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U.S. Route 51 in Illinois

U.S. Route 51 (US 51) in the U.S. state of Illinois, is a main north–south artery that runs from the Ohio River north to the Wisconsin border, a distance of 415.95 miles (669.41 km).[1]

U.S. Route 51 marker

U.S. Route 51
US 51 highlighted in red, IL 251 in blue
Route information
Maintained by IDOT and ISTHA
Length415.95 mi[1] (669.41 km)
Length may include both directions of route where it is routed along one-way streets.
Existed1926–present
Major junctions
South end US 51 / US 60 / US 62 near Wickliffe, KY
  I-57 near Cairo

I-64 near Richview
I-70 at Vandalia
I-72 at Decatur
I-39 / I-55 / I-74 at Bloomington/Normal
I-80 at La Salle
I-88 at Rochelle
I-90 at Rockford

I-39 / I-90 at South Beloit
North end US 51 at the Wisconsin state line in South Beloit
Location
CountiesAlexander, Pulaski, Union, Jackson, Perry, Washington, Jefferson, Marion, Fayette, Shelby, Christian, Macon, DeWitt, McLean, Woodford, Marshall, LaSalle, Lee, Ogle, Winnebago
Highway system
IL 50US 52

Route descriptionEdit

US 51 enters Illinois from Kentucky at the city town of Cairo, Illinois. The highway heads northbound to a village near Cairo called Mounds, and begins to overlap Interstate 57 (I-57), following it for 24 miles (39 km) to Dongola, before splitting and heading north. The highway remains two lanes wide from Dongola to Assumption with the exception of a 10-mile (16 km) section between Centralia and I-64.

Past Assumption, US 51 becomes an expressway to Decatur. In Decatur, US 51 follows I-72 to bypass the city. US 51 leaves I-72 after eight miles (13 km), and it heads north to BloomingtonNormal as an expressway. At Bloomington–Normal, US 51 follows I-74 for a mile, then I-55 for seven miles (11 km), before following I-39 for 140 miles (230 km).

US 51 follows I-39, intersecting I-80 and I-88 along the way. The highway also follows US 20 south of Rockford (while still following I-39). I-39/US-51 join I-90, making US 51 one of the few toll highway in Illinois that is a U.S. Highway. US 51 exits I-39/I-90 just a mile south of the Wisconsin state line. Then US 51 follows Illinois Route 75 (IL 75) west to the intersection of IL 251, and then turns north through South Beloit, Illinois to enter Wisconsin.

HistoryEdit

US 51 was established in Illinois in the 1920s. Over the years, it became a heavily traveled highway, often experiencing many accidents, particularly in the northern half of the state. This highway gained the moniker of "Killer 51". As a result of these problems, Illinois pushed for a new four lane highway along the corridor. One was proposed in the 1960s and 1970s as part of a proposed supplemental freeway system, but only the area between Rockford and Decatur was given a high priority.[2]

In the 1980s and early 1990s, US 51 was rebuilt to Interstate Highway standards between Rockford and BloomingtonNormal on a new alignment. This new highway became Interstate 39, and US 51 was rerouted onto it. In addition, north of Rockford, US 51 was rerouted onto the existing I-90 tollway segment between South Beloit and Cherry Valley. Most of the old highway became IL 251.

South of Bloomington–Normal to Decatur, US 51 remained largely on the original alignment, and it was expanded to an expressway. Further continuation of the expressway occurred in the 2000s, when the highway was upgraded southward from Decatur to Assumption, Illinois.

FutureEdit

Plans are underway to continue the US 51 expressway south of Assumption to Centralia.[3] An environmental impact statement is currently being prepared. However, construction funding remains elusive.

Major intersectionsEdit

CountyLocationmi[4]kmExitDestinationsNotes
AlexanderCairo0.00.0    US 51 south / US 60 east / US 62 east – WickliffeUS 51/US 60/US 62 continue into Kentucky
0.20.32    US 60 west / US 62 west to I-57 south – CharlestonNorthern end of US 60/US 62 concurrency
4.57.2   IL 37 north / IL 3 begins – Mound CitySouthern terminus of IL 37; southern terminus of IL 3; southern end of IL 3 concurrency
5.38.51  IL 3 north – Olive Branch
  I-57 south – Sikeston, MO
Northern end of IL 3 concurrency; southern end of I-57 concurrency
Pulaski11.418.38Mounds Road
21.434.418Ullin Road
UnionDongola28.245.424Dongola Road
28.846.325  I-57 north – ChicagoNorthern end of I-57 concurrency; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Anna36.057.9  IL 146 – Jonesboro, Vienna
JacksonCarbondale55.088.5  IL 13 – Murphysboro, Marion
De Soto61.398.7  IL 149 – Murphysboro, Hurst
PerryDu Quoin72.4116.5  IL 14 east – ChristopherWestern terminus of IL 14
75.5121.5  IL 152 west – PyattsEastern terminus of IL 152
Sunfield80.4129.4  IL 154 – Red Bud, Sesser
WashingtonAshley98.0157.7  IL 15 west – East St. LouisWestern end of IL 15 concurrency
100.9162.4  IL 15 east – Mount VernonEastern end of IL 15 concurrency
Richview105.7170.1  I-64 – Mount Vernon, East St. LouisI-64 exit 61
Irvington109.6176.4  IL 177 west – BellevilleWestern terminus of IL 177
Jefferson
No major junctions
MarionCentralia116.2187.0  IL 161 – New Baden, Kell
Sandoval122.7197.5  US 50 west – CarlyleWestern end of US 50 concurrency
123.0197.9  US 50 east – SalemEastern end of US 50 concurrency
FayetteVandalia146.9236.4   US 40 east / IL 185 east – Bluff CityEastern end of US 40/IL 185 concurrency
148.5239.0   US 40 west / IL 185 west – Taylor Springs, Mulberry GroveWestern end of US 40/IL 185 concurrency
148.7239.3  I-70 – Effingham, St. LouisExit 63 on I-70
Shelby
No major junctions
ChristianPana178.1286.6  IL 16 west – HillsboroWestern end of IL 16 concurrency
178.6287.4  IL 29 north – TaylorvilleSouthern terminus of IL 29
180.2290.0  IL 16 east – ShelbyvilleEastern end of IL 16 concurrency
Shelby
No major junctions
Macon207.3333.6 
  US 51 Bus. north
211.2339.9  IL 48 – Taylorville, Decatur
Harristown214.7345.5133   I-72 west / US 36 – Springfield, DecaturSouthern end of I-72 concurrency; signed as exits 133A (east) and 133B (south)
Decatur219.2352.8138  IL 121 – Decatur, Lincoln
222.2357.6141  
   I-72 east / US 51 Bus. south – Champaign, Urbana, Decatur
Northern end of I-72 concurrency
DeWittClinton237.9382.9 
  US 51 Bus. north – Clinton
239.5385.4  IL 54 – Springfield, Clinton
240.0386.2  IL 10 – Lincoln, Clinton
242.0389.5 
  US 51 Bus. south – Clinton
McLeanHeyworth251.9405.4  US 136 – McLean, Rantoul
260.5419.2135 
  US 51 Bus. (Main Street) – Bloomington
  I-74 east – Champaign
Southern end of I-74 concurrency
262.2422.0157A  I-55 south – St. Louis, SpringfieldSouthern end of I-55 concurrency
Bloomington262.4422.3157B  I-55 Bus. north (Veterans Parkway)Signed as exit 134B (north) southbound
265.5427.3160   US 150 / IL 9 (Market Street) – Pekin
269.1433.1163  I-74 west – PeoriaNorthern end of I-74 concurrency
270.3435.0-  I-55 north – Chicago
  I-39 begins
Northern end of I-55 concurrency; southern end of I-39 concurrency; southern terminus of I-39; I-55 exit 154
272.1437.92 
  US 51 Bus. south – Bloomington, Normal
Hudson275.2442.95  CR 12 (Franklin Street) – Hudson
278.3447.98   IL 251 north / CR 8 (Lake Bloomington Road) – KappaSouthern terminus of IL 251
WoodfordEl Paso284.9458.514  US 24 – El Paso, Peoria
Woodford292.9471.422  IL 116 – Peoria, Pontiac
Minonk297.5478.827Minonk
MarshallWenona305.6491.835  IL 17 – Lacon, Wenona
LaSalleLostant312.2502.441  IL 18 – Henry, Streator
Tonica319.2513.748Tonica
322.3518.751  IL 71 – Hennepin, Oglesby
323.0519.852  IL 251 – Peru, LaSalle
Oglesby324.4522.154Oglesby
Illinois River326.5525.5Abraham Lincoln Memorial Bridge
La Salle327.3526.757  US 6 – LaSalle, Peru, Ottawa
329.6530.459  I-80 – LaSalle, Peru, Chicago, Des MoinesSigned as exits 59A (east) and 59B (west); I-80 exit 79
Troy Grove336.8542.066  US 52 – Troy Grove
Mendota342.7551.572  US 34 – Mendota, Earlville
LeePaw Paw353.1568.382Paw Paw
357.9576.087  US 30 – Sterling, Rock Falls, Aurora
Steward363.9585.693Steward
OgleRochelle368.0592.297  
   I-88 / IL 110 (Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) – Moline, Rock Island, Chicago
Signed as exits 97A (east) and 97B (west); I-88 exit 78
370.1595.699  IL 38 – DeKalb, Rochelle
375.1603.7104  IL 64 – Sycamore, Oregon
Monroe Center381.6614.1111  IL 72 – Genoa, Byron
Winnebago386.1621.4115Baxter Road
Rockford390.2628.0  US 20 west – Freeport, RockfordSouthern end of US 20 concurrency
Cherry Valley392.7632.0122A  US 20 east – BelvidereNorthern end of US 20 concurrency
392.7632.0122BHarrison Avenue
393.4633.1 
  I-90 east (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway) – Chicago
Southern end of I-90 concurrency; I-39/US 51 uses I-90's exit numbers from here north; exit 17 on I-90
Rockford395.1635.915 
  US 20 Bus. (State Street)
Last free exit northbound
398.4641.212Riverside BoulevardToll on northbound exit and southbound entrance
Machesney Park401.9646.89  IL 173 (West Lane Road)Toll on northbound exit and southbound entrance
Rockton407.3655.5South Beloit Toll Plaza
South Beloit408.1656.83  CR 9 (Rockton Road)Last free exit southbound
414.0666.31   I-39 north / I-90 west – Madison
  IL 75 east
Northern end of I-39/I-90 concurrency; southern end of IL 75 concurrency
415.6668.8   IL 75 west / IL 251 south – Freeport, RockfordNorthern end of IL 75 concurrency; northern terminus of IL 251
415.95669.41  US 51 north – BeloitContinuation into Wisconsin
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  2. ^ "Illinois Supplemental Freeway system proposal" (PDF). Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  3. ^ "US 51 Environmental Impact Statement". Illinois Department of Transportation. Retrieved February 17, 2015.
  4. ^ Google (March 19, 2017). "Overview Map of US 51" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 19, 2017.

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is not from Wikidata


  U.S. Route 51
Previous state:
Kentucky
Illinois Next state:
Wisconsin