Transport for Wales Rail Services

KeolisAmey Operations Limited (Welsh: Gweithrediadau KeolisAmey),[3] trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services (TfW Rail Services) was a Welsh train operating company owned by Keolis (60%) and Amey (40%) that operated the Wales & Borders franchise.

  • Transport for Wales
  • Trafnidiaeth Cymru
Transport wales logo18.svg
Hereford - Keolis Amey 175003 Carmarthen service.JPG
Overview
Franchise(s)Wales & Borders
14 October 2018 –
6 February 2021
Main region(s)Wales
Other region(s)
Stations operated247[2]
Parent company
Reporting markAW[1]
Dates of operation2018–2021
PredecessorArriva Trains Wales
SuccessorTransport for Wales Rail Limited
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Other
Website

The Welsh Government body Transport for Wales awarded the contract for the Wales and Borders franchise to KeolisAmey in 2018 which commenced rail operations on 14 October 2018.[4] KeolisAmey used the brand names Transport for Wales and TfW Rail (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru[5] and TrC Trenau),[6] which are owned by the Welsh Government, for day-to-day operations. The Welsh Government nationalised the franchise on 7 February 2021, transferring operations to Transport for Wales Rail Limited, although KeolisAmey will continue to provide a infrastructural role in the franchise.[7]

HistoryEdit

 
Passenger journeys on the Wales & Borders franchise from 2010–11 to 2018–19.[8]

In October 2016 four bids were shortlisted for the next Wales & Borders franchise: Abellio, the incumbent operator Arriva, a Keolis/Amey joint venture, and MTR Corporation.[9][10]

In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion.[11][12][13][14] In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to KeolisAmey Wales. It commenced on 14 October 2018 and it was to run for 15 years.[15]

Unlike the previous franchise, which was awarded by the Department for Transport, this franchise was awarded by Transport for Wales, on behalf of the Welsh Government.[10]

In January 2020 Keolis Amey was fined £2.3 million by the Welsh government for poor performance of rail services.[16] The company is also expected to be criticised by the Welsh Language Commissioner later in 2020 for reportedly breaking legislation on Welsh language provision six times since taking over the franchise in 2018.[17] KeolisAmey Wales told the BBC that it did not believe any rules had been broken.[17] Complaints included that Welsh was given lesser treatment on self-service machines, websites, and on the mobile app, that correspondence was not issued fully in Welsh, that train tickets were printed only in English, and that station and train announcements were not always made bilingually.[17]

With a collapse in revenues, and a significant reduction in passenger numbers as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic having made the original franchise financially unviable, on 7 February 2021 the franchise was taken over by the Welsh Government's operator of last resort, Transport for Wales Rail Limited, a subsidiary of Transport for Wales, with AmeyKeolis Infrastructure having an involvement in delivering some key projects such as the Core Valley Lines.[18][19][20]

ServicesEdit

Typical TfW weekday off-peak service was as follows:[21]

North Wales Coast Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Cardiff Central to Holyhead 8tpd Newport, Cwmbran, Pontypool & New Inn, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster (3tpd), Ludlow (7tpd), Craven Arms (7tpd), Church Stretton (7tpd), Shrewsbury, Gobowen (7tpd), Chirk (7tpd), Ruabon (7tpd), Wrexham General, Chester, Shotton (4tpd), Flint, Prestatyn (7tpd), Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn (3tpd), Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy (3tpd), Penmaenmawr (3tpd), Llanfairfechan (3tpd), Bangor (7tpd), Llanfairpwll (7tpd), Bodorgan (5tpd), Ty Croes (5tpd), Rhosneigr (5tpd) and Valley (5tpd).
Only 7 tpd terminate in Holyhead as one turns off at Llandudno Junction and terminates at Llandudno, calling at Deganwy en route.
175
1tpd Newport, Cwmbran (Holyhead-bound only), Pontypool (Holyhead-bound only), Abergavenny (Holyhead-bound only), Hereford, Ludlow (Cardiff-bound only), Shrewsbury, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Bangor
0534 from Holyhead and 1716 from Cardiff Central is the Premier Service which calls at fewer stops and has 1st class accommodation available with meals included.
67
Birmingham International to Holyhead 1tp2h Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan and Bangor 158
Manchester Airport to Llandudno 1 East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham, Helsby, Chester, Shotton, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy
6 inter-peak trains each day begin/end at the airport, 1 early morning and 2 late evening trains do too, not calling at East Didsbury. Other trains begin at Manchester Piccadilly.
158, 175
Crewe to Chester 1 shuttle 150, 158, 175
Chester to Liverpool Lime Street 1 Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn and Liverpool South Parkway
South Wales – Manchester
Route tph Calling at Class
Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly 1tp2h Johnston, Haverfordwest, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Shrewsbury, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport 175
Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly 1tp2h Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport
Fishguard Harbour to Manchester Piccadilly 1tpd Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport 150
Cambrian Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Birmingham International to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli 1tp2h Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth...
The two portions divide/attach at Machynlleth.
158
Aberystwyth portion:
Dovey Junction, Borth and Bow Street
Pwllheli portion:
Dovey Junction, Penhelig, Aberdovey, Tywyn, Tonfanau, Llwyngwril, Fairbourne, Morfa Mawddach, Barmouth, Llanaber, Talybont, Dyffryn Ardudwy, Llanbedr, Pensarn, Llandanwg, Harlech, Tygwyn, Talsarnau, Llandecwyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Minffordd, Porthmadog, Criccieth, Penychain and Abererch
Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth - Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction, Borth and Bow Street
Additional trains that run so that there is a service most hours between Shrewsbury and Aberystwyth
Heart of Wales Line
Route tpd Calling at Class
Carmarthen to Llandovery 1 Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog and Llanwrda 150, 153
Llandrindod to Crewe 1 Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
Swansea to Shrewsbury and Crewe 4 Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llandovery, Cynghordy, Sugar Loaf, Llanwrtyd, Llangammarch, Garth, Cilmeri, Builth Road, Llandrindod, Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms and Church Stretton
2tpd extend to/from Crewe, calling at Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
Shrewsbury to Crewe 5 Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
creates an every-2-hours service alongside trains beginning further south
Conwy Valley Line
Route tpd Calling at Class
Blaenau Ffestiniog to Llandudno 6 Roman Bridge, Dolwyddelan, Pont-y-Pant, Betws-y-Coed, Llanrwst, North Llanrwst, Dolgarrog, Tal-y-Cafn, Glan Conwy, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy 150
Borderlands Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Wrexham Central to Bidston 1 Wrexham General, Gwersyllt, Cefn-y-Bedd, Caergwrle, Hope, Penyffordd, Buckley, Hawarden, Shotton, Hawarden Bridge, Neston, Heswall and Upton 150
West Wales Locals
Route tph Calling at Class
Pembroke Dock to Swansea 1tp2h Pembroke, Lamphey, Manorbier, Penally, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Kilgetty, Narberth, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, and Llanelli 150, 153, 158, 175
Fishguard Harbour to Swansea 1tp2h Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Camarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port and Llanelli
Swanline
Route tph Calling at Class
Swansea to Cardiff Central 1tp2h Llansamlet, Skewen, Neath, Briton Ferry, Baglan, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle, Bridgend, Pencoed and Pontyclun 150, 153, 158
West Wales-Gloucestershire Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa 1 Maesteg (Ewenny Road), Garth, Tondu, Sarn, Wildmill, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow, Lydney and Gloucester
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Cheltenham Spa.
doesn't run when Fishguard - Gloucester service runs
150, 153, 158, 170, 175
Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester 4tpd Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow and Lydney
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Gloucester.
150, 158
Ebbw Valley Railway
Route tph Calling at Class
Cardiff Central to Ebbw Vale Town 1 Pye Corner, Rogerstone, Risca & Pontymister, Crosskeys, Newbridge, Llanhilleth and Ebbw Vale Parkway 150, 153, 158, 170, 175
Rhymney Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Penarth to Bargoed and Rhymney 4 Dingle Road, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath High Level, Llanishen, Lisvane & Thornhill, Caerphilly, Aber, Energlyn & Churchill Park (2tph), Llanbradach, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed, Pengam, and Gilfach Fargoed (1tph).
1tph extends to Rhymney, calling at Brithdir, Tir-Phil and Pontlottyn
143, 150, 769
Merthyr & Vale of Glamorgan Lines
Route tph Calling at Class
Bridgend to Aberdare 1 Llantwit Major, Rhoose Cardiff International Airport, Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach 143, 150
Barry Island to Aberdare 1 Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach
Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil 2 Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest Estate, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Quakers Yard, Merthyr Vale, Troed-y-rhiw and Pentre-bach
Rhondda Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Cardiff Central to Treherbert 2 Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Trehafod, Porth, Dinas Rhondda, Tonypandy, Llwynypia, Ystrad Rhondda, Ton Pentre, Treorchy and Ynyswen 143, 150
City & Coryton Lines
Route tph Calling at Class
Radyr to Coryton 2 Danescourt, Fairwater, Waun-gron Park, Ninian Park, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath Low Level, Ty Glas, Birchgrove, Rhiwbina and Whitchurch 143, 153
Butetown Branch Line
Route tph Calling at Class
Cardiff Queen Street to Cardiff Bay 5 shuttle 143, 150, 153

Rolling StockEdit

KeolisAmey Wales inherited a fleet of Class 142, Class 143, Class 150, Class 153, Class 158, Class 175s diesel multiple units and Mark 3 carriages from Arriva Trains Wales in October 2018.[22]

In 2019 and 2020, more Class 153s, Class 170s and Mark 4s were acquired from other operators. In November 2020, the first 3 Class 769 entered service. These allowed for the Class 142s and Mark 3s to be withdrawn.

Class 143 PacerEdit

 
Class 143 Pacer at Cardiff Central in 2019 with "These trains will terminate soon" branding

KeolisAmey Wales operated 15 Class 143s.[23][24] All had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages 'The start of a new journey', 'The journey is almost over for old trains', and 'These trains will terminate soon', stating rolling stock, infrastructure and service improvements.

From 1 January 2021, the 143s were only able to operate coupled to (a) PRM-compliant unit(s), and the toilets were locked out of use due to Network Rail no longer wanting waste from non-tanked toilets being dropped onto their tracks.[25]

Class 150, 158 and 175 DMUsEdit

KeolisAmey Wales operated 36 Class 150, 24 Class 158 and 27 Class 175 units.[26][27][28]

Class 153 Super SprintersEdit

In April 2019 KeolisAmey Wales added five 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the eight it previously had.[29] Four of these entered service the following month, while the fifth entered service on 21 October 2019 as the first 153 on the whole GB rail network with PRM modifications.[30]

In October 2019, Porterbrook announced that it would lease a further nine Class 153s to KeolisAmey Wales for use on a short-term basis.[31] These comprise five 153s from Greater Anglia which entered service in January 2020, and four 153s from East Midlands Railway which entered service in February 2020.[32] In November 2020, two more 153s arrived from East Midlands Railway.[33]

Class 170 TurbostarsEdit

In September 2019 KeolisAmey Wales took delivery of the first of 12 Class 170 Turbostar DMUs from Abellio Greater Anglia.[34] As of September 2020, Transport for Wales operate the 12 Class 170s on the Maesteg/Cardiff/Ebbw Vale-Cheltenham routes.[35]

Class 769 FlexEdit

Nine Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units were due to be delivered by 2019, following conversion from Class 319 electric multiple units, by fitting diesel generators and extra electronic equipment to some previously unused below-solebar space.[36] The first 3 entered service in November and December 2020.[37]

Fleet at end of franchiseEdit

Family Class Image Type Top Speed Carriages Number Routes Operated Built
mph km/h
Locomotive hauled stock
Premier Service 67   Loco 125 200 6
  • Holyhead-Cardiff Central
  • Holyhead (Llandudno)-Manchester Piccadilly
1999–2000
Diesel multiple units
Pacer 143   DMU 75 121 2 15
  • Valley Lines & Cardiff local routes
1985–86
 
Sprinter 150/2   75 121 2 36
  • Valley Lines & Cardiff local routes
  • Heart of Wales/West Wales lines
  • Regional services between South and West Wales, North West and South West England
1986–87
153 Super Sprinter   1 24 1987–88
 
158/0 Express Sprinter   90 140 2 24
  • Cambrian line
  • Regional services between South and North Wales, North West and South West England
1990–91
Bombardier Turbostar 170/2  
 
100 161 2 4
  • Maesteg Line
  • Ebbw Valley Railway
  • South Wales Main Line[38]
2002
3 8 1999
 

 

Alstom Coradia 175/0 & 175/1  
 
100 161 2 11 Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales 1999–2001
3 16
 

 

Bi-mode multiple units
Flex 769/0   BMU 100 161 4 3 Valley Lines 2019-2020[nb 1]
 

Train maintenance depotsEdit

KeolisAmey Wales's fleet was stored and maintained at the following depots.

Due to space limitations, Chrysalis Rail allowed KeolisAmey Wales to store any unallocated units or carriages at its Landore TMD in Swansea, even if they were not being worked on.[39]

Past fleetEdit

From June 2019 to March 2020, KeolisAmey Wales hired two Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets to temporarily operate rush-hour services between Cardiff and Rhymney to add capacity. From January 2020 they were operating under PRM non-compliance dispensation, but were withdrawn in March due to decreasing reliability and replaced with trains formed of multiple Class 153 railcars coupled together, with many more of those in the fleet.[31]

In July 2020, all of KeolisAmey Wales's Mark 3 stock (which had been inherited from Arriva Trains Wales) went off lease and into storage at Long Marston.[40]

Class Image Type Top Speed Carriages Number Routes Operated Withdrawn Built
mph km/h
Locomotive hauled stock
37   Loco 80 129 3 Rhymney Line March 2020 1960–65
Mark 2   Coach 100 161 10 1963–1975
Mark 3   125 201 12
  • Holyhead–Cardiff Central
  • Holyhead (Llandudno)–Manchester Piccadilly
July 2020 1975–1988
Driving Van Trailer   Control car 3 1988-1990
Diesel multiple units
142 Pacer   DMU 75 121 2 15
  • Valley Lines & Cardiff local routes
September–December 2020 1985–87

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Transport for Wales (AW)". Train Operating Companies. National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. 6 February 2020. Archived from the original on 30 March 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  2. ^ Hoppe, Joe (16 September 2019). "Transport for Wales unveil plan to invest in Welsh stations over 15 years". South Wales Argus. Newport: Newsquest. Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020./
  3. ^ "Keolis Amey Operations/Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey Limited". gov.uk. Companies House. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2020. Company number: 11389531
  4. ^ "New £5bn Wales rail franchise starts". BBC News. BBC. 14 October 2018. Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Hafan" [Homeoage]. TrC Trenau [TfW Rail] (in Welsh). Transport for Wales Rail Services. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020. Darganfod hyd a lled rhwydwaith Trafnidiaeth Cymru. [Find out the full extent of the Transport for Wales network].
  6. ^ Transport for Wales [@transport_wales] (1 October 2018). "Bydd yr ap TrC Trenau ar gael i'w lawrlwytho maes o lawr ar iOS ac Android. Rydym ni'n gwybod y byddwch angen amser i gael trefn arno, felly bydd yr ap presennol yn dal i weithio tan ddiwedd y flwyddyn. #dechrautaith" [The TfW Rail app will be available for download on iOS and Android. We know you will need time to get it sorted, so the current app will continue to work until the end of the year. #StartingAJourney] (Tweet) (in Welsh). Retrieved 18 February 2020 – via Twitter.
  7. ^ "Transport for Wales rail services to be nationalised". BBC News. 22 October 2020. Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Passenger journeys by train operating company – Table 12.12 | ORR Data Portal". dataportal.orr.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Rail operator shortlist revealed" (Press release). Welsh Government. 12 October 2016. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018. Four bidders have been selected to progress to the next stage in the procurement process to operate rail services in Wales and the Borders from October 2018 as well take forward key aspects of the next stage of Metro.
  10. ^ a b "Wales & Borders bidders asked to propose Metro options". Railway Gazette International. Sutton: DVV Media Group. 13 October 2016. ISSN 0373-5346. Archived from the original on 19 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Arriva pulls out of Wales & Borders franchise contest". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 30 October 2017. ISSN 0744-5326. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  12. ^ "Arriva Trains Wales drops out of Welsh rail franchise bid". BBC News. BBC. 30 October 2017. Archived from the original on 15 June 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018. The firm that runs most of Wales' rail network has pulled out of the contest to continue running it from 2018. Arriva has said Arriva Trains Wales was "no longer participating in the Wales and Borders competition", adding it had "not been an easy decision".
  13. ^ "Abellio ends rail bid after Carillion collapse". BBC News. BBC. 23 February 2018. Archived from the original on 30 October 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018. One of the three remaining bidders for the next Wales and Borders rail franchise has pulled out. Abellio Rail Cymru (ARC) said it had been unable to overcome the collapse of its partner construction company, Carillion. Its exit from the process leaves just MTR and KeolisAmey bidding to run the franchise, which will operate the South Wales Metro.
  14. ^ "Abellio pulls out of Wales & Borders bidding". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 23 February 2018. ISSN 0744-5326. Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Wales' rail and metro franchise to be run by Keolis Amey". BBC News. BBC. 23 May 2018. Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018. A £5bn contract to run Wales' rail service for the next 15 years has been awarded to two European firms, who will run it jointly. France's Keolis and Spanish-owned Amey's bid triumphed over a rival offer from Hong Kong's MTR commuter railways. It will also drive forward the south Wales Metro in Cardiff and the valleys.
  16. ^ "Train operator Keolis Amey fined £2.3m for poor performance". Western Mail. 9 January 2020. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  17. ^ a b c "Transport for Wales 'breaks Welsh language rules'". 7 January 2020. Archived from the original on 11 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  18. ^ Written Statement: Future of Rail update Archived 30 October 2020 at the Wayback Machine Welsh Government 22 October 2020
  19. ^ "Transport for Wales rail services to be nationalised". BBC News. 22 October 2020. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  20. ^ Welsh Government takes control of franchise The Railway Magazine issue 1436 November 2020 page 6
  21. ^ Train Times Archived 28 January 2019 at the Wayback Machine. Transport for Wales Rail.
  22. ^ About Us Transport for Wales Rail
  23. ^ "Class 142" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  24. ^ "Class 143" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  25. ^ "Transport for Wales Rail Service: accessibility compliance dispensation". GOV.UK. 28 December 2020. Archived from the original on 28 December 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Class 150" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 7 January 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  27. ^ "Class 158" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  28. ^ "Class 175" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  29. ^ GWR Class 153s transfer to Wales Rail issue 878 8 May 2019 page 31
  30. ^ Compliant 153 in traffic with Transport for Wales Rail issue 892 20 November 2019 page 21
  31. ^ a b "Extra capacity and improved trains for rail passengers across Wales and the borders". Transport For Wales News. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  32. ^ DMU shuffle for East Midlands Railways Illustrated March 2020 page 9
  33. ^ EMR Class 153s join Welsh fleet Rail issue 919 2 December 2020 page 30
  34. ^ First Anglian Class 170/2 Turbostar moves to Transport for Wales Rail issue 887 11 September 2019 page 16
  35. ^ "Class 170" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  36. ^ "More '769s' on their way to Wales". Rail (872). Bauer Media. 13 February 2019.
  37. ^ Wales wins race to introduce 769s Modern Railways issue 867 December 2020 page 82
  38. ^ "One Year In". tfwrail.wales. Archived from the original on 5 November 2019. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  39. ^ Chrysalis Rail reopens Landore depot Today's Railways UK issue 214 October 2019 page 13
  40. ^ Railway Gazette (24 December 2019). "TfW Mark 3s' dispensation end date is June 30th". Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 2 August 2020.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Operator of Wales & Borders franchise
2018–2021
Succeeded by