Open main menu

"Twist and Shout" is a 1961 song written by Phil Medley and Bert Berns, later credited as "Bert Russell". It was originally recorded by the Top Notes, but it became a chart hit as a single by the Isley Brothers in 1962. The song has been covered by several artists, including the Beatles on their first album Please Please Me (1963), the Tremeloes in 1962, and the Who in 1970 and 1984.

"Twist and Shout"
Twist and Shout by The Top Notes B-side US vinyl label.jpg
B-side label of the US single
Single by The Top Notes
A-side"Always Late (Why Lead Me On)"
Released1961
Format7-inch single
RecordedFebruary 23, 1961
StudioAtlantic Studios, New York City
GenreRock and roll, R&B
Length2:05
LabelAtlantic (45-2115)
Songwriter(s)Bert Berns, Phil Medley
Producer(s)Phil Spector
The Top Notes singles chronology
"Hearts of Stone"
(1961)
"Twist and Shout"
(1961)
"Wait For Me Baby"
(1962)

Contents

The Top NotesEdit

In 1961, one year after Phil Spector became a staff producer at Atlantic Records, he was asked to produce a single by an up-and-coming vocal group, The Top Notes. This was before Spector perfected his "Wall of Sound" technique, and the recording, at the Atlantic Studios on February 23, 1961, arranged by Teddy Randazzo with musicians including saxophonist King Curtis, guitarist John Pizzarelli, and drummer Panama Francis, with backing vocals by the Cookies,[1] lacked much of the energy the Top Notes exhibited in their live performances.[2]

The Top Notes included singers Howard "Howie" Guyton (also known as Guy Howard), a cousin of Dave "Baby" Cortez; and Derek Martin, also known as Derek Ray.[3] Guyton provided the lead vocals on "Twist and Shout".[4] Guyton, Martin and Cortez had previously all been members of vocal groups the Pearls (also known as the Five Pearls) in their home city of Detroit, and then of the Sheiks in New York;[3] and Guyton and Martin later recorded as members of Jimmy Ricks & the Raves. Derek Martin later recorded a succession of singles, mostly on the Roulette label, in the 1960s and early 1970s, including a version of Otis Blackwell's "Daddy Rollin' Stone", before moving to live in France where he has continued to perform.[5][6][7] Guyton later sang in a touring version of the Platters, and died of a heart attack in 1977, aged 39, while touring in Argentina.[8][9]

Songwriter Bert Berns felt Spector had ruined the song and went out to show Spector how it should be done.[10]

The Isley BrothersEdit

"Twist and Shout"
 
A-side label of the US single
Single by The Isley Brothers
B-side"Spanish Twist"
ReleasedJune 16, 1962
Format7-inch single
RecordedNew York City, 1962
GenreRock and roll, R&B
Length2:27
LabelWand (653)
Songwriter(s)Phil Medley, Bert Russell
Producer(s)Bert Russell
The Isley Brothers singles chronology
"Shout"
(1962)
"Twist and Shout"
(1962)
"Twistin' With Linda"
(1962)

When the Isley Brothers decided to record the song in 1962, Bert Berns (who also used the name Bert Russell) opted to produce, and thus demonstrate to Spector what he had intended to be the "sound" of the record.[10] The resulting recording captured the verve of an Isley Brothers performance, and became the trio's first record to reach a Top 20 position in the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart.

The Isley Brothers' version, with Ronald Isley on lead vocals, was the first major hit recording of the song, peaking at No. 17 on the U.S. pop top 40 charts, and No. 2 on the US R&B charts. The song quickly became a frequently covered R&B tune in the early 1960s. According to Ronald, the song was supposed to be the B-side to the Burt Bacharach standard, "Make It Easy on Yourself", which had been a hit for Jerry Butler. When the Isleys recorded "Twist and Shout", the brothers did not think the song would do well, as they had not had a hit in the three years since "Shout" established them. To their surprise, it became their first Top 40 hit on both the pop and R&B charts, and for a time established the group's reputation for producing fast-paced songs during their earlier career.

PersonnelEdit

The Beatles' versionEdit

"Twist and Shout"
 
US picture sleeve
Single by the Beatles
from the album Please Please Me & Introducing... The Beatles
B-side"There's a Place"
Released22 March 1963 (UK)
2 March 1964 (US)
FormatLP record
RecordedFebruary 11, 1963
StudioEMI, London
GenreRock and roll
Length2:32
LabelParlophone (UK)
Tollie (US)
Songwriter(s)Phil Medley, Bert Russell
Producer(s)George Martin
The Beatles US singles chronology
"'I Want to Hold Your Hand'"
(1963)
"Twist and Shout"
(1964)
"'Can't Buy Me Love'"
(1964)

The Beatle's rendition of "Twist and Shout" was released on their first UK album Please Please Me, based on the Isley Brothers' version and featuring John Lennon on lead vocals. The song was the last to be recorded during the marathon 13-hour album session; producer George Martin knew that Lennon's voice would suffer from the performance, so he left it until last, with only 15 minutes of scheduled recording time remaining. Lennon had a cold and was drinking milk and sucking on cough drops to soothe his throat. His coughing is audible on the album, as is the cold's effect on his voice. He remarked that his voice was not the same for a long time afterward, and that it "felt like sandpaper" to swallow.[11] He initially felt ashamed of his performance in the song "because I could sing better than that, but now it doesn't bother me. You can hear that I'm just a frantic guy doing his best." [12] A second take was attempted, but Lennon had nothing left, and it was abandoned.[13]

The song was released as a single in the US on March 2, 1964, with "There's a Place" as its B-side.[14] It was released by Chicago-based Vee-Jay Records on the Tollie label and reached number two on April 4, during the week that the top five places on the chart were all Beatles singles. It was the only million-selling Beatles single in the United States that was a cover song, and the only Beatles cover single to reach the Top 10 on a national record chart. The song failed to hit number one because the Beatles' "Can't Buy Me Love" held the spot.

In the UK, "Twist and Shout" was released by Parlophone on an EP with "Do You Want to Know a Secret", "A Taste of Honey", and "There's a Place" from the Please Please Me (1963) album. Both the EP and album reached number one. In Canada, it became the title track to the second album of Beatles material to be issued by Capitol Records of Canada on February 3, 1964.

It is regarded as one of the finest examples of British rock and roll for its vocal performance.[15] The song was used as a closing number on Sunday Night at the London Palladium in October 1963 and at The Royal Variety Show in November 1963; the Royal Variety performance was included on the Anthology 1 compilation album in 1995.

The Beatles performed the song on their Ed Sullivan Show appearance in February 1964, and they continued to play it live until the end of their 1965 American tour. Additionally, they recorded "Twist and Shout" on nine occasions for BBC television and radio broadcasts, the earliest of which was for the Talent Spot radio show on November 27, 1962. The intro sounds very similar to "La Bamba" by Ritchie Valens, and the famous vocal buildup resembles "Do You Love Me" by the Contours.

1986 rechartingEdit

In 1986, Matthew Broderick lip-synced to the Beatles' version of it in the film Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Coincidentally, the Rodney Dangerfield film Back to School (released two days after Ferris) also featured the song, this one sung by Dangerfield himself and patterned after the Beatles' arrangement. The use in the two films helped propel the single up the Billboard Hot 100, where it peaked at No. 23 late that summer, giving the group their second chart single of the 1980s (the other being "The Beatles Movie Medley" in 1982).[16]

2010 UK chart entryEdit

In November 2010, 47 years after its recording, the Beatles' version of "Twist and Shout" made a debut on the UK Singles Chart. The highest charting Beatles track in the aftermath of their new availability on iTunes, it entered the charts at #48 in the first of a two-week run.

PersonnelEdit

Engineered by Norman Smith[12][better source needed]

Charts and certificationsEdit

ChartsEdit

Chart (1963–64) Peak
position
Australian Kent Music Report[17] 5
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[18] 9
New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade)[19] 1
Norway (VG-lista)[20] 7
Swedish Kvällstoppen Chart[21] 2
US Billboard Hot 100[22] 2
US Cash Box Top 100[23] 1
West German Media Control Singles Chart[24] 10
Chart (1986) Peak
position
US Billboard Hot 100[22] 23
Chart (2010) Peak
position
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[25] 48

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Italy (FIMI)[26] Gold 25,000 
United Kingdom (BPI)[27] Silver 200,000 
United States (RIAA)[28] Platinum 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone
 sales+streaming figures based on certification alone

The Who's versionEdit

"Twist & Shout"
 
Single by The Who
from the album The Isle of Wight Festival and Who's Last
B-side"I Can't Explain"
Released1970 and November 1984
Format7"
RecordedDecember 17, 1982
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Canada
GenreRock
LabelMCA Records
Songwriter(s)Phil Medley and Bertrand Russell Berns
Producer(s)David "Cyrano" Langston
The Who singles chronology
"It's Hard"
(1982)
"Twist & Shout"
(1970)
"Real Good Looking Boy"
(2004)

English rock band the Who covered the song live during their career, with Roger Daltrey singing lead vocals on the first version which is on the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970, and on their 1982 Farewell Tour,[29] with their bassist John Entwistle singing the lead vocals. The 1982 version can be heard on the live album Who's Last (recorded at the Richfield Coliseum on December 14, 1982 and released in November 1984), Live From Toronto (recorded at the Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto on December 17, 1982 and released in 2006), as well as on the 1994 compilation Thirty Years of Maximum R&B (recorded at the Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto on December 16, 1982, misdated in the liner notes for the concert at Toronto's CNE stadium on October 9, 1982).

Brian Poole and the Tremeloes' versionEdit

In 1962, the Decca label signed Brian Poole and the Tremeloes, a British group from Dagenham, East London, in preference to the Beatles. Both groups auditioned on the same day, and it has become legend that the Beatles were rejected by the label. Ironically, Brian Poole and the Tremeloes had no chart success until the beat boom in British rock surfaced, following the success of the Beatles. This triggered the frenzied signing of most of the popular Liverpool rock groups of that period by the major record labels, and their distinctive "sound" became known as Merseybeat. Brian Poole and the Tremeloes imitated this style, and covered "Twist and Shout" four months after the Beatles had released their version, and achieved the number four position in the UK Singles Chart.[30]

Chaka Demus & Pliers versionEdit

"Twist and Shout"
Single by Chaka Demus & Pliers featuring Jack Radics and Taxi Gang
from the album Tease Me
Released1993
Format
GenreReggae fusion
Length3:58
LabelMango, Island
Songwriter(s)Bert Berns, Phil Medley
Producer(s)Lloyd "Gitsy" Willis, Sly & Robbie
Chaka Demus & Pliers singles chronology
"She Don't Let Nobody"
(1993)
"Twist and Shout"
(1993)
"Murder She Wrote"
(1994)

Jamaican reggae duo Chaka Demus & Pliers covered "Twist and Shout" for their fourth album, Tease Me. It was released as a single in 1993, and was a huge success in the UK, where the song reached number one for two weeks. It was also a Top 10 hit in Ireland (No. 9), the Netherlands (No. 8), Belgium (No. 7) and New Zealand (No. 2).

ChartsEdit

Weekly charts

Chart (1993–1994) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[31] 13
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[32] 12
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[33] 7
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[34] 37
Canada Dance/Urban (RPM)[35] 4
France (SNEP)[36] 23
Germany (Official German Charts)[37] 32
Ireland (IRMA)[38] 9
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[39] 6
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[40] 8
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[41] 2
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[42] 16
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[43] 17
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[44] 1

Year-end charts

Chart (1993) Position
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[45] 31
Chart (1994) Position
Australia (ARIA)[46] 76
Belgium (Ultratop)[47] 81
Canada Dance/Urban (RPM)[48] 43
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[49] 94
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[50] 26

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
New Zealand (RMNZ)[51] Gold 5,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[52] Gold 400,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

Other cover versionsEdit

Salt-N-Pepa versionEdit

ChartsEdit

Chart (1988–1989) Peak
position
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[55] 11
Germany (Official German Charts)[56] 37
Ireland (IRMA)[57] 18
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[58] 5
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[59] 5
Spain (AFYVE)[60] 5
UK Singles (Official Charts Company)[61] 4
US Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Billboard)[62] 45
US Hot Rap Songs (Billboard)[63] 18

Year-end charts

Chart (1988) Position
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[64] 91

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Joel Selvin (April 15, 2014). Here Comes the Night: The Dark Soul of Bert Berns and the Dirty Business of ... Books.google.co.uk. p. 369. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  2. ^ Cad, Saint. "Top 10 Famous Songs With Unknown Originals". Listverse.com. Retrieved June 21, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Andrew Hamilton. "The Pearls | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  4. ^ Bob Leszczak. Who Did It First?: Great Rhythm and Blues Cover Songs and Their Original Artists. Books.google.co.uk. p. 228. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  5. ^ Steve Leggett. "Derek Martin | Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-14.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "topnotes". Soulfulkindamusic.net. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  8. ^ Mitch Rosalsky. Encyclopedia of Rhythm & Blues and Doo-Wop Vocal Groups. Books.google.co.uk. p. 436. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ a b "The Atlantic Story". Bsnpubs.com. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
  11. ^ The Beatles. The Beatles Anthology. Chronicle Books, LLC, 2000.
  12. ^ a b "Twist and Shout". The Beatles Bible. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  13. ^ Ian MacDonald, "Revolution in the Head"
  14. ^ "USA Discography". Norwegianwood.org. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  15. ^ Ian Macdonald, Revolution in the Head, p.67
  16. ^ Whitburn, Joel The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, Billboard Books, New York, 1992
  17. ^ Kent, David (2005). Australian Chart Book (1940–1969). Turramurra: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-44439-5.
  18. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – The Beatles – Twist and Shout" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  19. ^ Flavour of New Zealand, 23 April 1964
  20. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – The Beatles – Twist and Shout". VG-lista. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  21. ^ "Swedish Charts 1962–March 1966/Kvällstoppen – Listresultaten vecka för vecka > September 1963" (PDF) (in Swedish). hitsallertijden.nl. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  22. ^ a b "The Beatles Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved 28 July 2016.
  23. ^ Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. pp. 32–34.
  24. ^ "Offizielle Deutsche Charts" (Enter "Beatles" in the search box) (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
  25. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  26. ^ "Italian single certifications – The Beatles – Twist and Shout" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved February 25, 2019. Select "2019" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Twist and Shout" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Singoli online" under "Sezione".
  27. ^ "British single certifications – The Beatles – Twist and Shout". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 18, 2019. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Twist and Shout in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  28. ^ "American single certifications – The Beatles – Twist and Shout". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved May 14, 2016. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 
  29. ^ "Live Performance". YouTube. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  30. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 565. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  31. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  32. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  33. ^ "Ultratop.be – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  34. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2508." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  35. ^ "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 2552." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  36. ^ "Lescharts.com – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  37. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  38. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Twist and Shout". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  39. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 8, 1994" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  40. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  41. ^ "Charts.nz – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  42. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  43. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Chaka Demus & Pliers with Jack Radics & Taxi Gang – Twist and Shout". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  44. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  45. ^ "Top 100 Singles 1993". Music Week. January 15, 1994. p. 24.
  46. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988–2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
  47. ^ "Jaaroverzichten 1994" (in Dutch). Ultratop. Retrieved October 15, 2018.
  48. ^ "Top 50 Dance Tracks of 1994". RPM. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  49. ^ "JAAROVERZICHTEN - Single 1994". Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  50. ^ "End Of Year Charts 1994". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
  51. ^ "New Zealand single certifications – Chaka Demus & Pliers – Twist and Shout". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  52. ^ "British single certifications – Chaka Demus & Pliers – Twist and Shout". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 16, 2018. Select singles in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Twist and Shout in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  53. ^ Lindsay Planer. "The Chipmunks Sing the Beatles Hits - The Chipmunks | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  54. ^ Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "The Carnegie Hall Concert - Buck Owens | Songs, Reviews, Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  55. ^ "Ultratop.be – Salt-N-Pepa – Twist and Shout" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  56. ^ "Offiziellecharts.de – Salt-N-Pepa – Twist and Shout". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  57. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Twist & Shout". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  58. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 52, 1988" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  59. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Salt-N-Pepa – Twist and Shout" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  60. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  61. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  62. ^ "Salt-N-Pepa Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  63. ^ "Salt-N-Pepa Chart History (Hot Rap Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  64. ^ "JAAROVERZICHTEN - Single 1988". Retrieved March 31, 2018.

External linksEdit