Philippine General Hospital

The Philippine General Hospital (also known as University of the Philippines–Philippine General Hospital or UP–Philippine General Hospital), simply referred to as UP–PGH or PGH, is a tertiary state-owned hospital administered and operated by the University of the Philippines Manila. It is designated as the National University Hospital, and the national government referral center. It stands within a 10-hectare (25-acre) site located at the UP Manila Campus in Ermita, Manila. PGH has 1,100 beds and 400 private beds, and has an estimated of 4,000 employees to serve more than 600,000 patients every year.[3]

Philippine General Hospital
UP PGH logo.svg
Philippine General Hospital (Taft Avenue, Manila; 01-01-2020).jpg
UPM-PGH Administration Building
Geography
LocationErmita, Manila, Philippines
Coordinates14°34′41″N 120°59′08″E / 14.57802°N 120.98554°E / 14.57802; 120.98554Coordinates: 14°34′41″N 120°59′08″E / 14.57802°N 120.98554°E / 14.57802; 120.98554
Organization
Care systemPublic
TypeGeneral, public, teaching
Affiliated university
Services
Emergency departmentYes
Beds1,100 charity beds
400 private beds
History
Opened
  • August 17, 1907; 113 years ago (1907-08-17) (Established)[1][2]
  • September 1, 1910; 110 years ago (1910-09-01) (Opened to the public)
Links
Websitewww.pgh.gov.ph
ListsHospitals in the Philippines

The PGH, being the largest training hospital in the country, is the laboratory hospital of health science students enrolled in the University of the Philippines. This includes students of medicine, nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, occupational therapy, dentistry, and speech pathology.

There are 15 clinical departments under the Philippine General Hospital — Family and Community Medicine, Anesthesiology, Internal Medicine, Surgery, Neurosciences, Pediatrics, Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Rehabilitation Medicine, Psychiatry, Radiology, Pathology, Emergency Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology—all of which offer residency and fellowship training. It also offers various training for paramedical specialties such as nursing, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech pathology, radiation technology, nutrition, hospital dentistry, medical technology and EMT training.

As established in 1907, UP-Philippine General Hospital is the fourth oldest American hospital in the Philippines after CPU–Iloilo Mission Hospital (1901), Silliman University Medical Center (1903) and St. Luke's Medical Center (1903).

HistoryEdit

In 1907, The Philippine Commission passed Act No. 1688 which appropriated the sum of about P780,000.00 for the construction of the Philippine General Hospital in Manila.[2][1] The cornerstone of the hospital was laid on February 28, 1908. The bids for the construction of the buildings were opened on July 27 and the contract was awarded to the lowest bidder, H. Thurber of the Manila Construction Company. The structural works for the central administration building, a surgical pavilion with two operating rooms, a building for dispensary and out-clinic, five ward pavilions of sixty beds each, a nurses’ home, a kitchen, an ambulance stable and morgue were completed on November 30, 1909. In 1910, the Philippine General Hospital opened its door to the public on September 1 with three hundred thirty beds and was eventually linked to the Philippine Medical School. PGH remained open during World War II, where its wards overflowed with victims of the conflict. It treated Filipino, Japanese soldiers and American internees alike, even if the hospital supplies are almost depleted.

In 1981, First Lady Imelda R. Marcos commissioned Architect J. Ramos to undertake the master planning of the PGH renovation project.[4] PGH celebrated its centennial in 2007, one hundred years since the US government passed a law establishing it.[4]

During the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Philippines, PGH was selected as one of three Covid-19 Referral Center of the country. The hospital provided 130 beds for Covid-19 patients, while continuing to serve other people with other ailments.[5] PGH officially accepted COVID-19 referrals from other hospitals starting March 30, 2020. [6]

ArchitectureEdit

 
Entrance
 
Pediment detail of the UPM-PGH Administration Building

The Philippine General Hospital Administration Building is situated along Taft Avenue in Manila. It was built by architect Tomas Mapua in neo-classic style that follows the Daniel Burnham plan for Manila. This plan included Manila Hotel, Army and Navy Club and the Philippine General Hospital. These were executed by his successor, Parsons included who was a city planner in the Philippines during the early period American colonization in the country. His works was a clear translation of Neoclassicism into a new hybrid of colonial tropical architecture.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Act No. 1688, (1907-08-17)". Lawyerly. 17 August 1907. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b United States Congressional Serial Set. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1909. p. 484. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  3. ^ Quodala, Schatzi. "Did you know: Philippine General Hospital". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  4. ^ a b "HISTORY". Philippine General Hospital. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  5. ^ Magsambol, Bonz (March 23, 2020). "PGH accepts DOH's request to be coronavirus referral hospital". Rappler. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
  6. ^ Llaneta, Celeste Ann Castillo. "UP-PGH begins operating as COVID-19 referral center".
  7. ^ Fernandez, John Joseph. "Methods and Strategies in theRehabilitation of the Luneta Hotel" (PDF). College of Architecture, UST. Retrieved 2015-04-09.

External linksEdit