Salem, Illinois

Salem is a city in and the county seat of Marion County, Illinois, United States.[4] The population was 7,485 at the 2010 census.

Salem
Downtown Salem, July 2019
Downtown Salem, July 2019
Location of Salem in Marion County, Illinois.
Location of Salem in Marion County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°38′N 88°57′W / 38.633°N 88.950°W / 38.633; -88.950
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyMarion
Government
 • MayorNicolas Farley [1]
Area
 • Total7.11 sq mi (18.41 km2)
 • Land6.96 sq mi (18.01 km2)
 • Water0.15 sq mi (0.40 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,485
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
6,971
 • Density1,002.30/sq mi (387.00/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
62881
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-67236
Wikimedia CommonsSalem, Illinois
WebsiteCity of Salem, Illinois

GeographyEdit

Salem is located at 38°38′N 88°57′W / 38.633°N 88.950°W / 38.633; -88.950 (38.6282, -88.9482).[5]

According to the 2010 census, Salem has a total area of 7.097 square miles (18.38 km2), of which 6.94 square miles (17.97 km2) (or 97.79%) is land and 0.157 square miles (0.41 km2) (or 2.21%) is water.[6]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Salem, Illinois (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1932–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71
(22)
78
(26)
85
(29)
91
(33)
100
(38)
104
(40)
105
(41)
105
(41)
100
(38)
94
(34)
82
(28)
74
(23)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 38.4
(3.6)
43.4
(6.3)
54.0
(12.2)
66.2
(19.0)
75.7
(24.3)
84.5
(29.2)
87.8
(31.0)
86.6
(30.3)
80.4
(26.9)
68.7
(20.4)
54.3
(12.4)
42.8
(6.0)
65.2
(18.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 29.6
(−1.3)
33.7
(0.9)
43.5
(6.4)
55.0
(12.8)
65.2
(18.4)
74.2
(23.4)
77.6
(25.3)
75.9
(24.4)
68.6
(20.3)
56.9
(13.8)
44.1
(6.7)
34.2
(1.2)
54.9
(12.7)
Average low °F (°C) 20.8
(−6.2)
24.0
(−4.4)
33.0
(0.6)
43.7
(6.5)
54.6
(12.6)
63.8
(17.7)
67.4
(19.7)
65.2
(18.4)
56.9
(13.8)
45.0
(7.2)
34.0
(1.1)
25.6
(−3.6)
44.5
(6.9)
Record low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−23
(−31)
−8
(−22)
20
(−7)
31
(−1)
38
(3)
48
(9)
44
(7)
33
(1)
21
(−6)
2
(−17)
−20
(−29)
−23
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.07
(78)
2.56
(65)
3.73
(95)
4.69
(119)
4.99
(127)
5.08
(129)
4.07
(103)
3.80
(97)
3.54
(90)
3.44
(87)
3.99
(101)
2.93
(74)
45.89
(1,166)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.9
(9.9)
2.5
(6.4)
0.2
(0.51)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.6
(1.5)
2.9
(7.4)
10.2
(26)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.5 8.3 9.8 10.6 11.8 10.0 8.5 8.1 7.1 8.7 9.3 9.3 111.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.4 2.0 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.6 7.0
Source: NOAA[7][8]

HistoryEdit

Salem was formerly a sundown town. "For decades" Salem "had signs on each main road going into town, telling the blacks, that they were not allowed in town after sundown."[9]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,182
18801,32712.3%
18901,49312.5%
19001,64210.0%
19102,66962.5%
19203,45729.5%
19304,42027.9%
19407,31965.6%
19506,159−15.8%
19606,1650.1%
19706,1870.4%
19807,81326.3%
19907,470−4.4%
20007,9095.9%
20107,485−5.4%
2019 (est.)6,971[3]−6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

At the 2000 census there were 7,909 people in 3,249 households, including 2,082 families, in the city. The population density was 1,296.5 people per square mile (500.6/km2). There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 569.3 per square mile (219.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.13% White, 0.72% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72%.[11]

Of the 3,249 households 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.3% of households were one person and 17.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

The age distribution was 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% 65 or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median household income was $34,339 and the median family income was $42,070. Males had a median income of $31,811 versus $21,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,954. About 6.1% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Public schools:

  • Salem Community High School
  • Salem Elementary School
  • Selmaville Elementary School

Notable peopleEdit

Arts and cultureEdit

Salem is said to be home to Miracle Whip salad dressing and three homes on the National Register of Historic Places: the Charles and Naomi Bachmann House, the Badollet House, and the William Jennings Bryan Boyhood Home. Recently Grace United Methodist Church was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered an address on May 3, 1934 dedicating a statue of William Jennings Bryan created by Borglum. This Bryan statue by Borglum originally stood in Washington, D.C. but was displaced by highway construction moved by an Act of Congress in 1961 to Salem, Illinois, Bryan's birthplace.[14][15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.salemil.us/mayor-city-council
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  7. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 24, 2021.
  8. ^ "Station: Salem, IL". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved July 24, 2021.
  9. ^ Loewen, James W. (2005). Sundown Towns : a hidden dimension of American racism. The New Press. pp. 12–13. ISBN 156584887X.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Nebraska State Historical Society". Nebraska State Historical Society. Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Charles W. Bryan". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on 2 December 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
  14. ^ http://moses.law.umn.edu/darrow/documents/Address_President_Dedication_Bryan_Memorial_05_03_1934.pdf "Address of the President at the Dedication of the Bryan Memorial".
  15. ^ http://moses.law.umn.edu/darrow/trials.php?tid=7 "Government Documents: Address of the President at the Dedication of the Bryan Memorial May, 1934.".

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°37′42″N 88°56′54″W / 38.6282°N 88.9482°W / 38.6282; -88.9482