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Tenneco (formerly Tenneco Automotive and originally Tennessee Gas Transmission Company) is an American Fortune 500 company that has been publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange since November 5, 1999 under the symbol TEN. Tenneco, with headquarters in Lake Forest, Illinois, United States is an automotive components original equipment manufacturer and an aftermarket ride control and emissions products manufacturer.
|Traded as||NYSE: TEN|
Russell 2000 Component
|Headquarters||Lake Forest, Illinois|
|Brian Kesseler, Chairman & CEO|
Kenneth R. Trammell, CFO
James Harrington, Senior Vice President and General Counsel 
|Products||Ride control, emissions control, elastomers|
|Revenue||$8.599 Billion (2016)|
Number of employees
|32,000  (2017)|
A shortage of fuel for World War II defense industries in the Appalachian area developed when industrial production was increased. The nuclear development operations of the Manhattan Project at Oak Ridge, Tennessee consumed huge quantities of Tennessee Valley Authority electrical power that would have otherwise been available to other industrial operations. The Chicago Corporation was able to acquire a Federal Power Commission (FPC) license to build a pipeline from Texas to Appalachia, eventually expanding to the largest natural gas pipeline network in the United States. These pipelines were acquired by El Paso Corporation in 1996, and are now owned by Kinder Morgan and the Los Angeles Rams.
In the 1950s, the company acquired existing oil companies, including Sterling Oil, Del-Key Petroleum, and Bay Petroleum. The Tennessee division of the Chicago Corporation acquired Tennessee Gas Transmission Company in 1943 to build a natural-gas pipeline 1,265 miles (2,036 km) from Texas to West Virginia. The first line was completed in October 1944. It was followed by three additional pipelines totaling 3,840 miles (6,180 km) during the next 15 years which provide gas to New York and New Jersey.
In 1966, Tennessee Gas was incorporated as Tenneco, Inc. Tenneco expanded into a number of business ventures as a result of diversification. In 1967, the company acquired Walker, Inc., a manufacturer of universal-fit exhaust mufflers and pipes. The year after, they started working on the construction of a universal-fit catalytic converter, that would become a cost-effective alternative to the OE catalytic converters. It took the company 8 years to introduce one. Tenneco bought Houston Oil & Minerals Corporation in the late 1970s. Tenneco owned and operated a large number of gasoline service stations, but all were closed or replaced with other brands by the mid-1990s.
In the 1970s, Tenneco purchased 53% of J.I. Case when they purchased its owner Kern County Land Company, the agricultural equipment manufacturer based in Racine, Wisconsin, USA. In 1972, Tenneco purchased UK-based David Brown Tractors Ltd. and merged it with the J.I. Case business. In 1984, Case parent Tenneco bought selected assets of the International Harvester agriculture division and merged it with J.I. Case. All agriculture products are first labeled Case International and later Case IH. Tenneco purchased the articulated 4WD manufacturer Steiger Tractor in 1986, and merged it into Case IH.
The corporate direction was to buy failing companies, and work to develop them into market leaders. This worked well with Newport News Shipbuilding, but failed miserably with the various tractor companies, probably due in large part to the economy at the time. By 1988, the company was losing $2 million per day. After being pressured by the banks, it was decided to sell off the oil business. Tenneco Oil Exploration Company was split up and sold off to multiple buyers.
By 1994, Tenneco decided to begin getting out of the ag business and agreed to sell 35% of the now named Case Corporation. In 1996, the spin-off of Case Corporation was completed. The company was acquired by Fiat in 1999 and merged with New Holland Agriculture to form CNH Global.
Tenneco Inc. emerged from a conglomerate consisting of six unrelated businesses: shipbuilding, packaging, farm and construction equipment, gas transmission, automotive, and chemicals. The automotive division was spun off from Tenneco, Inc. in 1991 along with the packaging, energy, natural gas, and shipbuilding divisions. All businesses except automotive and packaging were disposed of between 1994 and 1996 (through public offerings, sales, spin-offs and mergers). In 1999, Tenneco Packaging was spun off and renamed to Packaging Corporation of America (Pactiv Corporation).
Since the 1960s Tenneco Automotive has sold mufflers (UK: silencers) in Europe, including through the Pit Stop chain in Germany. The group bought a German factory in Virnheim in 1969, Swedish Starla in 1974 and French Bellanger and English Harmo Industries in 1976 and Danish Lydex in 1978. More acquisitions followed.
On October 28, 2005 Tenneco Automotive was renamed as Tenneco.
Tenneco is a multi-national corporation with 93 manufacturing facilities in 26 countries located on 6 continents, with major centers of operations in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia. There were 30,000 employees in 2016. The North American manufacturing facilities are located in Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, Tennessee, Georgia, Virginia and Ohio; the corporate headquarters is located in Lake Forest, Illinois, European facilities in Belgium, Poland, Czech Republic, Germany, UK, France, Spain and Portugal, with headquarters located in Belgium, Asian facilities include in India, China, Singapore and Japan, Australian Facilities are in Sydney, Morea (New Zealand)[clarification needed] and Clovelly Park and African Facility includes South Africa's Port Elizabeth.
Tenneco owns the following brands:
- Clevite Elastomers
These are sold to over 500 after-market customers including retailers and wholesalers and to more than 25 OEMs, including Audi, Chrysler, Daimler, Enfield, Fiat, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Honda, Navistar International, Jaguar Cars, Mahindra & Mahindra, Maruti Suzuki, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Porsche, PSA Peugeot Citroën, Renault, Škoda, Suzuki, Tata, Toyota, TVS, Volkswagen Group, Volvo, E-Z-GO, and CLUB CAR.
- Elkhart - Manufacturing plant that primarily makes exhaust components for other Tenneco facilities. The Elkhart plant is the only manufacturing plant that is owned (rather than leased) by Tenneco.
- Ligonier - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, and Honda. Ligonier is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a pipe and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is then cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
- Angola - Elastomeric Products: Heavy duty/Automotive products, spring eye bushings, fluid bushings, torque rod assemblies, links, & V-rods.
- Litchfield - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components. This plant has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
- Marshall - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for Ford Motor Company, Chrysler, and General Motors. Marshall is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants. The Marshall facility is also equipped with multiple high-speed automatic muffler assembly lines.
- Monroe - Houses the North American business unit which consists of almost 500 employees involved in multiple disciplines such as design, product engineering, sales, and marketing.
- Kansas City - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for Ford and General Motors.
- Seward - Manufacturing facility that makes full exhaust systems and related components for CAT, Chrysler, General Motors, John Deere and Harley-Davidson. Seward is one of the plants that has its own tubemill which accepts steel coil, gradually rolls it into a tube and then welds the seam shut. This newly formed pipe is cut to length and used within the plant or shipped as-is to other Tenneco plants.
- Kettering - Products: Shock absorbers, Struts, modular suspension assemblies, XNOx injector, and XNOx DCU box.
- Milan - Products: suspension bushings, cab mounts, steering system bushings, exhaust isolators, rubber compound
- Napoleon - Products: anti-vibration bushings and suspension links
- Smithville - Products: Automotive parts
- Harrisonburg - Aftermarket exhaust
- Rosario - Monroe Fric Rot - Shock absorbers
- Edinburgh Park, Adelaide - Products: exhaust systems
- Monroe, Clovelly Park, Adelaide - Products: shock absorbers, struts
- Walker, O'Sullivan Beach, Adelaide - Products: emission control
- Monroe Springs, Sydney - Products: coil and leaf springs
- Sint-Truiden - EU headquarters Ride Control division; METC, the EU design and development center; largest ride control plant in Europe; products: shock absorbers, powdered metal components, press parts
- Cotia, São Paulo (Axios) - Products: engine mounts, shock absorber bushings, and dampers
- Moji-Mirim, São Paulo (Monroe, Walker) - Products: exhaust automotive systems and shock absorbers
- Cambridge, Ontario - Exhaust systems and components
- Owen Sound, Ontario - Shocks and shock absorbers under the label Monroe
- Suzhou - Products: elastomer products
- Hodkovice nad Mohelkou - Shock absorber and exhaust systems
- Edenkoben - Products: exhaust systems
- Kecskemét - Product: Exhaust systems
- Bawal - Products: struts, shock absorbers, front fork
- Pune - Products: muffler (silencers), catalytic converter, complete exhaust systems
- Hosur - Products: struts, shock absorbers, front fork
- Sanand - Products: Exhaust System( Silencers)
- Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes - Exhaust Systems
- Celaya, Guanajuato - Shock absorber (struts)
- Puebla, Puebla - Exhaust Systems
- Reynosa, Tamaulipas - Products: bushing silentbloc, bonded products, Clevebloc products, STA Bars, control arm links, engine mounts
- Rybnik - Emission control engineering and manufacturing
- Gliwice - Shock absorber (struts) plant with Engineering Centre (EEEC) in Gliwice, near Katowice 
- Palmela - Products: Exhaust systems (JIT Plant) VW Autoeuropa.
- Ermua - Products: shock absorbers, elastomers, and complete exhaust systems
- Gijón - Products: shock absorbers - closed in 2016.
- "Leadeership Team". www.tenneco.com. Tenneco Inc. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
- "Tenneco". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-12-01.
- "Facilities directory." Tenneco. Retrieved on May 14, 2010.
- TENNECO BUILDING, Diana J. Kleiner, Handbook of Texas Online (retrieved 11 August 2010)
- Tenneco Inc. -- Company History, Funding Universe (retrieved 12 September 2010)
- Tenneco Inc.
- Directory of Company Histories, 1988, Encyclopedia.com (retrieved 11 September 2010)
- "About Walker". CARiD.com.
- Jones, Kathryn (1994-04-27). "COMPANY REPORTS; Tenneco to Offer 35% of J.I. Case". The New York Times.
- Tenneco History Archived 2010-09-26 at the Wayback Machine, Tenneco.com (retrieved 12 September 2010)
- Burchardt, Jørgen (2008). Lydpotter, arbejde og ledelse. Walker Danmark. Ringe: Kulturbøger. p. 160. ISBN 87-88327-17-5.
- http://phx.corporate-ir.net/phoenix.zhtml?c=113459&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=774783[permanent dead link]
- "Monroe Shocks and Struts". 2005. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Walker Exhaust". 2006. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Brands - Rancho". 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Brands - DynoMax". 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
- "Brands - Clevite Elastomers". 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Gillet GmbH". 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Brands - Fonos". 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Brands - Fric-Rot". 2005. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Kinetic Suspension Technology". Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Thrush". 2007. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Brands - DNX". 2005. Archived from the original on 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Brands - Marzocchi". 2008. Archived from the original on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- "Brands - Axios". 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- "Brands - Lukey". 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
- Ad in 2007 Monroe County Community Profile