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2008 United States presidential election in Mississippi

The 2008 United States presidential election in Mississippi took place on November 4, 2008, and was part of the 2008 United States presidential election. Voters chose 6 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

United States presidential election in Mississippi, 2008

← 2004 November 4, 2008 2012 →
  John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg Obama portrait crop.jpg
Nominee John McCain Barack Obama
Party Republican Democratic
Home state Arizona Illinois
Running mate Sarah Palin Joe Biden
Electoral vote 6 0
Popular vote 724,597 554,662
Percentage 56.17% 43.00%

Mississippi presidential election results 2008.svg
County Results

President before election

George W. Bush
Republican

Elected President

Barack Obama
Democratic

Mississippi was won by Republican nominee John McCain with a 13.2% margin of victory. Prior to the election, all 17 news organizations considered this a state McCain would win, or otherwise considered as a safe red state. Although the state has the largest African American percentage in the country, Mississippi remains a safe red state at the presidential level, having voted Republican every election year since 1980. While there was comparably high African American turnout compared to previous elections in Mississippi, it was not enough to overcome the state's strong Republican leanings.

Contents

PrimariesEdit

CampaignEdit

PredictionsEdit

There were 16 news organizations who made state-by-state predictions of the election. Here are their last predictions before election day:

PollingEdit

McCain won every single pre-election poll, each with at least 50% of the vote with the exception of the one of them. The final 3 polls average gave the Republican a lead of 51% to 39%.[14]

FundraisingEdit

John McCain raised a total of $1,386,749 in the state. Barack Obama raised $768,981.[15]

Advertising and visitsEdit

Obama spent $238,401. McCain and his interest groups spent $139,999.[16] The McCain ticket visited three times. Obama's ticket visited the state once.[17]

AnalysisEdit

Mississippi is one of the most racially polarized states in presidential elections. African Americans uniformly vote Democratic while Caucasians vote Republican nearly as uniformly. In 2004, 14% of Caucasians voted for John Kerry and 10% of African Americans voted for Bush, according to exit polling.[18]

White Democrats began splitting their tickets in national elections as early as the 1940s when the national party became more friendly to the Civil Rights Movement, culminating when Barry Goldwater carried the state with a staggering 87 percent of the vote in 1964. The Republican trend accelerated in the late 1970s with the rise of the religious right. The last Democratic presidential nominee to win Mississippi was Jimmy Carter in 1976, even then, he only won it by 1.9 points. Due to its status as a safe red state, little campaigning took place in Mississippi by either of the two major party candidates. Indeed, the state was last seriously contested in 1980.

In 2008, Barack Obama was able to improve on Kerry's performance by six percent, mainly due to the higher African American turnout. Obama's main support was in the Black Belt, the western delta counties next to the Mississippi River. In contrast, McCain's margins came from the regions bordering the Gulf Coast, the northeast Appalachian area and the Jackson and Memphis suburbs. Voting became even more polarized: nine in ten whites voted Republican, and nearly all blacks voted Democratic in Mississippi, according to exit polls.[18] As expected, McCain carried the Magnolia State by a comfortable 13.18-point margin over Obama. McCain's margin of victory, however, was less than that of George W. Bush's 19.69-point margin of victory over John Kerry in 2004.

Mississippi was also the only state to list the official candidates of the Reform Party on their ballot.[19]

At the same time, incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Thad Cochran was reelected with 61.44% of the vote over Democrat Erik Fleming who received 38.56%. Appointed U.S. Senator Roger Wicker stood for election as well in 2008 against former Democratic Governor Ronnie Musgrove. The race was expected to be much closer, but the Republicans ran ads accusing Musgrove of supporting gay rights, not a popular position in this strongly socially conservative state. Wicker defeated Musgrove by almost 10 points, 54.96%-45.04%.

ResultsEdit

United States presidential election in Mississippi, 2008[20]
Party Candidate Running mate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Republican John McCain Sarah Palin 724,597 56.17% 6
Democratic Barack Obama Joe Biden 554,662 43.00% 0
Independent Ralph Nader Matt Gonzalez 4,011 0.31% 0
Constitution Chuck Baldwin Darrell Castle 2,551 0.20% 0
Libertarian Bob Barr Wayne Allyn Root 2,529 0.20% 0
Green Cynthia McKinney Rosa Clemente 1,034 0.08% 0
Reform Ted Weill Frank McEnulty 481 0.04% 0
Write-ins Write-ins 74 0.01% 0
Totals 1,289,939 100.00% 6
Voter turnout (Voting age population) 61.2%

Results breakdownEdit

By countyEdit

County Obama% Obama# McCain% McCain# Others% Others# Total
Adams County 58.52% 7,630 40.65% 5,300 0.84% 109 13,039
Alcorn County 27.01% 3,701 71.18% 9,752 1.80% 247 13,700
Amite County 43.74% 3,320 55.51% 4,214 0.75% 57 7,591
Attala County 41.50% 3,739 57.82% 5,209 0.68% 61 9,009
Benton County 47.98% 2,224 50.25% 2,329 1.77% 82 4,635
Bolivar County 67.10% 9,471 31.79% 4,487 1.11% 156 14,114
Calhoun County 35.28% 2,242 64.01% 4,068 0.71% 45 6,355
Carroll County 34.13% 2,027 65.43% 3,886 0.44% 26 5,939
Chickasaw County 50.27% 4,053 48.80% 3,934 0.93% 75 8,062
Choctaw County 35.34% 1,459 63.57% 2,624 1.09% 45 4,128
Claiborne County 84.46% 3,561 14.99% 632 0.55% 23 4,216
Clarke County 36.59% 2,727 62.78% 4,679 0.63% 47 7,453
Clay County 58.91% 6,424 40.46% 4,412 0.62% 68 10,904
Coahoma County 73.10% 6,947 26.33% 2,502 0.57% 54 9,503
Copiah County 53.00% 7,640 46.36% 6,683 0.63% 91 14,414
Covington County 40.64% 3,826 58.45% 5,503 0.91% 86 9,415
DeSoto County 30.46% 19,265 68.79% 43,510 0.75% 474 63,249
Forrest County 42.75% 11,622 56.27% 15,296 0.98% 266 27,184
Franklin County 36.94% 1,722 62.13% 2,896 0.92% 43 4,661
George County 16.35% 1,398 82.45% 7,050 1.20% 103 8,551
Greene County 23.56% 1,362 75.37% 4,358 1.07% 62 5,782
Grenada County 44.33% 4,995 55.16% 6,215 0.51% 58 11,268
Hancock County 21.19% 3,195 77.03% 11,614 1.78% 268 15,077
Harrison County 36.57% 22,175 62.56% 37,927 0.87% 527 60,629
Hinds County 69.82% 68,794 29.62% 29,187 0.56% 552 98,533
Holmes County 81.58% 6,945 17.67% 1,504 0.75% 64 8,513
Humphreys County 71.41% 3,180 27.91% 1,243 0.67% 30 4,453
Issaquena County 61.38% 523 37.79% 322 0.82% 7 852
Itawamba County 20.66% 1,938 77.17% 7,240 2.17% 204 9,382
Jackson County 31.69% 15,534 67.24% 32,959 1.06% 522 49,015
Jasper County 54.68% 4,476 44.71% 3,660 0.61% 50 8,186
Jefferson County 86.96% 3,295 11.88% 450 1.16% 44 3,789
Jefferson Davis County 60.55% 3,924 38.76% 2,512 0.69% 45 6,481
Jones County 29.87% 8,089 69.14% 18,726 1.00% 270 27,085
Kemper County 62.49% 2,876 36.81% 1,694 0.70% 32 4,602
Lafayette County 43.32% 7,997 55.68% 10,278 1.00% 185 18,460
Lamar County 21.42% 4,694 77.42% 16,969 1.16% 254 21,917
Lauderdale County 40.00% 13,048 59.38% 19,368 0.61% 200 32,616
Lawrence County 36.50% 2,513 62.73% 4,318 0.77% 53 6,884
Leake County 43.90% 3,575 55.37% 4,509 0.74% 60 8,144
Lee County 34.20% 11,769 65.09% 22,403 0.71% 245 34,417
Leflore County 68.14% 8,914 31.38% 4,105 0.47% 62 13,081
Lincoln County 33.56% 5,505 65.73% 10,781 0.71% 116 16,402
Lowndes County 48.01% 13,110 51.03% 13,934 0.96% 262 27,306
Madison County 41.89% 18,034 57.56% 24,781 0.55% 235 43,050
Marion County 33.64% 3,764 65.68% 7,350 0.68% 76 11,190
Marshall County 58.61% 9,573 40.72% 6,650 0.67% 110 16,333
Monroe County 40.91% 7,137 58.27% 10,165 0.82% 143 17,445
Montgomery County 45.67% 2,244 53.68% 2,638 0.65% 32 4,914
Neshoba County 26.19% 2,584 73.01% 7,205 0.80% 79 9,868
Newton County 32.38% 3,063 67.00% 6,338 0.61% 58 9,459
Noxubee County 76.33% 4,970 23.15% 1,507 0.52% 34 6,511
Oktibbeha County 49.63% 9,326 49.60% 9,320 0.78% 146 18,792
Panola County 52.34% 8,370 47.00% 7,515 0.66% 106 15,991
Pearl River County 18.52% 3,727 80.28% 16,156 1.20% 242 20,125
Perry County 27.04% 1,521 71.82% 4,040 1.14% 64 5,625
Pike County 51.25% 7,958 47.92% 7,441 0.82% 128 15,527
Pontotoc County 23.12% 2,951 75.64% 9,656 1.25% 159 12,766
Prentiss County 27.60% 3,020 70.39% 7,703 2.02% 221 10,944
Quitman County 67.20% 2,797 32.05% 1,334 0.74% 31 4,162
Rankin County 22.79% 14,235 76.27% 47,645 0.95% 591 62,471
Scott County 42.90% 4,709 56.53% 6,205 0.56% 62 10,976
Sharkey County 68.31% 1,722 31.10% 784 0.60% 15 2,521
Simpson County 39.21% 4,393 59.44% 6,660 1.36% 152 11,205
Smith County 23.94% 1,821 75.12% 5,715 0.95% 72 7,608
Stone County 26.83% 1,746 71.62% 4,661 1.55% 101 6,508
Sunflower County 70.40% 7,158 28.52% 2,900 1.08% 110 10,168
Tallahatchie County 59.45% 3,646 39.70% 2,435 0.85% 52 6,133
Tate County 39.02% 4,951 60.21% 7,639 0.76% 97 12,687
Tippah County 26.50% 2,514 71.76% 6,809 1.74% 165 9,488
Tishomingo County 23.26% 1,941 74.24% 6,195 2.49% 208 8,344
Tunica County 76.42% 2,917 22.64% 864 0.94% 36 3,817
Union County 24.42% 2,727 74.34% 8,302 1.24% 138 11,167
Walthall County 44.22% 3,421 54.86% 4,244 0.92% 71 7,736
Warren County 48.53% 9,502 50.84% 9,953 0.63% 123 19,578
Washington County 66.94% 12,884 32.60% 6,274 0.46% 88 19,246
Wayne County 38.69% 3,860 60.69% 6,056 0.62% 62 9,978
Webster County 24.51% 1,321 74.82% 4,032 0.67% 36 5,389
Wilkinson County 68.60% 3,498 30.52% 1,556 0.88% 45 5,099
Winston County 45.38% 4,606 53.92% 5,473 0.70% 71 10,150
Yalobusha County 45.95% 3,104 53.35% 3,604 0.70% 47 6,755
Yazoo County 57.16% 5,725 42.13% 4,219 0.71% 71 10,015

By congressional districtEdit

John McCain carried three of the state’s four congressional districts, including two districts held by Democrats.

District McCain Obama Representative
1st 61.28% 37.74% Roger Wicker (110th Congress)
Travis Childers (111th Congress)
2nd 33.57% 65.86% Bennie G. Thompson
3rd 61.08% 38.17% Chip Pickering (110th Congress)
Gregg Harper (111th Congress)
4th 67.27% 31.76% Gene Taylor

ElectorsEdit

Technically the voters of Mississippi cast their ballots for electors: representatives to the Electoral College. Mississippi is allocated 6 electors because it has 4 congressional districts and 2 senators. All candidates who appear on the ballot or qualify to receive write-in votes must submit a list of 6 electors, who pledge to vote for their candidate and his or her running mate. Whoever wins the majority of votes in the state is awarded all 6 electoral votes. Their chosen electors then vote for president and vice president. Although electors are pledged to their candidate and running mate, they are not obligated to vote for them.[21] An elector who votes for someone other than his or her candidate is known as a faithless elector.

The electors of each state and the District of Columbia met on December 15, 2008, to cast their votes for president and vice president. The Electoral College itself never meets as one body. Instead the electors from each state and the District of Columbia met in their respective capitols.

The following were the members of the Electoral College from the state. All 6 were pledged to John McCain and Sarah Palin:[22]

  1. Jim Barksdale
  2. Barry Bridgforth
  3. Fred Carl
  4. Bobby Chain
  5. Charles Doty
  6. Victor Mavar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ D.C.'s Political Report: The complete source for campaign summaries
  2. ^ Presidential | The Cook Political Report Archived May 5, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Vote 2008 - The Takeaway - Track the Electoral College vote predictions Archived April 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Electoral-vote.com: President, Senate, House Updated Daily
  5. ^ a b c d Based on Takeaway
  6. ^ POLITICO's 2008 Swing State Map - POLITICO.com
  7. ^ RealClearPolitics - Electoral Map
  8. ^ CQ Politics | CQ Presidential Election Maps, 2008 Archived October 29, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "Electoral College Map". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  10. ^ "October – 2008 – CNN Political Ticker - CNN.com Blogs". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  11. ^ "Winning the Electoral College". Fox News. 2010-04-27.
  12. ^ roadto270
  13. ^ Election 2008: Electoral College Update - Rasmussen Reports™
  14. ^ Election 2008 Polls - Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections
  15. ^ "Presidential Campaign Finance". Archived from the original on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-08-19. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  16. ^ "Map: Campaign Ad Spending - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  17. ^ "Map: Campaign Candidate Visits - Election Center 2008 from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 2010-05-26.
  18. ^ a b "CNN Election 2004". CNN. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
  19. ^ http://reformpa.web.aplus.net/news.htm[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2013-01-13.
  21. ^ "Electoral College". California Secretary of State. Archived from the original on October 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ http://www.sos.state.ms.us/elections/2008/PDF/PRESIDENTIAL%20ELECTORS2.pdf

See alsoEdit