Taft Avenue

Taft Avenue (Filipino: Abenida Taft; Spanish: Avenida Taft) is a major road in the south of Metro Manila. It passes through three cities in the metropolis: Manila, Pasay and Parañaque. The road was named after the former Governor-General of the Philippines and U.S. President, William Howard Taft; the Philippines was a former commonwealth territory of the United States in the first half of the 20th century. The avenue is a component of National Route 170 (N170), a secondary road in the Philippine highway network, and anchors R-2 of the Manila arterial road network. It was previously designated as N1 in the old route numbering system.

N170 (Philippines).svg
R-2

Taft Avenue
Calle Rizal
Manila Road
Taft Avenue in Pasay
Route information
Maintained by the Department of Public Works and Highways[1]
Existed1899–present
Component
highways
  • R-2 R-2
  • N170 from Padre Burgos Avenue to EDSA
Major junctions
North end N150 / N170 (Padre Burgos Avenue) in Manila
 
South endRedemptorist Road, Elpidio Quirino Avenue, and Harrison Avenue in Parañaque
Location
Major citiesParañaque, Pasay, Manila
Highway system
  • Roads in the Philippines

Route descriptionEdit

From the north, Taft Avenue starts at the Lagusnilad vehicular underpass at intersection with Padre Burgos Avenue in Ermita. It then crosses the Ayala Boulevard and Finance Street and forms the eastern edge of Rizal Park up to Kalaw Avenue. It then crosses United Nations Avenue, Padre Faura Street, Pedro Gil Street (formerly known as Herran), where it also crosses the district boundary with Malate, San Andres Street and Quirino Avenue, and Pablo Ocampo Street (formerly known as Vito Cruz Street) before entering the City of Pasay. In Pasay, it crosses Gil Puyat Avenue (formerly known as Buendia Avenue), Arnaiz Avenue (formerly known as Libertad Street), and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA), where the intersection is known as Pasay Rotonda. The avenue then continues south towards Baclaran in Parañaque as Taft Avenue Extension up to its terminus at its intersection with Elpidio Quirino Avenue, Harrison Avenue, and Redemptorist Road.

HistoryEdit

 
De La Salle University on Taft Avenue, circa 1920

Construction of this avenue, originally called "Calle Rizal", was completed in 1899, with Padre Burgos Avenue (C-1) as its northern terminus and Calle Herran (now Pedro Gil Street) as its southern terminus. Engineers Manny Aquino and Robin Santos led its extension in 1911, and the avenue was renamed Manila Road. However, a map of Manila produced in 1915 by the Office of Department Engineer, Philippine Department, indicates it was named Taft Avenue.[2] It was extended to Ocampo Street (formerly Vito Cruz Street in 1940, at the height of World War II, during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. It was further extended to Buendia Avenue (now Gil Puyat Avenue) in 1959 and was named 'Ermita-Pasay Boulevard' or Highway 50, and was further extended to P. Lovina Street or Highway 54 Extension where it ends, with the route continuing as Mexico Road. Afterwards, it was renamed Taft Avenue and Mexico Road became Taft Avenue Extension. The Manila Line 1, the first elevated rail track in the Philippines, was built over it and opened in 1984.

IntersectionsEdit

 
Taft Avenue looking south in Pasay from Gil Puyat station
 
Taft Avenue looking south in Manila, as viewed from United Nations station.

This is a list of intersections of Taft Avenue. Bold indicates a street crossings.

Ermita, ManilaEdit

Malate, ManilaEdit

  • General Malvar Street (Calle Tennessee)
  • Julio Nakpil Street (Calle Vermont)
  • Remedios Street
  • Quirino Avenue (Harrison Boulevard) (C-2) / San Andres Street
  • The Century City Road
  • Castro Street
  • Dagonoy Street
  • Sagrada Pamilya Street
  • Estrada Street
  • Ocampo Street (Calle Vito Cruz)
  • Rafael Alunan Street

Pasay CityEdit

  • Menlo Street
  • Inquimboy Street
  • Leogardo Street
  • Bonifacio Street
  • Bernabe Street
  • Lakas ng Bayan Street
  • San Juan Street
  • P. Samonte Street
  • Gil Puyat Avenue (Buendia Avenue) (C-3) (closed)
  • G. Villanueva Road
  • Cartimar Avenue
  • Taylo Street
  • College Road
  • Villareal Street
  • Lucban Street
  • Arnaiz Avenue (Libertad Street)
  • Market Road
  • Primero de Mayo Street
  • Escobar Street
  • S. Raymundo Street
  • Lions Road
  • Protacio Street
  • F. Sanchez Street
  • Vergel Street / Pilapil Street (Vergel Street)
  • Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (F. Rein Street) (C-4) (Also known as Pasay Rotonda)
  • Cuneta Avenue
  • Narra Street

Parañaque CityEdit

AttractionsEdit

Rizal ParkEdit

One of the three entrances to Rizal Park (the others being Maria Orosa Street and Roxas Boulevard), the Taft Avenue entrance is also adjacent to the National Museum of Fine Arts (formerly Old Legislative Building) and the National Museum of Anthropology (formerly the Finance Building), as well as the Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom.

Government buildingsEdit

Taft Avenue is home (or near) to some government buildings: the Supreme Court of the Philippines, Court of Appeals, Department of Tourism, Bureau of Plant Industry, Philippine General Hospital, National Bureau of Investigation and Times Plaza.

World Health OrganizationEdit

The office of the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region is located on Taft Avenue, adjacent the Line 1 United Nations station.

University BeltEdit

Taft Avenue forms a part of the University Belt. Universities such as the De La Salle University, College of Saint Benilde, University of the Philippines Manila, Philippine Christian University, Philippine Women's University and the Philippine Normal University are located on Taft Avenue. The Santa Isabel College Manila, Emilio Aguinaldo College, Araullo High School and the Manila Science High School also face the road directly, while Adamson University has direct walkway access from the road.

National Cathedral of the Philippine Independent ChurchEdit

The National Cathedral of the Holy Child (Holy Infant Jesus) of the Philippine Independent Church is located on Taft Avenue.

TransportationEdit

 
Jeepneys serve as alternative mode of transportation along Taft Avenue

Taft Avenue is accessed through jeepneys, taxis, buses, the Manila Line 1, and the Manila Line 3. The avenue houses some Line 1 stations namely: Baclaran station (for Taft Avenue Extension), EDSA (interchange at the Line 3 Taft Avenue station), Libertad, Gil Puyat, Vito Cruz, Quirino, Pedro Gil, and United Nations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "South Manila". Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  2. ^ "Map of city of Manila and vicinity". Library of Congress.

Coordinates: 14°33′51″N 120°59′39″E / 14.56417°N 120.99417°E / 14.56417; 120.99417