Eddie Lee Whitson (born May 19, 1955) is a former Major League Baseball pitcher best remembered for his short and turbulent stint with the New York Yankees in the mid-1980s. He batted and threw right-handed.
|Born: May 19, 1955|
Johnson City, Tennessee
|September 4, 1977, for the Pittsburgh Pirates|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 29, 1991, for the San Diego Padres|
|Earned run average||3.79|
|Career highlights and awards|
Whitson was drafted by the Pittsburgh Pirates in the sixth round of the 1974 Major League Baseball draft out of Unicoi County High School in Erwin, Tennessee. He went 32-41 with a 3.56 ERA in four seasons as a starting pitcher in the Pirates' farm system before making his début with the Pirates as a September call-up in 1977. He went 1-0 with a 3.45 ERA. His one win came on September 17, when he made an emergency start against the Montreal Expos in place of Jerry Reuss, who was a late scratch.
Whitson split the 1978 season between the Pirates and their triple A affiliate, the Columbus Clippers. He made seven starts with Columbus, however, was used strictly out of the bullpen by Pirates manager Chuck Tanner, going 5-6 with a 3.27 ERA as a relief pitcher, and earning four saves.
The Pirates were in fourth place, 6.5 games back of the Montreal Expos on June 28, 1979, when they sent Whitson, reliever Al Holland, and minor-league pitcher Fred Breining to the San Francisco Giants for third baseman Bill Madlock, utilityman Len Randle, and pitcher Dave Roberts. Madlock batted .328, and was a key member of the "We Are Family" Pirates that surged from fourth place to win the division by two games over the Expos, and go on to win the 1979 World Series over the Baltimore Orioles. For his part, Whitson was 2-3 with a 4.37 ERA splitting time between the bullpen and starts for the Pirates. Upon his arrival in San Francisco, Whitson was added to his new team's starting rotation. He went 5-8 with a 3.95 ERA.
San Francisco GiantsEdit
Whitson began the 1980 season with an 0-5 record and 5.06 ERA. However, he bounced back, going 7-3 with a 2.32 ERA over his next thirteen starts to earn his only National League All-Star nomination (he did not appear in the game). He finished the season 11-13 with a 3.10 ERA, and making a career high 34 starts and pitching 211.2 innings.
Whitson was converted back into a reliever with Cleveland, going 1-1 with a 4.41 ERA in that role. He made his first start for the Indians in the first game of a double header with the Milwaukee Brewers on August 1, 1982, pitching six innings and giving up just one run to earn the win. He remained in the starting rotation for the remainder of the season, compiling a 3-1 record and 2.22 ERA. Following the season, he was traded to the San Diego Padres for Juan Eichelberger and Broderick Perkins.
San Diego PadresEdit
In 1983, Whitson was 2-6 with a 4.73 ERA when Padres manager Dick Williams demoted him to the bullpen. He found his way back in the starting rotation by the end of the season, and was 3-0 with a 2.20 ERA upon his return. For the season, he was 5-7 with a 4.30 ERA and one save.
Whitson had a career year in 1984, going 14-8 with a 3.24 ERA. The Padres ran away with the National League West by twelve games over the Atlanta Braves to face the Chicago Cubs in the 1984 National League Championship Series. The Cubs won the first two games in Chicago. Facing elimination, Whitson pitched a gem, holding the Cubs to five hits and one run in eight innings.
The Padres went on to win games four and five of the NLCS to face the Detroit Tigers in the World Series. Whitson started game two, lasting only two-third of an inning, giving up three runs on five hits. The Padres actually came back and won the game, as Andy Hawkins and Craig Lefferts both pitched brilliantly out of the bullpen, holding the Tigers to two hits and no runs from that point forward. It was, however, San Diego's only win as the Tigers went on to win the 1984 World Series four games to one.
New York YankeesEdit
Whitson became a free agent following the 1984 season, and signed a five-year contract with the New York Yankees worth $4.4 million with a sixth-year option. Whitson got off to a terrible start in New York, going 1-6 with a 6.23 ERA in his first eleven starts, and soon became a focal point for heckling Yankee fans. He began receiving verbal abuse and hate mail, and refused to let his wife, Kathleen, attend home games at Yankee Stadium.
On June 11, 1985, after giving up five hits and one run against the Toronto Blue Jays in Yankee Stadium, Whitson retired the next 19 batters he faced. Fans began to cheer Whitson during the game, and although the game was lost by the bullpen in extra innings, Whitson left the game to a standing ovation in the tenth. From there, Whitson turned his season around, going 9-1 with a 4.55 ERA over his next sixteen starts.
The Yankees were just 2.5 games back of the first place Blue Jays in the American League East when Toronto came to town for a crucial four game series on September 12. With the Blue Jays taking two of the first three games, Yankees manager Billy Martin handed Whitson the ball for the fourth game. Whitson gave up four earned runs in just two innings as the Jays won the game 8-5 to take a 4.5 game lead in the division.
Martin lifted Whitson from his next scheduled start on September 20. On September 22, while at a hotel bar in Baltimore, Maryland, Whitson and Martin got into a heated argument that spread to other parts of the hotel and resulted in a broken ulna in Martin's right arm and a bruised right side, while Whitson suffered a cracked rib and a split lip.
Whitson finished with a 10-8 record and 4.88 ERA. After the season, Martin was fired, which many Yankee fans suspected was because of his altercation with Whitson.
Whitson was used both as a starter and out of the bullpen by new manager Lou Piniella in 1986. He was 4-0 despite a high 7.36 ERA out of the bullpen, and 1-2 with an 8.71 ERA as a starter. Knowing that Whitson wanted out of New York, the Yankees traded Whitson back to the Padres for reliever Tim Stoddard on July 9, 1986.
Second stint with the PadresEdit
Used primarily as a starter, Whitson went 11-20 with a 4.89 ERA his first season and a half back in San Diego, largely due to the fact that he led the league in home runs allowed in 1987 with 36. Still traumatized by his experience in New York, Whitson received a death threat prior to a scheduled start against the New York Mets at Shea Stadium in 1987. He made the start, after being escorted to the stadium by National League President A. Bartlett Giamatti and his security team. He was pulled from the game in the fourth inning after giving up six runs. However, he exacted some revenge on his home turf just two weeks later, beating the Mets 1-0 in San Diego.
He settled down in 1988, improving to 13-11, and lowering his ERA to 3.77 while allowing only seventeen home runs. His two best seasons were 1989, where he won a career-high 16 games and with an impressive 2.66 ERA, and 1990, where he went 14-9 with a career-best 2.60 ERA, and hit his only career home run in a complete game victory over the Chicago Cubs.
- "Pittsburgh Pirates 6, Montreal Expos 3". Baseball-reference.com. September 17, 1977.
- "Cleveland Indians 4, Milwaukee Brewers 1". Baseball-reference.com. August 1, 1982.
- "1984 National League Championship Series, Game Three". Baseball-reference.com. October 4, 1984.
- "1984 National League Championship Series". Baseball-reference.com. October 2–7, 1984.
- "1984 World Series, Game Two". Baseball-reference.com. October 10, 1984.
- "1984 World Series". Baseball-reference.com. October 9–14, 1984.
- "Yankees Sign Whitson to Bolster Pitching Staff". New York Daily News. December 24, 1984.
- John Nelson (April 14, 1986). "Boo-birds Rattle Yanks' Whitson". The Sumter Daily Item.
- "Toronto Blue Jays 4, New York Yankees 1". Baseball-reference.com. June 11, 1985.
- Ian O'Connor (May 1, 2010). "Whit's wisdom to Javy: 'I've been there'". ESPN.
- "Toronto Blue Jays 8, New York Yankees 5". Baseball-reference.com. September 15, 1985.
- Moss Klein (September 30, 1985). "The Old Champ Went Down Swinging: In one of his most bruising bouts, Yankee manager Billy Martin lost in a decision to pitcher Ed Whitson". Sports Illustrated.
- "Revolving Door - Lou's In, Billy's Out". The Junction City Daily Union. October 28, 1985.
- Michael Martinez (July 10, 1986). "Whitson Traded For Stoddard". New York Times.
- "New York Mets 10, San Diego Padres 3". Baseball-reference.com. May 20, 1987.
- "San Diego Padres 1, New York Mets 0". Baseball-reference.com. May 31, 1987.
- "San Diego Padres 3, Chicago Cubs 0". Baseball-reference.com. April 25, 1990.