Tana, Norway

Deatnu (Northern Sami) or Tana (Norwegian)[4] is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Tana bru. Other villages in the municipality include Austertana, Bonakas, Polmak, Rustefjelbma, and Skiippagurra.[5]

Tana kommune

Deanu gielda
View of the bridge over the river Tanaelva
View of the bridge over the river Tanaelva
Flag of Tana kommune
Flag
Coat of arms of Tana kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Tana kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Tana within Troms og Finnmark
Tana within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°11′58″N 28°11′09″E / 70.19944°N 28.18583°E / 70.19944; 28.18583Coordinates: 70°11′58″N 28°11′09″E / 70.19944°N 28.18583°E / 70.19944; 28.18583
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictØst-Finnmark
Established1 Jan 1864
Administrative centreTana bru
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Helga Pedersen[1] (Ap)
Area
 • Total4,051.35 km2 (1,564.23 sq mi)
 • Land3,832.20 km2 (1,479.62 sq mi)
 • Water219.15 km2 (84.61 sq mi)  5.4%
Area rank5 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,918
 • Rank231 in Norway
 • Density0.8/km2 (2/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
0.2%
Demonym(s)Tanaværing[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5441
Official language formNorthern Sami
and Bokmål[3]
Websitetana.kommune.no

The 4,051-square-kilometre (1,564 sq mi) municipality is the 5th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Deatnu-Tana is the 231st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,918. The municipality's population density is 0.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (2.1/sq mi) and its population has increased by 0.2% over the previous 10-year period.[6][7]

The most important [economic] resources are farmland and [coastal areas, mountains and forests or][8] utmark; the use of these gives [significant results relating to] agriculture.[9]

The world's northernmost dairy is Tine Tana, and it employs around 30 people.[10]

General informationEdit

 
View of the local river boats

The municipality of Tana was established on 1 January 1864 when the eastern part of the large municipality of Lebesby was separated to become a new municipality with a population of 1,388. The original municipality included all the land on both sides surrounding the Tanafjorden and the Tana River.[11]

On 1 January 1914, the municipality of Tana was divided into three parts. The southern part (population: 1,426) remained as (a smaller) Tana Municipality. The northern part of the municipality was divided by the Tanafjorden with the western side becoming Gamvik Municipality (population: 1,374) and the eastern side becoming Berlevåg Municipality (population: 784). On 1 January 1964, the neighboring municipality of Polmak (population: 1,072), which had separated from Nesseby Municipality on 1 January 1903, was merged into Tana.[11]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Finnmark county.[12]

NameEdit

Tana is a Norwegianized form of the Northern Sami name Deatnu. The Sami name is identical with the Sami word deatnu which means "great river" or "main river", referring to the main river (Tana River) which runs through the municipality. Prior to 1918, the name was written "Tanen".

On 1 September 1992, the name of the municipality was changed to "Deatnu-Tana" to symbolize the two official languages in the municipality.[11][13] Then in 2005, the name was again changed such that either Deatnu or Tana can be used.[14]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from modern times; they were granted on 11 May 1984. The arms show three typical low riverboats used for centuries in the area. The three boats symbolise the Sami, Finns, and Norwegians that live in this border municipality. The colours are the Norwegian colours.[15]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Tana. It is part of the Indre Finnmark prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Deatnu-Tana
Parish (sokn) Name Location Year built
Tana Austertana Chapel Austertana 1958
Tana Church Rustefjelbma 1964
Polmak Polmak Church Polmak 1853

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Deatnu-Tana, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[16] The municipality falls under the Indre Finnmark District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Deatnu-Tana is made up of 19 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Deatnu Tana Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Sami List in Tana (Deanu Sámelistu–Samelista i Tana)2
Total number of members:19
Deatnu Tana Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Árja (Árja)2
Total number of members:19
Deatnu Tana Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)1
Total number of members:23
Deatnu Tana Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party and Independent Voters' List
(Venstre og uavhengige velgeres liste)
3
Total number of members:17
Deatnu-Tana Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Liberal Party and Independent Voters' List
(Venstre og uavhengige velgeres liste)
2
 Tana Common List (Tana fellesliste)2
Total number of members:17
Deatnu-Tana Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Sámi People's Party (Samefolkets Parti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:27
Deatnu-Tana Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Sámi Democrat (Samedemokrahtat/Samedemokrate)1
 Sámi List (Sámealbmot listu/Samefolkets liste)2
Total number of members:27
Deatnu-Tana Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høyre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Sámi Democrat (Samedemokrahtat/Samedemokrate)1
 Sámi List (Sámealbmot listu/Samefolkets liste)3
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Tana Cross-Party List (Tana tverrpolitiske liste)3
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
 Free Voters List (Frie Velgeres list)3
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Tana Cross-Party List (Tana tverrpolitiske liste)2
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)3
 Free Voters List (Frie Velgeres list)2
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Village List (Bygdefolkets enhetsliste)1
 Sámi List (Samefolkets liste)1
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)13
 Conservative Party (Høyre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist common list
(Venstresosialistiske felleslister)
1
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Conservative Party (Høyre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
2
Total number of members:27
Tana Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)15
 Conservative Party (Høyre)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
Total number of members:27
Tana Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)3
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
6
Total number of members:17
Tana Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
4
Total number of members:13
Tana Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [31]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
3
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Tana Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [32]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:12
Tana Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [33]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:12
Tana Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [34]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Joint list of the Conservative Party (Høyre)
and the Free-minded People's Party (Frisinnede Folkeparti)
3
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
Total number of members:12

GeographyEdit

 
View of the Tanafjorden from the highway Fv 98

Deatnu-Tana is situated along the lower river basin of the Tana River, which borders Finland along most of its course. People live in small settlements along the river, notably Sirma, Polmak, Rustefjelbma, Seida, Skiippagurra, Austertana, and Tana bru. Most inhabitants of Tana are Sami people, and the Sami language and culture are today promoted by the municipality and the schools.

The river Tana has represented a mainstay in the economy, as it is one of Europe's main salmon rivers, and it empties into the Tanafjorden. River transportation is traditionally done by long, narrow river boats, that are still in use, albeit motorized. Lakes in this area include Geassájávri, Nissojávri, and Sundvatnet. At Tana bru, the Tana Bridge (part of European route E6 and European route E75) crosses over the Tana River. The nearest airports are Vadsø Airport (about 70 kilometres or 43 miles away) and Kirkenes Airport (about 130 kilometres or 81 miles away). Kirkenes Airport (but not Vadsø) has direct flights to Oslo.

BirdlifeEdit

With the Tana River flowing through wild and spectacular habitat, the municipality of Tana has one of the most spectacular gatherings in Norway. As many as 25,000 goosanders can accumulate along the Tana waterway system. Add to this, thousands of common eider and long-tailed duck, then you have one of the largest concentrations of wildfowl in Norway.

ClimateEdit

Tana has a subarctic climate (Dfc) typical of Northern Norway with long, cold winters lasting most of the year and short, but cool summers.

Climate data for Rustefjelbma, Tana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.3
(34.3)
6.1
(43.0)
12.4
(54.3)
16.3
(61.3)
14.1
(57.4)
9.2
(48.6)
2.9
(37.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
3.1
(37.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.2
(10.0)
−11.3
(11.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
3.3
(37.9)
8.7
(47.7)
12.3
(54.1)
10.6
(51.1)
6.0
(42.8)
0.2
(32.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
−10.4
(13.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
Average low °C (°F) −18.2
(−0.8)
−17.4
(0.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
−7.2
(19.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
4.7
(40.5)
7.5
(45.5)
5.8
(42.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.8
(12.6)
−16.2
(2.8)
−5.6
(21.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.5)
32
(1.3)
26
(1.0)
24
(0.9)
22
(0.9)
35
(1.4)
54
(2.1)
48
(1.9)
46
(1.8)
49
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
41
(1.6)
455
(17.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 11.2 8.5 7.6 6.7 5.8 8.4 9.5 9.9 11.0 12.3 10.4 11.1 112.4
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[35]

Notable peopleEdit

 
Ella Marie Hætta Isaksen, 2018
 
Marry Somby, 2008

WritersEdit

SportEdit

  • Martin Schanche (born 1945), nicknamed Mister Rallycross, a former racing driver and politician, brought up inTana
  • Sigleif Johansen (born 1948 in Tana) a former Norwegian biathlete
  • Signe Trosten (born 1970 in Tana) a former Norwegian biathlete
  • Signe Marie Store (born 1995 in Tana) a Norwegian freestyle wrestler

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ballovara, Mette (2019-10-10). "Vant med én stemme – Helga Pedersen ny Tana-ordfører". NRK (in Norwegian Bokmål). Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  2. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  3. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  4. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  5. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Deatnu/Tana" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  6. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  7. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  8. ^ https://snl.no/utmark
  9. ^ https://snl.no/Tana
  10. ^ Helga Pedersen. "Samvirke virker". 17 November 2020. Klassekampen. P. 2
  11. ^ a b c Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  12. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  13. ^ "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian).
  14. ^ "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommuner" (in Norwegian).
  15. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  16. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  17. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  18. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  19. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  22. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  23. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  24. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-16.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  32. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  33. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  34. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  35. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Archived from the original on 2004-06-14.
  36. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 16 August 2020

External linksEdit