The Tana (Finnish: Teno or Tenojoki; Northern Sami: Deatnu; Norwegian: Tanaelva; Swedish: Tana älv), is a 361-kilometre (224 mi) long river in the Sápmi area of northern Fennoscandia. The river flows through Troms og Finnmark county, Norway and the Lapland region of Finland. The Sámi name means "Great River". The main tributaries of Tana are Anarjohka and Karasjohka.
Tenojoki / Tana älv
|Native name||Tanaelva / Deatnu|
|• location||North of Karigasniemi, Norway-Finland border|
|• elevation||125 m (410 ft)|
|Tana Municipality, Troms og Finnmark, Norway|
|0 m (0 ft)|
|Length||361 km (224 mi)|
|Basin size||16,377 km2 (6,323 sq mi)|
|• average||197 m3/s (7,000 cu ft/s)|
In its upper course it runs for 256 km (159 mi) along the Finnish–Norwegian border, between the municipalities of Utsjoki, Finland and Karasjok and Tana, Norway. The river is the fifth longest in Norway. The last 105 kilometres (65 mi) of the river run through the municipality of Tana in Norway. The river discharges into the Tanafjorden, one of the largest and most unspoiled river deltas in Europe. The delta is protected and is an important home to wetland birds. There are large deposits of sand in the delta that are exposed sandbars at low tide.
For year 2021, authorities in Norway and in Finland will not permit salmon fishing (in the river).
The Tana is well known for its excellent salmon fishery and is the most productive salmon river in Finland and Norway. The world's record for Atlantic salmon is held by a salmon caught on the Tana; it was 36 kilograms (79 lb) and was taken in 1929 by the late Nils Mathis Walle.
In 2020, 18,600 kilograms (41,000 lb) was the annual total of salmon captured in the river. Previously, in 2002, fishermen on the river captured an annual total of 99,546 kilograms (219,461 lb) salmon with an average size of 4.5 kilograms (9.9 lb) in the river. The annual sea trout catch for that year on the river was 4,426 kilograms (9,758 lb). Both Finland and Norway regulate the fishing on the river and drift net fishing is allowed on the river.
The Tana Bridge (or Nybrua) was constructed in 2020; its main span is 234 metres (768 ft), and it is located alongside a bridge from 1948 which is scheduled for demolition at a time not yet made public.
In winter, there are usually two ice roads that are in use from December to April. These roads are located near Rustefjelbma and near Polmak, and have a weight limit of 2 tonnes (2.0 long tons; 2.2 short tons), but few other limitations.
- Store norske leksikon. "Tanaelva" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-03-21. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Media related to Tana River (Fennoscandia) at Wikimedia Commons
- Historiker: – En stor skandale innen naturforvaltning [Historian: – A great scandal in regard to conservation of nature] (10 April 2021) NRK
- Angling in Tana river[permanent dead link]