electronic equipment and an excellent aeroplane pilot. He often threatens the plans of the villains he and Wallace encounter in their adventures.
Gromit has no visible mouth and express himself through facial expressions and body language. Peter Hawkins originally intended to voice Gromit, but Park dropped the idea when he realised how Gromit's expressions could easily be made through small movements.
Many critics believe that Gromit's silence makes him the perfect straight man, with a pantomime expressiveness that drew favourable comparisons to Buster Keaton. He does at times make dog-like noises, such as yelps and growling. Nick Park says: "We are a nation of dog-lovers and so many people have said: 'My dog looks at me just like Gromit does!'"
Generally speaking Gromit's tastes are more in vogue than those of Wallace; this being one of the many ways they contrast against each other as characters. Gromit seems to have a significant interest in encyclopaedic, classical and philosophical literature, and popular culture, including film and music. Electronics for Dogs has been a firm favourite since A Grand Day Out, and in The Wrong Trousers Gromit's bookshelves feature titles such as Kites, Sticks, Sheep, Penguins, Rockets, Bones, and Stars, while he is seen reading The Republic, by Pluto (a nod to the Disney character of the same name and a pun on Plato) and Crime and Punishment, by Fido Dogstoyevsky (a pun on Fyodor Dostoyevsky). Gromit's various possessions make extensive use of puns: A Matter of Loaf and Death features "Pup Fiction" (Pulp Fiction), "The Dogfather" (The Godfather), "Where Beagles Dare" (Where Eagles Dare), "Bite Club" (Fight Club) and "The Bone Identity" (The Bourne Identity) all as book titles, and "Citizen Canine" (Citizen Kane) as a film poster. His taste in music has been shown to cover Bach, "Poochini" (a play on Puccini), "McFlea" (McFly), "The Beagles" (The Beatles) and "Red Hot Chili Puppies" (Red Hot Chili Peppers).
Sometimes, Gromit ignores Wallace's orders, such as in A Close Shave and Shopper 13, wherein Wallace orders him to get rid of Shaun, but Gromit does not.
Gromit gains his own love interest in A Matter of Loaf and Death, when he becomes attached to Fluffles, a poodle. Fluffles reciprocates his affection and joins Wallace and Gromit delivering bread at the end of the film, and the three drive off into the sunset, making a delivery and listening to "Puppy Love" (performed, according to the record cover, by "Doggy Osmond").
In 2010, Empire magazine placed Gromit first in their list of "The 50 best animated movie characters". Empire wrote that: "Gromit doesn't ever say a word, but there has never been a more expressive character (animated or otherwise) to grace our screens."
Although not overtly setting the series in any particular town, Nick Park had previously hinted that its milieu was inspired by thoughts of 1950s Wigan, reinforced by an A–Z Wigan being displayed on Wallace's Anti-Pesto van in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit. In The Wrong Trousers, Gromit picks up a letter at the Wallace and Gromit residence addressed to "62 West Wallaby Street, Wigan". The address includes a postcode of WG7 7FU, though this does not match any street in Wigan, whose postcodes begin with the letters WN. This address can be seen in the Cracking Contraptions episode "Shopper 13".
Wallace's accent (voiced by Peter Sallis) comes from the Holme Valley of West Yorkshire. Near the beginning of A Matter of Loaf and Death, Wigan is referenced on the newspaper Wallace is reading, and near the end, while looking for somewhere appropriate to dispose of a bomb, Gromit sees the Yorkshire border from their home (a joke referencing the rivalry between Lancashire and Yorkshire).
In the Cracking Contraptions episode "The Soccamatic", Wallace says to Gromit, "How do you like my Preston North End soccamatic, Gromit?". Whether this is the team they support, or where they live, is unknown. The episode references famous English footballers of the 1950s and 60s, including Nobby Stiles (who played for Preston later in his career), Geoff Hurst, and Stanley Matthews.
The nostalgic quality of Wallace and Gromit's world has been compared to 1950s Beanotown. However, the first film A Grand Day Out seems to have been set sometime after 1971 (the year Britain revalued the pound to a hundred pence), as Wallace is seen putting a 10p coin into the Cooker's slot, and the amount (10p) is shown on the cooker's meter.
Stop motion techniqueEdit
The Wallace and Gromit films are shot using the stop motion animation technique. After detailed storyboarding, set and plasticine model construction, the films are shot one frame at a time, moving the models of the characters slightly to give the impression of movement in the final film. In common with other animation techniques, the stop motion animation in Wallace and Gromit may duplicate frames if there is little motion, and in action scenes sometimes multiple exposures per frame are used to produce a faux motion blur. Because a second of film constitutes 24 separate frames, even a short half-hour film like A Close Shave takes a great deal of time to animate. General quotes on the speed of animation of a Wallace and Gromit film put the filming rate at typically around 30 frames per day – i.e. just over one second of film is photographed for each day of production.[dubious ]. The feature-length The Curse of the Were-Rabbit took 15 months to make.
Some effects, particularly the fire, smoke, and floating bunnies in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, proved impossible to create in stop motion and were rendered by computer animation specialists, MPC film.
The music featured in every film was written by Julian Nott, a British film composer.
The theme song was used to wake up astronauts aboard space shuttle mission STS-132 in May 2010. It has been suggested on BBC Radio 4's PM that the theme should become the England football supporters' song, instead of the main title theme of The Great Escape.
|A Grand Day Out||4 November 1989||24 minutes|
|The Wrong Trousers||26 December 1993||30 minutes|
|A Close Shave||24 December 1995||31 minutes|
|A Matter of Loaf and Death||25 December 2008||29 minutes|
|Timmy Time – Timmy's Christmas Surprise||12 December 2011||22 minutes|
|Timmy Time – Timmy's Seaside Rescue||13 July 2012||22 minutes|
|Shaun the Sheep – The Farmer's Llamas||26 December 2015||30 minutes|
|Jubilee Bunt-a-thon||2 June 2012||1 minute|
|Musical Marvels||29 July 2012 (Radio)
27 August 2012 (TV)
9 February 2013 (tour)
|The Curse of the Were-Rabbit||7 October 2005 (US)
14 October 2005 (UK)
|Shaun the Sheep Movie||24 January 2015 (Sundance Film Festival)
6 February 2015 (UK)
5 August 2015 (US)
|Farmageddon: A Shaun the Sheep Movie||5 April 2019 (UK)
|First aired||Last aired|
|Wallace and Gromit's Cracking Contraptions||15 October 2002||1||10|
|Shaun the Sheep||5 March 2007||18 November 2016||5||150|
|Timmy Time||6 April 2009||13 July 2012||3||78|
|Wallace and Gromit's World of Invention||3 November 2010||8 December 2010||1||6|
|Shaun the Sheep 3D||7 March 2012||13 June 2012||1||15|
|Shaun The Sheep Championsheeps||2 July 2012||13 July 2012||1||21|
Box office performanceEdit
|UK Opening Weekend||UK Total||Overseas Total||Total Overall|
|The Best of Aardman Animation†||$2 million||$1 million||$1 million|
|The Curse of the Were-Rabbit||$30 million||$16.6 million||$56.8 million||$135.8 million||$192.6 million|
|Main series total||$32 million||$16.6 million||$56.8 million||$136.8 million||$193.6 million|
|Shaun the Sheep Movie||$25 million||$3.2 million||$22 million||$84.3 million||$106.2 million|
|Total||$57 million||$19.8 million||$78.8 million||$220.9 million||$299.9 million|
† US-only, limited release
Critical and public receptionEdit
|A Grand Day Out||100% (19 reviews)||N/A||N/A|
|The Wrong Trousers||100% (25 reviews)||N/A||N/A|
|A Close Shave||100% (19 reviews)||N/A||N/A|
|Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit||95% (179 reviews)||87(35 reviews)||B+|
|Shaun the Sheep Movie||99% (161 reviews)||81 (30 reviews)||B+|
|A Grand Day Out||The Wrong Trousers||A Close Shave||The Curse of the Were-Rabbit||A Matter of Loaf and Death||Shaun the Sheep Movie|
A Wallace and Gromit interactive CD-ROM game from 1996, named Wallace & Gromit Fun Pack, was released for the PC, containing the Crackin' Compendium with three mini games based on the three original animated shorts as well as brief video clips. The other program in the Fun Pack the Customise-O-Matic contained wallpapers, screen savers, and sounds that could be assigned as system sounds. A sequel Fun Pack 2 was released in 2000 featuring enhanced graphics and two new games as well as a remake of the Great Train Game.
The characters were associated with a 144-issue fortnightly digest called Techno Quest, published by Eaglemoss Publications starting in 1997. It was designed to get children interested in science and technology.
In 1997 an animated screensaver themed video game entitled Wallace & Gromit Cracking Animator was released. Screensaver games were made by Dibase. Players could create their own multimedia animations through the collation of things like sound effects, sets, characters, and props. Players could manipulate the facial movements of characters in order to synchronise their expressions with dialogue. Players could choose to make their finished creation their screensaver, or choose one of the pre-made screensaver games. The manual can be found at the British Library. The Mail on Sunday deemed the program "disappointing". Meanwhile, The Boston Herald offered a rating of 2.5 stars, noting that creativity is limited.
In September 2003, Wallace & Gromit in Project Zoo was released for the PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube, and Microsoft Windows. This separate story sees the duo take on Feathers McGraw (of The Wrong Trousers) again. Still obsessed with diamonds, he escapes from the penguin enclosure of West Wallaby Zoo, where he was "imprisoned" at the end of The Wrong Trousers, and takes over the entire zoo, kidnapping young animals and forcing their parents to work for him, helping him turn the zoo into a diamond mine. Wallace and Gromit, meanwhile, have adopted one of the zoo's baby polar bears, named Archie. As they go to visit the zoo to celebrate his birthday, they find it closed. A quick spot of inventing back at the house, and they prepare to embark on their latest adventure. Hiding inside a giant wooden penguin, a parody of the famous Trojan Horse, they infiltrate the zoo, and set about rescuing the animals and undoing Feathers' work.
In 2005, a video game of The Curse of The Were-Rabbit was released for PlayStation 2 and Xbox, following the plot of the film as Wallace and Gromit work as vermin-catchers, protecting customers' vegetable gardens from rabbits, using a "BunGun".
Gameplay for the Project Zoo involve players exclusively controlling Gromit, as Wallace functions as a helper non-player character, but in The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, gameplay shifts between the two, and includes two-player cooperative play.
Both games were developed by Frontier Developments with the assistance of Aardman, with Peter Sallis reprising his role as Wallace. Project Zoo was published by BAM! Entertainment, while The Curse of the Were-Rabbit was published by Konami.
In July 2008, developer Telltale Games announced a new series of episodic video games based on the characters, called Wallace & Gromit's Grand Adventures. The first episode in Grand Adventures, "Fright of the Bumblebees", was released on 23 March 2009. The second episode, "The Last Resort", was released on 5 May 2009. Two more episodes, "Muzzled!" and "The Bogey Man" were released in later 2009. The four episodes have separately been released on Xbox Live Arcade for the Xbox 360.
In the 2006 film, Flushed Away produced by DreamWorks Animation and Aardman before their partnership split apart; Gromit was seen as a giant-plush toy in the beginning of the film. There is also a DVD for the movie Wallace and Gromit - The Curse of the Were Rabbit in the movie.
British publisher Titan Magazines started producing a monthly Wallace and Gromit comic after the debut of Curse of the Were-Rabbit. The characters still run Anti-Pesto, and both Shaun and Feathers McGraw have appeared in the comic.
A comic based on the spin-off series, Shaun the Sheep, is being published, also by Titan Magazines. The first issue was released on 29 March 2007.
The two characters appeared in the monthly BeanoMAX comic until its closure in June 2013, and now appear every four weeks in The Beano. They are heavily featured in 'Aardmag', the free online magazine that is unofficial but supported by Aardman Animations. Nick Park guest-edited the 70th birthday issue of The Beano weekly, and so this issue contained numerous Wallace and Gromit references.
On 17 May 2010, they began appearing daily in The Sun. It is credited to Titan and Aardman, with scripts written by Richy Chandler, Robert Etherington, Mike Garley, Ned Hartley, Rik Hoskin, David Leach, Luke Paton, J.P. Rutter, Rona Simpson and Gordon Volke, art by Sylvia Bennion, Jay Clarke, Jimmy Hansen, Viv Heath, Mychailo Kazybrid and Brian Williamson. It replaced George and Lynne. A graphic novel compiling all 311 daily strips was released on 8 October 2013, and a second volume is set to follow in October 2014. The newspaper strip ended on 27 October 2013.
In November 1997 the characters appeared in a play called Wallace And Gromit™ Alive on Stage in a Grand Night Out.
Cast and charactersEdit
|Characters||Short films||Compilation||Video games||Theatrical film||Spin-off television series||Television series||Musical||Spin-off theatrical film||Spin-off television film|
|A Grand Day Out||The Wrong Trousers||A Close Shave||A Matter of Loaf and Death||Wallace and Gromit's Cracking Contraptions||Wallace and Gromit in Project Zoo||Wallace and Gromit's Grand Adventures||Wallace & Gromit:
The Curse of the Were-Rabbit
|Shaun the Sheep||Timmy Time||Wallace and Gromit's World of Invention||Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels||Shaun the Sheep Movie||Shaun the Sheep:
The Farmer's Llamas
|Wallace||Peter Sallis||Ben Whitehead||Peter Sallis||Peter Sallis||Ben Whitehead|
|Feathers McGraw||Silent||Photograph||Silent||Archive footage|
|Shaun the Sheep||Justin Fletcher (uncredited)||Silent||Justin Fletcher||Justin Fletcher|
|Wendolene Ramsbottom||Anne Reid|
|Piella Bakewell||Sally Lindsay
Sarah Laborde (singing voice)
|Lady Campanula Tottington||Helena Bonham Carter|
|Lord Victor Quartermaine||Ralph Fiennes|
|Police Constable Mackintosh||Peter Kay|
|Reverend Clement Hedges||Nicholas Smith|
|Mr. Mulch||Dicken Ashworth|
|Mrs. Mulch||Liz Smith|
|Mr. Growbag||Edward Kelsey|
|Mr. Leaching||Ben Whitehead|
|Miss Thripp||Geraldine McEwan (uncredited)||Geraldine McEwan|
|The Were-Rabbit||Archive footage|
(series 2 onwards)
|Justin Fletcher||Justin Fletcher|
|Timmy's Mother||Kate Harbour||Kate Harbour|
|Bitzer||John Sparkes||John Sparkes|
|Shirley||Richard Webber||Richard Webber|
|Anthony Trumper||Omid Djalili|
|The Celebrity||Jack Paulsen|
- Note: A grey cell indicates character did not appear in that medium.
|The Curse of the Were-Rabbit||Nick Park
|Julian Nott||David McCormick
|Shaun the Sheep Movie||Richard Starzak
|Ilan Eshkeri||Sim Evan-Jones|
|Farmageddon: A Shaun the Sheep Movie||Richard Starzak||Richard Starzak||Production|
Wallace and Gromit appeared in the Christmas television idents for BBC One in 2008, having previously appeared in the BBC Two Christmas idents in 1995.
In 2003, Aardman produced a cinematic commercial for the Renault Kangoo starring Wallace and Gromit. The ad played in front of several summer blockbusters in top British cinemas. The commercial, entitled "The Kangoo-matic", was Wallace and Gromit's first advertisement. Later Wallace and Gromit commercials were made for Jacob's Cream Crackers, energy supplier Npower and beverage PG Tips. The characters also appeared in a commercial for Children in Need in 2009, as well as in the Christmas advert for Marks and Spencer.
The duo were used to promote a Harvey Nichols store that opened in Bristol (where Aardman is based) in 2008. The pictures show them, and Lady Tottington from The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, wearing designer clothes and items. They were used to prevent a Wensleydale cheese factory from shutting down because of financial difficulties after a member of staff came up with the idea of using Wallace and Gromit as mascots, as Wensleydale is one of Wallace's favourite cheeses.
On 28 March 2009, The Science Museum in London opened an exhibition called "Wallace & Gromit present a World of Cracking Ideas." The family-oriented show, open until 1 November 2009, hoped to inspire children to be inventive. Wallace and Gromit were featured in many exhibition-exclusive videos, as well as one announcing the opening of the exhibition.
In December 2010, appearing on Desert Island Discs, Nick Park announced that he was working with Pleasure Beach Blackpool to build a theme park ride based on the characters. The Wallace & Gromit: The Thrill-O-Matic dark ride opened at Pleasure Beach Blackpool in 2013.
In 2012, Wallace and Gromit featured on an advert saying "Inventing For Britain" which was part of a poster campaign to promote British trade and business aboard in the year they hosted the Olympics. In 2013, sculptures of Gromit went on display in Bristol, many decorated by famous artists; they were auctioned off in October 2013 in aid of the Wallace and Gromit Foundation charity and raised over £2 million.
In August 2012, they presented an edition of The BBC Proms, Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels, as Prom 20 of the 2012 season. Because of its popularity, Wallace & Gromit's Musical Marvels became a full touring show in 2013. It premièred at The Plenary in Melbourne, Australia on 9 February 2013. It was performed at other venues throughout 2013, with A Matter of Loaf and Death screened at each performance.
In 2013 and 2014 the pair appeared in a nationwide TV, press and cinema campaign promoting the British government's "Holidays at Home are Great" directive, called Wallace & Gromit's Great UK Adventure. The TV ad follows the mischief that ensues when Wallace attempts to fire the pair abroad from one of his inventions, while Gromit tries in vain to show him how much there is to see and do in the UK. Produced in partnership between Aardman Animations and VisitEngland, the campaign featured a series of animated postcards documenting their trip.
Wallace and Gromit spearhead the fundraising for two children's charities, Wallace & Gromit's Children's Foundation, which supports children's hospices and hospitals in the United Kingdom, and Wallace and Gromit's Grand Appeal, the Bristol Children's Hospital Charity. In July 2013, 80 giant fibreglass decorated sculptures of Gromit were distributed around Bristol as part of a Nick Park-inspired project to raise funds for the charity. The project is named Gromit Unleashed and sculptures were decorated by a range of artists and celebrities, including Joanna Lumley, Sir Peter Blake, Trevor Baylis and Jools Holland. In 2015 a similar event took place featuring Shaun the Sheep sculptures.
Shaun the Sheep (2007–present)Edit
In 2007, a spin-off series Shaun the Sheep was created for the character of Shaun, first introduced in 1995's A Close Shave. In the series, Shaun lives with his flock at Mossy Bottom Farm, a traditional small northern English farm. In each episode, their latest attempt to add excitement to their dull mundane life as livestock somehow snowballs into a fantastic sitcom-style escapade, most often with the help of their fascination with human doings and devices. This usually brings them into conflict—and often into partnership—with the farm sheepdog Bitzer, while they all are simultaneously trying to avoid discovery by the Farmer. Following the success of the series, two series of 1-minute shorts were created – Mossy Bottom Shorts and Championsheeps – followed by the short film The Farmer's Llamas, and a feature film with a second in production to be released in 2019.
Timmy Time (2009–2012)Edit
In 2009, another spin-off series, Timmy Time, was created centering on the character from the Shaun series. In the series, Timmy and his friends have to learn to share, make friends and accept their mistakes. They are supervised by two teachers, Harriet the Heron and Osbourne the Owl. The show is aimed at pre-school aged children which the company described as "a natural step for Aardman". two short films were created Timmy's Christmas Surprise and Timmy's Seaside Rescue.
- Wallace and Gromit's cracking careers. By Ian Youngs. BBC News. Published 10 October 2005.
- Wallace and Gromit nominations. icons.org.uk. Retrieved 7 June 2009.
- "The Longer View: British animation". BBC. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Robinson, James (26 December 2008). "Wallace and Gromit lead BBC to Christmas ratings victory". London: Guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 January 2009. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- "Film Winners in 2009". BAFTA. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2009.
- "Wallace and Gromit may end due to Peter Sallis's health". Digital Spy. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- "Aardman's Peter Lord "Absolutely Assumes" There Will Be More 'Wallace & Gromit'".
- "Actor Peter Sallis dies aged 96". The Guardian. June 5, 2017. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Not even Wensleydale?". wallaceandgromit.net. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Talking Point | Forum | Ask Wallace and Gromit creator: Nick Park". BBC News. 15 October 2002. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Telltale tidbits". The International House of Mojo. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Wendolene Ramsbottom (Character)". IMDb. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- A Close Shave. "Characters". Wallace and Gromit. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Wallace & Gromit – Characters – Gromit". Wallaceandgromit.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- Wallace & Gromit: Annual 2007
- Andy Lane (2004). The World of Wallace and Gromit. BoxTree. p. 43. ISBN 9780752215587.
- Nigel Farndale (18 December 2008). "Wallace and Gromit: one man and his dog". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- Felperin, Leslie (September 16, 2005). "Review: 'Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit'". Variety. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "Gromit Speaks". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- David Perlman (4 October 2005). "NASA's new robots show their stuff: Gromit, K-9 have the smarts to travel on the moon, Mars". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Gromit steps into HMV logo role". BBC News. 1 April 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
- "The 50 Best Animated Movie Characters | 50. Mickey Mouse | Empire". www.empireonline.com. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "20 Things You Might Not Know About Gromit".
- "A cracking town, Gromit". Wigan Today. 16 November 2005. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 31 October 2007.
- "Royal Mail's online Address finder:". Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 5 March 2008.
- "Accent of Yorkshire". The Yorkshire Post. November 14, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- Farndale, Nigel (18 December 2008). "Wallace and Gromit: one man and his dog". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "DIY Wallace and Gromit: How to make free stop motion animated movies". Andybrain.com. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- Anon. "Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Ware-rabbit". MPC official website. MPC. Archived from the original on 25 July 2015. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- "At-Bristol Animate It". Archived from the original on 2009-10-21.
- "STS-132 wakeup calls". NASA.
- "Wallace and Gromit Theme Song". themoviethemesong.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
- "The Wrong Trousers". Aardman Animations Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "A Close Shave". Aardman Animations Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Shaun the Sheep Gets First Half-Hour Special". Animation Magazine. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Farmer's Llamas Airs on Boxing Day on BBC One in the UK!". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Aardman Animations plan new Shaun the Sheep film". BBC News. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- Digital Cinema Media. "Film Changes W/C 26/05". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Shaun the Sheep the Movie - British Board of Film Classification". bbfc.co.uk. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- John Hopewell. "'Legend,Shaun,' Smash Benchmarks; Studiocanal, UMG Explore Synergies - Variety". Variety. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "AFM: Lionsgate Takes U.S. on Studiocanal's 'Hard Powder,' 'Shaun the Sheep 2,' 'The Mercy' (EXCLUSIVE)".
- "Aardman Animations - A Close Shave". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace and Gromit (1996) - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005) - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "United Kingdom Box Office". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace and Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005) - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Shaun the Sheep Movie (2015) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Shaun the Sheep Movie (2015) - International Box Office Results - Box Office Mojo". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
- "A Grand Day Out". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The Wrong Trousers". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "A Close Shave". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit (2005): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Shaun the Sheep". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Shaun the Sheep Movie (2015): Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 63rd Academy Awards (1991) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 25, 1991. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 21, 1994. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 68th Academy Awards (1996) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 25, 1996. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 78th Academy Awards (2006) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. March 5, 2006. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 81st Academy Awards (2009) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 22, 2009. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "The 88th Academy Awards (2016) Nominees and Winners". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. February 28, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Wallace & Gromit – Forum – Latest News – Wallace and Gromit to star in their own episodic video game!". Wallaceandgromit.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "The forgotten science relic: Techno Quest". 25 July 2011.
- "Clients - Dibase". www.dibase.co.uk.
- "Adventure Legends". www.LegendsWorld.net. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Wallace & Gromit: the complete cracking contraptions manual". explore.bl.uk. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
- "Give Them a Feast of Facts and Fun; Financial Mail". 1997-12-13.
- "Cracking good CD for Wallace & Gromit fans". 25 October 1998.
- "Wallace and Gromit – Project Zoo (PS2): Amazon.co.uk: PC & Video Games". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit PlayStation 2". IGN. Retrieved 26 December 2010.
- "Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit for PS2 – Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit Playstation 2 – Wallace & Gromit: Curse of the Were-Rabbit PS2 Game". Uk.gamespot.com. Archived from the original on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- ABC News. "'Wallace & Gromit' to become episodic video game". ABC News. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "Party time! Wallace & Gromit's Grand Adventures has launched!" Archived 30 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Wallace & Gromit in The Last Resort - play it now!" Archived 10 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Wallace And Gromit Issue 26 @ Titan Magazines". Titanmagazines.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 August 2007. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "Issue 79 - The Beano". 28 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013.
- 62 West Wallaby Street fansite. By Seb Hamilton.
- "Wallace & Gromit – Forum – Latest News – Wallace & Gromit Celebrate 70 Years of the Beano!". Wallaceandgromit.com. Archived from the original on 8 July 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2009.
- "The Sun signs up Wallace & Gromit". Retrieved 25 May 2010.
- Wallace & Gromit: The Complete Newspaper Strips Collection @ Titan Comics. Titan-comics.com (8 October 2013). Retrieved on 2014-01-01.
- "Review of Wallace And Gromit (TM) Alive on Stage in a Grand Night Out". Retrieved 21 December 2015.
- "Wallace given designer trousers". BBC News. 26 August 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008.
- Reardanz, Karen (15 November 2005). "Wallace and Gromit Boost Cheese Sales". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- Samoys – 3 October 2009. "Wallace & Gromit Present: A World of Cracking Ideas at Science Museum – Museums & Attractions – Time Out London". Timeout.com. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "Wallace & Gromit show hopes to inspire young inventors". YouTube. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Ross, Alex (21 December 2010). "Cracking boost for Blackpool Gromit!". Blackpool Gazette.
- "Wallace and Gromit in Queen's Diamond Jubilee film". The Daily Telegraph. London. 4 May 2012.
- "2013 Mojo Tidbits". The International House of Mojo. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2012.
- Home | UK Holidays | Holidays at Home are Great. Your Great Adventure. Retrieved on 1 January 2014.
- "Aardman – Charity". Aardman.com. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- "Help Sick Children in the UK | Wallace & Gromit's Children's Foundation charity". Wallaceandgromitfoundation.org. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 10 December 2003. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Wallace & Gromit's Grand Appeal. "Bristol Charity". The Grand Appeal. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
- Staff (1 July 2013). "Second giant Gromit sculpture vandalised in Bristol". BBC Bristol News. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Timmy Time BBC Series". Screenhead.com. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- "Timmy Time". BBC - CBeebies. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- Loveday, Samantha. "Timmy Tales". Licensing.biz. Archived from the original on April 9, 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2009.