Hazlehurst, Mississippi

Hazlehurst is a city in and the county seat of Copiah County, Mississippi, United States,[3] located about 30 miles (48 km) south of the state capital Jackson along Interstate 55. The population was 4,009 at the 2010 census.[4] It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its economy is based on agriculture, particularly tomatoes and cabbage.

Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi is located in the United States
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 31°51′54″N 90°23′29″W / 31.86500°N 90.39139°W / 31.86500; -90.39139Coordinates: 31°51′54″N 90°23′29″W / 31.86500°N 90.39139°W / 31.86500; -90.39139
CountryUnited States
StateMississippi
CountyCopiah
Area
 • Total4.47 sq mi (11.59 km2)
 • Land4.43 sq mi (11.47 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
Elevation
476 ft (145 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,009
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,730
 • Density841.99/sq mi (325.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
39083
Area code(s)601
FIPS code28-31220
GNIS feature ID0671047

HistoryEdit

The first settlement here by European Americans became known as the town of Gallatin; two lawyers and brothers-in-law named Walters and Saunders came from Gallatin, Tennessee, in 1819 and named the village after their hometown. They built their homes on the banks of the Bayou Pierre, in the western part of Copiah County. Other settlers came with them, and in 1829 the state legislature incorporated the town. The first decades of agriculture The incorporation charter was repealed on January 18, 1862.

The construction of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad began on November 3, 1865, stimulating development of Hazlehurst at the railway stop. It was named for Col. George H. Hazlehurst, an engineer for the new railroad.[5] A city in Georgia is also named for him.[5]

As Hazlehurst grew, Gallatin declined into a settlement at a crossroads. In April 1872, the legislature ordered the county board of supervisors to hold an election to decide whether the county seat should be moved from Gallatin to Hazlehurst. After a majority voted for the change, Gallatin's old brick courthouse was torn down and reassembled in Hazlehurst

This city had civil rights activity during the mid-1960s. Because of violence against blacks in this area, Mississippi, the armed Deacons for Defense and Justice established centers here and in nearby Crystal Springs in 1966 and 1967. They provided physical protection for protesters working with the NAACP on a commercial boycott of white merchants to force integration of facilities and employment, and to gain jobs for African Americans following passage of civil rights legislation in 1964.[6]

On January 23, 1969, an F4 tornado devastated the south side of Hazlehurst, killing 11 people in town and damaging or destroying 175 homes.[7]

GeographyEdit

Hazlehurst is located slightly east of the center of Copiah County.[8] U.S. Route 51 passes through the center of the city, leading north 9 miles (14 km) to Crystal Springs and south 20 miles (32 km) to Brookhaven. Interstate 55 runs west of and generally parallel to US 51, with access to Hazlehurst from exits 59 and 61. Mississippi Highway 28 crosses US 51 and I-55 in the northern part of town, leading east 14 miles (23 km) to Georgetown and west 46 miles (74 km) to Fayette.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hazlehurst has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 1.02%, is water.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870662
1880463−30.1%
19001,579
19102,05630.2%
19201,762−14.3%
19302,44738.9%
19403,12427.7%
19503,3978.7%
19603,4000.1%
19704,57734.6%
19804,437−3.1%
19904,221−4.9%
20004,4004.2%
20104,009−8.9%
Est. 20193,730[2]−7.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
 
Downtown Hazlehurst, Mississippi in 2013

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 4,400 people, 1,594 households, and 1,131 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,004.9 people per square mile (387.9/km2). There were 1,752 housing units at an average density of 400.2 per square mile (154.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 29.30% White, 68.59% African American, 0.02% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.59% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.05% of the population.

There were 1,594 households, out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 28.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,008, and the median income for a family was $26,081. Males had a median income of $27,066 versus $19,475 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,839. About 24.0% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.8% of those under age 18 and 26.7% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

The city is served by the Hazlehurst City School District. The Copiah-Jefferson Regional Library main offices are in Hazlehurst, as well as the main office of Copiah County School District.[11]

InfrastructureEdit

Rail transportationEdit

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Hazlehurst. Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 11:55 am daily with service to Brookhaven, McComb, Hammond, and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 4:17 pm daily with service to Jackson, Yazoo City, Greenwood, Memphis, Newbern-Dyersburg, Fulton, Carbondale, Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hazlehurst city, Mississippi". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 153.
  6. ^ Ted Ownby, The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2013, pp. 221-223
  7. ^ Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant tornadoes, 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, Vermont: Environmental Films. p. 1103. ISBN 1-879362-03-1.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Homepage". Copiah-Jefferson Regional Library. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  12. ^ Acheson, Sam Hanna. Joe Bailey, the Last Democrat. New York: Macmillan, 1932
  13. ^ Jim O'Neal; Amy van Singel (5 September 2013). The Voice of the Blues: Classic Interviews from Living Blues Magazine. Taylor & Francis. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-136-70748-3.
  14. ^ 2/Ed 95-96 (1 November 1995). International Who's Who In Medicine 1995-96. Taylor & Francis. p. 94.
  15. ^ Frank Embrick Bass (1961). Who's who in Tennessee: A Reference Edition Recording the Biographies of Contemporary Leaders in Tennessee with Special Emphasis on Their Achievements in Making the Volunteer State One of America's Greatest. Historical Record Association. p. 181.
  16. ^ "Judge Mablean Ephraim". Great Black Speakers. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Bob Evans' Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Ron Franklin To Host 2004 Conerly Telecast". Ole Miss Sports. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Slew Harris". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  20. ^ George Alexander Sewell; Margaret L. Dwight (1984). Mississippi Black History Makers. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 380. ISBN 978-1-61703-428-2.
  21. ^ "Greg Holloway Sr.'s Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  22. ^ Patti Carr Black; Mississippi Museum of Art (2007). The Mississippi Story. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-887422-14-7.
  23. ^ "Pastors Serving Antioch Church". barlowgenealogy.com. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  24. ^ Stephen Cresswell (1995). Multiparty Politics in Mississippi, 1877-1902. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61703-436-7.
  25. ^ Greg Prato (September 2011). Sack Exchange: The Definitive Oral History of the 1980s New York Jets. ECW Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-77090-061-5.
  26. ^ Grey Gundaker; Professor Grey Gundaker; Judith McWillie (2005). No Space Hidden: The Spirit of African American Yard Work. Univ. of Tennessee Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-57233-356-7.
  27. ^ "Truett Smith Stats". Pro Football Reference. Retrieved 4 July 2020.
  28. ^ George A. Sewell; Margaret L. Dwight (November 1984). Mississippi Black History Makers. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 196. ISBN 978-1-60473-390-7.
  29. ^ George Haggerty; Bonnie Zimmerman (2 September 2003). Encyclopedia of Lesbian and Gay Histories and Cultures. Garland Science. p. 1473. ISBN 978-1-135-57871-8.

External linksEdit