Ubay, officially the Municipality of Ubay (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Ubay; Tagalog: Bayan ng Ubay), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 73,712 people. 
|Municipality of Ubay|
Dairy Capital of Bohol
Map of Bohol with Ubay highlighted
|15 January 1844|
|Barangays||44 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Constantino H. Reyes|
|• Vice Mayor||Victor A. Bonghanoy|
|• Representative||Erico Aristotle C. Aumentado|
|• Electorate||47,345 voters (2019)|
|• Total||335.06 km2 (129.37 sq mi)|
|Elevation||14 m (46 ft)|
|Highest elevation||171 m (561 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||34.39% (2015)|
|• Revenue||₱181,608,793.67 (2016)|
|• Electricity||Bohol 2 Electric Cooperative (BOHECO 2)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)38|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Patron saint||Child Jesus|
Ubay is in the northeast of the province, and has an area of 335 square kilometres (129 sq mi), with 61 kilometres (38 mi) of coastline. It is the largest and most populated municipality in Bohol.
One etymology derivation is that the town's name is a contraction of the term ubay-ubay, meaning "alongside".
According to Kaufmann's Visayan-English dictionary, the Visayan word "ubay" means:
- to accompany other in bed or along the side, be they persons or animals;
- the flow of rivers and streams. from one place to another.
The flow of seawater between the mainland and the island of Lapinig Grande (now Pres. C.P. Garcia town) could justify the second definition of Ubay. It is a situation that is permanent and the constant reference to the flow of water can make the term ubay be attached as the name of the place.
An alternative derivation is that the term 'ubay-ubay' or 'alongside' became the byword of seafarers who used to travel close to the shorelines of Ubay to avoid the strong current of the Canigao Channel. There was a single path to follow reach the island trading centres. This trail was located alongside (ubay) the sandy beach. Later on the term Ubay became the original name of the community.
The religious aspect of the town was established much later than the civil aspect of the town. The decree of the Spanish Governor General creating Ubay as a town in the religious aspect is dated 22 October 1877. However, Royal Order No. 695 issued by the Kingdom of Spain has the date 5 October 1877.
The town celebrates its fiesta every last Friday of January in commemoration and honor of their patron saint, Holy Child. Ubayanons often come home during fiesta to share the joy of reviving the beautiful old story on the origin of the place.
House Bill No. 4854 was filed last September 26, 2019 for the conversion of the municipality of Ubay into a component city in the province of Bohol. The bill is currently pending with the committee on local government since October 1, 2019.
The town is situated east of Trinidad, north of Alicia and Mabini, and northeast of San Miguel. It is 124 kilometres (77 mi) northeast of Tagbilaran, 636 kilometres (395 mi) southeast of Manila and 71 kilometres (44 mi) east of Cebu City.
Average annual temperature in Ubay is 27·2°C
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The climate is typically equatorial – temperature range over the year is less than three degrees Celsius (5.4 deg F), and annual rainfall exceeds 1,500 millimetres (59 in). The dry season starts in February and lasts through April sometimes extending to mid‑May. The climate in Ubay falls within Coronas climate type IV, characterised by not very pronounced maximum rainfall with a short dry season from one to three months and a wet season of nine to ten months.
Ubay has a tropical climate. Most months of the year are marked by significant precipitation, making agriculture favorable – it supports at least two rice crops per year. The short dry season has little impact. Ubay is classified as Am (Tropical monsoon climate) by Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.
Ubay comprises 44 barangays organized into eight urban districts (UD):
|PSGC||Barangay||Population||±% p.a.||Area||PD 2015||UD||Date of Fiesta|
|2015 ||2010 ||ha||acre||/km2||/sq mi|
|071246009||Buenavista||1.0%||709||688||0.57%||651||1,609||110||280||I||Last Saturday of April|
25 Apr 2020
24 Apr 2021
30 Apr 2022
|071246020||Governor Boyles||1.2%||885||888||−0.06%||824||2,036||110||280||I||15 May|
|071246025||Imelda||2.5%||1,865||1,761||1.10%||657||1,624||280||740||VII||8 May &|
|071246030||Los Angeles||0.8%||601||436||6.30%||274||677||220||570||II||27 April|
|071246034||Poblacion||4.5%||3,331||3,633||−1.64%||199||492||1,700||4,300||V||Last Friday of January|
31 Jan 2020
29 Jan 2021
28 Jan 2022
|071246037||San Francisco||2.3%||1,688||1,677||0.12%||1,107||2,736||150||390||I||26 June|
|071246038||San Isidro||1.0%||771||707||1.66%||262||647||290||760||VI||21 May|
|071246040||San Pascual||5.1%||3,783||3,127||3.69%||973||2,404||390||1,000||I||Last Saturday of April|
25 Apr 2020
24 Apr 2021
30 Apr 2022
|071246041||San Vicente||1.4%||1,056||1,074||−0.32%||966||2,387||110||280||VIII||5 April|
|071246054||Villa Teresita||2.0%||1,482||1,407||0.99%||262||647||570||1,500||I||28 November|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
When the first national census was held in 1903, the municipality had a population 7,355. It continued to grow until 1960 with 34,090 (annual growth rate of 2.73% over the period). The population markedly decreased in 1970 with the creation of the municipality of President Carlos P. Garcia, formerly a constituent barangay. Since 1970, average annual growth rate (1970–2015) is 1.82%.
The primary language is Cebuano: Filipino and English are understood to a limited degree.
Ubay has a number of business establishments commercial trading firms engaged in retail and wholesale. The new public market building was completed in 2000. The regular market day is Monday and local traders from neighboring towns come to sell their merchandise consisting mostly of agricultural products and small consumer items like used clothes, household utensils, and other products. Ubay also provides a market for the neighboring island municipality of Pres. Carlos P. Garcia. Another well-known public market is located in barangay San Pascual, south of the municipality.
Tourism and cultureEdit
|Bohol Experimental Station||Gabi||The Integrated Agricultural Research Center of Department of Agriculture in Central Visayas PhilRice's national lead agency for the planning, coordination, implementation, and monitoring of all rice research and development activities in the Philippines.|
|Capayas Dam (or Banana Dam)||Imelda and Lomangog||One of the largest dams in the province and located alongside the main Ubay—Alicia—Guindulman highway. The southern end is in Lomangog the remainder in Imelda. Completed in December 1991, it irrigates 750 hectares (1,900 acres) and serves 688 farm households. In 2011, the Department of Agriculture seeded the dam with 30,000 tilapia fingerlings, as part of their sustainable food security program.|
|Cambugsay Healing Hills and Eco-Tourism Park||San Pascual||Approximately 17 kilometers from the town proper, it is located in sitio Ilaya, barangay San Pascual. It is an outdoor park and a perfect venue for team buildings and community activities and also as to relax and to unwind. It offers a panoramic view of Malingin Dam (Ilaya Reservoir) and houses large plantations of papaya and robusta coffee. Ilaya Reservoir provides year-round irrigation to local farmers of San Pascual and beyond.|
|Gaviola Ancestral House||Población||This is a Filipino-Spanish house was once the residence of Don Ruperto Gaviola (former mayor of Ubay). The two-storey house has a traditional cut stone ground and a wooden painted ceiling made by Cebuano artist Ray Francia.|
|Ilihan Caves||Ilihan||Unknown to many and quite unexplored, these caves became the shelter and fortress of Pygmy people, who are prehistoric settlers of the municipality. Located deep in a forest at sitio Caubaan within the barangay, the site is characterized by multiple mazes, the presence of few stalactites and stalagmites with an unknown number of entry points. Historically, their remnants and tools were found and one of the unearthed bodies in the cave had the name of Okag, written on a stone in Baybayin script. Theory said that they related to Ati people who arrived in the Visayas from Borneo around 20-30,000 years ago.|
|Katarungan Boardwalk Mangrove Reforestation Area||Katarungan||Established in 2014, it is an eco-tourism project of the barangay for the rehabilitation of their mangrove forest. A bamboo footbridge was installed in the middle of the forest towards the shore at the viewing deck. This project was made through efforts of the local government unit and NGOs - AEON Environmental Foundation Japan and Ikaw-Ako Foundation Japan|
|Palayan Shrine||Calanggaman||A popular Stations of the Cross site for devotees during Holy Week. Located at Purok 7 of the barangay, it also offers a panoramic view of Palayan Hills and provides the best place to watch the sunset.|
|PCA Coco Hills||Calanggaman||Other than it is one of the Philippine Coconut Authority offices in the Central Visayas, the site is also a perfect location for picnics with the refreshing view of Coco Hills and Lake.|
|Sinandigan Boardwalk Mangrove Reforestation Area||Sinandigan||It is the product of collective efforts of various local government agencies and local communities that conducted mangrove reforestation activities in recent years. A footbridge made of bamboo was built to allow tourists and visitors to enjoy the majestic view of the forest and to have better access to the nearby beach. Visitors can also experience seaweed farming via boat, and snorkeling. Grilled fish, local delicacies and coconut juice are also available in the site.|
|Sinandigan Multi-Species Hatchery||Sinandigan||It is the biggest multi-species hatchery farm in the Philippines. A fishery infrastructure and mariculture park established to enable the fish farmers to become totally independent from wild stocks and to promote more stable food security for the province. The facility is producing fingerlings of various fisheries products such as, but not limited to, milkfish (bangus), groupers (lapulapu), and siganids (kitong, danggit). It also houses a seaweed tissue culture laboratory that aims to rehabilitate quality seagrass planting materials using tissue branch culture, spore shredding, and callus cell culture. It is supervised by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) and inaugurated in April 2011. In 2013, the facility started seeding Giant clams (Tridacna Gigas) locally known as taklobo for the purpose of increasing density of variety of marine species and promoting biodiversity in the area.|
|Ubay Agri-Park||Lomangog||The first of its kind in the Visayan region was recently launched to boost the agriculture and tourism industries in the area. A 100-hectare (250-acre) area situated along the national, Ubay Agri-Park helps to promote agri-tourism or "farm tourism," and is a showcase of Bohol's advances in farm technology.|
|Ubay Stock Farm (USF)||Lomangog||Started in 1921 and occupying 4,500 hectares (11,120 acres), it is the largest and oldest government livestock facility in the Philippines. The place was chosen as one of the accredited livestock technology training facilities for the Visayas and Mindanao.|
|Ubay Green Park and Techno Center||Imelda||Formerly, an open dumpsite converted into an ecological facility. The park was launched in 2013, which consists of flower and fruit gardens. It is located in Sitio Palayan (Purok 7) of the barangay.|
|Villa Teresita Eco-Agri Park||Villa Teresita||Located at Purok 2 of the barangay, it is one of emerging eco-tourism initiatives of the municipality. Similar to Ubay Green Park, it showcases the plantations of their fruits-bearing trees and flower gardens.|
- Ube Calamay: It is a purple rice cake, (Calamay) with Ube or purple yam. This sweet and delightful delicacy is said to be originated from this town because of its large plantations of Ube (purple yam).
- Fried Ube bread: Another mouthwatering delicacy made of ube. It is bread deep‑fried then filled with purple yam.
Like the Sinulog of Cebu, the Ubay-ubay Festival is the town's own version in celebration and honor of the patron saint, Sr. Santo Niño. This colorful and fascinating festivity is a well-attended event where people flock the town's major roads and venues to view the grand street parade and the festival dance-competition. This celebration is held each 28 – 30 January.
Ubay is governed by the municipal mayor as head of the municipality. The vice mayor is the next highest position and acts as the presiding officer of the municipal council.
|1894 - 1896||Capitan Municipal||Marcelino Mendez|
|1897 - 1898||Capitan Municipal||Juan Gaviola|
|1901 – 1902||Presidente Municipal||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1902 – 1906||Presidente Municipal||Eutiquio Boyles|
|1906 – 1910||Presidente Municipal||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1910 – 1912||Presidente Municipal||Bonifacio Reyes|
|1912 – 1924||Presidente Municipal||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1925 – 1930||Presidente Municipal||Jose Garces|
|1931 – 1935||Presidente Municipal||Carlos Boiser|
|1936 – 1940||Presidente Municipal||Ruperto Gaviola|
|1941 – 1942||Presidente Municipal||Lucio Cutanda|
|1942 – 1943||Military Mayor||Samson Sabalones|
|1944 – 1945||Military Mayor||Frank Lombardo|
|1946 – 1948||Municipal Mayor||Lucio Cutanda|
|1949 –||OIC Municipal Mayor||Marcelo Cuyno|
|1949 – 1952||Municipal Mayor||Lucio Cutanda|
|1953 – 1964||Municipal Mayor||Ricardo Boyles|
|1965 – 1968||Municipal Mayor||Sabiniano Cuyno|
|1969 – 1978||Municipal Mayor||Rufina Delima|
|1979 – 1980||OIC Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio Bernales|
|1981 – 1984||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio Bernales|
|1985 – 1986||OIC Municipal Mayor||Pedro Sarabosing|
|1986 – 1987||OIC Municipal Mayor||Agapito Valleser|
|1987 – 1992||Municipal Mayor||Eliseo Boyles|
|1992 – 1998||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio Bernales|
|1998 – 2004||Municipal Mayor||Manuel Alesna|
|2004 – 2013||Municipal Mayor||Eutiquio Bernales|
|2013 – 2016||Municipal Mayor||Galicano Atup|
|2016 – present||Municipal Mayor||Constantino Reyes|
The most common form of local transportation is the tricycle for nearer barangays. For far barangays, the motorcycle is the most common. All barangays are connected by roads and the only places without roads are the steep slopes of the central mountains.
The improvement of the Bohol circumferential road and the port facilities helped Ubay to become the trading and transportation hub of northeastern Bohol, connecting it to the neighboring island of Leyte and the rest of Bohol province. Passenger and cargo traffic to these destinations has noticeably increased over the years indicating an increasing volume of trade between these points.
Land transportation is provided by various short and long-distance buses, jeeps and vans, connecting Ubay to the rest of the towns in the province. Tagbilaran can be reached from Ubay in two to three hours by bus or van. There are also daily combined road/ferry services to Metro Manila (Pasay / Cubao, Quezon City).
Ubay seaport is considered the province's principal gateway to Leyte, and Samar. Its improved port area is linked to the major port destinations of neighboring provinces such as Bato and Hilongos in Leyte, Maasin City in Southern Leyte, and Cebu City, the regional capital. Four vessels travels to and from Cebu City daily, and routes to and from Bato, Hilongos and Maasin City are also served daily. The journey time for each destination is 4–5 hours.
Ubay is home to one of only two airports in Bohol (the other being Tagbilaran Airport), but Ubay Airport is completely undeveloped and has no scheduled service, nor any facilities. The runway currently is only about 400 metres (1,310 ft) long but couldn't extend at the southwestern end becomes it is close to hills, and the northeastern end reaches housing and the sea.
For health services, the town has two public health units staffed by doctors, nurses, midwives, dentists, medical technologists and sanitary inspectors. A small government hospital was established to provide outpatient services to local residents. A private 15-bed hospital in Fatima also provides services for emergencies. A pediatrics and OB-gyne clinic complements the health services available in town.
Barangay Health Workers (BHW) from each barangay provide direct health care assistance to barangay residents.
Public order and safetyEdit
The local police force is 37 police officers. Police–population ratio is 1:1,992, less favourable than the standard ratio of 1:1,000. The police are augmented by 492 Barangay Tanod volunteers. It is reported that crime rate in Ubay is relatively low. The local Fire Department is staffed by eight fire fighters with two fire trucks. Incidence of fires is reportedly low in the municipality.
Bohol was linked to the major source of geothermal power in Leyte through the underwater connection between Maasin City, Southern Leyte and Ubay. Presently, only three of the 44 barangays have no electricity, yet only 34.97 percent of the total households in the municipality have electricity compared to the province, which was 58.3 percent energized in 2000.
The town proper and seven other barangays were served by the Ubay Water Service Cooperative. The cooperative planned to expand their service to eight other barangays in the near future. Due to consumer demand and the limited size of the supply, water service became difficult during dry months. Bohol province reported that 23.71 percent of its households had their own faucets from a community system while Ubay reported only 8.97 percent.
For the province, 21.68 percent of households had access to shared faucets while Ubay only had 8.86 percent. In Ubay, slightly more than half (51.83%) of the households had access to dug wells.
There are 45 public elementary schools in the municipality located in each barangay and one on Tres Reyes island.
- Achila Elementary School
- Bay-ang Elementary School
- Benliw Elementary School
- Bongbong Elementary School
- Bood Elementary School
- Buenavista Elementary School
- Bulilis Elementary School
- Cagting Elementary School
- Calanggaman Elementary School
- California Elementary School
- Camambugan Elementary School
- Casate Elementary School
- Cuya Elementary School
- Fatima Elementary School
- Gabi Elementary School
- Gov. Boyles Elementary School
- Guintaboan Elementary School
- Hambabauran Elementary School
- Humayhumay Elementary School
- Ilihan Elementary School
- Imelda Elementary School
- Juagdan Elementary School
- Katarungan Elementary School
- Lomangog Elementary School
- Luz Elementary School (Camalian)
- New Los Angeles Elementary School
- Pag-asa Elementary School
- Pangpang Elementary School
- San Francisco Elementary School
- San Isidro Elementary School
- San Vicente Elementary School
- Sentinela Elementary School
- Sinandigan Elementary School
- Tapal Integrated School
- Tapon Elementary School
- Tintinan Elementary School
- Tipolo Elementary School
- Tres Reyes Elementary School
- Tubog Integrated School
- Tuboran Elementary School
- Ubay Central Elementary School (Poblacion)
- Ubay II Central Elementary School (Biabas)
- Ubay III Central Elementary School (San Pascual)
- Union Elementary School
- Villa Teresita Elementary School
There are 7 private pre-school and elementary schools.
- Benliw Apostolic Christian School, Inc. (Pre-school and Elementary Education)
- Bohol Northern Star Colleges (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Poblacion
- Grace Multi-Level School (Pre-school) at Fatima
- ICTHUS Christian Academy (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Poblacion
- Montessori Educational Learning Center of Ubay (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Tapon
- Sacred Heart Learning & Formation Center (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Poblacion
- Ubay Baptist Christian Academy (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Fatima
- Ubay Seventh-day Adventist Multigrade School (Pre-school and Elementary Education) at Fatima
|School ID||Institution Name||Location||Junior HS||Senior HS||Academic Track(s)||Type|
|302816||Biabas Trade High School||Biabas||Yes||Yes||GAS2, TVL5||Public|
|404289||Bohol Northern Star Colleges||Poblacion||Yes||Yes||ABM1, HUMSS3, GAS, TVL||Private|
|312334||Bulilis National High School||Bulilis||Yes||Yes||ABM, GAS, HUMSS, STEM||Public|
|312351||Cagting High School||Cagting||Yes||Yes||GAS, TVL||Public|
|302825||Camambugan National High School||Camambugan||Yes||Yes||GAS, TVL||Public|
|312361||Don Aguedo Reyes Maboloc Memorial National HS||Villa Teresita||Yes||No||Public|
|313031||Erico Aumentado High School||Poblacion||Yes||No||Public|
|312354||Hambabauran High School||Hambabauran||Yes||No||Public|
|404291||Holy Child Academy||Poblacion||Yes||Yes||ABM, GAS||Private|
|446513||ICTHUS Christian Academy||Poblacion||Yes||Yes||GAS, STEM4||Private|
|405892||Montessori Educational Learning Center||Tapon||Yes||Yes||GAS, TVL||Private|
|404293||San Pascual Academy||San Pascual||Yes||Yes||GAS||Private|
|302899||San Pascual National Agricultural High School||San Pascual||Yes||Yes||TVL||Public|
|312346||Tapal Integrated School||Tapal||Yes||Yes||TVL||Public|
|312347||Tubog Integrated School||Tubog||Yes||Yes||TVL||Public|
|302915||Ubay National Science High School||Fatima||Yes||Yes||ABM, HUMSS, STEM, TVL||Public|
|302914||Union National High School||Union||Yes||Yes||GAS, TVL||Public|
- Bohol Northern Star Colleges - To meet the increasing demands for college education, Bohol Northeastern College was founded in 1996 by Bohol political leaders, former governors Erico B. Aumentado and David B. Tirol. The name was later changed to its present name in January 2007.
- Ubay Community College
- Erico B. Aumentado – Bohol governor who served three consecutive terms (2001–2010), former deputy speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives, former congressman of Bohol's 2nd District, former provincial vice-governor and Board Member.
- Diosdado R. Delima - Chairman of the Philippine Reparations Commission (E.O. 315) established in 1958 by then President Carlos P. Garcia. He reported directly to the President of the Philippines. During the presidency of Diosdado P. Macapagal, he became the Head of the Legal Department of the Philippine Reparations Commission.
- Karen Gallman - beauty queen, Miss Intercontinental 2018, the first ever Filipina to win the title. Also won Binibining Pilipinas Intercontinental 2018.
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