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Philip Medley (April 9, 1916 – October 3, 1997) was an American songwriter notable for his composition "Twist & Shout", which he wrote along with Bert Russell. The song was made famous by both The Isley Brothers and The Beatles. Medley also wrote "A Million to One" and co-wrote "If I Didn't Have a Dime" for Gene Pitney with Russell. He was also a co-writer of the song "Killer Joe," recorded by many bands including the Rocky Fellers, the Rivieras and the Kingsmen. In 1994, he played guitar for The Jeffersons at the Great Oak Farm Benefit. He wrote "Styrofoam Airplane".