Thomas Edward John Jr. (born May 22, 1943) is an American retired professional baseball pitcher who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 26 seasons between 1963 and 1989. He played for the Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox, Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Yankees, California Angels, and Oakland Athletics. He was a four-time MLB All-Star.
|Born: May 22, 1943|
Terre Haute, Indiana
|September 6, 1963, for the Cleveland Indians|
|Last MLB appearance|
|May 25, 1989, for the New York Yankees|
|Earned run average||3.34|
|Career highlights and awards|
John's 288 career victories rank as the seventh-highest total among left-handers in major league history. He had 188 career no decisions, an all-time MLB record among starting pitchers (dating back to at least 1908). He is also known for the surgical procedure ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction, nicknamed "Tommy John surgery", which he underwent in 1974 after damaging the ligament in his throwing arm. John was the first pitcher to receive the operation, and despite a poor outlook initially, he returned to being an effective pitcher, as more than half of his career wins came after his surgery. It has since become a common procedure among baseball pitchers.
John was an outstanding basketball player at Gerstmeyer High School in Terre Haute, Indiana, where he held the city single game scoring record. Choosing baseball when he realized he would not go on to play professional basketball, John signed with the Cleveland Indians and made his major league debut at twenty years-old in 1963. Following two partial seasons with the Indians, John showed occasional excellence during seven respectable years as a starting pitcher with the Chicago White Sox. However, it was a trade before the 1972 season to the Los Angeles Dodgers for mercurial slugger Dick Allen that began a skein of John's most famous years, first with the Dodgers and subsequently with the New York Yankees, where he posted a pair of 20-win seasons and was twice an All-Star. John was also named an All-Star in 1968 with the White Sox and 1978 with LA. He played in all three Yankees vs. Dodgers World Series of his era (1977, 1978 and 1981), having switched over to the Yankees by the time the Dodgers won the Series in 1981.
John was a soft throwing sinkerball pitcher whose technique resulted in batters hitting numerous ground balls and induced double plays. In the middle of an excellent 1974 season, John had a 13–3 record as the Dodgers were en route to their first National League pennant in eight years, before he permanently damaged the ulnar collateral ligament in his pitching arm, leading to a revolutionary surgical operation. This operation, now known as Tommy John surgery, replaced the ligament in the elbow of his pitching arm with a tendon from his right forearm. The surgery was performed by Dr. Frank Jobe on September 25, 1974, and it seemed unlikely he would ever be able to pitch again, as he spent the entire 1975 season in recovery. John worked with teammate and pitcher Mike Marshall, who had a Ph.D. in kinesiology and who was said to know how to help pitchers recover from injuries, on a different grip while pitching.
John returned to the Dodgers in 1976. His 10–10 record that year was considered "miraculous", but John went on to pitch until 1989, winning 164 games after his surgery—forty more than before and one fewer in total than all-time great Sandy Koufax won in his entire career. After Phil Niekro's retirement, John spent 1988 and 1989 as the oldest player in the major leagues. In 1989, John matched Deacon McGuire's record for most seasons played in a Major League Baseball career with 26, later broken by Nolan Ryan.
In 1986, Mark McGwire got two hits off him; McGwire's father was John's dentist. John said of this, "When your dentist's kid starts hitting you, it's time to retire!" Tommy John went on to pitch three more seasons.
In 2009, in his 15th and final year of eligibility for election into the Baseball Hall of Fame, John received only 31.7% of the vote. He needed at least 75% in order to be elected. He could still enter the Hall if he were selected by the Veterans Committee. On the edition of June 22, 2012 of The Dan Patrick Show, Patrick and longtime baseball commentator Bob Costas discussed the impact that Tommy John surgery has had on the game, stating that there could be a case for John being awarded the Buck O'Neil Lifetime Achievement Award.
John did commentary on select games during WPIX's final year of broadcasting Yankee baseball in 1998. In the edition of June 24, 1985 of ABC's Monday Night Baseball, John served as color commentator alongside Tim McCarver for a game between the Chicago White Sox and Oakland Athletics. He also guest-hosted the Mike and Mike ESPN Radio program on June 26, 2008. It is unknown if he will continue any similar work for the network in the future. On December 17, 2006, John was named manager of the Bridgeport Bluefish in the Atlantic League, an independent minor league in the Northeast. Tommy John resigned as manager of the Bridgeport Bluefish on July 8, 2009, to pursue a "non-baseball position" with Sportable Scoreboards. In two-and-a-half years of managing, he compiled a 159–176 won-lost record with Bridgeport.
In 2012, he was the spokesman for Tommy John's Go-Flex, a joint cream for older athletes and doing a national radio tour to promote this product as well as talk about life as a minor league coach, his years in the Major Leagues and to educate younger pitchers on the importance to take care of their arms. In 2013 the initial Tommy John surgery, John's subsequent return to pitching success, and his relationship with orthopedic surgeon Dr. Frank Jobe, who developed the procedure, was the subject of an ESPN 30 for 30 Shorts documentary.
Tommy married the former Sally Simmons on July 13, 1970. They are the parents of four children: Tamara, Tommy III, Travis, and Taylor. In 1981, when Travis was two years old, he fell 37 feet from a third-floor window in his family's New Jersey vacation house, bounced off the fender of a car and then lay in a coma for 17 days. He later made a full recovery. On March 9, 2010, Taylor John, age 28, died as the result of a seizure and heart failure apparently due to an overdose of prescription drugs. As a 10-year-old in 1992, Taylor's singing and acting talents had landed him a role in Les Misérables on Broadway. He took time off from the stage, however, to play baseball at Federal Little League in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
In 1998, Tamara John married Chicago Bears long snapper Patrick Mannelly. Tommy's oldest son, Tommy John III, was an All-Southern Conference designated hitter for the Furman University Paladins in 1999; he later spent two seasons in the independent minor leagues as a pitcher for the Tyler Roughnecks and Schaumburg Flyers. Tommy III was a 4-year letterman for the Paladins, leading the team in complete games as pitcher in 1997 (3 games), in home runs (9) in 1999 and is one of three Furman players in 113 years of varsity baseball to hit for the cycle, doing so on April 1, 2000 vs the Appalachian State Mountaineers.
On January 4, 2009, Tommy John and his wife separated. Their marriage was dissolved on July 24, 2013.
On October 24, 2013, the Terre Haute, Indiana, Parks Department honored John with the dedication of a baseball diamond at the Spencer F. Ball Park baseball complex where John's last non-professional game was played in 1961, as a member of the Terre Haute Gerstmeyer High School Black Cats.
- The Tommy John Story, F.H. Revell Company, 1978. ISBN 0-8007-0923-3. (With Sally John and Joe Musser, foreword by Tommy Lasorda.)
- The Sally and Tommy John Story: Our Life in Baseball, Macmillan, 1983. ISBN 0-02-559260-2. (With Sally John.)
- TJ: My Twenty-Six Years in Baseball, Bantam, 1991. ISBN 0-553-07184-X. (With Dan Valenti.)
- "Pitching Game Finder: From 1908 to 2018, Recorded no decision, as Starter, sorted by greatest number of games in all seasons matching the selected criteria". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
- Purcell DB, Matava MJ, Wright RW (2007). "Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction: a systematic review". Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 455: 72–77. doi:10.1097/BLO.0b013e31802eb447. PMID 17279038.
- Michael X. Ferraro and John Veneziano (2007). Numbelivable! Chicago: Triumph Books, p. 157. ISBN 978-1-57243-990-0
- "Mark McGwire vs. Tommy John | Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- Simon, Scott (August 28, 2010). "Stephen Strasburg, Meet Tommy John". Npr.org. Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- "Tommy John Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
- Gurnick, Ken (January 12, 2009). "Tommy John loses bid for the Hall". Retrieved September 27, 2010.
- "Shrine of the Eternals – Inductees". Baseball Reliquary. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
- "Tommy John Steps Down as Bluefish Manager". Bridgeportbluefish.com. July 8, 2009. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- "Official Site of the Bridgeport Bluefish". Bridgeportbluefish.com. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Grantland staff (July 23, 2013). "30 for 30 Shorts: Tommy and Frank". Grantland. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- Sandomir, Richard (October 25, 1996). "John Family Recalls New York's Support". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2009.
- Jensen, Trevor (March 10, 2010). "Taylor John, 1981–2010: Son of baseball great Tommy John". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on September 19, 2015.
-  Archived April 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Weddings; Tamara John, James Mannelly". The New York Times. June 21, 1998.
- "Tommy John Register Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. August 31, 1977. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "Furman University – 2013 Furman Baseball Yearbook". Catalog.e-digitaleditions.com. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
-  Archived February 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Mark Bennett (October 24, 2013). "Tommy John's Field of Dreams". Tribstar.com. Terre Haute Tribune Star: Columns. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Foulkes, Arthur. "Diamond to be named for Tommy John". Tribstar.com. Retrieved January 18, 2016.