Fennoscandia (Finnish, Swedish and Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия, romanizedFennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia.[1] Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden,[2] as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia.

Scandinavia M2002074 lrg.jpg
Fennoscandia in March 2002
Fennoscandia (orthographic projection).svg
LocationNorthern Europe
Coordinates63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000
Adjacent bodies of waterArctic Sea, Atlantic Ocean
Highest elevation2,469 m (8100 ft)
Highest pointGaldhøpiggen
Whole or part of the mainland area of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Karelia, and Leningrad Oblast

Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898.[4]

Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.

The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Sweden, Norway and Denmark (the last country is closely connected culturally and politically, but not part of the Fennoscandian Peninsula), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.[5][6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Cummings, Vicki; Jordan, Peter; Zvelebil, Marek, eds. (2014). The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. p. 838.
  2. ^ Lavsund, Sten; Nygren, Tuire; Solberg, Erling (2003). "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia". Alces. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06 – via HighBeam Research.
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia" [The geological Fennoscandia and the geographical Baltoscandia] (PDF). Geografiska Annaler (in German). Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography. 10: 119–139. OCLC 604361828. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Bulletin - Canadian Library Association". 20. Canadian Library Association. 1963: 179. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Fennoscandia, n.". Oxford English Dictionary Online (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. December 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2020.

Further readingEdit

  • Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

External linksEdit