Dutch Top 40

The Dutch Top 40 (Dutch: Nederlandse Top 40) is a weekly music chart compiled by Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. It started as a radio program titled "Veronica Top 40", on the offshore station Radio Veronica in 1965. It remained "The Veronica Top 40" until 1974, when the station was forced to stop broadcasting. Joost den Draaijer initiated the Top 40 in the Netherlands. The show currently airs on Fridays from 2 to 6 PM on Qmusic.

Hans Breukhoven and Lex Harding celebrating a printed edition of the Dutch Top 40 in 2005

HistoryEdit

On January 2, 1965, the first Top 40 was compiled, with its first #1 hit "I Feel Fine" by The Beatles. In September 1974, the Stichting Nederlandse Top 40 bought the Top 40 and named it De Nederlandse Top 40. The Dutch Top 40 is one of the four official charts in the Netherlands, the other three being the B2B Single Top 100, which is based entirely on pure sales and streaming, the Mega Top 30 from (NPO 3FM) which, like the Dutch Top 40 also includes airplay data and the 538 Top 50.

From October 4th. 1974 until May 20th. 1976, the Top 40 was broadcast by TROS on the pop radio station Hilversum 3, presented by Dutch famous DJ Ferry Maat. From May 28th, 1976 until November 29th. 1985 the Top 40 was broadcast by Veronica on Hilversum 3. As of December 1st. 1985, after the rename of the station name to Radio 3, the Top 40 continued to be broadcast by Veronica on Radio 3.

In January 1993 Radio 3 decided that the broadcasting of two hit lists (the other one was the Nationale Top 100) on one radio station must come to an end and therefore as from February 7th. 1993 Radio 3 started to broadcast a new hitlist: the Mega Top 50 and wanted to terminate the broadcasting of the Top 40. Due to a lawsuit of the Stichting Nederlandse Top 40, Veronica had to continue broadcasting the Dutch Top 40 on Radio 3 until December 18th. 1993.

Meanwhile the Dutch Top 40 was also broadcast on the Dutch commercial radiostation Radio 538 since June 1993. The list continued to be broadcast on this radiostation until December 28th. 2018, when Radio 538 discontinued the broadcasting of the Dutch Top 40. As from January 4th. 2019, the Top 40 is broadcast by the Dutch commercial radiostation Qmusic.

CompilationEdit

CompositionEdit

For most of its history, the Top 40 was based on sales figures of record stores. These were collected through telephone surveys. As of 1999, the airplay of a limited number of radio stations was included. Between 2006 and 2014, download figures were added to the mix. They were removed again because supposedly, download sales could be easily manipulated by record companies or artists.[1]

As of February 2014, the chart is a combination of airplay, streaming, and social media trends.[2] The more often a song gets played on the radio, the higher its ranking in the Top 40.

To compute year-end chart positions, the weekly #1 positions get 40 points, the #2 positions get 39 points, etc. These weekly scores are then added up and sorted by single to determine the ranking.

TipparadeEdit

The Tipparade, a 'bubbling under' chart for the Top 40, is based on sales, streaming, airplay, and recommendations from both the general public and the music industry. [3]

RulesEdit

There is a set of rules, of which some have existed since 1972, that has been maintained up until 2012. Some of these have been criticized as a hindrance.

  • Since late 1971, singles had to remain at least two weeks in the charts. If a single officially no longer belongs in the Top 40, these are placed on #40.
    • Example: Missy Elliott's "Lose Control": Remained two weeks on #40 in the chart, because it did not sell enough and also wasn't played enough on the radio.
    • There have been two exceptions for this, though: In October 1994, Pet Shop Boys' "Yesterday, When I Was Mad" stayed in the charts for only one week due to an error in the compilation, and in late September 2007, Kus's "4 meiden" just didn't sell enough to stay in the charts for two weeks.
  • Since 1983, singles that move up in the chart by a large number of positions are assigned superstip ("super bullet") status. These singles were not allowed to fall down in chart position in the following week. If a superstip single had comparatively lower sales/airplay statistics a week later, it would remain stuck on the same chart position until the second week of drop, by which time it may appear as if it dropped hard in chart positions.
    • Example: Guus Meeuwis's "Ik wil dat ons land juicht": The song entered the chart at #11 (superstip), rose up to #5 (superstip again) in its second week. The following week it was meant to drop in chart position, but remained on the #5 position. The following two weeks, it went from #5 to #39. Because of this rule, this single was the biggest fall down in the Top 40. However, this was not always the case. Sometimes singles with a superstip status did drop, for example, if there's no room.
  • Up until 2005, there were no clear rules on when a single could re-enter the Top 40. Apparently, a song had to re-enter at least in the top 30 portions of the chart to be allowed back, which happened occasionally. In the case of re-issued singles, there were no rules whatsoever - these singles could re-enter anyway. Since the mid-2000s, new rules were implemented, meaning that only songs from recently deceased artists could return to the Top 40, such as Michael Jackson's Billie Jean after the artist's death in 2009. Since 2012, "normal" re-entries have started to occur again. During the Christmas season, however, re-entries of older Christmas classics (e.g. Wham!'s Last Christmas or Mariah Carey's All I Want for Christmas Is You) are barred from re-entering the Top 40, even though their streaming and airplay activity should earn them a Top 40 position.
  • Singles with double A-side are listed separately in the Top 40; due to the (possible) different amount of airplay the two songs get.

Records, milestones and achievementsEdit

This is a listing of significant achievements and milestones based upon the Dutch Top 40 charts.

Song achievementsEdit

Most weeks at number oneEdit

  • 16 weeks
Calvin Harris with Dua Lipa — "One Kiss" (2018)
Harry Styles — "As It Was" (2022)
  • 15 weeks
Ed Sheeran — "Shape of You" (2017)
Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber — "Despacito (Remix)" (2017)
Tones and I — "Dance Monkey" (2019-20)
  • 14 weeks
The Weeknd — "Blinding Lights" (2020)
  • 13 weeks
Gusttavo Lima — "Balada" (2012)
  • 12 weeks
Marco Borsato — "Dromen Zijn Bedrog" (1994)
Shawn Mendes featuring Camila Cabello — "Señorita" (2019)
  • 11 weeks
Bruno Mars — "Just the Way You Are" (2010)
Clean Bandit featuring Jess Glynne — "Rather Be" (2014)
André Hazes and Gerard Joling — "Blijf Bij Mij" (2007)
OMI — "Cheerleader" (Felix Jaehn remix) (2015)
Michel Teló — "Ai Se Eu Te Pego!" (2012)
Robin Thicke featuring T.I. & Pharrell Williams — "Blurred Lines" (2013)
Davina Michelle — "Duurt Te Lang" (2018-19)
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013)
Marco Borsato — "Rood" (2006)
Bryan Adams — "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (1991)
  • 10 weeks
Owl City — "Fireflies" (2009–10)
Céline Dion — "My Heart Will Go On" (1998)
BLØF featuring Geike Arnaert — "Zoutelande" (2018)
Vangelis — "Conquest of Paradise" (1995)
4 Non Blondes — "What's Up? (1993)
Mike Posner — "I Took a Pill in Ibiza (SeeB remix) (2016)
Alexis Jordan — "Happiness" (2011)
Snelle and Maan — "Blijven Slapen" (2021)
Heintje — "Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss" (1968)

Source:[4]

Most total weeks in the Top 40Edit

  • 49 weeks
Pharrell Williams — "Happy" (2013–14)
  • 42 weeks
Lewis Capaldi — "Someone You Loved" (2019)
  • 41 weeks
Corry En De Rekels — "Huilen Is Voor Jou Te Laat" (1970–71)
  • 40 weeks
The Scorpions — "Hello Josephine" (1965, 1977)
Trio Hellenique — "Zorba's Dance" (1965–66, 1974)[1]
  • 39 weeks
Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg — "Je T'aime... Moi Non Plus" (1969, 1974)
  • 38 weeks
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013–14, 2018)
Gotye featuring Kimbra — "Somebody That I Used to Know" (2011–12)
  • 35 weeks
Dave Berry — "This Strange Effect" (1965–66)
Nini Rosso — "Il Silenzio" (1965–66)[2]
  • 34 weeks
The Weeknd — "Blinding Lights" (2019-2020)
De Heikrekels — "Waarom Heb Jij Me Laten Staan?" (1967)
John Legend — "All of Me" (2013–14)
  • 33 weeks
Major Lazer and DJ Snake featuring — "Lean On" (2015)
Five Seconds of Summer — "Youngblood" (2018-19)
Gers Pardoel — "Ik Neem Je Mee" (2011–12)
Henk Westbroek — "Zelfs Je Naam Is Mooi" (1998–99)
Joel Corry featuring MNEK — "Head & Heart" (2020)
Danny Vera — "Rollercoaster" (2019-20)
Nielson — "Beauty En De Brains" (2012–13)
Lorde — "Royals" (2013–2014)
Sam Smith — "Stay with Me" (2014–15)
Camila Cabello featuring Young Thug — "Havana (Camila Cabello song)" (2017-18)

Source:[5]

Notes
  • 1 ^Three different versions of the song (which was featured in the 1964 film Zorba the Greek), performed by Trio Hellenique, Mikis Theodorakis and Duo Acropolis, were combined as one chart entry (which happened more often in the 1960s), spending 37 weeks on the chart. The Trio Hellenique version spent three more weeks on the chart in 1974, totalling 40 weeks.
  • 2 ^Different versions of the song were performed by three different artists, and were listed on the Top 40 as only one song.

Number-one debutsEdit

Artist achievementsEdit

Most Top 40 entriesEdit

Source:[6]

Most number-one singlesEdit

Number of singles Artist
16 The Beatles
15 Marco Borsato
8 ABBA
7 Justin Bieber
6 (tie) Michael Jackson
6 (tie) George Michael
6 (tie) Jan Smit
6 (tie) Queen

Source:[7]

Most weeks at number one
(Total)
Artist Record
  The Beatles 74 weeks
  Marco Borsato 72 weeks
  Justin Bieber 47 weeks
  Ed Sheeran 34 weeks
  Adele 27 weeks
  George Michael 26 weeks
  Jan Smit 25 weeks
  Elton John 25 weeks
  ABBA 24 weeks
  Calvin Harris 22 weeks

Source:[8]

Most weeks at number one
(in 1 year)
Artist Year Record
  The Beatles 1965 30 weeks
  Marco Borsato 2006 22 weeks
  Ed Sheeran 2017 20 weeks
  The Beatles 1966 19 weeks
  Calvin Harris 2018 16 weeks
  Dua Lipa 2018 16 weeks
  Harry Styles 2022 16 weeks
  Justin Bieber 2016 15 weeks
2017
  Avicii 2013 15 weeks
  Pharrell Williams 2013 15 weeks
  Shaggy 2001 14 weeks
  André Hazes 2007 14 weeks
  Bruno Mars 2010 14 weeks
  The Weeknd 2020 14 weeks
  Heintje 1968 13 weeks
  Olivia Newton-John 1978 13 weeks
  Shakira 2002 13 weeks
  Marco Borsato 2004 13 weeks
  Gusttavo Lima 2012 13 weeks
  Tones and I 2019 13 weeks
Most successful top 40 artists
Artist Weeks Points
  David Guetta 745 16389
  Rihanna 590 14741
  Madonna 540 13428
  Marco Borsato 494 12996
  Justin Bieber 472 12584
  Rolling Stones 462 12070
  Ed Sheeran 420 10398
  Michael Jackson 433 10326
  The Beatles 328 9728
  Pink 444 9312

Source:[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  2. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Samenstelling Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  3. ^ Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. ^ "Langst op nummer 1". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  5. ^ "Langst in de Top 40". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  6. ^ Top 40, Stichting Nederlandse. "Artiest met de meeste Top 40-hits". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2021-12-17.
  7. ^ "Artiest met meeste nummer 1-hits". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Artiest langst op nummer 1". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Best scorende artiest". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 17 December 2021.

External linksEdit