Bertrand Russell Berns (November 8, 1929 – December 30, 1967), also known as Bert Russell and (occasionally) Russell Byrd, was an American songwriter and record producer of the 1960s. Berns' song writing credits include "Twist and Shout", "Piece of My Heart", "Here Comes the Night", "Hang on Sloopy", and "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love", and his productions include "Baby, Please Don't Go", "Brown Eyed Girl" and "Under the Boardwalk".
|Birth name||Bertrand Russell Berns|
|Also known as||Bert Russell|
|Born||November 8, 1929|
The Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Died||December 30, 1967 (aged 38)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Genres||Pop, R&B, rock and roll, soul|
|Occupation(s)||Songwriter, record producer, label executive|
|Labels||Atlantic, Bang, Shout|
Born in the Bronx, New York City, to Russian Jewish immigrants, Berns contracted rheumatic fever as a child, an illness that damaged his heart and would mark the rest of his life, resulting in his early death. Turning to music, he found enjoyment in the sounds of his African American and Latino neighbors. As a young man, Berns danced in mambo nightclubs, and made his way to Havana before the Cuban Revolution.:23
Shortly after his return from Cuba, Berns began a seven-year run from an obscure Brill Building songwriter to owner of his own record labels. He signed as a $50/week songwriter with Robert Mellin Music at 1650 Broadway in 1960. His first hit record was "A Little Bit of Soap", performed by the Jarmels on Laurie Records in 1961. Berns himself had a short-lived career as a recording artist, and in 1961, under the name "Russell Byrd", Berns scored his only Billboard Hot 100 appearance with his own composition, "You'd Better Come Home", which peaked at Number 50. That song would later be recorded by the Isley Brothers, and featured as the B-side of their 1962 single "Twistin' With Linda". Also in 1962, the Isley Brothers recorded "Twist and Shout" on Wand Records, written by Berns and Phil Medley. Berns also hit the charts in late 1962 with the Exciters' "Tell Him" on United Artists, and with Solomon Burke's "Cry to Me" on Atlantic Records. As an independent producer working with myriad record labels, Berns also made important records with Garnet Mimms ("Cry Baby") and Gene Pitney ("If I Didn't Have a Dime (to Play the Jukebox)").
Atlantic Records (1963–1965)Edit
Berns's early work with Solomon Burke brought him to the attention of Atlantic label chiefs Ahmet Ertegün and Jerry Wexler. In 1963, Berns replaced Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller as staff producer at Atlantic, where he wrote and produced hits for Solomon Burke ("Everybody Needs Somebody to Love"), the Drifters ("Under the Boardwalk" and "Saturday Night at the Movies"), Barbara Lewis ("Baby I'm Yours" and "Make Me Your Baby"), Little Esther Phillips ("Hello Walls"), Ben E. King, Wilson Pickett and LaVern Baker.
British Invasion (1964–1965)Edit
With many of Berns's songs being recorded by British Invasion bands such as the Beatles ("Twist and Shout"), the Rolling Stones ("Cry to Me") and the Animals ("Baby Let Me Take You Home"), Berns became the first American record producer to travel across the Atlantic to work in London.:222 He went to England three times between 1964 and 1965, where he produced a number of British Decca artists such as Van Morrison's Them ("Here Comes the Night", "Baby Please Don't Go") and Lulu.
BANG Records (1965–1967)Edit
Berns formed his own record label, BANG Records, in 1965. BANG Records was founded with his Atlantic Records partners, with the label's name derived from the initials of each of their respective personal names—in order, Bert Berns, Ahmet Ertegün, Nesuhi Ertegün, and Gerald (Jerry) Wexler. BANG was home to such artists as the McCoys ("Hang on Sloopy"), the Strangeloves ("I Want Candy"), Them's ex-lead singer Van Morrison ("Brown Eyed Girl"), and, most notably, Neil Diamond ("Solitary Man" and "Cherry Cherry").
Shout Records (1966–1967)Edit
With BANG Records releasing predominantly rock and roll, Berns formed Shout Records in 1966 as an outlet for his greatest passions of R&B and soul music, recording artists such Freddie Scott ("Are You Lonely for Me Baby") and Erma Franklin ("Piece of My Heart"). "Piece of My Heart", one of his last songs, was covered shortly thereafter by Big Brother and the Holding Company, which the then unknown Janis Joplin fronted.
Death and legacyEdit
Berns, who had a history of cardiac trouble as a result of his heart being damaged from rheumatic fever contracted during childhood, died in his New York apartment of heart failure on December 30, 1967, aged 38. He was buried two days later, following a funeral service at Riverside Memorial Chapel on New York's 180 West 76th Street in Manhattan. His widow Ilene outlived her husband by nearly 50 years; she died at the age of 73 on February 20, 2017.
Though not as widely known as his contemporaries, Bert Berns ranks among the most significant and influential of his generation, on a par with the writer-producer teams of Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller and Holland–Dozier–Holland. Beyond his contribution to artists such as The Isley Brothers, The Exciters, Solomon Burke, The Drifters, Ben E. King, Van Morrison, and Neil Diamond, Berns has been credited with bringing Latin rhythms to soul music and soul to rock and roll.
Awards and honorsEdit
Selected writing creditsEdit
- "A Little Bit of Soap", The Jarmels (1961)
- "Twist and Shout", The Top Notes (1961), The Isley Brothers (1962), The Beatles (1963)
- "Cry to Me" Solomon Burke (1962), the Rolling Stones (1965)
- "Tell Him", The Exciters (1962)
- "Cry Baby", Garnet Mimms (1963), Janis Joplin (1971)
- "One Way Love", The Drifters (1963), Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers (1964)
- "I Don't Want to Go on without You", The Drifters (1964), The Moody Blues (1965)
- "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love", Solomon Burke (1964), the Rolling Stones (1965) Wilson Pickett (1967)
- "Baby Let Me Take You Home", The Animals (1964)
- "Here Comes the Night", Lulu (1964), Them (1965)
- "I Want Candy" The Strangeloves (1965), Bow Wow Wow (1982)
- "Hang on Sloopy", The McCoys (1965)
- "Down in the Valley", Solomon Burke (1964) Otis Redding (1965)
- "I'll Take Good Care of You", Garnet Mimms (1967)
- "Are You Lonely for Me Baby", Freddie Scott (1967)
- "Piece of My Heart", Erma Franklin (1967), Big Brother and the Holding Company featuring Janis Joplin (1968), Dusty Springfield (1968)
- "Twenty Five Miles", Edwin Starr (1968)
Selected producer creditsEdit
- "Cry to Me", Solomon Burke (1962)
- "Twist and Shout", The Isley Brothers (1962)
- "Nobody but Me", The Isley Brothers (1963)
- "Under the Boardwalk", The Drifters (1964)
- "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love", Solomon Burke (1964)
- "Here Comes the Night", Lulu (1964)
- "Baby Please Don't Go", Them (1965)
- "Here Comes the Night", Them (1965)
- "Baby I'm Yours", Barbara Lewis (1965)
- "Make Me Your Baby", Barbara Lewis (1965)
- "Piece of My Heart", Erma Franklin (1967)
- "Brown Eyed Girl", Van Morrison (1967)
- The Heart and Soul of Bert Berns (2003) a CD compiled by Doug Morris and Universal Music encompassing some of Berns' best work.
- Twist and Shout: The Bert Berns Story - Vol. 1: 1960-1964 (2008), a CD featuring more than two dozen of Berns' R&B and rock hits, released through Ace Records of England.
- Mr. Success: The Bert Berns Story - Vol. 2: 1964-1967 (2010), a CD featuring more than two dozen of Berns' R&B and rock hits, released through Ace Records of England.
- Hang on Sloopy: The Bert Berns Story - Vol. 3 (2014), a CD featuring more than two dozen of Berns' R&B and rock hits, released through Ace Records of England.
- Selvin, Joel (2014). Here Comes the Night: The Dark Soul of Bert Berns and the Dirty Business of Rhythm and Blues. Counterpoint Press. ISBN 978-1619025417.
- "New Bert Berns Collection". Blogcritics. September 20, 2002.
- Rohter, Larry (July 16, 2014). "Many-Hit Wonder, Out of Obscurity". The New York Times. p. AR16.
- Gordon, Robert (May 30, 2014). "Hit Man". The New York Times. p. BR41.
- "Piece of My Heart: The Bert Berns Story". Merged Work Productions. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
- "BANG! The Bert Berns Story". South by Southwest. March 11, 2016.
- "SXSW Film Review". Blogcritics. April 1, 2016.