Tobias Picker

Tobias Picker (born July 18, 1954) is an American composer, artistic director, and pianist,[1] noted for his orchestral works Old and Lost Rivers and The Encantadas, his operas Emmeline, Fantastic Mr. Fox, Thérèse Raquin, An American Tragedy and Dolores Claiborne, and his ballet Awakenings (based on the book by Oliver Sacks), among many other works.[2][3][4]

Tobias Picker
Tobias Picker Portrait.jpg
Born (1954-07-18) July 18, 1954 (age 67)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Years active1975–present


1954–1975: Early years, influences, and educationEdit

Picker with Charles Wuorinen

Picker was born in New York City on July 18, 1954, the son of painter and fashion designer Henriette Simon Picker and news-writer Julian Picker, and the cousin of film executive David V. Picker, businessman Harvey Picker, former CEO of The American Film Institute Jean Picker Firstenberg, art-patron Stanley Picker,[5] producer Jimmy Picker,[6] and economist Kenneth Rogoff. At the age of eight, he began composing and studying the piano:

I was raised by my teachers on a diet of Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Chopin, Schuman, and eventually Brahms, my favorite. There was always some "modern" music thrown in…. With the discovery of each new composer a new world opened up for me. It wasn't really until I discovered the music of Charles Wuorinen with whom I began studying at eighteen that I finally was exposed to Carter (with whom I later studied) and Boulez and Stravinsky and Stefan Wolpe.[7]

Picker started composing in 1962, and, that same year, began corresponding with composer Gian Carlo Menotti, who encouraged his studies. Three years later, Picker was taken into the preparatory division of the Juilliard School of Music for instruction in piano and theory. At the age of eighteen, Picker was an improvising pianist for the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance,[8] and, that same year, he enrolled at the Manhattan School of Music, where he studied with Charles Wuorinen. After graduating in 1976, he returned to the Juilliard School of Music to take instruction in composition from Elliott Carter and, afterwards, pursued graduate studies at Princeton University with Milton Babbitt.[8]

1976–1992: Early successEdit

In 1976, at the age of twenty-two, Picker was commissioned to compose "Sextet No. 3" by Speculum Musicae, which premiered at Alice Tully Hall.[9] Soon after, in 1978, the premier of "Rhapsody for Violin and Piano" led New Yorker critic Andrew Porter to deem Picker "a genuine creator with a fertile, unforced vein of invention."[10] By the age of thirty, Picker had been recognized with numerous awards, including fellowships from the National Endowment of the Arts, the Joseph H. Bearns Prize (Columbia University), a Charles Ives Scholarship, and a Guggenheim Fellowship.[11]

Picker's "Symphony No. 1" premiered at the San Francisco Symphony in 1983, and, that same year, Picker was the soloist in his "Piano Concerto No. 2: Keys to the City," commissioned by the city of the New York for the Brooklyn Bridge Centennial.[12] Later that year, Picker's "The Encantadas" was premiered by the Albany Symphony Orchestra. In 1985, Picker was appointed the first composer-in-residence of the Houston Symphony[13] where he introduced his most popular orchestral work, Old and Lost Rivers, as well as two symphonies and other concerted works. In 1992, Picker was awarded the Academy of Arts and Letters Award in Music.[11]

Since 1993: Operas, directorship, and later careerEdit

Tobias Picker with librettist Gene Scheer

In 1993, Picker began composing his first opera, Emmeline, commissioned by the Santa Fe Opera, with a libretto by J.D. McClatchy; Emmeline premiered in 1996.[14][15] In 1998, two years after the debut of Emmeline, Picker's second opera, Fantastic Mr. Fox premiered at the Los Angeles Opera.[16] Fantastic Mr. Fox was recorded by the Boston Modern Orchestra Project and Odyssey Opera in 2019 and released on Albany Records; this album won the 2020 Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording.[17][18][19] A consortium of The Dallas Opera, San Diego Opera, and Opéra de Montréal commissioned Picker's third opera, Thérèse Raquin, which debuted in 2001.[20] In 2005, The Metropolitan Opera debuted Picker's fourth opera, An American Tragedy, based on the novel by Theodore Dreiser; a revised version was premiered at The Glimmerglass Festival in 2014.[21]

In 2010, Picker composed a ballet, Awakenings, for the Rambert Dance Company, inspired by the work of Oliver Sacks.[22][23] That same year, he co-founded Opera San Antonio, where he served as artistic director from 2010 to 2015.[24] In 2012, Picker was elected to a lifetime membership of the American Academy of Arts and Letters.[25] Picker's fifth opera, Dolores Claiborne, based on the Stephen King novel of the same name, premiered at the San Francisco Opera in September 2013; in 2019, it was produced by the Boston University Opera Institute, and recorded for Albany Records.[26][27] In 2015, the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis mounted a new production of Emmeline, which garnered extremely positive reviews.[28][29][30] Continuing their relationship, the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis, commissioned Picker's sixth opera, Awakenings, also based on Awakenings by Oliver Sacks, which was scheduled to be premiered in 2020, but was delayed because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[31] Picker was appointed artistic director of Tulsa Opera in 2016.[32] He is featured in James Kicklighter's documentary film, The Sound of Identity, profiling Picker's historic choice to hire Lucia Lucas as the first transgender opera singer to have a leading role on the American stage.[33][34][35][36][37][38]


Instrumental musicEdit

Picker's symphonic music, including the tone poem Old and Lost Rivers, has been performed by major orchestras such as the New York Philharmonic, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the BBC Philharmonic, The Munich Philharmonic, the Tonhalle Orchester Zurich, and the Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra. His piano concerto Keys to the City (written for the Centenary of the Brooklyn Bridge) is recorded on Chandos with his cello concerto and the orchestral work And Suddenly It's Evening.[39] Following this release, BBC Music Magazine proclaimed Picker's recent music "one of the glories of the current musical scene."[40]

The Encantadas (for narrator and orchestra) features texts drawn from Herman Melville's descriptions of the Galápagos Islands. It was recorded on Virgin Classics by the Houston Symphony Orchestra with narration by Sir John Gielgud.[11]

Other works include Tres sonetos de amor, settings of Neruda love poems in versions for baritone and orchestra, and voice and piano; and The Blue Hula, a work for chamber ensemble. Picker's complete orchestral catalogue includes three symphonies, four piano concertos and concertos for violin, viola, cello and oboe.[41]

Picker has also composed numerous chamber works. In 2009, the American String Quartet commissioned and premiered his String Quartet No. 2 at Merkin Concert Hall in New York.[42] In that same year, the pianist Ursula Oppens premiered Picker's Four Etudes for Ursula and Three Nocturnes for Ursula at Baisly Powell Elebash Recital Hall, also in New York.[43] In 2011, Picker was featured in a Miller Theatre Composer Portrait Concert, featuring the Signal Ensemble, Sarah Rothenberg, and the Brentano String Quartet, who premiered his Piano Quintet "Live Oaks".[44]


Stage worksEdit

Picker and Oliver Sacks

Picker composed his first ballet, Awakenings (2010), inspired by Awakenings by his long-time friend, Oliver Sacks,[57] and commissioned by the Rambert Dance Company. The piece was premiered by Rambert in Salford, UK in September 2010. Rambert toured the work around the UK with over 80 performances in the 2010–11 season.[58]

Select discographyEdit

Additional recordings of the composer's music are available on Sony Classics, Virgin, Nonesuch Records, Ondine, Bridge and First Edition, among others.


Directors most often associated with Picker's operas are Francesca Zambello (Emmeline, An American Tragedy, Thérèse Raquin),[60] James Robinson (Dolores Claiborne, Emmeline, Awakenings),[61] and Lee Blakeley,[62] as well as librettists J. D. McClatchy (Emmeline, Dolores Claiborne)[63] and Gene Scheer (Thérèse Raquin and An American Tragedy).[64] He collaborated with Roald Dahl's biographer, Donald Sturrock, on Fantastic Mr. Fox,[65] and most recently Aryeh Lev Stollman on Awakenings,[31] as well as poets Richard Howard[66] and W.S. Merwin.[67] Picker's conductor collaborators have included Leon Botstein,[68] Peter Ash,[69] James Conlon,[70] Sergiu Comissiona,[71] Edo De Waart,[72] Lukas Foss,[73] Giancarlo Guerrero,[74] James Levine,[75] George Manahan,[76] Kurt Masur,[77] Gil Rose,[78] John Williams,[79] Pinchas Zukerman[80] and Christoph Eschenbach.[81] He has also collaborated with pianists Jeremy Denk,[82] Peter Serkin,[83] Emmanuel Ax,[84] and Ursula Oppens, who has championed Picker's work since 1977,[85] as well as violist Paul Neubauer,[86] cellists Lynn Harrell[87] and Paul Watkins,[88] and flutist Carol Wincenc.[89] The sopranos Judith Bettina[90] and Patricia Racette[91] have been frequent collaborators. Picker has also worked with William Burden,[92] Gerald Finley,[93] Elizabeth Futral,[94] Susan Graham,[64] Nathan Gunn,[64] Lucia Lucas,[95] Jennifer Larmore,[96] Diana Soviero,[97] and Dolora Zajick.[98]

Personal lifeEdit

Picker's partner since 1980 has been Aryeh Lev Stollman. They were married on March 9, 2016 in a ceremony officiated by Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg at the United States Supreme Court.[99][100]

Picker has Tourette syndrome.[14] He has mentioned that there are "tourettic" elements in his music. Picker appeared in a BBC Horizon television documentary, titled Mad But Glad, exploring a link between Tourette's syndrome and creativity,[101] and has been involved in mentoring programs for children with Tourette's.[102] Picker has tics which he says disappear when he is composing, playing the piano, or conducting. He has said, "I live my life controlled by Tourette's...but I use music to control it. I have harnessed its energy—I play with it, manipulate it, trick it, mimic it, taunt it, explore it, exploit it, in every possible way."[103] Sacks wrote of the inspiration he took from Picker's music in the preface to his book, Island of the Color Blind, saying he "owe[d] a special debt to Tobias Picker's version of The Encantadas, and that "whenever, in the writing, memory failed me, listening to the piece operated as a sort of Proustian mnemonic, transporting me back to the Marianas and the Carolines".[104]


  1. ^ "Biography". Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
  2. ^ Matthew Gurewitsch (October 25, 2001). "A Soap Opera in Song". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 21, 2020. "Which has also attracted the notice of Tobias Picker, our finest composer for the lyric stage."
  3. ^ Andrew Porter (November 13, 1978). "Musical Events". The New Yorker. Retrieved September 21, 2020. A genuine creator with a fertile, unforced vein of invention.
  4. ^ Michael Kennedy and Joyce Bourne Kennedy (2007). Picker, Tobias. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. ISBN 978-0-19-920383-3. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
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  11. ^ a b c "Tobias Picker". Schott Music. Retrieved September 21, 2020. By the age of thirty, Picker was the recipient of numerous awards and honors including the Bearns Prize (Columbia University), a Charles Ives Scholarship, and a Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship. ... He received the prestigious Award in Music from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1992 and was elected to lifetime membership in the Academy in 2012. ... The Encantadas (for actor and orchestra) features texts drawn from Herman Melville’s poetic descriptions of the Galapagos Islands and was recorded by the Houston Symphony with Sir John Gielgud; it has been performed throughout the world in seven languages.
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  14. ^ a b Schwarz, K. Robert. "A Composer Freed by Opera To Be Tonal And Tuneful". The New York Times. Retrieved September 19, 2020. It was a signal moment in the rebirth of tonality. When the curtain rose on Tobias Picker's first opera, Emmeline, in 1996, the orchestra conjured an atmosphere of grim foreboding, circling endlessly around a single, brooding chord. As if to emphasize his immersion in the dark realm of B flat minor, Mr. Picker prefaced the score with a device long scorned by modernists: a key signature.
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External linksEdit