Tudela, Misamis Occidental

Tudela, officially the Municipality of Tudela, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Tudela; Tagalog: Bayan ng Tudela), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Misamis Occidental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 28,932 people. [3]

Tudela
Municipality of Tudela
Motto(s): 
Abante Tudela!
Map of Misamis Occidental with Tudela highlighted
Map of Misamis Occidental with Tudela highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Tudela is located in Philippines
Tudela
Tudela
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°14′50″N 123°50′33″E / 8.2472°N 123.8424°E / 8.2472; 123.8424Coordinates: 8°14′50″N 123°50′33″E / 8.2472°N 123.8424°E / 8.2472; 123.8424
Country Philippines
RegionNorthern Mindanao
ProvinceMisamis Occidental
District 2nd district
FoundedDecember 28, 1920
Barangays33 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorSamuel L. Parojinog
 • Vice MayorEstela Obut-Estaño
 • RepresentativeHenry S. Oaminal
 • Electorate19,220 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total98.52 km2 (38.04 sq mi)
Elevation
44 m (144 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total28,932
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
 • Households
6,468
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence34.49% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱86,240,820.60 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityMisamis Occidental 2 Electric Cooperative (MOELCI 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
7202
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)88
Climate typeTropical climate
Native languagesSubanon
Cebuano
Tagalog
Websitewww.tudelamisocc.gov.ph

Tudela is widely known for its colorful and interesting Binalbal Festival, where many revelers are clad in very gory costumes like a giant Halloween costume party.[5] It is held every New Year's Day (Jan. 1).[6] Close to the border of Tudela is the eco-tourism attraction Misamis Occidental Aquamarine Park (MOAP), which is located in its boundary with Sinacaban, its neighboring town to the north.

HistoryEdit

Spanish colonial eraEdit

Founded by Padre Antonio Olleta as the visita of Tudela and by 1884 it was already a pueblo with four barrios.[7] Named after Tudela, Navarre, Spain, the hometown of Padre Olleta.[8]

On December 28, 1920, during the American occupation, Governor General Francis Burton Harrison, through the efforts of Senator Jose F. Clarin, created the Municipality of Tudela through Executive Order No. 61 Series of 1920.

The first appointed Municipal President was Primitivo Ninang and its first Vice President was Pirigrin Sengidas. The following councilors appointed were Pio Adecir, Simeon Fuentes, Gregorio Madula, Casimeo Rubio, Julio Maliao, Florentino Olarte, Felix Codilla, and Isidro Sol.

The first appointed Municipal Secretary was Jose M. Castaños, known as “Secretario Municipal Interino”. The Provincial Fiscal nominated him and it was approved by Municipal Council Res. No. 123, series of 1923.

Spanish Language was used in the preparation of minutes, resolutions and ordinances from 1921 up to 1928 and in the later part of 1929 during the term of Ulpiano Balazo as Municipal President.

Martial lawEdit

A notable incident in Tudela during the Marcos dictatorship took place on Aug. 24, 1981, when members of a pseudo-religious paramilitary sect strafed the house of the Gumapons, a Subanon family, in Sitio Gitason, Barrio Lampasan. Ten of the twelve persons in the house, including an infant, were killed.[9][10]

Recent historyEdit

In 1982 the 36 barangays of Tudela was reduced to 33, when 3 barangays (Tuno, Lalud, and Lampasan) were annexed to the newly created municipality of Don Mariano Marcos, Misamis Occidental[11] (now the Municipality of Don Victoriano Chiongbian, Misamis Occidental[12]).

GeographyEdit

Tudela is bounded on the north by the municipality of Sinacaban, to the south by the municipality of Clarin, to the east by Iligan Bay, and to the west by the municipality of Don Victoriano Chiongbian and Mount Malindang. It is 20-minute drive from Ozamiz City to the south, and 45-minutes drive from Oroquieta City to the north.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Tudela, Misamis Occidental
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.7)
44
(1.7)
37
(1.5)
29
(1.1)
87
(3.4)
137
(5.4)
131
(5.2)
141
(5.6)
143
(5.6)
134
(5.3)
68
(2.7)
53
(2.1)
1,073
(42.3)
Average rainy days 9.9 7.6 7.4 8.1 21.6 26.5 26.4 26.6 25.8 24.3 15.1 10.4 209.7
Source: Meteoblue [13]

BarangaysEdit

Tudela is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.

  • Balon
  • Barra
  • Basirang
  • Bongabong
  • Buenavista
  • Cabol-anonan
  • Cahayag
  • Camating
  • Canibungan Proper
  • Casilak San Agustin
  • Centro Hulpa (Poblacion)
  • Centro Napu (Poblacion)
  • Centro Upper (Poblacion)
  • Colambutan Bajo
  • Calambutan Settlement
  • Duanguican
  • Gala
  • Gumbil
  • Locso-on
  • Maikay
  • Maribojoc
  • Mitugas
  • Nailon
  • Namut
  • Napurog
  • Pan-ay Diot
  • San Nicolas
  • Sebac
  • Silongon
  • Sinuza
  • Taguima
  • Tigdok
  • Yahong

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Tudela
YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 11,057—    
1948 11,477+0.42%
1960 13,361+1.27%
1970 17,877+2.95%
1975 19,625+1.89%
1980 21,893+2.21%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 19,070−1.37%
1995 22,805+3.41%
2000 23,047+0.23%
2007 25,113+1.19%
2010 27,371+3.18%
2015 28,932+1.06%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][14][15][16]

In the 2015 census, the population of Tudela, Misamis Occidental, was 28,932 people, [3] with a density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre or 750 inhabitants per square mile.

ReligionEdit

Places of worship:

  • San Isidro Labrador Parish Church (Roman Catholic) - Upper Centro
  • San Isidro Labrador Parish Church (Philippine Independent Church) - Centro Hulpa
  • United Church of Christ in the Philippines - Upper Centro
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses - Purok 1, Taguima
  • Seventh Day Adventist Church - Basirang; Nailon
  • Kristohanon (Church of Tudela) - Barra
  • Liberty Bible Baptist Church (Bible Baptist) - Taguima
  • Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI) - Hulpa

EconomyEdit

The majority hardly depends on agriculture and fishing. Commerce is also progressive in this municipality. There are many Tudelanhon businessmen. People in the municipality and of the neighboring barangays of Clarin and Sinacaban towns depend on the local market, instead of going to Ozamiz City, the economic hub in the province.

Crops: Palay, corn, banana, kamoteng-kahoy (cassava), sweet potato, coconut, fruits (mango, durian, lanzones), and vegetables.

Products: aquaculture products: shrimps, prawns, crabs, tilapia, bangus (milkfish); furniture; poultry products; breads and pastries; fishes and shells.

AttractionsEdit

  • Misamis Occidental Aquamarine Park: located along the mangroves of Tigdok and Libertad Bajo, baranggays of Tudela and Sinacaban, respectively - a wildlife park that serves as sanctuary for other endangered animals like the monkey-eating eagle and the tarsier, also found in the forests of nearby Mount Malindang National Park.
  • Binalbal Festival - every January 1, one of the oldest and longest running festival in the country as it traced back its origin as early the 1920s.[6]
  • Araw ng Tudela - every December 28
  • Mount Malindang National Park
  • Barra Beach
  • Tudela Market Place and Bagsakan Center

Local governmentEdit

The governance of the Municipality of Tudela was managed by elected, appointed and OIC Mayors from 1921 up to the present, as follows:

  • 1921-1928 - Primitivo Ninang, first appointed
  • 1928-1935 - Ulpiano Balazo, appointed
  • 1935-1937 - Alberto Raagas, appointed
  • 1938-1940 - Jose Singson, elected
  • 1940-1943 - Alberto Raagas, elected
  • 1943-1946 - Eladio Lagura, elected
  • 1946-1947 - Eligio Dajao, appointed
  • Feb. 1947 - Dec.1947 - Antonio Enriquez, appointed
  • 1948-1959 - Gregorio Gamotin, elected
  • 1960-1986 - Antero Singidas, elected
  • 1986-1988 - Bernadette P. Encinareal, OIC
  • Dec. 1988 - Feb. 1989 - Panfilo S. Olarte, OIC
  • Mar. 1989 - Apr. 1989 - Nilo Y. Obut, OIC
  • 1989- 1992 - Bernadette P. Encinareal, elected
  • 1992- 2001 - Felix L. Sarigumba, elected
  • 2001-2007 - Nilo Y. Obut, elected
  • 2007-2016 - Estela Obut-Estaño, elected
  • 2016-to date - Samuel L. Parojinog, elected

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Air
Tudela is accessible by plane and served by Ozamiz City Airport, a short ride of tricycle from the airport to the Ozamiz City Integrated Bus Terminal (IBJT) also known as "Agora Terminal" where a Tudela modified public utility vehicle called "balik-balik" awaits and bound to Tudela.
Sea
Served by Port of Ozamiz City, then same as at the airport scenario which you have to ride a tricycle going to the Agora Terminal and another ride on a balik-balik bound for Tudela.
Land
The public mode of transportation within this municipality is usually by tricycle and habal-habal, while the balik-balik is a means of transport to and fro Ozamiz City, the nearest city.

UtilitiesEdit

Communication
Telecommunications and internet are available. Mobile phone networks (Smart, Globe and Sun Cellular) operate extensively in the municipality.
PhilPost has its office in the Municipal Hall. Most of the municipality is serviceable by commercial couriers (e.g. LBC, JRS Express, Air21, 2GO, etc.) based in Ozamiz City.
Electricity
All 33 barangays were energized by Misamis Occidental II Electric Cooperative, Inc. (MOELCI II).
Water
Poblacion area is served by Misamis Occidental Water District (MOWD).[23] Rural barangays have their own water systems funded by the government.

EducationEdit

PreschoolEdit

Every barangay in the municipality has their own Day Care Center under the supervision of the Department of Social Welfare and Development.

  • San Isidro Academy Pre-school Department
  • Ozamiz Elementary School Pre-school Department
  • there are also church-operated pre-schools in the Poblacion.
  • Tudela Liberty Baptist Christian School Pre-school Department

SecondaryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Tudela | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Misamis Occidental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ Binalbal Festival Archived 2005-01-25 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b Tudela Binalbal Festival Official Souvenir, published January 1, 2003, (Local Government Unit of Tudela, Misamis Occidental); Panfilo S. Olarte, Secretary to the Sanggunian 1988-2003
  7. ^ Naval, Lhem (2017). "Grand Old Northwest Foundation and Development of Towns and parishes in Misamis Occidental". Misamis Occidental: Historical Vignettes of Grand Northwest (2nd ed.). Baliangao, Misamis Occidental, Philippines: Synoptika Publishers. ISBN 9781365724350.
  8. ^ Naval, Lhem (2017). "Who is Apolinario Tudela? The Historical Beginnings of Tudela". Misamis Occidental: Historical Vignettes of Grand Northwest (2nd ed.). Baliangao, Misamis Occidental, Philippines: Synoptika Publishers. ISBN 9781365724350.
  9. ^ Doyo, Ma. Ceres P. "Martial law massacres". Retrieved 2018-06-18.
  10. ^ Report of an Amnesty International Mission to the Republic of the Philippines, 11 – 28 Nov 1981 (PDF) (Report). Amnesty International. November 28, 1981.
  11. ^ "B.P. Blg. 171: An Act Creating the Municipality of Don Mariano Marcos in the Province of Misamis Occidental". The Corpus Juris. 1982-02-08. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  12. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6845 - AN ACT CHANGING THE NAME OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF DON MARIANO MARCOS, PROVINCE OF MISAMIS OCCIDENTAL, TO MUNICIPALITY OF DON VICTORIANO". www.chanrobles.com. January 20, 1990. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  13. ^ "Tudela: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  15. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  16. ^ "Province of Misamis Occidental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ "Out Line of Service Area - Metro Ozamiz Water District". Retrieved 2019-01-17.

External linksEdit