Atlantic Studios

Atlantic Studios was the recording studio of Atlantic Records. Although this recording studio was located at 1841 Broadway (at the corner of 60th Street), in New York City, Atlantic Recording Studios was initially located at 234 West 56th Street from November 1947 until mid-1956. When the Shorty Rogers and His Giants disc of 33.33 rpm called Martians Come Back! was issued in August 1956, the address of Atlantic Recording Studios had relocated to 157 W 57th Street. The studio was the first to record in stereo due to the efforts of Tom Dowd.

The StudiosEdit

Tom Dowd in the early days of Atlantic Records would do recording at the offices. At night the desks would be pushed against the walls and singing groups would gather around one or two microphones in the inner office and he would be in the outer office recording singing groups with a small mixer and a tape recorder.[1]

In 1958, Tom Dowd convinced Ampex (and Jerry Wexler) to sell the second Ampex eight track tape recorder ever manufactured to Atlantic Studios putting Atlantic ahead of other studios for many years.

In 1959, Atlantic Records and Atlantic Studios moved to 1841 Broadway. The studios were in the co-joined building at 11 West 60th Street. When Atlantic Records moved to 75 Rockefeller Center in the mid-1970s, Atlantic Studios expanded to occupy the entire second floor of both buildings. In the early 1980s, the studios expanded to the third floor.

The studio complex eventually consisted of two studios, a mix room, two disk mastering rooms, two editing and tape copy rooms, two digital transfer rooms, a quality control room for Atlantic Records manufactured products (45s, LPs, Cassettes, 8-Tracks and CDs), tape library (tape vault offsite) and several offices and lounges.

Gene Paul at Atlantic Records in the 1970s

Studio A - approximately 50' x 30' x 15', control room 20' x 15', and a later a Hidley redesign 24' x 24'. The control room had two generations of MCI consoles (the "black" console and then a 528), later the Hidley control room had a custom NEVE. Monitors were Altecs, UREIs and Hidleys. Tommy Dowd early on installed variable acoustic sound traps that affected both the low frequency absorption and the reverberation time in the studio.

Studio B - approximately 30' x 15' x 15', control room 15' x 15'. Consoles were MCI 528 and then NEVE and monitoring was Altecs and then UREIs.

Mix Room - approximately 15' x 12', later a new repositioned mix room and vocal booth 20 x 18'. Consoles were a built-in-house 16 channel passive summing mixer, then original Studio A MCI "black" console, then a third MCI 528 purchased from Criteria Studios and in the new mix room an SSL. Monitoring was Altecs and later in the SSL room ??.

Mastering Rooms - Neumann and Scully Disk Cutting systems, and Altec monitoring.

Tape Recorders - Ampex, Scully, MCI, Studer, and Sony.

Microphones - Neumann, AKG, Sennheiser, Electro-Voice, Sony, Shure, and RCA.

Outboard Equipment - Dolby, UREI (Textronix), Pultec, Lang, Spectra-Sonic, Eventide, Allison Research, Audio & Design, Ltd and Fairchild.

Reverberation - An echo chamber was built in the basement of 1841 Broadway but it was rarely used in later years, primarily it was EMT analog and digital reverberation units.

The studios closed in 1990 and Atlantic Records' in-house digital and analog production rooms and the tape library were re-located to West 54th Street.

Founders of Atlantic RecordsEdit


Producers - Recording/Mixing EngineersEdit

Recording/Mixing EngineersEdit

  • Brian Eddolls - Synclavier Programmer

Mastering EngineersEdit

  • George Piros
  • Dennis King
  • Rob Grennell
  • George Peckham

Technical EngineersEdit

  • Clair Krepps [2] - Chief Engineer; established his own studio, Mayfair Recording Studios,[3] in 1965.
  • Joel Kerr [4]
  • Tom Cahill
  • Sami Ucikan
  • Ray DeLeon


  • Paul Sloman
  • Dave Teig
  • Frank Tabino

A few recording sessionsEdit


Chronological list, with album, artist, and recording dates :


Chronological list with artist, and recording dates :


Alphabetical list of main artists :



  1. ^ As related by Tom Dowd to engineer Randy Mason during post-production of Bette Midler's album Live at Last.
  2. ^ Discogs - Clair Krepps profile and discography
  3. ^ Discogs - Mayfair Recording Studios (Manhattan) profile and discography
  4. ^ "G&J Audio - Joel Kerr primary staff". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2014-04-12.
  5. ^ (in French) Discographie de Keith Jarrett
  6. ^ (in French) Lady Soul
  7. ^ (in English) Main Course
  8. ^ (in French) Bonfire

Coordinates: 40°46′09″N 73°58′57″W / 40.76918°N 73.98258°W / 40.76918; -73.98258